MBLEx NCBTMB Practice Test - 2

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MBLEx Quizzes & Trivia

MBLEx


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A disease that has a specific beginning, signs, and symptoms that develop quickly, lasts a short time and then disappears is which of the following?

    • A.

      Acute disease

    • B.

      Chronic disease

    • C.

      Long-term illness

    • D.

      Short-term illness

    Correct Answer
    A. Acute disease
    Explanation
    An acute disease is characterized by a specific beginning, rapid development of signs and symptoms, a short duration, and then it disappears. This type of disease is typically short-term and does not persist for a long time. Chronic diseases, on the other hand, are long-lasting and often have a slow onset and a prolonged course. Long-term illness refers to any illness that persists for an extended period, regardless of the onset or duration. Short-term illness is not a recognized medical term.

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  • 2. 

    Origins: ribs 1-9 (lateral to costal cartilage) Insertion: anterior medial border of the scapula Actions: protracts, upwardly rotates, and depresses the scapula Note: one of the "boxer's muscles"

    • A.

      Trapezius

    • B.

      Serratus Anterior

    • C.

      Rhomboids

    • D.

      Supraspinatus

    Correct Answer
    B. Serratus Anterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Serratus Anterior. The serratus anterior muscle originates from ribs 1-9, lateral to the costal cartilage, and inserts on the anterior medial border of the scapula. It is responsible for protracting, upwardly rotating, and depressing the scapula. It is known as one of the "boxer's muscles."

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  • 3. 

    A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream is which of the following?

    • A.

      Exocrine Gland

    • B.

      Apocrine Gland

    • C.

      Endocrine Gland

    • D.

      Epocrine Gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocrine Gland
    Explanation
    An endocrine gland is a ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream. Unlike exocrine glands, which have ducts to transport their secretions, endocrine glands release hormones directly into the bloodstream, allowing them to be transported to target cells throughout the body. Apocrine and epocrine glands are types of exocrine glands that release their secretions through ducts. Therefore, the correct answer is endocrine gland.

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  • 4. 

    What is a synonym for a business license?

    • A.

      Industrial License

    • B.

      Work permit

    • C.

      Retail License

    • D.

      Occupational License

    Correct Answer
    D. Occupational License
    Explanation
    An occupational license is a synonym for a business license because it grants individuals the legal authority to engage in a specific occupation or profession. This license ensures that the person has met the necessary requirements, such as education, training, and experience, to practice their chosen profession. It is typically issued by a government agency and is necessary for individuals to legally operate their businesses within a specific jurisdiction.

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  • 5. 

    When a client's physical body "remembers" a past traumatic event, these repressed memories may come to the conscious mind through the mechanism of 

    • A.

      Recidivism

    • B.

      State Dependent memory

    • C.

      Reversion

    • D.

      Dissociation

    Correct Answer
    B. State Dependent memory
    Explanation
    State-dependent memory refers to the phenomenon where memory retrieval is enhanced when an individual is in the same state or condition as they were during encoding. In the context of the question, when a client's physical body "remembers" a past traumatic event, it means that the body is in a similar state or condition as it was during the traumatic event. This can trigger the retrieval of repressed memories related to the trauma, bringing them to the conscious mind. Therefore, state-dependent memory is the most suitable explanation for this scenario.

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  • 6. 

    What is a general term for acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by redness, eruptions, edema, scaling, and itching? 

    • A.

      Dermabrasion

    • B.

      Dermatitis

    • C.

      Cellulitis

    • D.

      Cutaneous

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatitis
    Explanation
    Dermatitis is the correct answer because it is a general term for skin inflammation that can be acute or chronic. It is characterized by symptoms such as redness, eruptions, edema, scaling, and itching. Dermabrasion is a procedure used to improve the appearance of the skin, cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection, and cutaneous simply refers to anything related to the skin.

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  • 7. 

    If a person lifts his or her arm into the air and this motion occurs at the shoulder joint, which of the following describes what happens to the hand?

    • A.

      It exhibits true movement.

    • B.

      It does not change its position or location (or both) in space at all.

    • C.

      It "goes along for the ride".

    • D.

      None of these choices is correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. It "goes along for the ride".
    Explanation
    When the shoulder joint is moved, the hand typically follows the motion without exerting any independent movement. This phenomenon is often described as the hand "going along for the ride" as it moves passively with the motion initiated at the shoulder joint.

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  • 8. 

    Origin: inferior border of the rib (above) Insertion: superior border of rib (below) Actions: elevates the rib cage during inhalation, maintains intercostal spaces

    • A.

      External intercostals

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Pectoralis major

    • D.

      Internal intercostals

    Correct Answer
    A. External intercostals
    Explanation
    The external intercostals are the correct answer because they are responsible for elevating the rib cage during inhalation and maintaining the intercostal spaces. They originate from the inferior border of the rib above and insert into the superior border of the rib below.

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  • 9. 

    What is the name for external application of heat for therapeutic purposes?

    • A.

      Cryotherapy

    • B.

      Thermotherapy

    • C.

      Heliotherapy

    • D.

      Balneotherapy

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermotherapy
    Explanation
    Thermotherapy is the correct answer because it refers to the external application of heat for therapeutic purposes. This can include the use of hot water, heating pads, or warm compresses to relieve pain, relax muscles, and promote healing. Cryotherapy, on the other hand, is the application of cold for therapeutic purposes. Heliotherapy involves the use of sunlight for therapeutic purposes, and balneotherapy refers to the use of mineral-rich water for therapeutic purposes.

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  • 10. 

    Unintentional physical or emotional harm sustained by the client resulting from lack of knowledge or insensitivity on the therapist's behalf is

    • A.

      Right of refusal

    • B.

      Client Neglect

    • C.

      Coutertransference

    • D.

      Client abuse

    Correct Answer
    B. Client Neglect
    Explanation
    Client neglect refers to the unintentional physical or emotional harm experienced by a client due to the therapist's lack of knowledge or insensitivity. This can occur when the therapist fails to provide adequate care, support, or attention to the client's needs. It may involve neglecting to address important issues, not recognizing signs of distress, or failing to provide appropriate interventions. Client neglect can have detrimental effects on the client's well-being and can hinder their progress in therapy.

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  • 11. 

    For the distal attachment of a muscle to move more efficiently, the proximal attachment must

    • A.

      Move freely

    • B.

      Be fixed

    • C.

      Become hypermobile

    • D.

      All the above choices are true.

    Correct Answer
    B. Be fixed
    Explanation
    In order for the distal attachment of a muscle to move more efficiently, the proximal attachment must be fixed. This means that the proximal attachment should remain stable and not move during the muscle's contraction and relaxation. By fixing the proximal attachment, the muscle can generate a greater force and produce more efficient movements.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is NOT indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Apnea

    • B.

      Hemophilia

    • C.

      Lordosis

    • D.

      Jaundice

    Correct Answer
    D. Jaundice
    Explanation
    Jaundice is a condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes due to a buildup of bilirubin in the body. It is caused by liver dysfunction and can indicate underlying liver disease or other medical conditions. Massage can potentially put additional strain on the liver and may not be recommended for individuals with jaundice. Therefore, jaundice is not indicated for massage.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is a skin-scraping technique to help expel excess heat or remove energy stagnation?

    • A.

      Cupping

    • B.

      Moxibustion

    • C.

      Gua-Sha

    • D.

      Tai Ji

    Correct Answer
    C. Gua-Sha
    Explanation
    Gua-Sha is a skin-scraping technique that can help expel excess heat or remove energy stagnation. It involves using a tool to scrape the skin, which creates redness or bruising. This process is believed to promote blood flow, release toxins, and stimulate the immune system. Cupping is a technique that uses suction cups to create a vacuum on the skin, Moxibustion is a therapy that involves burning dried mugwort on or near the skin, and Tai Ji is a martial art that focuses on balance and movement.

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  • 14. 

    What is the concept of energy called in Japanese?

    • A.

      Ki

    • B.

      Chi

    • C.

      Prana

    • D.

      Ether

    Correct Answer
    A. Ki
    Explanation
    In Japanese culture, the concept of energy is known as "Ki". Ki represents the life force or vital energy that flows through all living beings. It is believed to be the source of physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. The concept of Ki is deeply rooted in various practices such as martial arts, traditional medicine, and meditation. It is considered essential for maintaining balance and harmony in the body and mind.

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  • 15. 

    What is a reflexive impulse that causes the affected muscle or adjacent muscle to fire spontaneously?

    • A.

      Jump sign

    • B.

      Referred pain phenomena

    • C.

      Reflexive response

    • D.

      Local twitch response

    Correct Answer
    D. Local twitch response
    Explanation
    A local twitch response refers to a reflexive impulse that causes the affected muscle or adjacent muscle to fire spontaneously. This involuntary contraction of muscle fibers is often triggered by a stimulus such as pressure or irritation. It is a localized response that can occur in response to various factors such as muscle tension, muscle fatigue, or nerve irritation. The local twitch response is a common phenomenon observed in conditions like muscle spasms or trigger points.

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  • 16. 

    A list of guiding principles by which members of an organization conduct their day-to-day responsibilities within their scope of practice is called

    • A.

      Code of ethics

    • B.

      Rules and regulations

    • C.

      Standards of practice

    • D.

      Therapist's rights and responsibilities

    Correct Answer
    C. Standards of practice
    Explanation
    Standards of practice refer to a set of guidelines that outline the expected behavior and performance of professionals within a specific organization or industry. These standards serve as a benchmark for members of the organization to follow in order to ensure the delivery of high-quality services and maintain professional integrity. They provide a framework for decision-making, ethical conduct, and the proper execution of responsibilities within one's scope of practice. Unlike a code of ethics, which focuses on moral principles, standards of practice are more specific and detail-oriented, providing clear expectations for professional conduct.

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  • 17. 

    Who is regarded as the Father of Hydrotherapy?

    • A.

      Per Ling

    • B.

      Father Sebastian Kneipp

    • C.

      Hippocrates

    • D.

      Jeffery Epsom

    Correct Answer
    B. Father Sebastian Kneipp
    Explanation
    Father Sebastian Kneipp is regarded as the Father of Hydrotherapy because he was a 19th-century German priest and naturopathic doctor who popularized the use of water as a therapeutic treatment. He developed a system of hydrotherapy that involved using water in various forms, such as cold baths, wet wraps, and water massages, to treat a wide range of health conditions. Kneipp's contributions to hydrotherapy have had a significant impact on the field and he is recognized as one of the pioneers in the use of water as a healing modality.

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  • 18. 

    Origin: infraspinous fossa of the scapula Insertion: greater tubercle of the humerus Action: laterally rotates the shoulder

    • A.

      Teres minor

    • B.

      Subscapularis

    • C.

      Infraspinatus

    • D.

      Coracobrachialis

    Correct Answer
    C. Infraspinatus
    Explanation
    The infraspinatus muscle originates from the infraspinous fossa of the scapula and inserts into the greater tubercle of the humerus. Its action is to laterally rotate the shoulder.

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  • 19. 

    What is a synonym for malpractice insurance?

    • A.

      Business activity

    • B.

      Professional liability

    • C.

      Disability

    • D.

      Term life

    Correct Answer
    B. Professional liability
    Explanation
    Professional liability is a synonym for malpractice insurance because it refers to insurance coverage that protects professionals from liability claims arising from their professional services or advice. This type of insurance is specifically designed to cover the costs of legal defense and damages in the event of a malpractice lawsuit. It is commonly purchased by professionals such as doctors, lawyers, and accountants to protect themselves from financial losses due to claims of negligence or errors in their professional work.

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  • 20. 

    During massage, respiration is affected how and by what mechanism?

    • A.

      Increased by stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system

    • B.

      Decreased by stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system

    • C.

      Increased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system

    • D.

      Decreased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system

    Correct Answer
    D. Decreased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system
    Explanation
    During massage, respiration is decreased by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for promoting relaxation and restorative functions in the body. When this system is stimulated, it slows down the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, and reduces respiration rate. Massage therapy is known to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, leading to a decrease in respiration. This decrease in respiration helps the body enter a state of relaxation and promotes a sense of calm and well-being.

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  • 21. 

    Which one of the following is true?

    • A.

      Antagonists always eccentrically contract.

    • B.

      Antagonists always shorten.

    • C.

      Antagonists always lengthen.

    • D.

      Antagonists always work against gravity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Antagonists always lengthen.
    Explanation
    Antagonists always lengthen because they are the muscles that oppose the action of the agonist muscles. When the agonist muscle contracts, the antagonist muscle relaxes and lengthens, allowing for smooth and controlled movement. This lengthening of the antagonist muscle helps to prevent joint damage and allows for coordinated movement between opposing muscle groups.

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  • 22. 

    Postural stabilization muscles tend to be

    • A.

      Larger and deeper

    • B.

      Smaller and superficial

    • C.

      Larger and superficial

    • D.

      Smaller and deeper

    Correct Answer
    D. Smaller and deeper
    Explanation
    Postural stabilization muscles are responsible for maintaining posture and stability in the body. These muscles need to be able to provide support and control without interfering with other movements. Smaller and deeper muscles are more suitable for this task as they can provide stability without restricting the range of motion or causing excessive tension. Larger and superficial muscles, on the other hand, are more involved in generating movement and may not be as effective in maintaining postural stability. Therefore, smaller and deeper muscles are the preferred type for postural stabilization.

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  • 23. 

    A biological agent capable of causing disease is 

    • A.

      Flagellum

    • B.

      Carcinogen

    • C.

      Pathogen

    • D.

      Ameba

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathogen
    Explanation
    A biological agent capable of causing disease is called a pathogen. Pathogens are microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that can invade the body and cause illness or disease. They have the ability to multiply and spread within the host, disrupting normal bodily functions and leading to symptoms of the disease. Pathogens can be transmitted through various means, including direct contact, airborne droplets, contaminated food or water, or insect vectors. Identifying and understanding pathogens is crucial in preventing and treating infectious diseases.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is a trigger point that is located at musculotendinous junctions?

    • A.

      Golgi

    • B.

      Periosteal

    • C.

      Central

    • D.

      Attachment

    Correct Answer
    D. Attachment
    Explanation
    The trigger point located at musculotendinous junctions is known as the attachment trigger point. This point is where the muscle attaches to the tendon, and it can become sensitive and painful when there is tension or dysfunction in the muscle-tendon unit. The attachment trigger point is commonly associated with muscle strains and overuse injuries, and it can be a source of localized pain and referred pain in other areas of the body.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following best describes a state of exhaustion or a loss of strength or endurance such as that felt after strenuous physical activity?

    • A.

      Muscle weakness

    • B.

      Muscle fatigue

    • C.

      Muscle tetany

    • D.

      Muscle sorbet

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscle fatigue
    Explanation
    Muscle fatigue best describes a state of exhaustion or a loss of strength or endurance after strenuous physical activity. This term refers to the decline in muscle performance due to the accumulation of metabolic byproducts, such as lactic acid, and the depletion of energy stores, like ATP, within the muscle cells. It is a temporary condition that can be relieved with rest and recovery. Muscle weakness, on the other hand, refers to a reduced ability to generate force, while muscle tetany is a condition characterized by involuntary muscle contractions. "Muscle sorbet" is not a recognized term in relation to physical exhaustion or loss of strength.

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  • 26. 

    Considered a light effleurage, this massage stroke is feather-light finger tracing over the skin with the direction of movement always down the body.

    • A.

      Friction

    • B.

      Trager

    • C.

      Nerve stroke

    • D.

      Petrissage

    Correct Answer
    C. Nerve stroke
    Explanation
    A nerve stroke is a massage stroke that involves feather-light finger tracing over the skin with the direction of movement always down the body. This stroke is considered a light effleurage technique and is used to stimulate the nerves and provide a gentle and relaxing sensation to the recipient. It helps to release tension and promote relaxation in the body.

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  • 27. 

    Active movements performed by the client while the therapist assist throughout the range of motion or stretch are called

    • A.

      Active assisted movements

    • B.

      Active resisted movements

    • C.

      Passive movements

    • D.

      Active movements

    Correct Answer
    A. Active assisted movements
    Explanation
    Active assisted movements refer to the client actively performing movements while the therapist provides assistance or support throughout the range of motion or stretch. This means that the client is actively participating in the movement, but they receive some level of assistance or guidance from the therapist. This type of movement can help improve strength, flexibility, and coordination, as the client is actively engaging their muscles while also receiving support from the therapist.

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  • 28. 

    When a person is in a horizontal position while lying face downward, this position is called

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Fowler's

    • C.

      Trendelenburg

    • D.

      Supine

    Correct Answer
    A. Prone
    Explanation
    When a person is lying face downward in a horizontal position, it is referred to as the prone position. In this position, the person's chest and abdomen are in contact with the surface they are lying on, while their back is facing upward. This position is commonly used in medical settings for procedures or examinations that require access to the back or spine.

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  • 29. 

    The ancient "center of gravity" located an inch or two below and behind the navel is called

    • A.

      Dan tien

    • B.

      Tsubo center

    • C.

      Third eye

    • D.

      Chakra

    Correct Answer
    A. Dan tien
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dan tien. The Dan tien is an ancient concept in Chinese martial arts and traditional Chinese medicine. It refers to the center of gravity located an inch or two below and behind the navel. It is believed to be the body's energy center, where internal energy (qi) is stored and cultivated. The Dan tien is considered to be a source of physical and spiritual power, and it is often focused on during meditation and martial arts practices.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is locally indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Gastritis

    • B.

      Bunion

    • C.

      Colitis

    • D.

      Wart

    Correct Answer
    D. Wart
    Explanation
    Warts are locally indicated for massage because they are small, benign growths on the skin caused by a viral infection. Massaging the affected area can help stimulate blood circulation, promote lymphatic drainage, and potentially break down the wart tissue. However, it is important to note that massage alone may not completely eliminate the wart, and it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 31. 

    What is the concept of energy called in India?

    • A.

      Ki

    • B.

      Chi

    • C.

      Prana

    • D.

      Ether

    Correct Answer
    C. Prana
    Explanation
    Prana is the concept of energy in India. It is the vital life force that flows through all living beings and is responsible for their physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Prana is believed to be present in the air we breathe and is absorbed by the body through breath. It is considered the subtlest form of energy and is associated with vitality, health, and consciousness. Prana is an integral part of various Indian practices such as yoga, meditation, and Ayurveda, where it is harnessed and balanced for overall well-being.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the three doshas is made up of the elements fire and water?

    • A.

      Vata

    • B.

      Pitta

    • C.

      Kapha

    • D.

      Prana

    Correct Answer
    B. Pitta
    Explanation
    Pitta is the dosha made up of the elements fire and water. Fire represents the transformative and metabolic processes in the body, while water represents the fluid and cooling aspects. Pitta governs digestion, metabolism, and body temperature regulation. It is responsible for maintaining a balanced appetite, healthy digestion, and strong metabolism. Pitta individuals tend to have a fiery personality, with strong intellect and leadership qualities. They are prone to imbalances such as acidity, inflammation, and anger when their pitta dosha is excessive.

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  • 33. 

    Blood pressure generally decreases during massage because

    • A.

      The heart pumps less blood

    • B.

      Venous flow is impeded

    • C.

      Vasoconstriction occurs in blood vessels

    • D.

      Vasodilation occurs in the blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    D. Vasodilation occurs in the blood vessels
    Explanation
    During a massage, the body relaxes, which leads to the release of certain chemicals that cause the blood vessels to widen or dilate. This vasodilation allows for increased blood flow and reduces resistance in the blood vessels, resulting in a decrease in blood pressure.

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  • 34. 

    In what order are the following sensations felt by most clients during cold applications?

    • A.

      Coldness, burning, stinging or aching, numbness

    • B.

      Burning, stinging or aching, coldness, numbness

    • C.

      Coldness, numbness, stinging or aching, burning

    • D.

      Numbness, coldness, burning, stinging or aching

    Correct Answer
    A. Coldness, burning, stinging or aching, numbness
    Explanation
    Most clients typically feel coldness first during cold applications, followed by a sensation of burning. After that, they may experience stinging or aching before finally reaching a state of numbness.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following best describes petrissage?

    • A.

      Rubbing one surface over another; skin over skin or skin over underlying structures

    • B.

      Cycles of rhythmic lifting, squeezing, and releasing of tissue, working parallel to the muscle fibers

    • C.

      Rapid shaking, quivering, trembling or rocking movements

    • D.

      Gliding movements that are repeated and follow the contour of the body

    Correct Answer
    B. Cycles of rhythmic lifting, squeezing, and releasing of tissue, working parallel to the muscle fibers
  • 36. 

    A client has a sprain of the calcaneofibular ligament.  It is a grade two sprain in the subacute healing phase.  The main injury force was tension.  Which of the following is contraindicated?

    • A.

      Lymphatic drain to manage edema

    • B.

      Manage protective spasm

    • C.

      Invert the foot and stretch

    • D.

      Gentle range of motion in the midrange

    Correct Answer
    C. Invert the foot and stretch
    Explanation
    Inverting the foot and stretching is contraindicated in a client with a sprain of the calcaneofibular ligament. Inversion and stretching can put additional stress on the ligament, potentially worsening the injury. It is important to avoid movements that can further damage the ligament and delay the healing process. Instead, gentle range of motion in the midrange can be beneficial to maintain mobility and prevent stiffness. Managing protective spasm and using lymphatic drainage to manage edema are also appropriate interventions for this type of injury.

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  • 37. 

    By which week in pregnant women can the hormone production of relaxin be sufficient to produce ligament laxity and affect joint stability?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      24

    • C.

      32

    • D.

      38

    Correct Answer
    A. 10
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the hormone relaxin is produced to loosen the ligaments in the body, allowing for easier passage of the baby through the birth canal. The hormone production of relaxin starts early in pregnancy, and by the 10th week, it can be sufficient to produce ligament laxity and affect joint stability. Therefore, the correct answer is 10.

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  • 38. 

    What would be the best self-care treatment plan for a client with acute bursitis in the shoulder?

    • A.

      Heat with flare-ups

    • B.

      Isotonic exercise

    • C.

      Remain active

    • D.

      Rest from activity and ice

    Correct Answer
    D. Rest from activity and ice
    Explanation
    Rest from activity and ice would be the best self-care treatment plan for a client with acute bursitis in the shoulder. Resting from activity helps to reduce inflammation and allows the affected area to heal. Applying ice to the shoulder can help to reduce pain and swelling. This combination of rest and ice is commonly recommended for managing acute bursitis and promoting recovery.

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  • 39. 

    During massage application, while kneading the tissue, the massage practitioner notices that the pliability increases.  The client is pleased with the increase in flexibility.  Which of the following best describes this benefit?

    • A.

      The piezoelectric property of the nervous system

    • B.

      The interralationship of prana with Qi

    • C.

      The thixotropic nature of ground substance

    • D.

      The activation of mast cells

    Correct Answer
    C. The thixotropic nature of ground substance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the thixotropic nature of ground substance. Thixotropy refers to the property of certain substances to become less viscous or more fluid when subjected to mechanical stress, such as kneading. In the context of massage, the kneading action can stimulate the ground substance, a gel-like substance that surrounds and supports cells and tissues. This stimulation can cause the ground substance to become less viscous, increasing the pliability and flexibility of the tissues.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following Japanese bodywork therapies uses pressure on the surface of the skin along energy channels called meridians to regain and maintain a harmonic flow of energy throughout the body/mind/spirit?

    • A.

      Shiatsu

    • B.

      Java

    • C.

      Qigong

    • D.

      Acupuncture

    Correct Answer
    A. Shiatsu
    Explanation
    Shiatsu is a Japanese bodywork therapy that uses pressure on the surface of the skin along energy channels called meridians to restore and balance the flow of energy throughout the body, mind, and spirit. It aims to promote overall well-being and maintain a harmonious energy flow.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following chakras corresponds to the element of water?

    • A.

      Root

    • B.

      Sacral

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Brow

    Correct Answer
    B. Sacral
    Explanation
    The sacral chakra corresponds to the element of water. This chakra is located in the lower abdomen and is associated with emotions, creativity, and sensuality. Water is often seen as a symbol of emotions and fluidity, which aligns with the qualities and characteristics of the sacral chakra. This chakra governs our ability to feel and experience pleasure, passion, and intimacy, making it closely related to the element of water.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following is indicated for massage?

    • A.

      Fever

    • B.

      Measles

    • C.

      Pericarditis

    • D.

      Gastritis

    Correct Answer
    D. Gastritis
    Explanation
    Massage is indicated for gastritis because it can help improve blood circulation and relax the muscles in the stomach, which can reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms such as pain and discomfort. Massage can also help stimulate the release of endorphins, which are natural painkillers, and promote relaxation, which can aid in digestion and reduce stress-related symptoms. However, it is important to note that massage should be done by a trained professional and should not be performed during an active flare-up or if there are any open wounds or infections present.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following is NOT a guideline for proper body mechanics?

    • A.

      Stretch

    • B.

      Lean or Sit correctly

    • C.

      Lift correctly

    • D.

      Get in front of your work

    Correct Answer
    D. Get in front of your work
    Explanation
    "Get in front of your work" is not a guideline for proper body mechanics because it can lead to strain and injury. Instead, it is important to position oneself close to the object or task at hand, maintaining a neutral spine and using proper lifting techniques. This allows for better leverage and reduces the risk of back or muscle strain.

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  • 44. 

    A very precise and penetrating form of friction, popularized by Dr. James Cyriax of London, in which the direction of movement is across and perpendicular to the pattern of muscle fibers is known as

    • A.

      Myofascial release

    • B.

      Cross fiber friction

    • C.

      British friction

    • D.

      Rolling

    Correct Answer
    B. Cross fiber friction
    Explanation
    Cross fiber friction is a technique used in manual therapy to target specific areas of muscle tissue. It involves applying pressure and movement across the muscle fibers, perpendicular to their pattern, in order to break up adhesions and scar tissue. This technique is popularized by Dr. James Cyriax of London and is known for its precision and effectiveness in releasing tension and improving range of motion. Myofascial release, British friction, and rolling are not as specific in their application and do not involve the same directional movement as cross fiber friction.

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  • 45. 

    Movements applied by the therapist while the client remains relaxed are

    • A.

      Active movements

    • B.

      Active resisted movements

    • C.

      Active assisted movements

    • D.

      Passive movements

    Correct Answer
    D. Passive movements
    Explanation
    Passive movements refer to the movements that are applied by the therapist while the client remains relaxed. In this type of movement, the client does not actively participate or provide resistance. Instead, the therapist takes full control and moves the client's body or limbs without any effort from the client. Passive movements are often used in therapy to improve joint mobility, increase circulation, and reduce muscle stiffness or tightness.

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  • 46. 

    What is an injury that begins abruptly, usually has a recognizable cause, and is characterized by severe symptoms such as pain, swelling, tissue damage, and loss of function?

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Latent

    • C.

      Acute

    • D.

      Overt

    Correct Answer
    C. Acute
    Explanation
    An injury that begins abruptly, usually has a recognizable cause, and is characterized by severe symptoms such as pain, swelling, tissue damage, and loss of function is referred to as acute.

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  • 47. 

    The spreading of cancerous cells to other parts of the body is called

    • A.

      Pathogenic

    • B.

      Metastasis

    • C.

      Microbic

    • D.

      Benign

    Correct Answer
    B. Metastasis
    Explanation
    Metastasis refers to the process where cancer cells break away from the primary tumor and spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. This is a crucial stage in cancer progression as it allows the cancer to establish new tumors in different organs or tissues, leading to the spread of the disease. Unlike benign tumors, which do not spread to other parts of the body, metastatic cancer is aggressive and can significantly affect a person's prognosis and treatment options.

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  • 48. 

    What type of muscle contraction is usually involved with stabilization?

    • A.

      Concentric

    • B.

      Eccentric

    • C.

      Isometric

    • D.

      Negative

    Correct Answer
    C. Isometric
    Explanation
    Isometric muscle contraction is usually involved with stabilization. Isometric contraction occurs when the muscle generates tension without changing its length. This type of contraction is commonly used to maintain posture and stabilize joints. It involves the muscle exerting force against an immovable object or resisting the force of another muscle. Isometric contractions help to provide stability and support to the body during activities such as holding a plank position or maintaining balance.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is true?

    • A.

      Antagonists always eccentrically contract.

    • B.

      Antagonists always shorten.

    • C.

      Antagonists always lengthen.

    • D.

      Antagonists always work against gravity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Antagonists always lengthen.
    Explanation
    Antagonists always lengthen refers to the fact that when one muscle contracts, its antagonist muscle relaxes and lengthens. This is because antagonistic muscles work in pairs to produce movement around a joint. When one muscle contracts to create movement, its antagonist muscle relaxes to allow for that movement. Therefore, it can be said that antagonists always lengthen when their corresponding agonist muscles contract.

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  • 50. 

    What is the result of a Golgi tendon organ reflex?

    • A.

      The muscle contracts.

    • B.

      The muscle relaxes.

    • C.

      The muscle is facilitated.

    • D.

      None of these choices is correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. The muscle relaxes.
    Explanation
    The Golgi tendon organ reflex is a protective mechanism that prevents excessive tension in a muscle. When the Golgi tendon organ detects high tension, it sends inhibitory signals to the muscle fibers, causing them to relax. This reflex helps to prevent muscle damage or injury by reducing muscle tension. Therefore, the correct answer is that the muscle relaxes.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 07, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Omtpmassage
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