Mtca Chapter 4 Exam 1 Quiz D: Multiple Choice

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Mtca Chapter 4 Exam 1 Quiz D: Multiple Choice - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ___ plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions.

    • A.

      Midsagittal

    • B.

      Frontal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    D. Transverse
    Explanation
    The transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes. Unlike the midsagittal plane which divides the body into equal left and right halves, or the frontal and coronal planes which divide the body into anterior and posterior portions, the transverse plane specifically separates the body into upper and lower sections.

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  • 2. 

    The ___ cavity is the space in the skull containing the brain.

    • A.

      Cranial

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Abdominal

    • D.

      Spinal

    Correct Answer
    A. Cranial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cranial because the cranial cavity refers to the space within the skull that houses the brain. The other options, thoracic, abdominal, and spinal, do not pertain to the skull or the brain. The cranial cavity is specifically designed to protect and encase the brain, providing it with a safe and secure space within the skull.

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  • 3. 

    In the anatomical position, the palms are ___.

    • A.

      To the middle

    • B.

      To the front

    • C.

      To the back

    • D.

      To the side

    Correct Answer
    B. To the front
    Explanation
    In the anatomical position, the palms are facing forward. This means that the palms are oriented towards the front of the body. This position is commonly used as a reference point in anatomy to describe the position and orientation of various body parts.

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  • 4. 

    The ___, or frontal, plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.

    • A.

      Horizontal

    • B.

      Midsagittal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    C. Coronal
    Explanation
    The coronal plane, also known as the frontal plane, divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes, and it is commonly used in anatomical and medical studies to analyze structures and movements in the body from a front-to-back perspective.

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  • 5. 

    The ___ plane vertically divides the body as it passes through the midline, to form a right and left half.

    • A.

      Transverse

    • B.

      Midsagittal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Horizontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Midsagittal
    Explanation
    The midsagittal plane is the correct answer because it is the plane that vertically divides the body into right and left halves as it passes through the midline. This plane is also known as the median plane or midline plane. The transverse plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions, the coronal plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions, and the horizontal plane is not a term commonly used in anatomical planes.

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  • 6. 

    Which term means towards the back?

    • A.

      Anterior

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Posterior

    • D.

      Distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Posterior
    Explanation
    The term "posterior" means towards the back. It is the opposite of "anterior," which means towards the front. "Ventral" refers to the belly side, and "distal" refers to a position farther away from the center of the body. Therefore, "posterior" is the correct answer as it specifically indicates movement or position towards the back.

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  • 7. 

    Which term means pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface?

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Posterior

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    D. Ventral
    Explanation
    The term "ventral" means pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface. This term is commonly used in anatomy to describe the anterior or front side of the body, particularly in relation to the abdomen and belly area. It is the opposite of "dorsal," which refers to the back side of the body.

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  • 8. 

    In the term medial, the root "medi" means ___.

    • A.

      Medical

    • B.

      Toward the middle

    • C.

      Organic

    • D.

      Internal

    Correct Answer
    B. Toward the middle
    Explanation
    The term "medial" refers to a position or location that is closer to the middle or center. The root "medi" in this context means "toward the middle." This suggests that the correct answer is "toward the middle" as it accurately represents the meaning of the term "medial."

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  • 9. 

    A transverse plane divides the body into ___.

    • A.

      Lateral and medial

    • B.

      Anterior and posterior

    • C.

      Right and left halves

    • D.

      Superior and inferior

    Correct Answer
    D. Superior and inferior
    Explanation
    A transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) parts. This means that the correct answer is "superior and inferior."

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  • 10. 

    In the thoracic cavity, the space containing the heart is known as the ___

    • A.

      Abdominal cavity

    • B.

      Pleural cavity

    • C.

      Ventral cavity

    • D.

      Pericardial cavity

    Correct Answer
    D. Pericardial cavity
    Explanation
    The space in the thoracic cavity that contains the heart is known as the pericardial cavity. The pericardial cavity is a small, fluid-filled space that surrounds and protects the heart. It is lined by the pericardium, a double-layered membrane that helps to prevent friction and damage to the heart as it beats. The pericardial cavity is located in the mediastinum, which is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity. It is separate from the pleural cavities, which contain the lungs, and the abdominal cavity, which contains the digestive organs.

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  • 11. 

    The term used to describe being the farthest from the center is ___.

    • A.

      Supine

    • B.

      Distal

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Proximal

    Correct Answer
    B. Distal
    Explanation
    Distal is the correct answer because it refers to being the farthest from the center. In anatomical terms, distal is used to describe body parts that are further away from the point of attachment or origin. It is the opposite of proximal, which means being closer to the center or point of attachment. Therefore, distal accurately describes the concept of being the farthest from the center.

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  • 12. 

    The upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage is known as the ___.

    • A.

      Hypogastric

    • B.

      Right hypochondriac

    • C.

      Right lumbar

    • D.

      Right illiac

    Correct Answer
    B. Right hypochondriac
    Explanation
    The upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage is known as the right hypochondriac region. This region is located just below the right rib cage and is part of the abdominal area. It is named "hypochondriac" because it is situated below the cartilage of the ribs, which is called the costal cartilage.

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  • 13. 

    Which term is the MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the term “dorsal”?

    • A.

      Anterior

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Posterior

    • D.

      Inferior

    Correct Answer
    C. Posterior
    Explanation
    The term "dorsal" refers to the back or upper side of an organism. Similarly, the term "posterior" refers to the back or rear side of an organism. Hence, "posterior" is the most similar term in meaning to "dorsal".

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  • 14. 

    Which pair of terms is the MOST SIMILAR in meaning?

    • A.

      Inferior; superior

    • B.

      Bilateral; ambilateral

    • C.

      Proximal; lateral

    • D.

      Topical; superficial

    Correct Answer
    B. Bilateral; ambilateral
    Explanation
    Bilateral and ambilateral are the most similar in meaning because they both refer to something that occurs on both sides. Bilateral means involving or affecting both sides, while ambilateral means having the ability to move or function on both sides. Therefore, both terms indicate a duality or symmetry in their meaning. The other pairs of terms in the options do not share this similarity in meaning.

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  • 15. 

    If a patient complains of a pulled groin muscle, how would this location be described in a medical chart?

    • A.

      Inguinal

    • B.

      Dorsal

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Visceral

    Correct Answer
    A. Inguinal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "inguinal." The term "inguinal" refers to the area of the body that is located in the groin region. It specifically describes the area where the thigh meets the lower abdomen. Therefore, if a patient complains of a pulled groin muscle, it would be appropriately described as "inguinal" in a medical chart.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is NOT true of dissection?

    • A.

      It is a useful tool for students and specialists in anatomy

    • B.

      A lot can be learned about the structure of the human body

    • C.

      It is the process of cutting the body apart

    • D.

      It is the process of taking samples for analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the process of taking samples for analysis
    Explanation
    Dissection is a useful tool for students and specialists in anatomy as it allows them to study and understand the structure of the human body by cutting it apart. However, it is not the process of taking samples for analysis. Dissection involves the systematic exploration and examination of the body's organs, tissues, and structures, whereas taking samples for analysis refers to the collection of small portions of tissues or fluids for further examination or testing.

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  • 17. 

    Which terms are MOST SIMILAR in meaning?

    • A.

      Internal; center

    • B.

      Dorsal; ventral

    • C.

      Ambilateral; topical

    • D.

      Inferior; posterior

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal; center
    Explanation
    The terms "internal" and "center" are most similar in meaning because both refer to something that is located or situated within or at the middle of something else. "Internal" refers to something that is inside or within an object or organism, while "center" refers to the middle or core of something. Both terms imply a sense of being positioned within or at the middle of something.

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  • 18. 

    Which term is LEAST related to the others in meaning?

    • A.

      Apex

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Vertex

    • D.

      Horizontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Horizontal
    Explanation
    The terms "apex," "base," and "vertex" are all related to geometry and describe different points or positions on a shape or object. However, "horizontal" is unrelated to geometry and instead refers to the orientation or position of something in relation to the horizon.

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  • 19. 

    If a person fractures the coccyx, which is commonly referred to as the “tail bone,” which term would BEST describe the location of the fracture?

    • A.

      Proximal

    • B.

      Anterior

    • C.

      Caudal

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    C. Caudal
    Explanation
    The term "caudal" refers to the tail end or the lower part of the body. Therefore, if a person fractures their coccyx, which is commonly known as the "tail bone," the best term to describe the location of the fracture would be "caudal." This term accurately indicates that the fracture is in the lower part of the body, specifically in the tail bone.

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  • 20. 

    A rash is typically found on the surface of the skin. What term would BEST describe the location?

    • A.

      Superficial

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Topical

    • D.

      Inguinal

    Correct Answer
    A. Superficial
    Explanation
    The term "superficial" would best describe the location of a rash because a rash is typically found on the surface of the skin. "Superficial" means near or on the surface, which accurately describes the location of a rash. The other options, "superior," "topical," and "inguinal," do not specifically refer to the surface of the skin and are therefore not the best terms to describe the location of a rash.

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  • 21. 

    If a disease is labeled as systemic, what does that mean?

    • A.

      It pertains to the surface

    • B.

      It pertains to a place as a whole

    • C.

      It pertains to one side

    • D.

      It pertains to the back part of a structure

    Correct Answer
    B. It pertains to a place as a whole
    Explanation
    If a disease is labeled as systemic, it means that it affects the entire body or a specific system within the body, rather than being localized to a specific area or surface.

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  • 22. 

    If a patient was complaining of pain within the organs on both sides of the abdomen, which pair of terms would be MOST appropriate to describe the location of the pain?

    • A.

      Topical inguinal

    • B.

      Ambilateral visceral

    • C.

      Bilateral inguinal

    • D.

      Medial visceral

    Correct Answer
    B. Ambilateral visceral
    Explanation
    The term "ambilateral visceral" would be the most appropriate to describe the location of the pain. "Ambilateral" means occurring on both sides, and "visceral" refers to the organs within the abdomen. Therefore, "ambilateral visceral" accurately describes pain within the organs on both sides of the abdomen. "Topical inguinal" refers to pain on the surface of the groin area, "bilateral inguinal" refers to pain on both sides of the groin, and "medial visceral" does not accurately describe the location of the pain.

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