Lsn Government Review Quiz: Unit 7

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Lsn Government Review Quiz: Unit 7 - Quiz

This quiz assesses your knowledge of Unit 7.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these does the International Red Cross provide in a time of war?

    • A.

      Health care to prisoners of war

    • B.

      Trained personnel to assist in combat

    • C.

      Military protection to nations surrounding war zones

    • D.

      Ambassadors to help warring nations reach peaceful agreements

    Correct Answer
    A. Health care to prisoners of war
    Explanation
    The International Red Cross provides health care to prisoners of war during times of war. This includes medical assistance, treatment, and support for prisoners who are injured or ill. The organization plays a crucial role in ensuring that prisoners of war receive the necessary medical care and are treated according to international humanitarian law. This support helps to alleviate the suffering of prisoners and promotes their well-being in the midst of conflict.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these is the main goal of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)?

    • A.

      To improve the economies of member nations

    • B.

      To promote democratic reforms in member nations

    • C.

      To increase reliance on agriculture in member nations

    • D.

      To support educational institutions of member nations

    Correct Answer
    A. To improve the economies of member nations
    Explanation
    The main goal of both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is to improve the economies of member nations. They provide financial assistance, loans, and advice to help countries overcome economic challenges, reduce poverty, and achieve sustainable development. By promoting economic stability, growth, and investment, they aim to enhance the overall well-being and prosperity of member nations.

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  • 3. 

    Why did the United States government most likely sign the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?

    • A.

      To provide direct funding to foreign countries

    • B.

      To establish a military alliance

    • C.

      To expand the US economy

    • D.

      To improve the transportation system between member countries

    Correct Answer
    C. To expand the US economy
    Explanation
    The United States government most likely signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to expand the US economy. NAFTA was designed to eliminate trade barriers and promote economic integration between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. By reducing tariffs and other trade restrictions, it aimed to increase market access and boost economic growth in all three countries. The agreement facilitated the flow of goods, services, and investments, allowing American businesses to access new markets and expand their operations. Overall, NAFTA was seen as a way to stimulate economic activity and create new opportunities for American businesses and workers.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these has contributed most to the discussion of reforming the Social Security system?

    • A.

      Americans are not living as long as previous generations

    • B.

      The number of retired personas has decreased

    • C.

      The taxes to pay for Social Security have never been increased

    • D.

      The number of retired persons is increasing rapidly, while the amount of money going into Social Security is not increasing rapidly

    Correct Answer
    D. The number of retired persons is increasing rapidly, while the amount of money going into Social Security is not increasing rapidly
    Explanation
    The answer is the number of retired persons is increasing rapidly, while the amount of money going into Social Security is not increasing rapidly. This option highlights a key issue in the discussion of reforming the Social Security system - the growing number of retirees and the insufficient funds to support them. As the number of retired individuals increases, there is a strain on the Social Security system, as the amount of money going into it is not keeping pace with the rising demand. This has prompted discussions on how to address this imbalance and ensure the sustainability of the system.

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  • 5. 

    Which of these is a responsibility of the Federal Reserve System?

    • A.

      Collecting taxes

    • B.

      Lending money to individuals

    • C.

      Controlling the US government’s monetary policy

    • D.

      Approving government budgets

    Correct Answer
    C. Controlling the US government’s monetary policy
    Explanation
    The Federal Reserve System is responsible for controlling the US government's monetary policy. This involves managing the money supply, setting interest rates, and regulating banks to ensure stability in the economy. This responsibility allows the Federal Reserve to influence inflation, employment levels, and overall economic growth.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these government actions is designed to lower inflation?

    • A.

      Hiring more government workers

    • B.

      Lowering taxes

    • C.

      Raising taxes

    • D.

      Increasing government spending

    Correct Answer
    C. Raising taxes
    Explanation
    Raising taxes is a government action designed to lower inflation because it reduces the amount of money available in the economy. When taxes are increased, individuals and businesses have less disposable income to spend, which leads to a decrease in overall demand. This decrease in demand helps to control inflation by reducing the pressure on prices to rise. Additionally, raising taxes can also help to reduce government deficits and debt, which can have a positive impact on inflation by stabilizing the economy.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these is represented by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?

    • A.

      The amount of reserve that banks are required to hold

    • B.

      The rate of interest charged on reserves lent to banks

    • C.

      The total value of goods and services within a nation

    • D.

      The change in the average price of consumer goods and services

    Correct Answer
    C. The total value of goods and services within a nation
    Explanation
    The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the total value of goods and services produced within a nation's borders in a specific time period. It represents the overall economic activity of a country and is used to gauge the size and growth of the economy. It includes the value of all final goods and services produced for consumption, investment, government spending, and exports. Therefore, the correct answer is "the total value of goods and services within a nation."

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  • 8. 

    Which of these would be involved in stopping an invasion of a Western European country?

    • A.

      International Monetary Fund

    • B.

      United Nations Children’s Fund

    • C.

      North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    • D.

      North American Free Trade Agreement

    Correct Answer
    C. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    Explanation
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) would be involved in stopping an invasion of a Western European country. NATO is a military alliance formed by several Western European and North American countries, with the purpose of collective defense and security. It was created to deter any potential aggression against its member states and to provide a unified response in case of an attack. Therefore, NATO would play a crucial role in stopping an invasion by coordinating military efforts and mobilizing its member countries to defend the Western European country under attack.

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  • 9. 

    Providing foreign aid helps meet United States foreign policy goals by

    • A.

      Providing stability in the country

    • B.

      Encouraging countries to establish colonies

    • C.

      Causing poor nations to turn to communist governments

    • D.

      Helping strong nations take over weak nations

    Correct Answer
    A. Providing stability in the country
    Explanation
    Providing foreign aid helps meet United States foreign policy goals by providing stability in the country. Foreign aid can be used to support the development of infrastructure, healthcare, education, and governance systems in recipient countries. By promoting stability, foreign aid can contribute to economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve the overall well-being of the population. This stability can also help prevent conflicts and promote peaceful relations between nations, which aligns with the United States' foreign policy objectives of promoting global stability and security.

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  • 10. 

    The United States stops trading with a country because of reported evidence that the government of the country mistreats its citizens.Which foreign policy tool is the United States government using in this situation

    • A.

      Economic Sanction

    • B.

      Foreign aid

    • C.

      Peace treaty

    • D.

      Military involvement

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic Sanction
    Explanation
    The United States government is using the foreign policy tool of Economic Sanction in this situation. Economic sanctions involve imposing trade restrictions or financial penalties on a country in order to pressure its government to change its behavior. By stopping trading with the country that mistreats its citizens, the United States aims to exert economic pressure and send a message that such actions are not acceptable.

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  • 11. 

    Which economic concept caused the situation illustrated in the cartoon?

    • A.

      International economic aid

    • B.

      Global trade restrictions

    • C.

      Economic globalization

    • D.

      Embargoes on foreign products

    Correct Answer
    C. Economic globalization
    Explanation
    The situation illustrated in the cartoon is caused by economic globalization. Economic globalization refers to the increasing interdependence and integration of economies around the world. It involves the free flow of goods, services, capital, and information across borders. The cartoon likely depicts a scenario where different countries are interconnected economically, leading to the depicted situation.

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  • 12. 

    Which of these is usually a result of free trade between countries?

    • A.

      More embargoes on goods

    • B.

      More markets for goods

    • C.

      Higher tariffs on goods

    • D.

      Reduced supplies of goods

    Correct Answer
    B. More markets for goods
    Explanation
    Free trade between countries usually leads to more markets for goods. When countries engage in free trade, they eliminate or reduce barriers such as tariffs and quotas, allowing goods to flow more easily between nations. This increased accessibility to different markets creates new opportunities for businesses to expand their customer base and sell their products in foreign countries. As a result, free trade promotes economic growth and stimulates international trade by opening up new markets for goods.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these actions would most likely result in a decrease in consumer spending?

    • A.

      Decreasing the interest rate

    • B.

      Increasing government spending

    • C.

      Decreasing the reserve requirement

    • D.

      Increasing income taxes

    Correct Answer
    D. Increasing income taxes
    Explanation
    Increasing income taxes would most likely result in a decrease in consumer spending because it reduces the disposable income available to consumers. When income taxes are increased, individuals have less money to spend on goods and services, leading to a decrease in consumer spending. This reduction in spending can have a negative impact on the overall economy as it can lead to decreased demand for products and services, potentially causing businesses to struggle and unemployment rates to rise.

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  • 14. 

    Which of these does the headline suggest about unemployment rates?

    • A.

      Rates vary among different geographical areas.

    • B.

      Rates are affected by government fiscal policy.

    • C.

      Rates decrease as businesses become automated.

    • D.

      Rates increase as the economy expands.

    Correct Answer
    B. Rates are affected by government fiscal policy.
    Explanation
    The headline suggests that unemployment rates are influenced by government fiscal policy. This means that the government's decisions regarding taxation, spending, and budgeting have an impact on the level of unemployment in a given area. The headline does not provide any information about rates varying among different geographical areas, rates decreasing as businesses become automated, or rates increasing as the economy expands.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these sets monetary policy in the United States?

    • A.

      The Federal Reserve

    • B.

      The Treasury Department

    • C.

      The Secretary of State

    • D.

      The Federal Trade Commission

    Correct Answer
    A. The Federal Reserve
    Explanation
    The Federal Reserve is responsible for setting monetary policy in the United States. As the central bank of the country, it has the authority to control the money supply, regulate interest rates, and stabilize the economy. The Treasury Department, on the other hand, is primarily responsible for fiscal policy and managing the government's finances. The Secretary of State deals with foreign affairs, and the Federal Trade Commission focuses on promoting fair competition and protecting consumers. Therefore, the correct answer is The Federal Reserve.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these best represents the opinion of the cartoonist?

    • A.

      Rates of inflation are low.

    • B.

      Effects of inflation are unnoticeable.

    • C.

      Actions needed to control inflation are unnecessary.

    • D.

      Actions taken to control inflation are ineffective.

    Correct Answer
    D. Actions taken to control inflation are ineffective.
    Explanation
    The cartoonist's opinion is that the actions taken to control inflation are ineffective. This can be inferred from the fact that the other options either state that the rates of inflation are low, the effects of inflation are unnoticeable, or the actions needed to control inflation are unnecessary. Since none of these options align with the cartoonist's opinion, the only remaining option is that the actions taken to control inflation are ineffective.

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  • 17. 

    Which of these best reflects how the federal government manages the economy through fiscal policy?

    • A.

      Taxing and spending

    • B.

      Changing the interest rates

    • C.

      Buying and selling securities

    • D.

      Controlling the money supply

    Correct Answer
    A. Taxing and spending
    Explanation
    The federal government manages the economy through fiscal policy by implementing taxing and spending measures. This involves collecting taxes from individuals and businesses and using those funds to finance government programs and services. By adjusting tax rates and government spending levels, the government can influence economic activity, promote growth, and stabilize the economy. This approach allows the government to directly impact the overall demand and allocation of resources within the economy.

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  • 18. 

    Maryland and its citizens are concerned about pollution in the Potomac River. Two thousand acres of forested land along the Potomac River are for sale by a private developer.Which of these would be the best way for the state to protect the environment of the Potomac River?

    • A.

      Encourage residential development of the land

    • B.

      Purchase the land and set it aside as a wildlife refuge

    • C.

      Rent the land to local governments for recreational use

    • D.

      Give tax breaks to a business that wants to build a factory on the land

    Correct Answer
    B. Purchase the land and set it aside as a wildlife refuge
    Explanation
    The best way for the state to protect the environment of the Potomac River would be to purchase the land and set it aside as a wildlife refuge. This option ensures that the land remains untouched and preserved, allowing for the conservation of the natural habitat and preventing any potential pollution or degradation of the river. By establishing it as a wildlife refuge, the state can actively protect the area and promote biodiversity, benefiting both the environment and the local community.

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  • 19. 

    Maryland’s Smart Growth Areas Act of 1999 encourages the building of new homes in vacant city lots.Which of these is a reason Maryland’s government passed this law?

    • A.

      To eliminate the use of unsanitary water

    • B.

      To prevent over-development of rural areas

    • C.

      To encourage farmers to produce larger crops

    • D.

      To encourage more people to own small businesses

    Correct Answer
    B. To prevent over-development of rural areas
    Explanation
    The reason Maryland's government passed the Smart Growth Areas Act of 1999 is to prevent over-development of rural areas. This law encourages the building of new homes in vacant city lots, which helps to concentrate growth and development in urban areas instead of spreading it out into rural areas. By doing so, the government aims to protect and preserve the rural character of these areas, prevent the loss of agricultural land, and maintain a balance between urban and rural development.

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  • 20. 

    Which of these public agencies usually decides local land-use issues?

    • A.

      Police department

    • B.

      Transportation department

    • C.

      Zoning board

    • D.

      Treasurer’s office

    Correct Answer
    C. Zoning board
    Explanation
    The zoning board usually decides local land-use issues. This is because the zoning board is responsible for enforcing zoning regulations and determining how land can be used within a particular area. They review proposals, hold public hearings, and make decisions regarding land development, rezoning, and variances. The police department deals with law enforcement, the transportation department focuses on transportation infrastructure, and the treasurer's office handles financial matters. Therefore, the zoning board is the most appropriate public agency to handle local land-use issues.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 01, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Billy_shulman
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