Lyell And Lamarck's Theories Of Evolution

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Lyellandlamarck
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Charles Lyell Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to help you get prepared for the evolutions test on Friday, June 4th, 2010 and the exam at the end of the semester.

So good luck, study well and try to remember what you have learned in class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What example did Charles Lyell use to prove his theory of Uniformitarianism?

    • A.

      Catastrophism

    • B.

      Animals adapting to environmental changes

    • C.

      Metamorphic rocks changing under extreme conditions

    • D.

      Events such as earthquakes and rain

    • E.

      N/A

    Correct Answer
    C. Metamorphic rocks changing under extreme conditions
    Explanation
    Charles Lyell used the example of metamorphic rocks changing under extreme conditions to support his theory of Uniformitarianism. This theory suggests that geological processes that occurred in the past are still happening today at a similar rate and intensity. By observing how rocks undergo metamorphism under extreme conditions, Lyell argued that these slow and gradual changes could account for the geological formations seen in the Earth's crust over long periods of time.

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  • 2. 

    How do Lamarck’s and Lyell’s theories regarding evolution relate?

    • A.

      They don’t relate

    • B.

      First thoughts regarding evolution

    • C.

      Both relate to Earth’s history

    • D.

      Both relate to heredity

    • E.

      N/A

    Correct Answer
    A. They don’t relate
    Explanation
    Lamarck's theory of evolution, known as Lamarckism, proposed that acquired traits can be passed on to future generations. On the other hand, Lyell's theory of evolution, known as uniformitarianism, focused on gradual changes in the Earth's geological processes over time. These two theories do not directly relate to each other as they address different aspects of evolution - Lamarckism focuses on heredity while uniformitarianism focuses on Earth's history.

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  • 3. 

    What is another name for Lamarck’s Second Law?

    • A.

      Adaptive Force

    • B.

      Environmental Force

    • C.

      Force of Heredity

    • D.

      Complex Force

    • E.

      N/A

    Correct Answer
    D. Complex Force
    Explanation
    Lamarck's Second Law is also known as the Complex Force. This law suggests that organisms undergo changes in response to their environment, and these changes are then passed on to their offspring. The term "Complex Force" implies that the mechanism behind these changes is multifaceted and involves various factors, such as the organism's interaction with its environment and the inheritance of acquired traits.

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  • 4. 

    How should one go about examining the evolution of the Earth?

    • A.

      By exploring the natural forces in history (i.e. earthquakes)

    • B.

      By observing weather patterns of the years past

    • C.

      By looking at fossils

    • D.

      By viewing the patterns of organism evolution

    • E.

      N/A

    Correct Answer
    C. By looking at fossils
    Explanation
    One can examine the evolution of the Earth by looking at fossils. Fossils provide valuable evidence of past life forms and their characteristics, allowing scientists to understand how organisms have changed over time. By studying the fossil record, researchers can track the development and diversification of different species, as well as identify patterns of evolution. Fossils also provide insights into the Earth's geological history, such as the age of different rock layers and the environments in which ancient organisms lived. Therefore, examining fossils is a crucial method for understanding the evolution of the Earth.

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  • 5. 

    Give a detailed example explaining “Lamarckainism”

  • 6. 

    How are Lamarckainism and Uniformitarianism different and why are they important to contributing to other theories of evolution?

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