Random Linguistics Terminology 1

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Fiboze
F
Fiboze
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,360
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 2,360

SettingsSettingsSettings
Linguistics Quizzes & Trivia

Test yourself with this quiz on a random selection of linguistics terminology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is nominalization?

    • A.

      Volunteering someone to do something.

    • B.

      The use of a verb or adjective as a noun.

    • C.

      Giving something a name.

    Correct Answer
    B. The use of a verb or adjective as a noun.
    Explanation
    Examples: difficult - difficulty, move - movement.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Gerund is a ______________ formed from a verb, ending with -ing.

    Correct Answer
    noun
    adjective
    adverb
    Explanation
    Example: The living is easy.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    An example of a contraction is that "I did not" can become "___________".

    Correct Answer
    I will not
    Explanation
    A contraction is a shortening of a word or group of words often marked by an apostrophe.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A predicate is -

    • A.

      Another word for a predator

    • B.

      One of two main parts of a sentence

    • C.

      A predictable sentence

    Correct Answer
    B. One of two main parts of a sentence
    Explanation
    In a sentence, there is a subject and a predicate. The predicate provides information about the subject.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The subconscious grasp of the rule-based systems of a language is called -

    • A.

      Linguistic competance

    • B.

      Linguistic performance

    • C.

      Universalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Linguistic competance
    Explanation
    Linguistic competence refers to the subconscious understanding and knowledge of the rule-based systems of a language. It includes the ability to comprehend and produce grammatically correct sentences, understand the meaning of words and phrases, and apply the rules of syntax and morphology. This term is used to describe the underlying knowledge that speakers have about their language, regardless of their actual performance or ability to use the language in real-life situations.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The way we use language is known as -

    • A.

      Linguistic competence

    • B.

      Linguistic performance

    • C.

      Universalism

    Correct Answer
    B. Linguistic performance
    Explanation
    Linguistic performance refers to the actual use of language in real-life situations. It encompasses the ability to produce and comprehend sentences, as well as the use of grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Linguistic competence, on the other hand, refers to the underlying knowledge and understanding of language rules and structures. Universalism is not a term related to the way we use language. Therefore, the correct answer is linguistic performance, as it specifically relates to the practical application of language skills.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A slip of the tongue made when speaking is known as -

    • A.

      Ungrammatical

    • B.

      Affricate

    • C.

      Performance error

    Correct Answer
    C. Performance error
    Explanation
    A slip of the tongue made when speaking is known as a performance error. This refers to a mistake or error in speech production, where the intended word or phrase is not accurately produced due to various factors such as cognitive processing, attention, or motor control. It is a common phenomenon and can happen to anyone, often resulting in unintended words or mispronunciations.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Fill in what is missing in this sentence - English has nine specific parts of speech: ______________, verbs, _____________, prepositions, pronouns, _____________, adverbs, conjunctions and interjections.

    Correct Answer
    nouns, adjectives, determiners
    inflections, fricatives, nouns
    nouns, gerunds, contractions
    Explanation
    nouns, adjectives, determiners

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    A morpheme is the smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or function. True of false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A morpheme is indeed the smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or function. It cannot be broken down into smaller meaningful units. Therefore, the statement "A morpheme is the smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or function" is correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    'ed' and 'ing' are examples of -

    • A.

      Prefixes

    • B.

      Suffixes

    • C.

      Infixes

    Correct Answer
    B. Suffixes
    Explanation
    'ed' and 'ing' are examples of suffixes. A suffix is a group of letters that is added to the end of a word to change its meaning or form a new word. In this case, 'ed' is added to a verb to indicate the past tense, while 'ing' is added to a verb to indicate the present participle or gerund form. Therefore, both 'ed' and 'ing' are examples of suffixes as they modify the meaning and form of the base word.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    A variant of a morpheme is called a/an -

    • A.

      Phoneme

    • B.

      Allomorph

    • C.

      Allophone

    Correct Answer
    B. Allomorph
    Explanation
    An allomorph is a variant form of a morpheme, which means it has the same meaning but is pronounced or written differently. This is different from a phoneme, which is the smallest unit of sound in a language, and an allophone, which is a variant pronunciation of a phoneme. Therefore, the correct answer is allomorph.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A free morpheme can occur by itself as an independant word. A bound morpheme can never stand on its own. True of false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A free morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as a complete word, while a bound morpheme is a morpheme that cannot function independently and must be attached to another morpheme. Therefore, the statement that a free morpheme can occur by itself as an independent word is true.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.