# Microeconomics Quiz: The Cost Of Taxation

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| By Emy_2
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Emy_2
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Quizzes Created: 18 | Total Attempts: 46,187
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 1,632  Settings  Taxation affects most of us and each citizen with an income is taxed in most countries. In our microeconomics class we got to understand much about the cost of taxation. How attentive have you been these past few chapters, do you think you can handle a quiz on it? Take up the quiz below and get to find out for sure. All the best!

• 1.

### In general, a tax raises the price the buyers pay, lowers the price the sellers receive, and reduces the quantity sold

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A tax is a financial burden imposed by the government on individuals or businesses. When a tax is imposed, it increases the cost of the product or service, which is ultimately paid by the buyers. This increase in price discourages buyers, leading to a decrease in the quantity sold. Additionally, the tax reduces the amount of money sellers receive because they have to pay a portion of their earnings as taxes. Therefore, it is true that a tax raises the price buyers pay, lowers the price sellers receive, and reduces the quantity sold.

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• 2.

### If a tax is placed on a good and it reduces the quantity sold, there must be a deadweight loss from the tax

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
When a tax is imposed on a good and it leads to a decrease in the quantity sold, it indicates that the tax has created a deadweight loss. Deadweight loss refers to the inefficiency caused by the tax, where the reduction in quantity sold signifies that the tax has distorted the market equilibrium and hindered mutually beneficial transactions. This loss occurs because the tax discourages both buyers and sellers from engaging in transactions that would have otherwise taken place in the absence of the tax. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 3.

### Deadweight loss is the reduction in consumer suprlus that results from a tax

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Deadweight loss is not the reduction in consumer surplus that results from a tax. Instead, it refers to the loss of economic efficiency that occurs when the equilibrium quantity of a good or service is not maximized. Deadweight loss can occur due to various factors such as taxes, subsidies, price controls, or market inefficiencies. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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• 4.

### When a tax is placed on a good, the revenue the government collects is exactly equal to the loss of consumer and producer surplus from the tax

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
When a tax is placed on a good, the revenue the government collects is not exactly equal to the loss of consumer and producer surplus from the tax. This is because taxes create deadweight loss, which is the loss of economic efficiency that occurs when the equilibrium quantity of a good is reduced due to the tax. The actual revenue collected by the government will depend on the elasticity of demand and supply for the good. If the demand and supply are relatively inelastic, the tax revenue may be close to the loss of surplus, but in most cases, there will be a difference between the two.

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• 5.

### If John values having his hair cut at \$20 and Mary's cost of providing the haircut is \$10, any tax on haircuts larger than \$10 will eliminate the gains from trade and cause a \$20 loss of total surplus

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because if the tax on haircuts is larger than \$10, it would not necessarily eliminate the gains from trade and cause a \$20 loss of total surplus. The total surplus would only be affected if the tax exceeds the total value that John places on the haircut, which is \$20 in this case. If the tax is between \$10 and \$20, there would still be some gains from trade, although they may be reduced.

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• 6.

### A tax causes a deadweight loss because it eliminates some of the potential gains from trade

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A tax causes a deadweight loss because it creates a distortion in the market by increasing the cost of goods and services. This leads to a reduction in consumer and producer surplus, as some potential gains from trade are lost. The deadweight loss occurs because the tax discourages both buyers and sellers from engaging in transactions that would have been mutually beneficial without the tax. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 7.

### A larger tax always generates more tax revenue

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because a larger tax does not always generate more tax revenue. The relationship between tax rates and tax revenue is complex and can be affected by various factors such as the elasticity of demand, the behavior of taxpayers, and the presence of tax loopholes. In some cases, increasing tax rates may lead to a decrease in tax revenue as it can discourage economic activity and incentivize tax evasion. Therefore, it cannot be assumed that a larger tax will always result in more tax revenue.

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• 8.

### A larger tax always generates a larger deadweight loss

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A larger tax always generates a larger deadweight loss because deadweight loss is the loss of economic efficiency that occurs when the equilibrium quantity of a good is not being produced. When a tax is imposed, it increases the price of the good, leading to a decrease in demand and supply. This reduction in quantity traded creates a gap between the quantity that would have been traded in the absence of the tax and the quantity actually traded, resulting in a deadweight loss. Since a larger tax implies a larger increase in price and a greater reduction in quantity traded, the deadweight loss also increases.

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• 9.

### If an income tax rate is high enough, a reduction in the tax rate could increase tax revenue

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
An income tax rate that is very high can discourage individuals and businesses from earning or reporting income, as they may seek ways to avoid paying such high taxes. This can result in a decrease in tax revenue for the government. However, if the tax rate is reduced, it may incentivize individuals and businesses to earn and report more income, leading to an increase in tax revenue. Therefore, it is possible for a reduction in the tax rate to actually increase tax revenue.

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• 10.

### A tax collected from buyers generates a smaller deadweight loss than a tax collected from sellers

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation

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• 11.

### If a tax is doubled, the deadweight loss from the tax more than doubles

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
When a tax is doubled, it leads to a greater increase in deadweight loss than just doubling the original tax. This is because deadweight loss is caused by the distortion of market behavior due to the tax. As the tax increases, it creates a larger disincentive for economic activity, resulting in a greater loss of economic efficiency. Therefore, the deadweight loss from the tax more than doubles when the tax itself is doubled.

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• 12.

### A deadweight loss results when a tax causes market participants to fail to produce and consume units on which the benefits to the buyers exceed the costs to sellers

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A deadweight loss occurs when a tax is imposed on a market, leading to a decrease in both the production and consumption of goods or services. This happens because the tax creates a gap between the benefits that buyers receive and the costs that sellers incur. In other words, the tax discourages market participants from engaging in transactions that would be mutually beneficial, resulting in a loss of overall welfare. Therefore, the statement that a deadweight loss results when a tax causes market participants to fail to produce and consume units on which the benefits to the buyers exceed the costs to sellers is true.

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• 13.

### If there is no tax placed on the product in this market, consumer surplus is the area

• A.

A + B + C

• B.

D + C + B

• C.

A + B + E

• D.

C + D + F

• E.

A

C. A + B + E
Explanation
If there is no tax placed on the product in this market, consumer surplus is the area A + B + E. This means that consumers are willing to pay more for the product than the actual market price, resulting in a surplus value. Area A represents the value that consumers are willing to pay but don't have to because the price is lower. Area B represents the additional value that consumers receive from the product above what they paid for. And area E represents the value that consumers receive from the product for free, as they are not required to pay any taxes.

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• 14.

### If there is no tax placed on the product in this market, producer surplus is the area

• A.

A + B + C + D

• B.

C + D + F

• C.

D

• D.

C + F

• E.

A + B + E

B. C + D + F
Explanation
The correct answer, C + D + F, represents the total producer surplus in the market when there is no tax placed on the product. Producer surplus is the difference between the price at which producers are willing to supply a product and the price they actually receive. In this case, areas C, D, and F represent the additional surplus that producers gain when there is no tax. Area C represents the surplus from the units sold at a price higher than the cost of production, area D represents the surplus from the units sold at the cost of production, and area F represents the surplus from the units sold at a price lower than the cost of production.

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• 15.

### If a tax is placed on the product in this market, consumer surplus is the area

• A.

A

• B.

A + B

• C.

A + B + E

• D.

A + B + C + D

• E.

D

A. A
Explanation
If a tax is placed on the product in this market, consumer surplus is the area A. This means that the tax would reduce the consumer surplus by the amount equivalent to areas B, C, D, and E.

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• 16.

### If a tax is placed on the product in this market, producer surplus is the area

• A.

A

• B.

A + B + E

• C.

C + D + E

• D.

D

• E.

A + B + C + D

D. D
Explanation
If a tax is placed on the product in this market, the producer surplus will decrease. The area D represents the decrease in producer surplus due to the tax. This is because the tax increases the cost of production for the producers, reducing their profits and thus their surplus. Therefore, the correct answer is D.

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• 17.

### If a tax is placed on the product in this market, tax revenue paid by the buyers is the area

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

B + C

• E.

B + C + E + F

B. B
Explanation
If a tax is placed on the product in this market, tax revenue paid by the buyers is represented by area B.

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• 18.

### If tax is placed on the product in this market, tax revenue paid by the sellers is the area

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

C + F

• E.

B + C + E + F

C. C
Explanation
The correct answer is C. This means that if a tax is placed on the product in this market, the tax revenue paid by the sellers is represented by the area C. This suggests that the burden of the tax is being borne by the sellers, as they are the ones paying the tax. The other areas mentioned (A, B, E, and F) are not relevant to the tax revenue paid by the sellers.

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• 19.

### If there is no tax placed on the product in this market, total surplus is the area

• A.

A + B + C + D

• B.

A + B + C + D + E + F

• C.

B + C + E + F

• D.

E + F

• E.

A + D + E + F

B. A + B + C + D + E + F
Explanation
The correct answer is A + B + C + D + E + F. This answer includes all the areas A, B, C, D, E, and F, which represent the consumer surplus, producer surplus, and deadweight loss in the market. By including all these areas, the answer accurately represents the total surplus in the market when there is no tax placed on the product.

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• 20.

### If a tax is placed on the product in this market, total surplus is the area

• A.

A + B + C + D

• B.

A + B + C + D + E + F

• C.

B + C + E + F

• D.

E + F

• E.

A + D

A. A + B + C + D
Explanation
The correct answer is A + B + C + D. This answer includes all the areas of surplus in the market, which are represented by A, B, C, and D. These areas represent the consumer surplus and producer surplus in the market. A tax placed on the product would decrease both consumer and producer surplus, but the total surplus would still include the initial surplus areas A, B, C, and D.

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• 21.

### If a tax is placed on the product in this market, deadweight loss is the area

• A.

B + C

• B.

B + C + E + F

• C.

A + B + C + D

• D.

E + F

• E.

A + D

D. E + F
Explanation
If a tax is placed on the product in this market, deadweight loss is the area E + F. Deadweight loss refers to the loss of economic efficiency that occurs when the equilibrium quantity and price of a good are not at their optimal levels. In this case, the tax creates a gap between the supply and demand curves, leading to a reduction in both consumer and producer surplus. The area E + F represents the value of the lost surplus due to the tax.

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• 22.

### The graph that shows the relationship between the size of a tax and the tax revenue collected by the government is known as a

• A.

• B.

Tax revenue curve

• C.

Laffer curve

• D.

Reagan curve

• E.

None of the above is true

C. Laffer curve
Explanation
The Laffer curve is the correct answer because it refers to the graph that illustrates the relationship between tax rates and tax revenue. It suggests that there is an optimal tax rate that maximizes revenue, beyond which increasing tax rates will actually decrease revenue. This concept was popularized by economist Arthur Laffer and has been used to argue for tax cuts as a means of stimulating economic growth. The other options, such as deadweight curve, tax revenue curve, and Reagan curve, are not accurate descriptions of this specific graph.

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• 23.

### If a tax on a good is doubled, the deadweight loss from the tax

• A.

Stays the same

• B.

Doubles

• C.

Increases by a factor of four

• D.

Could rise or fall

C. Increases by a factor of four
Explanation
When a tax on a good is doubled, the deadweight loss from the tax increases by a factor of four. Deadweight loss refers to the loss of economic efficiency that occurs when the equilibrium quantity of a good is not reached due to market distortions caused by the tax. Doubling the tax leads to a larger decrease in the quantity demanded, resulting in a larger deadweight loss. Therefore, the deadweight loss increases by a factor of four.

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• 24.

### The reduction of a tax

• A.

Could increase tax revenue if the tax had been extremely high

• B.

Will always reduce tax revenue regardless of the prior size of the tax

• C.

Will have no impact on tax revenue

• D.

Causes a market to become less efficient

A. Could increase tax revenue if the tax had been extremely high
Explanation
If a tax had been extremely high, reducing it could potentially increase tax revenue. This is because when taxes are excessively high, they can create disincentives for economic activity and lead to tax evasion or avoidance. By reducing the tax rate, individuals and businesses may be more motivated to comply with the tax system, resulting in increased tax revenue. However, this explanation assumes that the tax reduction is not too significant to cause a substantial decrease in revenue.

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• 25.

### When a tax distorts incentives to buyers and sellers so that fewer goods are produced and sold, the tax has

• A.

Increase efficiency

• B.

• C.

Generated no tax revenue

• D. Back to top