Characteristics And Types Of Wetland

64 Questions | Total Attempts: 165

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Water Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are some characteristics of a swamp?
    • A. 

      Wet ground

    • B. 

      Woody vegetation

    • C. 

      Spread root systems

    • D. 

      Herbaceous vegetation

    • E. 

      Peat soil

    • F. 

      Close proximity to river floodplains

  • 2. 
    What are some characteristics of a marsh?
    • A. 

      Herbaceous vegetation

    • B. 

      Highly productive

    • C. 

      Woody vegetation

    • D. 

      Peat soil

    • E. 

      Close proximity to river floodplains

  • 3. 
    What are some characteristics of a bog?
    • A. 

      Filled-in kettle ponds

    • B. 

      Sphagnum moss

    • C. 

      Peat soil

    • D. 

      Plants growing on top, hiding a false bottom

    • E. 

      Highly acidic

    • F. 

      Inflow and outflow

    • G. 

      Woody vegetation

    • H. 

      Herbaceous vegetation

  • 4. 
    What are some characteristics of a fen?
    • A. 

      Peat soil

    • B. 

      Sphagnum moss

    • C. 

      Inflow and outflow

    • D. 

      Plants growing over false bottom

    • E. 

      Woody vegetation

    • F. 

      Herbaceous vegetation

    • G. 

      No inflow or outflow

  • 5. 
    What is a wet meadow?
    • A. 

      "Prairie potholes" along river floodplains

    • B. 

      Highly productive wetlands filled with herbaceous vegetation

    • C. 

      Like a bog, but with inflow and outflow

    • D. 

      A field of grass no more than 10 feet underwater

  • 6. 
    What kinds of trees generally grow in a swamp?
    • A. 

      Cyprus

    • B. 

      Mangrove

    • C. 

      Oak

    • D. 

      Sugar maple

  • 7. 
    What are some functions of a wetland?
    • A. 

      Groundwater recharge and discharge

    • B. 

      Sediment stabilization

    • C. 

      Toxin retention

    • D. 

      Nutrient removal and transformation

    • E. 

      Carbon transformation due to being a carbon sink

    • F. 

      Oxygen production

    • G. 

      Wildlife diversity, breeding, migration, and wintering

    • H. 

      Aquatic diversity and abundance

    • I. 

      Human culture and recreation

    • J. 

      Drinking water

    • K. 

      Being the opposite of deserts

    • L. 

      Swimming

  • 8. 
    What is a carbon sink?
    • A. 

      A peaty, acidic wetland that doesn't allow carbon to go back into the soil, and is thus filled with organic matter

    • B. 

      A sink with faucets that bring C rather than H2O

    • C. 

      Sourced from a rock, deep within the Earth's crust, that draws carbon to it like a magnet

    • D. 

      Something only found in a swamp

  • 9. 
    Rainforests produce more oxygen than wetlands
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    What are a few characteristics of any wetland?
    • A. 

      Hydric soils

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Distinct biota

    • D. 

      Peat

    • E. 

      Herbaceous vegetation

  • 11. 
    Vernal pools are considered wetlands
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Clays and organic matter in soil combine cations, aiding in decomposition
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Why did we drain the Everglades?
    • A. 

      Development

    • B. 

      To enjoy the natural environment

    • C. 

      For fun

    • D. 

      To help the cattail populations

  • 14. 
    What happened after we stated draining the Everglades?
    • A. 

      We found good farming soil, and drained more

    • B. 

      There were fewer mosquitoes, and fewer cases of malaria

    • C. 

      Soil level dropped due to organic matter being exposed to oxygen

    • D. 

      We didn't drain the Everglades, hence the ever

    • E. 

      We found dry, sandy soil, and couldn't grow anything there

    • F. 

      Native species were suddenly in jeopardy

    • G. 

      Condo complexes grew out of the ground instead of trees

  • 15. 
    Why did the soil level drop after the Everglades were drained?
    • A. 

      It was full of organic matter, which was consumed by microbes when it got in contact with oxygen

    • B. 

      It compacted

    • C. 

      Too much of it was shipped elsewhere

    • D. 

      It didn't

  • 16. 
    Why is macroinvertebrate sampling a good way of observing a stream ecosystem?
    • A. 

      Fish eat macroinvertebrates

    • B. 

      They aid in nutrient cycling

    • C. 

      Some are more sensitive than others

    • D. 

      They are largely sessile

    • E. 

      They are highly resistant to environmental changes, so if there are macroinvertebrates and nothing else, the stream is polluted

  • 17. 
    What is groundwater depletion?
    • A. 

      When we take water out of an aquifer faster than it can be replenished

    • B. 

      When some of the groundwater is contaminated, and the usable amount is depleted

    • C. 

      When the water on the ground dries up

    • D. 

      When groundwater is sucked into a confined aquifer

  • 18. 
    Which variables are needed to find the source of groundwater contaminants?
    • A. 

      Flow velocity

    • B. 

      Flow direction

    • C. 

      Size of aquifer

    • D. 

      Depth underground

    • E. 

      Type of pollutant

  • 19. 
    Which pollutants are most commonly found in groundwater?
    • A. 

      Pfos

    • B. 

      TCE

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Salts

    • E. 

      Nitrogen

    • F. 

      MtBE

    • G. 

      Arsenic

    • H. 

      Radon

    • I. 

      Uranium

    • J. 

      Oils

    • K. 

      Phosphorus

    • L. 

      Litter

  • 20. 
    What did Pierre Ferrault do to learn about groundwater?
    • A. 

      He quantified precipitation

    • B. 

      He discovered that precipitation exceeds river discharge by 600%

    • C. 

      He didn't account for evaporation

    • D. 

      He thought it came from the sea

    • E. 

      He discovered percolation

  • 21. 
    Which of the following are steps on the nitrogen cycle?
    • A. 

      Nitrification

    • B. 

      Denitrification

    • C. 

      Nitrogen gas released into atmosphere

    • D. 

      Oxification

    • E. 

      Carbonization

    • F. 

      Deoxification

  • 22. 
    The green agricultural movement is dedicated is using less fertilizer, and other ways of being more environmentally friendly
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    What is an artesian well?
    • A. 

      When the top of a well is below the top of an aquifer

    • B. 

      A hole in the ground lined with stones, with a little roof, and a bucket on a crank

    • C. 

      A well with pretty colors

    • D. 

      A well that taps into exactly the middle of an aquifer

  • 24. 
    What is a cone of depression?
    • A. 

      What happens in an confined aquifer when a well is taking water out

    • B. 

      A cone of sadness filled when one's well water is filled with contaminants

    • C. 

      An empty ice cream cone

    • D. 

      When the soil dips down around the top of a well

  • 25. 
    Why is the Ogallala Aquifer interesting and important?
    • A. 

      It's fun to say

    • B. 

      It's the largest aquifer in North America

    • C. 

      It's the reason the Wheat Belt even exists

    • D. 

      It's shrinking

    • E. 

      It's an unconfined aquifer

    • F. 

      It's a confined aquifer

    • G. 

      It's growing

    • H. 

      It's the smallest aquifer in China

    • I. 

      It's not

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