1.
Known as "Bell shaped curved" or normal distribution:
Correct Answer
B. B. Gaussian Distribution
Explanation
Gaussian Distribution is commonly referred to as "Bell shaped curve" or normal distribution. It is a statistical distribution that is symmetric and bell-shaped, with the majority of data points clustering around the mean. This distribution is widely used in various fields to model and analyze data, as it allows for easy interpretation and understanding of the data's characteristics.
2.
Which of the following is the most common example of a situation for which the main parameter of interest is a population proportion? :
Correct Answer
A. A. A binomial experiment
Explanation
A binomial experiment is the most common example of a situation where the main parameter of interest is a population proportion. In a binomial experiment, there are two possible outcomes (success or failure) and the parameter of interest is the proportion of successes in the population. This can be seen in situations such as flipping a coin (success = heads, failure = tails) or conducting a survey with a yes/no question (success = yes, failure = no). The proportion of successes in these experiments is the main parameter that researchers are typically interested in estimating or comparing.
3.
This is the main part of experiment where output depends on the input variables:
Correct Answer
B. B. Process
Explanation
The correct answer is b. Process because in an experiment, the main part where the output depends on the input variables is the process. The process refers to the specific actions or steps taken to manipulate the input variables and observe the resulting output. It is during this stage that the input variables are transformed or manipulated in some way, leading to the observed outcomes or results. The process is crucial in determining the cause-effect relationship between the input variables and the output, making it the main part of the experiment.
4.
'S' in NIST means what:
Correct Answer
C. C. Standard
Explanation
The letter 'S' in NIST stands for "Standard". NIST, which stands for National Institute of Standards and Technology, is a federal agency that develops and promotes measurement standards and technology in the United States. The term "Standard" accurately represents the role of NIST as it establishes and maintains a wide range of standards for various industries and sectors, ensuring consistency, accuracy, and reliability in measurements and technical practices.
5.
According to the speaker, this is the first step to solve multi variable problems? :
Correct Answer
A. A. Look at the data
Explanation
The speaker suggests that the first step to solve multi variable problems is to look at the data. This implies that before creating a theoretical model or estimating the actual model, it is important to gather and analyze the available data. By examining the data, one can gain insights and identify patterns or relationships between variables, which will then inform the creation of a theoretical model or the estimation of the actual model.
6.
'D' on DOE means what :
Correct Answer
B. B. Design
Explanation
The letter 'D' on DOE stands for Design. The acronym DOE typically refers to Design of Experiments, which is a systematic and efficient approach to conduct experiments and analyze data in order to optimize and improve processes or products. Therefore, the correct answer is b. Design.
7.
On scatter plot data, narrow elliptical represents:
Correct Answer
B. B. strong correlation
Explanation
A narrow elliptical shape on a scatter plot indicates that there is a strong correlation between the two variables being plotted. This means that as one variable increases, the other variable also tends to increase or decrease in a consistent manner. The narrowness of the ellipse suggests that the relationship between the variables is tightly clustered around a straight line, indicating a strong and predictable relationship between them.
8.
In ANOVA table, higher F-stat means:
Correct Answer
B. B. more significant
Explanation
In ANOVA table, a higher F-statistic indicates a larger difference between the group means compared to the variation within the groups. This means that the likelihood of obtaining such a large difference by chance alone is very low, suggesting that the observed difference is more likely to be a true effect and not due to random variation. Therefore, a higher F-statistic is associated with a more significant result.
9.
''C' on OCAP means what:
Correct Answer
C. C. control
Explanation
The letter "C" on OCAP stands for "control." In the context of OCAP, control refers to the ability to manage or regulate something. This could include controlling the functions and features of a device or system, such as a remote control for a television or a control panel for a computer program. The other options, "capital," "characteristic," and "center," do not accurately represent the meaning of "C" in OCAP.
10.
''P' on P-chart means what:
Correct Answer
B. B. Proportion
Explanation
The letter "P" on a P-chart represents "proportion." In statistical process control, a P-chart is used to monitor the proportion of defective items in a process. It is a type of control chart that helps identify any variations or shifts in the proportion of defects over time. By tracking the proportion of defects, organizations can take corrective actions to improve the quality of their processes and products. Therefore, "proportion" is the most appropriate interpretation for "P" on a P-chart.