Mesopotamia 5 Traits Of Civilization

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Mesopotamia 5 Traits Of Civilization - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which one of the 5 traits of civilization can a culture skip and still be considered a civilization?

    • A.

      Surpluses.

    • B.

      Record keeping.

    • C.

      You must have all 5 traits to be considered a civilization.

    • D.

      Complex institutions.

    Correct Answer
    C. You must have all 5 traits to be considered a civilization.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a culture must have all 5 traits to be considered a civilization. This means that if a culture were to skip any one of the 5 traits (surpluses, record keeping, complex institutions, advanced cities, and advanced technology), it would not be considered a civilization. Each of these traits is essential in defining a civilization, and the absence of any one of them would exclude a culture from being classified as such.

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  • 2. 

    What did food surpluses lead to in ancient Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      Food surpluses led to some people taking on other specialized jobs.

    • B.

      Food surpluses led to the first fast-food restaurants in history.

    • C.

      Food surpluses led to widespread obesity in ancient Mesopotamia.

    • D.

      Food surpluses led to more free time for most ancient Mesopotamians.

    Correct Answer
    A. Food surpluses led to some people taking on other specialized jobs.
    Explanation
    Food surpluses in ancient Mesopotamia led to some people taking on other specialized jobs. This is because when there was enough food to sustain the population, not everyone had to be involved in agricultural activities. This allowed individuals to focus on other tasks such as pottery making, metalworking, trading, and governing. As a result, a division of labor emerged, leading to the development of specialized professions and the growth of a more complex society.

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  • 3. 

    Which statement best describes a nomadic hunter-gatherer?

    • A.

      One who moves to find a better job.

    • B.

      One who moves each season in search of food.

    • C.

      One who moves to find a mate.

    • D.

      One who settles down to farm.

    Correct Answer
    B. One who moves each season in search of food.
    Explanation
    A nomadic hunter-gatherer is someone who moves each season in search of food. This lifestyle involves constantly moving from one location to another to find sources of food, such as hunting animals or gathering edible plants. The nomadic lifestyle is necessary because the availability of food varies throughout the year, and moving allows these individuals to exploit different resources in different areas. This constant movement is essential for their survival and is a defining characteristic of nomadic hunter-gatherer societies.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following were specialized jobs in ancient Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      Potter

    • B.

      Farmer.

    • C.

      Weaver.

    • D.

      Builder.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Potter
    C. Weaver.
    D. Builder.
    Explanation
    In ancient Mesopotamia, pottery was a specialized job as potters were skilled in creating various types of pottery for daily use and trade. Weaving was also a specialized job as weavers were skilled in creating textiles and fabrics using different materials and techniques. Builders were also specialized workers as they constructed various structures such as temples, palaces, and city walls using their knowledge of architecture and engineering. These specialized jobs played a crucial role in the development and economy of ancient Mesopotamia.

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  • 5. 

    Surplus is...

    • A.

      An amount more than what is needed.

    • B.

      Needed to create a community based on agriculture.

    • C.

      The stage name of Seattle-born hip hop artist XS.

    • D.

      Needed to increase populations and trade.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. An amount more than what is needed.
    D. Needed to increase populations and trade.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An amount more than what is needed" and "Needed to increase populations and trade." Surplus refers to having an excess or extra amount of something beyond what is necessary or required. In the context of populations and trade, surplus is needed to support the growth of populations and facilitate trade by having more goods or resources available than what is immediately consumed or traded.

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  • 6. 

    What is the first step on the way to civilization?

    • A.

      Surpluses are the first step on the way to civilization.

    • B.

      Cities are the first step on the way to civilization

    • C.

      Specialized workers are the first step on the way to civilization.

    • D.

      Complex institutions are the first step on the way to civilization.

    Correct Answer
    A. Surpluses are the first step on the way to civilization.
    Explanation
    Surpluses are the first step on the way to civilization because they allow for the development of cities, specialized workers, and complex institutions. When a society has surplus resources, it can support a larger population and establish permanent settlements, leading to the formation of cities. With surplus food and resources, some individuals can specialize in specific tasks such as farming, crafting, or governing, which leads to the development of specialized workers. As societies grow, complex institutions such as governments, religious organizations, and legal systems emerge to manage the increasing complexity of social interactions. Therefore, surpluses are the foundation upon which cities, specialized workers, and complex institutions are built, making them the first step on the way to civilization.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following are examples of complex institutions?

    • A.

      Government.

    • B.

      The military.

    • C.

      Religion.

    • D.

      Seattle Symphony.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Government.
    B. The military.
    C. Religion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is government, the military, and religion. These institutions are considered complex because they involve intricate systems, hierarchies, and structures that govern and regulate various aspects of society. Government institutions oversee the administration and governance of a country, while the military is responsible for national defense and security. Religion, as an institution, encompasses belief systems, rituals, and practices that guide the spiritual and moral lives of individuals and communities. These institutions have a significant impact on social, political, and cultural dynamics, making them examples of complex institutions.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following best describes why cities are important to civilization?

    • A.

      Cities are where all of the other traits of civilization can be found.

    • B.

      Cities are where the jobs are.

    • C.

      Cities are where records are kept.

    • D.

      Cities are the source of surpluses.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cities are where all of the other traits of civilization can be found.
    Explanation
    Cities are where all of the other traits of civilization can be found because cities serve as the central hubs for various aspects of civilization. They are the centers of economic activities, where jobs are concentrated, and where people can find opportunities for employment and economic growth. Cities also serve as cultural and educational centers, where records are kept and knowledge is shared. Additionally, cities often have the necessary infrastructure, such as transportation and communication networks, that support the development and functioning of a complex society.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 24, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    SAASHistory6

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