Mass Society And Democracy, 1870 -1914 Review

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Mass Society And Democracy, 1870 -1914  Review - Quiz


Mass Society and Democracy, 1870 -1914 Review


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Written by Karl Max and Friedrich Engels

    • A.

      Triple Entente

    • B.

      The Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      Duma

    Correct Answer
    B. The Communist Manifesto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Communist Manifesto" because it is a famous political pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Published in 1848, it outlines the principles of communism and serves as a foundational text for the socialist movement. The manifesto argues for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie and the establishment of a classless society. It has had a significant impact on political and social movements around the world and remains an influential work in the field of political theory.

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  • 2. 

    The working class

    • A.

      Proletariat

    • B.

      Trade union

    • C.

      New elite

    Correct Answer
    A. Proletariat
    Explanation
    The term "proletariat" refers to the working class in Marxist theory. It represents the social class of wage workers who do not own the means of production and are economically dependent on the bourgeoisie. The proletariat is often associated with industrial labor and is seen as the driving force behind social change. This term is commonly used to describe the lower socioeconomic class in capitalist societies. The other options, such as trade union and new elite, do not accurately represent the concept of the proletariat.

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  • 3. 

    Bettered both the living and working conditions of the working classes

    • A.

      Trade union

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Duma

    Correct Answer
    A. Trade union
    Explanation
    A trade union is an organization formed by workers to protect and promote their rights and interests. By negotiating with employers for better wages, working hours, and working conditions, trade unions have historically played a crucial role in improving the living and working conditions of the working classes. They have fought for safer workplaces, fair treatment, and improved benefits, ultimately aiming to create a more equitable society. Therefore, the trade union is the correct answer as it aligns with the given statement about bettering both the living and working conditions of the working classes.

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  • 4. 

    Made up 5 percent of the population, but controlled 30 to 40 percent of the wealth

    • A.

      Proletarait

    • B.

      Duma

    • C.

      New elite

    Correct Answer
    C. New elite
    Explanation
    The given statement implies that a specific group, referred to as the "new elite," held a disproportionately large share of the wealth despite constituting only 5 percent of the population. This suggests that this group had a significant amount of control and influence over economic resources and power. The term "new elite" implies that this group may have emerged recently, possibly due to economic or social changes that allowed them to accumulate wealth and gain prominence.

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  • 5. 

    German nursing pioneer

    • A.

      Amalie Sieveking

    • B.

      Albert Enstien

    • C.

      Pablo Picasso

    Correct Answer
    A. Amalie Sieveking
    Explanation
    Amalie Sieveking is the correct answer because she was a German nursing pioneer. She is known for her significant contributions to the development of nursing as a profession in Germany. Sieveking founded the first nursing school in Hamburg and established the General Association for Nursing in 1849. Her work focused on improving the quality of care for the sick and promoting the professionalization of nursing. Sieveking's dedication and efforts in the field of nursing make her a prominent figure in healthcare history.

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  • 6. 

    Russian legislative assembly created by Nicholas II

    • A.

      The Communist Manifesto

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Duma

    Correct Answer
    C. Duma
    Explanation
    The Duma was created by Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia, in response to the 1905 Russian Revolution. It was the first elected legislative assembly in Russia and was intended to appease the growing demands for political reform. The creation of the Duma was seen as a significant step towards a more democratic system of governance in Russia, although its powers were ultimately limited by the Tsar's autocratic rule. The Duma played a role in the events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917, as it highlighted the continued dissatisfaction with the government and the desire for greater political representation.

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  • 7. 

    Great Britain, France, and Russia

    • A.

      Proletariat

    • B.

      Triple Entente

    • C.

      Trade union

    Correct Answer
    B. Triple Entente
    Explanation
    The Triple Entente refers to the alliance formed between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the early 20th century. This alliance was created in response to the growing threat of the Central Powers, primarily Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Triple Entente aimed to ensure mutual defense and support among the three nations. This alliance played a significant role in World War I, as the member countries fought together against the Central Powers.

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  • 8. 

    Developed the special theory of relativity

    • A.

      Pablo Picasso

    • B.

      Amalie Sieveking

    • C.

      Albert Einstein

    Correct Answer
    C. Albert Einstein
    Explanation
    Albert Einstein is the correct answer because he is the one who developed the special theory of relativity. This theory, published in 1905, revolutionized our understanding of space, time, and the relationship between matter and energy. Einstein's work on relativity laid the foundation for modern physics and had a profound impact on various scientific disciplines. His theory challenged traditional notions of physics and introduced groundbreaking concepts, such as the equivalence of mass and energy (E=mc²). Einstein's contributions to the field of physics earned him worldwide recognition and made him one of the most influential scientists in history.

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  • 9. 

    Applied to human society in a radical way by nationalists and racists

    • A.

      Triple Entente

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Trade union

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Darwinism
    Explanation
    Social Darwinism is the correct answer because it refers to the belief that evolutionary principles, such as natural selection, can be applied to human societies. This ideology was embraced by nationalists and racists who used it to justify their discriminatory practices and policies, claiming that certain races or nations were inherently superior to others. By promoting the idea of survival of the fittest, social Darwinism provided a pseudo-scientific basis for policies that aimed to preserve the dominance of certain groups and justify their expansionist ambitions.

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  • 10. 

    Created the style of painting called cubism

    • A.

      Amalie Sieveking

    • B.

      Pablo Picasso

    • C.

      Albert Entente

    Correct Answer
    B. Pablo Picasso
    Explanation
    Pablo Picasso is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the artist who created the style of painting called cubism. Cubism is an artistic movement that emerged in the early 20th century and is characterized by fragmented and abstracted forms, multiple viewpoints, and a focus on geometric shapes. Picasso, along with Georges Braque, is credited with pioneering this revolutionary style, which had a significant impact on the development of modern art.

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  • 11. 

    ___________ sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic in 1901.

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Guglielmo Marconi

    • D.

      Joseph Swan

    Correct Answer
    C. Guglielmo Marconi
    Explanation
    Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic in 1901. Marconi was an Italian inventor and engineer who is credited with developing and improving wireless telegraphy. His successful transmission of radio waves across the Atlantic Ocean marked a significant milestone in the history of communication. Marconi's work laid the foundation for modern wireless communication systems and played a crucial role in the development of radio technology.

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  • 12. 

    The internal - combustion engine gave rise to

    • A.

      Severe air polullution in two industrialized cities.

    • B.

      Automobilies, airplanes, and improved ocean liners.

    • C.

      Streetcars and subways.

    • D.

      A true American economy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Automobilies, airplanes, and improved ocean liners.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is automobilies, airplanes, and improved ocean liners. The internal-combustion engine revolutionized transportation by powering these modes of travel. This led to the development and widespread use of automobiles, airplanes, and ocean liners, which greatly improved the efficiency and speed of transportation. However, the increased use of these vehicles also resulted in severe air pollution in industrialized cities.

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  • 13. 

    _________ were Marxists who rejected the revolutionary approach in favor of a more political approach.

    • A.

      Social Soviets

    • B.

      Unionists

    • C.

      Proletariats

    • D.

      Revisionists

    Correct Answer
    D. Revisionists
    Explanation
    Revisionists were Marxists who rejected the revolutionary approach in favor of a more political approach. They believed in achieving socialist goals through gradual reforms and working within the existing political systems, rather than through violent revolution. The revisionists argued for collaboration with non-socialist parties and emphasized the importance of parliamentary democracy. They believed that socialism could be achieved through the evolution of capitalism rather than its overthrow. This approach was criticized by more radical Marxists who believed in the necessity of revolution to achieve socialism.

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  • 14. 

    In the early 1900s, how much of the European population belonged to the working class?

    • A.

      40 percent

    • B.

      62.7 percent

    • C.

      80 percent

    • D.

      98 percent

    Correct Answer
    C. 80 percent
    Explanation
    During the early 1900s, a significant portion of the European population belonged to the working class. This was a time of industrialization and urbanization, where many people were employed in factories and manual labor. With limited social mobility and a large wealth gap, the working class made up a majority of the population. The option "80 percent" reflects this reality, indicating that a significant majority of Europeans during this time were part of the working class.

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  • 15. 

    Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters founded the

    • A.

      Women's Social and Political union.

    • B.

      Red Cross.

    • C.

      Young Women's Christian Association.

    • D.

      Society for the Advancement of Women.

    Correct Answer
    A. Women's Social and Political union.
    Explanation
    Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters founded the Women's Social and Political Union. This organization was a prominent suffragette movement in the early 20th century, advocating for women's right to vote in the United Kingdom. They used militant tactics such as protests, demonstrations, and civil disobedience to bring attention to their cause. The Women's Social and Political Union played a significant role in the eventual granting of voting rights to women in the UK.

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  • 16. 

    The principle of ministerial responsibility is the idea that

    • A.

      Church ministers should be responsible for a portion of the legislative process.

    • B.

      The prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body andnot to the excutive officer.

    • C.

      High - ranking government officiala are legally accountable for the actions of the president and his family.

    • D.

      Elected officials are responcible to the people and should act in the people's best interest.

    Correct Answer
    B. The prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body andnot to the excutive officer.
    Explanation
    The principle of ministerial responsibility states that the prime minister is accountable to the popularly elected legislative body, rather than to the executive officer. This means that the prime minister is responsible for their actions and decisions to the representatives of the people, ensuring that they act in the best interest of the public. This principle promotes transparency, accountability, and democratic governance.

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  • 17. 

    The alliance of Germany, Austria - Hungary, and Italy was known as the

    • A.

      Austro - Germany Empire.

    • B.

      Axis Powers.

    • C.

      Triple Alliance.

    • D.

      Eastern Powers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Triple Alliance.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Triple Alliance. The Triple Alliance was formed in 1882 and consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. It was a defensive alliance aimed at maintaining the balance of power in Europe and countering the potential threat from France. The alliance was primarily motivated by mutual security concerns and a desire to prevent isolation in case of conflict. It was an important diplomatic development leading up to World War I, as it created a network of alliances and rivalries that would shape the course of the war.

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  • 18. 

    Whose discovery of radium changed the world's view of the atom?

    • A.

      Albert Eintein's

    • B.

      Marie Curie's

    • C.

      Friedrich von Bernhardi's

    • D.

      Houston Stewart Chamberlain's

    Correct Answer
    B. Marie Curie's
    Explanation
    Marie Curie's discovery of radium changed the world's view of the atom. Through her experiments, Curie was able to demonstrate that atoms were not indivisible, as previously believed, but could actually be broken down into smaller particles. This discovery led to a deeper understanding of atomic structure and paved the way for further advancements in nuclear physics. Curie's groundbreaking work also had significant implications for the fields of medicine and industry, as radium was later used in the development of radiation therapy and other applications.

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  • 19. 

    According to Sigmund Freud, human behavior was

    • A.

      Ruled by two related emotions: love and pity.

    • B.

      Determine by the physical makeup of the brain, and could not be altered.

    • C.

      The one factor that human beings superior to all other animals.

    • D.

      Strongly determined by repressed experiences.

    Correct Answer
    D. Strongly determined by repressed experiences.
    Explanation
    According to Sigmund Freud, human behavior is strongly determined by repressed experiences. Freud believed that these repressed experiences, particularly from childhood, have a significant impact on shaping an individual's personality and behavior. He proposed that unresolved conflicts and repressed emotions from the past can manifest in various ways, such as through defense mechanisms or psychological disorders. Freud's psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the importance of uncovering and resolving these repressed experiences through therapy in order to promote psychological well-being.

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  • 20. 

    ___________ was a Postimpressionist painter for whom art was a spiritual experience.

    • A.

      Vincent van Gogh

    • B.

      Claude Monet

    • C.

      Pierre - August Renoir

    • D.

      Berthe Morisot

    Correct Answer
    A. Vincent van Gogh
    Explanation
    Vincent van Gogh was a Postimpressionist painter known for his unique and expressive style. He believed that art was a spiritual experience and used his paintings as a way to convey his emotions and inner thoughts. His works often depicted his personal struggles and mental state, making his art deeply personal and reflective of his spiritual journey.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      A premier leads the government in the United States

    • B.

      The legislature is appionted in France

    • C.

      A represntative democracy ischaracteristic of both France and the United States.

    • D.

      There are two major political parties in France.

    Correct Answer
    C. A represntative democracy ischaracteristic of both France and the United States.
    Explanation
    A representative democracy is characteristic of both France and the United States. This means that in both countries, the people elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. In a representative democracy, the power lies with the people, who exercise their right to vote and choose their representatives. This system allows for a balance of power and ensures that the government is accountable to the people. France and the United States both have democratic systems that are based on the principles of representation and popular sovereignty.

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  • 22. 

    What old view in physics was replaced with Einstein's relative universe?

    • A.

      Newton's relative universe

    • B.

      Freud's unconscious mind

    • C.

      Newton's mechanical universe

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Newton's mechanical universe
    Explanation
    Einstein's theory of relativity replaced Newton's mechanical universe in physics. Newton's mechanical universe was based on the idea that space and time were separate entities, and that they were absolute and fixed. However, Einstein's theory showed that space and time are interconnected and can be influenced by gravity and motion. This revolutionary concept led to a new understanding of the universe and paved the way for modern physics.

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  • 23. 

    From where had electric waves been sent?

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      Space

    • C.

      The Atlantic Ocean

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    A. Britain
    Explanation
    Electric waves had been sent from Britain.

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  • 24. 

    This passage by Sylvia  Pankhurst shows what characteristice of the women's suffragrage movement?

    • A.

      Determination

    • B.

      Pride

    • C.

      Sorrow

    • D.

      Joy

    Correct Answer
    A. Determination
    Explanation
    The passage by Sylvia Pankhurst showcases the characteristic of determination within the women's suffrage movement. This can be inferred from the tone and content of the passage, as it likely discusses the perseverance, resolve, and unwavering commitment of the suffragettes in their fight for women's rights. The use of strong language, powerful arguments, and evidence of their actions and sacrifices further support the idea that determination was a key characteristic of the movement.

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  • 25. 

    What is this young immigrant's problem?

    • A.

      Her beloved does not earn a good living.

    • B.

      She is not allowed to marry because her older sisters are not yet engaged.

    • C.

      Her parents do not like her beloved.

    • D.

      She and her beloved do not speak the same language.

    Correct Answer
    B. She is not allowed to marry because her older sisters are not yet engaged.
    Explanation
    The young immigrant's problem is that she is not allowed to marry because her older sisters are not yet engaged. This implies that there is a cultural or traditional expectation in her family or community that the older siblings must marry before the younger ones can do so. This restriction is causing a problem for her desire to marry her beloved.

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