The Landmark Thucydides 2.47 To 2.103

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 151

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The Landmark Thucydides Quizzes & Trivia

A 12-question quiz on The History of the Peloponnesian War, based on The Landmark Thucydides and covering the second and third years of the war.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What event significantly weakened Athens during the summer of the war's second year?
    • A. 

      The Spartans sunk half the Athenian navy.

    • B. 

      The Spartans invaded Attica with two-thirds of their forces

    • C. 

      A plague ravaged the city.

    • D. 

      A great fire burned down almost half of the city.

  • 2. 
    How did the people of Athens respond to the plague?
    • A. 

      They turned to the goddess Athena in the hopes of ending the plague and became intensely religious.

    • B. 

      They sought pleasure with no respect for honor, law, or the gods.

    • C. 

      They developed advanced medical technologies that gave them a military advantage.

    • D. 

      They fled the city for the countryside.

  • 3. 
    What did Athens do after the second invasion of Attica by the Peloponnesians?
    • A. 

      They sent ambassadors to Sparta in order to seek a peace settlement.

    • B. 

      They sent out one hundred ships carrying 4,000 hoplites to assault Corinth and Sparta.

    • C. 

      They sent out a large infantry force to pursue the Peloponnesian army.

    • D. 

      They increased the tribute demanded from their allies.

  • 4. 
    After the setbacks in the early part of the war, who did Athenians blame as the cause of their misfortunes?
    • A. 

      Athena

    • B. 

      Themistocles

    • C. 

      The oracle at Delphi

    • D. 

      Pericles.

  • 5. 
    According to Thucydides, what was Pericles's advice to Athens about the best way to fight the war?
    • A. 

      Wait out the Spartans, attempt no new conquests and avoid exposing the city to hazards.

    • B. 

      Attack the Peloponnesians by sea while avoiding battle on land.

    • C. 

      Purchase infantry and cavalry from the king of Persia.

    • D. 

      Use the superior mobility of their sea power to launch a series of amphibious assaults to weaken the Peloponnesian alliance.

  • 6. 
    How much did the successful siege of Potidaea cost Athens?
    • A. 

      300 silver talents.

    • B. 

      750 silver talents.

    • C. 

      1000 silver talents.

    • D. 

      2000 silver talents.

  • 7. 
    What did the Spartan King Archidamus require of the Plataeans in order to call off the invasion of Plataea in the third year of the war?
    • A. 

      Unconditional surrender.

    • B. 

      Neutrality.

    • C. 

      Joining the Peloponnesian League.

    • D. 

      The use of their ships against Athens.

  • 8. 
    Why did the Peloponnesians have such a hard time accepting their defeat in the naval battle off Patrae?
    • A. 

      Their ships were new and better.

    • B. 

      They had excellent and experienced commanders.

    • C. 

      They had more than twice as many ships.

    • D. 

      They did not expect a Corinthian betrayal.

  • 9. 
    What classic military mistake did the Peloponnesians make at the naval battle of Naupactus?
    • A. 

      They stopped too soon and didn't finish off the Athenian forces.

    • B. 

      They pursued too aggressively and left themselves open to a counterattack.

    • C. 

      They attacked too late in the day and allowed the Athenians to escape under cover of darkness.

    • D. 

      They failed to keep a reserve force.

  • 10. 
    What was the brilliant Megarian strategy that could have brought the war to an early end?
    • A. 

      They talked the Peloponnesian naval commanders into marching their sailors overland and taking the port of Athens in a surprise attack.

    • B. 

      They pretended to join the Delian League in order to get their troops inside Athens.

    • C. 

      They convinced the Lesbians and Corcyrans to rebel against Athens.

    • D. 

      They burned the fields that supplied Athens with its food.

  • 11. 
    Why did the surprise Peloponnesian attack on the Piraeus fail?
    • A. 

      An Athenian squadron returning from Cyprus intercepted the Peloponnesians.

    • B. 

      The Athenian harbor guns sunk five ships and forced the Peloponnesians to withdraw.

    • C. 

      When the Peloponnesian forces arrived in Nisaea, the 40 ships that were supposed be there were missing.

    • D. 

      The Peloponnesians lost their nerve and attacked Salamis instead.

  • 12. 
    Why did the Athenian admiral Phormio lead an expedition to Acarnania in the winter?
    • A. 

      To set up a northern base from which he could easily raid the western Peloponnese coast.

    • B. 

      To ensure the region's loyalties remained with Athens.

    • C. 

      To exact revenge for the Acarnanians siding with Sparta.

    • D. 

      To retreat from the superior Peloponnese force that had beaten him at Naupactus.