Urinary System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 124

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1196

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Urinary System Disorders NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

. All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A female client with a urinary tract infection is prescribed co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). Nurse Dolly should provide which medication instruction?
    • A. 

      “Take the medication with food.”

    • B. 

      “Drink at least eight 8-oz glasses of fluid daily.”

    • C. 

      “Avoid taking antacids during co-trimoxazole therapy.”

    • D. 

      “Don’t be afraid to go out in the sun.”

  • 2. 
    A male client is admitted for treatment of glomerulonephritis. On initial assessment. Nurse Miley detects one of the classic signs of acute glomerulonephritis of sudden onset. Such signs include:
    • A. 

      Generalized edema. especially of the face and periorbital area.

    • B. 

      Green-tinged urine.

    • C. 

      Moderate to severe hypotension.

    • D. 

      Polyuria.

  • 3. 
    A client reports experiencing vulvar pruritus. Which assessment factor may indicate that the client has an infection caused by Candida albicans?
    • A. 

      Cottage cheese–like discharge

    • B. 

      Yellow-green discharge

    • C. 

      Gray-white discharge

    • D. 

      Discharge with a fishy odor

  • 4. 
    A 24-year old female client has just been diagnosed with condylomata acuminata (genital warts). What information is appropriate to tell this client?
    • A. 

      This condition puts her at a higher risk for cervical cancer; therefore. she should have a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear annually.

    • B. 

      The most common treatment is metronidazole (Flagyl). which should eradicate the problem within 7 to 10 days.

    • C. 

      The potential for transmission to her sexual partner will be eliminated if condoms are used every time they have sexual intercourse.

    • D. 

      The human papillomavirus (HPV). which causes condylomata acuminata. can’t be transmitted during oral sex.

  • 5. 
    Nurse Vic is monitoring the fluid intake and output of a female client recovering from an exploratory laparotomy. Which nursing intervention would help the client avoid a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • A. 

      Maintaining a closed indwelling urinary catheter system and securing the catheter to the leg

    • B. 

      Limiting fluid intake to 1 L/day

    • C. 

      Encouraging the client to use a feminine deodorant after bathing

    • D. 

      Encouraging the client to douche once a day after removal of the indwelling urinary catheter

  • 6. 
    Nurse Eve is caring for a client who had a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Which nursing intervention promotes urinary continence?
    • A. 

      Encouraging intake of at least 2 L of fluid daily

    • B. 

      Giving the client a glass of soda before bedtime

    • C. 

      Taking the client to the bathroom twice per day

    • D. 

      Consulting with a dietitian

  • 7. 
    A female client with an indwelling urinary catheter is suspected of having a urinary tract infection. Nurse Angel should collect a urine specimen for culture and sensitivity by:
    • A. 

      Disconnecting the tubing from the urinary catheter and letting the urine flow into a sterile container.

    • B. 

      Wiping the self-sealing aspiration port with antiseptic solution and aspirating urine with a sterile needle.

    • C. 

      Draining urine from the drainage bag into a sterile container.

    • D. 

      Clamping the tubing for 60 minutes and inserting a sterile needle into the tubing above the clamp to aspirate urine.

  • 8. 
    Nurse Grace is assessing a male client diagnosed with gonorrheA. Which symptom most likely prompted the client to seek medical attention?
    • A. 

      Rashes on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet

    • B. 

      Cauliflower-like warts on the penis

    • C. 

      Painful red papules on the shaft of the penis

    • D. 

      Foul-smelling discharge from the penis

  • 9. 
    Nurse Erica is planning to administer a sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) enema to a client with a potassium level of 5.9 mEq/L. Correct administration and the effects of this enema would include having the client:
    • A. 

      Retain the enema for 30 minutes to allow for sodium exchange; afterward. the client should have diarrhea.

    • B. 

      Retain the enema for 30 minutes to allow for glucose exchange; afterward. the client should have diarrhea.

    • C. 

      Retain the enema for 60 minutes to allow for sodium exchange; diarrhea isn’t necessary to reduce the potassium level.

    • D. 

      Retain the enema for 60 minutes to allow for glucose exchange; diarrhea isn’t necessary to reduce the potassium level.

  • 10. 
    When caring for a male client with acute renal failure (ARF). Nurse Fatrishia expects to adjust the dosage or dosing schedule of certain drugs. Which of the following drugs would not require such adjustment?
    • A. 

      Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

    • B. 

      Gentamicin sulfate (Garamycin)

    • C. 

      Cyclosporine (Sandimmune)

    • D. 

      Ticarcillin disodium (Ticar)

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