The Spartans sunk half the Athenian navy.
The Spartans invaded Attica with two-thirds of their forces
A plague ravaged the city.
A great fire burned down almost half of the city.
They turned to the goddess Athena in the hopes of ending the plague and became intensely religious.
They sought pleasure with no respect for honor, law, or the gods.
They developed advanced medical technologies that gave them a military advantage.
They fled the city for the countryside.
They sent ambassadors to Sparta in order to seek a peace settlement.
They sent out one hundred ships carrying 4,000 hoplites to assault Corinth and Sparta.
They sent out a large infantry force to pursue the Peloponnesian army.
They increased the tribute demanded from their allies.
The oracle at Delphi
Wait out the Spartans, attempt no new conquests and avoid exposing the city to hazards.
Attack the Peloponnesians by sea while avoiding battle on land.
Purchase infantry and cavalry from the king of Persia.
Use the superior mobility of their sea power to launch a series of amphibious assaults to weaken the Peloponnesian alliance.
300 silver talents.
750 silver talents.
1000 silver talents.
2000 silver talents.
Joining the Peloponnesian League.
The use of their ships against Athens.
Their ships were new and better.
They had excellent and experienced commanders.
They had more than twice as many ships.
They did not expect a Corinthian betrayal.
They stopped too soon and didn't finish off the Athenian forces.
They pursued too aggressively and left themselves open to a counterattack.
They attacked too late in the day and allowed the Athenians to escape under cover of darkness.
They failed to keep a reserve force.
They talked the Peloponnesian naval commanders into marching their sailors overland and taking the port of Athens in a surprise attack.
They pretended to join the Delian League in order to get their troops inside Athens.
They convinced the Lesbians and Corcyrans to rebel against Athens.
They burned the fields that supplied Athens with its food.
An Athenian squadron returning from Cyprus intercepted the Peloponnesians.
The Athenian harbor guns sunk five ships and forced the Peloponnesians to withdraw.
When the Peloponnesian forces arrived in Nisaea, the 40 ships that were supposed be there were missing.
The Peloponnesians lost their nerve and attacked Salamis instead.
To set up a northern base from which he could easily raid the western Peloponnese coast.
To ensure the region's loyalties remained with Athens.
To exact revenge for the Acarnanians siding with Sparta.
To retreat from the superior Peloponnese force that had beaten him at Naupactus.