Pin striped suit
Grey flannel suit
Dockers and sweater
Mini skirt and blouse
Poodle skirt and sweater
Made it legal for blacks and whites to sit together in public places and use the same facilities.
Made it illegal for blacks and whites to sit together in public places and use the same facilities
Ended racial discrimination in the work place.
Allowed women to demand equal pay for equal work.
Terminated Native Americans from government assistance.
Many actors and actresses were blacklisted for being communist sympathists and lost work for several years.
The pledge of allegiance was changed during the McCarthy years to add the phrase "under god". This was meant to reinforce the values of America. It was also meant as a dig on the communists who were considered atheists/valueless.
McCarthy was responsible for his own demise as the nation tuned in to see him making is reckless charges and bullying witnesses on television.
People working in government were interviewed by the loyalty boards to determine if they were sympathetic to communist causes. The loyalty review boards were very effective and actually found and removed thousands of communists working in the government.
Laws like the Smith Act and McCarran Act were passed making it illegal to be involved with communist organizations at this time.
Short bob hair cut for girls
The duck tail, often with greased hair for boys
Jeans and rolled t-shirt (often w/ cigarettes in the sleeve)
Bell bottoms and peasant tops
Catcher in the Rye
On the Road
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A Separate Peace
Alger Hiss- accused spy
Thomas Dewey- presidential candidate that was wrongly declared the loser in the 1948 election.
Douglas MacArthur- Korean War general who would be controversially fired by Truman
Harry Truman- president who integrated the troops and broke a strike of railroad workers after World War II
Dwight Eisenhower- ordered the soldiers to protect the nine black students that were integrating Little Rock's Central High School
It ended in a stalemate. America restored the dividing line at the 38th parallel.
We went to war with China.
We went to war with Russia.
I like Ike campaign.
Joe Six Pack Campaign.
"had enough?" campaign
Contract With America
A. 3-D movies which may have been played at popular drive in movie theatres
Informal teen “sock hops” which might have featured new dance crazes like the “the hand jive”
Telephone booth stuffing
Wearing flowers in your long hair and peace beads around your neck.
Mysteriously finding the graffiti statement “kilroy was here” in many locations
In New York.
The Greensboro sit-ins
Increased Mexican American voter registration
Running and promotion of pro-Mexican candidates in Texas
MacArthur objected to Truman’s integration of the troops and spoke out against it publicly hurting the war effort.
It was discovered by the loyalty boards that MacArthur was a Communist.
MacArthur was fired when Eisenhower took over in 1953 because the war wasn’t going anywhere.
Truman fired him for publicly disagreeing with his war policies and publicly promoting the dropping of another nuclear bomb to end the war though Truman was opposed to that idea.
Stalin wanted to keep Germany divided into the 4 spheres of influence with each of the big four maintaining control of their sphere.
Stalin also wanted to see Germany pay back the Soviet Union for the war damages.
The United States (Truman) wanted more of a united Germany and did not want to cripple Germany with a war debt.
The US wanted to see German divided into a communist and non communist state as East Germany had been much harder hit economically during the war.
Treatise on the Rights of Man
A huge scandal erupted when DJ’s were paid to play certain music (Payola scandal)
Alan Freed was the first DJ to use the term
Elvis' hip gyrations were considered obscene by some parents
Rock n Roll helped accentuate the gap between white and black cultures in the 1950’s, as rock and roll was a white man’s music.
Parents didn't necessarily approve of this new music at first as singers often emphasized "teen themes" (of love) and was very different than their own music.
Bomb shelters and drills like "duck and cover"
Coon skin hats
Drive in movie theatres
Long hair and beards for men
His weak and corrupt leadership
US aid given to his opposition Zedong, gave the communists an unfair advantage
The US fear and distrust of communism
US lack of interest in the outcome of this war
Douglas MacArthur refused to ever invade China
Psychologists began to recognize the teen years as an important developmental phase.
A booming economy allowed this group to stay in school and out of work at this time.
Movies and music as well as other consumer items began to target this group.
Elvis mania, which many parents did not understand, began to further separate the two age groups.
Women working long hours outside of the home leaving this age group with many new responsibilities around the home.
Calls for widespread violent demonstrations and responses by Blacks to mistreatments.
Nonviolent sit-ins (such as the Greensboro sit-in) in places where segregation was taking place.
Boycotts (such as in Montgomery) to economically hurt racist white businesses
Formation of Civil Rights groups (such as SNCC and SCLC) to organize grass root efforts (freedom rides, marches, etc.)
Groups like the NAACP used the courts as a means to change racist policies. They brought a series of cases demanding equal treatment.
GI Bill of Rights
Camp David Accords
Beatnik writers rejected the materialism and conformity of the 1950’s.
Their lyrics/prose vented frustrations often to a jazz beat and no topic was off limits. Some of these major works were even labeled as obscene as sexuality was a common topic.
The beatniks rejected accepted norms of the 1950’s; suburbia, 9 to 5 jobs, clean cut appearance and images.
This “mainstream” movement was championed by many pop culture icons like Elvis, Little Richard and Jerry Lee Lewis in the 1950’s.
Beatniks were tied by disapproving mainstreamers to the Soviets (sputnik reference) as beats were against the conformity that McCarthyism mandated in the 1950’s.
Initially many divorces would take place as families readjusted to returns from war.
Women would return to traditional roles in the home in large numbers after the War.
Families became larger, as a major baby boom took place.
A major housing shortage would take place, until a new housing boom would take place and move many (mostly white) families out of the city and into the newly built suburbs.
Women retained the power and independence they had developed while working during the War. Birth rates dropped as women waited to get married and have children.
Ed Sullivan Show
I Love Lucy
Leave it to Beaver