Mass Society And Democracy, 1870 -1914 Section Quiz 20-4

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Mass Society and Democracy, 1870 -1914 Section Quiz 20-4


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Idea that social progress comes from survival of the strong and fit

    • A.

      Modernism

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Pogroms

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Anti -Semitism

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Darwinism
    Explanation
    Social Darwinism is the idea that social progress is achieved through the survival of the strong and fit, drawing parallels with Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. This concept suggests that those who are successful in society are naturally superior and should be allowed to thrive, while those who are weaker or less successful are seen as inferior and should not be supported. Social Darwinism has been used to justify various forms of discrimination and inequality, as it promotes the idea that certain individuals or groups are inherently superior to others.

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  • 2. 

    Hostility and discrimination directed at Jews

    • A.

      Modernism

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Pogroms

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Anti -Semitism

    Correct Answer
    E. Anti -Semitism
    Explanation
    Anti-Semitism refers to hostility and discrimination directed specifically at Jews. It is a term used to describe prejudice, hatred, and persecution against Jewish individuals and communities. Throughout history, anti-Semitism has manifested in various forms, including pogroms, which were organized violent attacks against Jews, and Social Darwinism, which applied Darwin's theory of natural selection to human society and often led to the belief in the superiority of certain races, including anti-Semitic ideologies. Psychoanalysis, a psychological theory and therapeutic approach developed by Sigmund Freud, is not directly related to anti-Semitism. Modernism, on the other hand, is a cultural and artistic movement that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, focusing on innovation and rejecting traditional values, but it is not specifically associated with anti-Semitism.

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  • 3. 

    Art movement that rejected traditional styles

    • A.

      Modernism

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Pogroms

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Anti -Semitism

    Correct Answer
    A. Modernism
    Explanation
    Modernism is the correct answer because it refers to an art movement that rejected traditional styles. Modernism emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a response to the rapid social, political, and technological changes happening at the time. Artists and writers associated with modernism sought to break away from traditional artistic conventions and explore new forms of expression. They embraced experimentation, abstraction, and a focus on individual subjective experiences. Modernism had a profound impact on various art forms, including painting, literature, architecture, and music, and it continues to influence artistic movements to this day.

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  • 4. 

    Scientific method pioneered by Freud

    • A.

      Modernism

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Pogroms

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Anti -Semitism

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychoanalysis
    Explanation
    Psychoanalysis is the correct answer because it refers to the scientific method pioneered by Freud. This method involves analyzing a person's unconscious mind to understand their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. It is a key concept in Freudian psychology and has had a significant impact on the field of psychology and psychiatry.

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  • 5. 

    Organized massacres

    • A.

      Modernism

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Pogroms

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Anti -Semitism

    Correct Answer
    C. Pogroms
    Explanation
    Pogroms refer to organized massacres, often targeting a specific ethnic or religious group, particularly Jews. This term is commonly associated with anti-Semitism and has been prevalent throughout history. Pogroms were often fueled by various factors, including social Darwinism, which promoted the idea of ethnic superiority and led to discrimination and violence against minority groups. Pogroms were not only a manifestation of anti-Semitism but also a reflection of the tensions and prejudices present in society during the time they occurred.

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  • 6. 

    What do Monet, Renoir, Moeisot, and van Gogh have in common?

    • A.

      They contributed to the study of the atomic particles.

    • B.

      They contributed to Einsteinian physics.

    • C.

      They did research to assist Freud.

    • D.

      They were all impressionist or postimpressionisxt painters.

    Correct Answer
    D. They were all impressionist or postimpressionisxt painters.
    Explanation
    Monet, Renoir, Morisot, and van Gogh were all famous painters who belonged to the Impressionist or Post-Impressionist movement. They revolutionized the art world with their unique styles and techniques, focusing on capturing the fleeting effects of light and color in their paintings. Their works were characterized by loose brushwork, vibrant colors, and an emphasis on capturing the essence of a moment rather than precise details. These artists had a significant impact on the development of modern art and their contributions are highly regarded in the art world.

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  • 7. 

    Einstien's theory of relativity stated that

    • A.

      The family is at the center of human conscousness.

    • B.

      Relatives carry similar genes.

    • C.

      Time, space, and matter are objective relaties.

    • D.

      Space and time are relative to the observer.

    Correct Answer
    D. Space and time are relative to the observer.
    Explanation
    Einstein's theory of relativity revolutionized our understanding of space and time. According to this theory, the concept of simultaneity is relative, meaning that events that appear simultaneous to one observer may not be simultaneous to another observer moving at a different velocity. Similarly, the measurement of time intervals and distances also depends on the relative motion of the observer. Therefore, space and time are not absolute but are instead relative to the observer's frame of reference. This concept has profound implications for our understanding of the physical world and has been confirmed by numerous experiments and observations.

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  • 8. 

    According to Freud, human experience was strongly determined by

    • A.

      Past experiences

    • B.

      Newtonian physics

    • C.

      Atomic structure.

    • D.

      The natural rights of humankind.

    Correct Answer
    A. Past experiences
    Explanation
    Freud believed that past experiences, particularly childhood experiences, played a significant role in shaping an individual's thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. He proposed that unconscious memories and unresolved conflicts from the past could influence one's present psychological functioning. These past experiences, including early relationships and traumatic events, were thought to shape personality development and contribute to the formation of defense mechanisms and unconscious desires. Therefore, Freud argued that understanding and resolving these past experiences were crucial for achieving psychological well-being.

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  • 9. 

    Einstein 's theories led to all of the following conclusions EXCEPT

    • A.

      Matter is a form of energy.

    • B.

      The atom contains vast enrgies.

    • C.

      Gene mainipulation is possible.

    • D.

      Yime and space depend on matter.

    Correct Answer
    C. Gene mainipulation is possible.
    Explanation
    Einstein's theories, specifically the theory of relativity, revolutionized our understanding of matter, energy, time, and space. They established that matter is a form of energy and that the atom contains vast energies. Additionally, his theories provided insights into the interplay between time, space, and matter. However, they did not directly address or imply that gene manipulation is possible. Therefore, the correct answer is gene manipulation is possible.

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  • 10. 

    Scientific discoveries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuties

    • A.

      Increased uncertainty about the universe.

    • B.

      Lead to belief in a universe with certainty and precision.

    • C.

      Confirmed Newton's ideas.

    • D.

      Confirmed Ptolemy's ideas.

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased uncertainty about the universe.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "increased uncertainty about the universe." This is because scientific discoveries during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries challenged previously held beliefs and theories about the universe. These discoveries, such as Einstein's theory of relativity and the discovery of the expanding universe, introduced new ideas and concepts that questioned the certainty and precision of our understanding of the universe. Therefore, these scientific discoveries increased uncertainty about the nature and workings of the universe.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 29, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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