The Landmark Thucydides 7.1 To 7.87

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 85

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The Landmark Thucydides Quizzes & Trivia

A 12-question quiz on The History of the Peloponnesian War, based on The Landmark Thucydides and covering the eighteenth and nineteenth years of the war.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why were the Syracusans losing hope and discussing surrender in the second year of the Athenian invasion?
    • A. 

      They received word that the Peloponnesian fleet was not coming.

    • B. 

      They lost a series of major battles on the plains outside the city.

    • C. 

      The Athenians were close to completing their siege walls.

    • D. 

      Their leader Hermocrates died in battle.

  • 2. 
    Why did Nicias suddenly recommend withdrawal from Sicily in the winter despite a series of recent victories?
    • A. 

      The arrival of the Peloponnesian fleet and construction of a counterwall left his forces besieged from the land side.

    • B. 

      He was timorous and frightened of the reputation of the Spartan general Gylippus.

    • C. 

      He was alarmed by reports that his former colleague Alcibiades had gone over to the Spartans.

    • D. 

      The promised reinforcements from Athens had not arrived and he knew he lacked the manpower to take Syracuse.

  • 3. 
    What was the purpose of yet another Spartan invasion of Attica in the summer of 413?
    • A. 

      To destroy the lands providing sustenance to the Athenian population.

    • B. 

      To take the city of Athens by surprise.

    • C. 

      To prevent their allies from getting restive.

    • D. 

      To force the Athenians to fight a two-front war.

  • 4. 
    How did the Peloponnesians manage to get Gylippus's army to Sicily despite Athenian naval superiority?
    • A. 

      They waited until a moonless night to set sail.

    • B. 

      25 Corinthian triremes kept the Athenian ships distracted.

    • C. 

      They dug a very long tunnel from the Peloponnesus to Sicily.

    • D. 

      They defeated the Athenians in a major sea battle at Naupactus.

  • 5. 
    Why were the mixed results at the battle of Plemmyrium a major success for the Syracusan-Peloponnesian alliance despite losing the naval battle to Athens?
    • A. 

      The Athenians were forced to withdraw from the Great Harbor of Syracuse.

    • B. 

      The allies could replace their lost ships more easily than the Athenians could replace their lost troops, stores, and equipment.

    • C. 

      It was the first time the Athenians had been defeated in battle since they arrived in Sicily.

    • D. 

      It convinced the Athenians that they could not win the war.

  • 6. 
    What was the technological innovation that helped the inexperienced Syracusan navy defeat the superior Athenian ships.
    • A. 

      Greek fire.

    • B. 

      Catapults.

    • C. 

      Reinforced prows.

    • D. 

      Boarding corvus.

  • 7. 
    Why did Demosthenes elect to attack with his reinforcements as soon as he arrived?
    • A. 

      He knew that his position would only weaken with time.

    • B. 

      He didn't have sufficient supplies to delay.

    • C. 

      He was a foolish and impatient general.

    • D. 

      He hoped to stop the Syracusan counterwall before it extended further.

  • 8. 
    Why did Nicias reject Demosthenes's advice to withdraw following the defeat at Epipolae?
    • A. 

      He thought Syracuse was close to collapse.

    • B. 

      He feared to return to Athens in defeat.

    • C. 

      He was convinced that with the reinforcements, their forces were still superior to the allied Syracusan-Peloponnesian forces.

    • D. 

      He wasn't concerned so long as Athens held command of the sea.

  • 9. 
    What was the crucial event that sealed the fate of the Athenians at Syracuse?
    • A. 

      Demosthenes's failure at Epipolae.

    • B. 

      The arrival of Gylippus.

    • C. 

      The closure of the Great Harbor.

    • D. 

      The auguries that caused Nicias to delay withdrawal.

  • 10. 
    What was so unusual about the harbor battle that took place when the Athenians attempted to break out and escape from Syracuse?
    • A. 

      It was so crowded that it was similar to a land battle fought at sea.

    • B. 

      The Athenians lost a sea battle.

    • C. 

      The battle took place at night.

    • D. 

      No ships were sunk on either side.