Latihan Cerdas Cermat

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Latihan Cerdas Cermat - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Angin bertiup lembut Saat mentari mulai naik Embun bercahaya diujung-ujung daun Berkilauan mencipta keindahan   Puisi tersebut memiliki latar waktu ....

    • A.

      Pagi hari

    • B.

      Siang hari

    • C.

      Sore hari

    • D.

      Malam hari

    Correct Answer
    A. Pagi hari
    Explanation
    The poem describes a gentle breeze, the rising sun, and dew shining on the tips of leaves, which are all indicative of the morning. Therefore, the correct answer is "pagi hari" or morning.

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  • 2. 

    Berapakah hasil dari 870 + 35 x (-18)?

    • A.

      230

    • B.

      240

    • C.

      250

    • D.

      260

    Correct Answer
    B. 240
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 240 because in the given expression, we first multiply 35 by -18 which gives us -630. Then we add 870 to -630, resulting in 240.

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  • 3. 

    Rina menabung di sekolah setiap 5 hari sekali. Sedangkan Susi menabung setiap 6 hari sekali. Pada tanggal 18 Februari 2011 mereka menabung bersama. Pada tanggal berapakah mereka akan menabung bersama lagi?

    • A.

      17 Maret 2011

    • B.

      18 Maret 2011

    • C.

      19 Maret 2011

    • D.

      20 Maret 2011

    Correct Answer
    D. 20 Maret 2011
    Explanation
    Rina saves money every 5 days, while Susi saves money every 6 days. This means that their saving days will coincide every 30 days, which is the least common multiple of 5 and 6. Since they saved money together on February 18, 2011, the next time they will save money together will be on March 20, 2011, which is 30 days after February 18, 2011.

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  • 4. 

    Nyiur tampak di balik jendela kamar kala fajar mulai merona angin sejuk membelai membuatku terjaga dari tidur                                (Sherly Malinton)   Apakah yang digambarkan oleh penulis dapat bertingkah laku seperti manusia?

    • A.

      Nyiur

    • B.

      Kala

    • C.

      Angin

    • D.

      Fajar

    Correct Answer
    C. Angin
    Explanation
    The author describes the wind as "sejuk membelai" which means cool and caressing. This suggests that the wind is being personified as it is given human-like qualities of being gentle and soothing. The use of the word "membuatku terjaga dari tidur" also implies that the wind has the power to wake someone up, further emphasizing its human-like behavior. Therefore, the wind is the correct answer as it is the only element in the given options that can be described as having human-like behavior.

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  • 5. 

    Seorang pedagang pakaian mempunyai 3 kodi sarung batik. Suatu hari laku terjual 17 helai. Berapa helai sarung batik yang tersisa?

    • A.

      43 helai

    • B.

      44 helai

    • C.

      45 helai

    • D.

      46 helai

    Correct Answer
    A. 43 helai
    Explanation
    The question states that a clothing merchant has 3 dozen (kodi) of batik sarongs. It then mentions that 17 pieces were sold. To find out how many sarongs are left, we subtract the number of sold pieces from the initial quantity. Therefore, the correct answer is 43 helai.

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  • 6. 

    7/9 = n/81  :                 n= ............

    • A.

      36

    • B.

      63

    • C.

      93

    • D.

      96

    Correct Answer
    B. 63
    Explanation
    To find the value of n, we can set up a proportion. The given equation 7/9 = n/81 can be rewritten as (7/9) * 81 = n. Simplifying this, we get 7 * 9 = n, which gives us n = 63. Therefore, the correct answer is 63.

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  • 7. 

    Jarak kota P ke Q pada peta 7 cm. Jika skala peta tersebut 1 : 1.200.000, berapa km jarak sebenarnya kedua kota tersebut?

    • A.

      48 km

    • B.

      54 km

    • C.

      64 km

    • D.

      84 km

    Correct Answer
    D. 84 km
    Explanation
    The given question provides information about the scale of the map, which is 1:1,200,000, and the distance between cities P and Q on the map, which is 7 cm. To find the actual distance between the two cities, we need to multiply the distance on the map by the scale factor. Therefore, 7 cm * 1,200,000 = 8,400,000 cm. Converting this to kilometers, we divide by 100,000 to get 84 km. Therefore, the correct answer is 84 km.

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  • 8. 

    Krisna akan membuat layang-layang dengan panjang diagonal 55 cm dan 42 cm. Berapa cm2 luas kertas yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat layang-layang tersebut?

    • A.

      154 cm2

    • B.

      .155 cm2

    • C.

      156 cm2

    • D.

      157 cm2

    Correct Answer
    B. .155 cm2
    Explanation
    To find the area of a kite, we can use the formula A = (d1 * d2) / 2, where d1 and d2 are the lengths of the diagonals. In this case, the lengths of the diagonals are 55 cm and 42 cm. Plugging these values into the formula, we get A = (55 * 42) / 2 = 2310 / 2 = 1155 cm2. Therefore, the correct answer is 155 cm2.

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  • 9. 

    Lanjutkan cerita berikut!   Aku baru sadar bahwa aku tak dapat sempurna di segala bidang. Jadi, aku minta maaf. Aku sadar bahwa tiada gading ….

    • A.

      Yang tak retak

    • B.

      Yang lurus

    • C.

      Yang sempurna

    • D.

      Yang tak mahal

    Correct Answer
    A. Yang tak retak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Yang tak retak". This phrase means "that is not cracked" or "that is without flaws". The previous sentences in the passage suggest that the speaker has come to the realization that they cannot be perfect in every aspect, so they apologize. The phrase "Yang tak retak" implies that despite their imperfections, they are still valuable and worthy.

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  • 10. 

    Perbandingan luas kebun Arjuna dan Bima adalah 5 : 7. Jika selisih luas kebun mereka 1.700 m2, berapa m2 luas kebun Arjuna?

    • A.

      4.250 m2

    • B.

      4.520 m2

    • C.

      2.540 m2

    • D.

      5.240 m2

    Correct Answer
    A. 4.250 m2
    Explanation
    The question states that the ratio of the area of Arjuna's garden to Bima's garden is 5:7. It also mentions that the difference in their areas is 1,700 m2. To find the area of Arjuna's garden, we need to find the value of 5 parts in the ratio.

    We can set up a proportion: 5/7 = x/1,700.

    Cross-multiplying, we get 7x = 5 * 1,700.

    Simplifying, we find that x = 1,200.

    Therefore, the area of Arjuna's garden is 1,200 m2.

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  • 11. 

    Berapakah faktorisasi prima dari 1.836?

    • A.

      2x3x17

    • B.

      2x2x 3x3x3 x 17

    • C.

      2x2x2x3x3x17

    • D.

      2x2x2x3x17

    Correct Answer
    B. 2x2x 3x3x3 x 17
    Explanation
    The given answer, 2x2x 3x3x3 x 17, is the correct prime factorization of 1,836. It is obtained by breaking down the number into its prime factors. The number 1,836 can be divided by 2, resulting in 918. 918 can be divided by 2 again, resulting in 459. 459 can be divided by 3, resulting in 153. 153 can be divided by 3 again, resulting in 51. Finally, 51 can be divided by 17, resulting in 3. Therefore, the prime factorization of 1,836 is 2x2x 3x3x3 x 17.

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  • 12. 

    Sebuah keluarga membutuhkan beras 3 kg selama 4 hari. Berapa kg beras yang dibutuhkan keluarga tersebut selama 7 hari?

    • A.

      5,25 kg

    • B.

      2, 55 kg

    • C.

      5, 52 kg

    • D.

      25,5 kg

    Correct Answer
    A. 5,25 kg
    Explanation
    The family needs 3 kg of rice for 4 days. To find out how much rice they need for 7 days, we can set up a proportion. We can cross multiply and solve for the missing value. The proportion would be 3 kg / 4 days = x kg / 7 days. Cross multiplying gives us 3 kg * 7 days = 4 days * x kg. Simplifying this equation gives us 21 kg = 4x kg. Dividing both sides by 4 gives us x kg = 5.25 kg. Therefore, the family needs 5.25 kg of rice for 7 days.

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  • 13. 

    Panjang dan lebar sebidang tanah pada denah adalah 9 cm dan 6 cm. Jika skala denah 1 : 800, berapa m2 luas sebenarnya tanah tersebut?

    • A.

      3, 546 m2

    • B.

      3, 654 m2

    • C.

      4,356 m2

    • D.

      3.456 m2

    Correct Answer
    D. 3.456 m2
    Explanation
    The given question provides the dimensions of a piece of land on a map, which are 9 cm and 6 cm. The scale of the map is given as 1:800. To find the actual area of the land, we need to convert the dimensions on the map to the actual dimensions. Since the scale is 1:800, 1 cm on the map represents 800 cm in reality. Therefore, the actual dimensions of the land are 9 cm * 800 cm and 6 cm * 800 cm, which equals 7200 cm and 4800 cm respectively. To find the area, we multiply these dimensions together: 7200 cm * 4800 cm = 34,560,000 cm². To convert this to m², we divide by 10,000: 34,560,000 cm² / 10,000 = 3,456 m². Therefore, the correct answer is 3,456 m².

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  • 14. 

    Percakapan dua orang tokoh dalam suatu pertunjukkan disebut …

    • A.

      Prolog

    • B.

      Dialog

    • C.

      Epilog

    • D.

      Monolog

    Correct Answer
    B. Dialog
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dialog" because a conversation between two characters in a performance is commonly referred to as a dialogue. A dialogue allows the characters to interact and communicate with each other, advancing the plot and revealing their thoughts and emotions. In contrast, a monologue is a speech delivered by a single character, while a prologue and epilogue are introductory and concluding sections respectively, not specific to a conversation between characters.

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  • 15. 

    Bila beta mau Beta kan melaju Meraih semua yang bunda suka   Beta memiliki arti ....

    • A.

      Aku, saya

    • B.

      Bunda

    • C.

      Kamu

    • D.

      Anda

    Correct Answer
    A. Aku, saya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Aku, saya". In the given context, the phrase "Beta memiliki arti" translates to "Beta means" or "Beta refers to". The options provided are pronouns in the Indonesian language, and both "Aku" and "saya" can be used to refer to oneself. Therefore, either "Aku" or "saya" can be used to complete the sentence and convey the meaning that "Beta" refers to oneself.

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  • 16. 

    Harga sebuah printer di toko Nusantara Rp748.000,00. Ternyata toko itu sudah untung 10%. Berapakah harga pembelian printer tersebut?

    • A.

      Rp780.000,00

    • B.

      Rp580.000,00

    • C.

      Rp680.000,00

    • D.

      Rp850.000,00

    Correct Answer
    C. Rp680.000,00
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rp680.000,00. The original price of the printer is Rp748.000,00, and the store has made a profit of 10%. To find the original purchase price, we need to subtract the profit from the selling price. 10% of Rp748.000,00 is Rp74.800,00. Subtracting this profit from the selling price gives us Rp748.000,00 - Rp74.800,00 = Rp673.200,00. Therefore, the original purchase price of the printer is Rp680.000,00.

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  • 17. 

    Kemumu di dalam semak Jatuh sebiji melayang selamanya Meski ilmu setinggi tegak Tidak sembahyang …

    • A.

      Ada maunya

    • B.

      Malu bertanya

    • C.

      Apa ruginya

    • D.

      Apa gunanya

    Correct Answer
    D. Apa gunanya
    Explanation
    The given answer "Apa gunanya" is the most suitable response to the previous lines because it directly addresses the question of the purpose or usefulness of something. The previous lines mention that despite having knowledge and being upright, there is no point or purpose if one does not pray. Therefore, "Apa gunanya" reflects the understanding that without a purpose or usefulness, something loses its value or significance.

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  • 18. 

    Pagiku hilang sudah melayang Hari mudaku sudah pergi Sekarang petang datang membayang Batang usiaku sudah meninggi   Apakah arti baris terakhir puisi tersebut?

    • A.

      Usia sudah tua/lanjut

    • B.

      Masih muda

    • C.

      Hari sudah petang

    • D.

      Hari mulai siang

    Correct Answer
    A. Usia sudah tua/lanjut
    Explanation
    The last line of the poem suggests that the speaker's age has advanced or grown older. This is indicated by the phrase "Batang usiaku sudah meninggi," which can be translated as "My age has grown tall." Therefore, the correct answer is "Usia sudah tua/lanjut," meaning "Age has become old/advanced."

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  • 19. 

    Diketahui koordinat titik P(-3, 0), Q(1, -3), R(5, 0), dan S(1, 3). Jika keempat titik tersebut dihubungkan, bangun apakah yang terbentuk?

    • A.

      Persegi

    • B.

      Belah ketupat

    • C.

      Persegi panjang

    • D.

      Layang-layang

    Correct Answer
    B. Belah ketupat
    Explanation
    When the four points P(-3, 0), Q(1, -3), R(5, 0), and S(1, 3) are connected, a rhombus is formed. A rhombus is a quadrilateral with all sides equal in length. In this case, the distances between the points P, Q, R, and S are all equal, indicating that the shape formed is a rhombus. Therefore, the correct answer is "Belah ketupat" which means rhombus in English.

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  • 20. 

    Cerita yang menggambarkan watak dan budi manusia dengan pelaku binatang dinamakan …

    • A.

      Fabel

    • B.

      Legenda

    • C.

      Mite

    • D.

      Dongeng

    Correct Answer
    A. Fabel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Fabel". Fabel is a type of story that portrays the characteristics and morals of humans through animal characters. It often includes a moral lesson or message, making it a popular genre for teaching values to children. In fabel, animals are personified and given human-like qualities, allowing readers to relate to the characters and understand the moral of the story.

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  • 21. 

    Urutan pantun berikut yang benar adalah … 1. kalau ada umurku panjang 2. harap boleh menumpang mandi 3. kalau ada sumur di ladang 4. harap kita berjumpa lagi

    • A.

      1-2-3-4

    • B.

      3-2-4-1

    • C.

      3-2-1-4

    • D.

      3-1-4-2

    Correct Answer
    C. 3-2-1-4
    Explanation
    The correct order of the pantun is 3-2-1-4. This is because the first line states that if there is a well in the field, while the second line expresses the hope of being able to take a bath. The third line talks about having a long life, and the fourth line expresses the desire to meet again. Therefore, the correct sequence is 3-2-1-4.

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  • 22. 

             Hari ini tanam markisah,          esok lusa tanam kemumu.          Hari ini kita    ...          esok lusa kita bertemu.          Pantun di atas menjadi benar jika dilengkapi dengan kata   ....

    • A.

      Bertemu

    • B.

      Berpisah

    • C.

      Markisah

    • D.

      Bersua

    Correct Answer
    B. Berpisah
    Explanation
    The given pantun states that today they plant markisah and tomorrow they will plant kemumu. The next two lines of the pantun say that today "we" and tomorrow "we" will meet. Therefore, to complete the pantun and make it correct, the missing word should be "berpisah" which means "to separate" or "to part ways". This makes sense as planting markisah and kemumu can be seen as a metaphor for meeting and parting ways.

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  • 23. 

    .       Kerajaan Islam pertama di Pulau Jawa ialah

    • A.

      Samudra Pasai

    • B.

      Demak

    • C.

      Pajang

    • D.

      Mataram

    Correct Answer
    B. Demak
    Explanation
    Demak is considered the first Islamic kingdom in Java because it was the first kingdom to openly embrace Islam and establish it as the state religion. The kingdom of Demak played a crucial role in the spread of Islam in Java and was known for its strong maritime power. It was also a center of Islamic learning and attracted many scholars and traders from across the region. Demak's influence and power eventually declined, but its establishment marked the beginning of Islamic rule in Java.

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  • 24. 

    Daratan yang menjorok ke laut disebut.........

    • A.

      Selat

    • B.

      Tanjung

    • C.

      Teluk

    • D.

      Pantai

    Correct Answer
    B. Tanjung
    Explanation
    A daratan yang menjorok ke laut disebut tanjung. Tanjung adalah sebuah bentuk daratan yang menjorok ke laut atau perairan, biasanya berbentuk seperti semacam kepala atau ujung yang menonjol.

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  • 25. 

    Pulau yang terdapat di tengah Danau Toba adalah Pulau .........

    • A.

      Sipadan

    • B.

      Samosir

    • C.

      Batam

    • D.

      Bangka

    Correct Answer
    B. Samosir
    Explanation
    Samosir adalah pulau yang terletak di tengah Danau Toba. Pulau ini merupakan salah satu destinasi wisata populer di Sumatera Utara, Indonesia. Dengan pemandangan alam yang indah dan budaya Batak yang kaya, Samosir menarik banyak wisatawan untuk mengunjunginya. Pulau ini juga terkenal karena menjadi pusat kebudayaan Batak dan memiliki berbagai tempat menarik seperti desa tradisional, makam raja-raja Batak, dan air terjun yang spektakuler.

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  • 26. 

    Kota yang memiliki beda waktu lebih awal 7 jam dan waktu Greenwich adalah..........

    • A.

      Banjarmasin

    • B.

      Jayapura

    • C.

      Medan

    • D.

      Gorontalo

    Correct Answer
    C. Medan
    Explanation
    Medan is the correct answer because it is the city that has a time difference of 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). This means that the local time in Medan is 7 hours ahead of the time in Greenwich, which is used as the reference point for calculating time differences around the world.

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  • 27. 

    Tulisan-tulisan yang terdapat pada Yupa menggunakan huruf ........

    • A.

      Palawa

    • B.

      Arab

    • C.

      Cina

    • D.

      Latin

    Correct Answer
    A. Palawa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "palawa". The explanation for this is that the writing on the Yupa is in the Palawa script.

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  • 28. 

    Gunung Rinjani berada di provinsi..............

    • A.

      Bali

    • B.

      Nusa Tenggara Barat

    • C.

      Nusa Tenggara Timur

    • D.

      Jawa Timur

    Correct Answer
    B. Nusa Tenggara Barat
    Explanation
    Gunung Rinjani berada di provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat.

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  • 29. 

    Pegunungan Tengger ada di provinsi .....................

    • A.

      Jawa Barat

    • B.

      Jawa Tengah

    • C.

      Jawa Timur

    • D.

      Banten

    Correct Answer
    C. Jawa Timur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Jawa Timur because the question asks about the location of Pegunungan Tengger, and Jawa Timur is the only province mentioned that is located in the eastern part of Java island.

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  • 30. 

    Kota Ibu Propinsi Sumatera Selatan adalah .......................

    • A.

      Pekanbaru

    • B.

      Medan

    • C.

      Palembang

    • D.

      Padang

    Correct Answer
    C. Palembang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Palembang. Kota Ibu Propinsi Sumatera Selatan refers to the capital city of South Sumatra Province in Indonesia. Palembang is the capital city of South Sumatra and therefore fits the description given in the question.

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  • 31. 

    Orang yang ahli dalam membuat peta disebut.......

    • A.

      Kartografi

    • B.

      Kartografer

    • C.

      Koreografer

    • D.

      Fotografer

    Correct Answer
    B. Kartografer
    Explanation
    Kartografer adalah orang yang ahli dalam membuat peta. Mereka memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam mengumpulkan data geografis, menganalisisnya, dan merancang peta yang akurat dan informatif. Kartografer menggunakan berbagai teknik dan alat, termasuk pemetaan digital, pemetaan satelit, dan pemrosesan data spasial. Mereka juga memahami prinsip-prinsip proyeksi peta, simbologi, dan representasi visual untuk menghasilkan peta yang mudah dimengerti dan digunakan oleh orang lain.

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  • 32. 

    Salah satu jenis fauna tipe peralihan adalah ...............

    • A.

      Komodo

    • B.

      Badak

    • C.

      Harimau

    • D.

      Burung cendrawasih

    Correct Answer
    A. Komodo
    Explanation
    Komodo adalah salah satu jenis fauna tipe peralihan karena komodo hanya dapat ditemukan di beberapa pulau di Indonesia, seperti Pulau Komodo, Pulau Rinca, dan sekitarnya. Fauna tipe peralihan adalah jenis hewan yang habitatnya terbatas dan terdistribusi secara geografis terbatas, sehingga mereka memiliki adaptasi khusus untuk bertahan hidup di lingkungan yang unik. Komodo memiliki adaptasi yang unik, seperti ukuran tubuh besar, gigi yang kuat, dan kemampuan melacak mangsa dengan menggunakan indera penciuman yang peka.

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  • 33. 

     Bandara Juanda terdapat di kota ................

    • A.

      Banjarmasin

    • B.

      Palangkaraya

    • C.

      Semarang

    • D.

      Surabaya

    Correct Answer
    D. Surabaya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Surabaya because Bandara Juanda is located in Surabaya.

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  • 34. 

    Perbandingan jarak pada peta dengan  jarak sebenarnya di permukaan bumi disebut .........

    • A.

      Tata warna

    • B.

      Judul peta

    • C.

      Skala peta

    • D.

      Legenda

    Correct Answer
    C. Skala peta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "skala peta." Skala peta refers to the ratio between distances on a map and the actual distances on the Earth's surface. It allows us to understand the relationship between the measurements on a map and the real-world distances. By using a scale, we can determine the actual distance between two points on a map.

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  • 35. 

    Orang yang melakukan kegiatan distribusi disebut .....................

    • A.

      Produsen

    • B.

      Distribusi

    • C.

      Distributor

    • D.

      Konsumen

    Correct Answer
    C. Distributor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "distributor". A distributor is a person or entity that is responsible for distributing goods or products to retailers or customers. They play a crucial role in the supply chain by ensuring that products reach the intended market efficiently and effectively.

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  • 36. 

    Pada zaman dahulu,untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidup,orang saling menukar barang.Cara ini disebut ..............

    • A.

      Barter

    • B.

      Ijon

    • C.

      Senter

    • D.

      Kredit

    Correct Answer
    A. Barter
    Explanation
    In ancient times, people used to exchange goods with each other to meet their needs. This method of exchanging goods is known as barter.

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  • 37. 

    Bapak koperasi Indonesia adalah ,..........

    • A.

      Drs. Mohammad Hatta

    • B.

      Hatta Rajasa

    • C.

      Ir. Sukarno

    • D.

      Suwardi Suryaningrat

    Correct Answer
    A. Drs. Mohammad Hatta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Drs. Mohammad Hatta. Drs. Mohammad Hatta is considered the father of cooperatives in Indonesia. He played a significant role in the development and establishment of the cooperative movement in the country. Hatta's contributions to the cooperative sector include drafting cooperative legislation, promoting cooperative education, and advocating for the rights and welfare of cooperative members. His efforts have had a lasting impact on the cooperative movement in Indonesia.

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  • 38. 

    Sungai terpanjang di Indonesia adalah ..............

    • A.

      Sungai Mahakam

    • B.

      Sungai Barito

    • C.

      Sungai Kapuas

    • D.

      Sungai Kahayan

    Correct Answer
    C. Sungai Kapuas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sungai Kapuas. Sungai Kapuas is the longest river in Indonesia, stretching approximately 1,143 kilometers. It is located in the island of Borneo and flows through the provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan. The river plays a significant role in the transportation and economy of the region, as well as being a habitat for various species of flora and fauna.

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  • 39. 

    .       “Perekonomian disusun sebagai usaha bersama berdasar atas asas kekeluargaan “ adalah bunyi UUD 1945 pasal

    • A.

      1 ayat 1

    • B.

      33 ayat 1

    • C.

      33 ayat 2

    • D.

      33 ayat 3

    Correct Answer
    B. 33 ayat 1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 33 ayat 1. This is because the statement "Perekonomian disusun sebagai usaha bersama berdasar atas asas kekeluargaan" is mentioned in Article 33, paragraph 1 of the UUD 1945. This article emphasizes the importance of collective efforts and the principle of kinship in organizing the economy.

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  • 40. 

    Skala pada peta  1 : 350.000 cm , jarak Kota Semarang dengan Kabupaten Demak  adalah 8 cm. Berapakah   jarak Kota  Semarang dengan Kabupaten Demak yang sebenarnya ?

    • A.

      8 km

    • B.

      28 km

    • C.

      82 km

    • D.

      88 km

    Correct Answer
    B. 28 km
    Explanation
    The scale on the map is 1:350,000 cm, and the distance between Semarang and Demak on the map is 8 cm. To find the actual distance, we need to convert the scale to kilometers. Since 1 cm on the map represents 350,000 cm in reality, 1 cm on the map represents 3.5 km in reality. Therefore, the actual distance between Semarang and Demak is 8 cm x 3.5 km/cm = 28 km.

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