Land Use Controls And Restrictions! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Land Use Controls And Restrictions! Trivia Facts Quiz

Land use and zoning involve the regulation of the application and development of the real estate. This being said, areas that have the same type of properties are meant to be secluded in a given geographical area. As a surveyor, what do you understand when it comes to land use controls and restrictions? Can you advise someone on the two? Take up this quiz and get to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    While a lot is zoned for apartments, single family homes can be built because the zoning is:
    • A. 

      Inclusionary

    • B. 

      Cumulative

    • C. 

      Exclusionary

    • D. 

      Noncumulative

  • 2. 
    Which of the following liens is a voluntary lien?
    • A. 

      Tax lien

    • B. 

      Mortgage lien

    • C. 

      Judgment lien

    • D. 

      Attachment

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is the decimal equivalent of 3 mills?
    • A. 

      .3

    • B. 

      .03

    • C. 

      .003

    • D. 

      .0003

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a general lien?
    • A. 

      Mechanic's lien

    • B. 

      Property tax lien

    • C. 

      Special tax assessment

    • D. 

      Judgment lien

  • 5. 
    When J sold land to K, the deed failed to give K the right of access to the land over a road on J's land.  The court later determined that K had the right to use the road because there was a(n):
    • A. 

      Express easement

    • B. 

      Easement by reservation

    • C. 

      Prescriptive easement

    • D. 

      Easement by implication

  • 6. 
    What kind of zoning woiuld require that a developer build 10 percent of the homes in a subdivision for low income families?
    • A. 

      Exclusionary

    • B. 

      Cumulative

    • C. 

      Inclusionary

    • D. 

      Conservation

  • 7. 
    What is required before a tenant can move into a newly completed building?
    • A. 

      The builder must supply lien waivers

    • B. 

      The lender must approve

    • C. 

      An occupancy permit must be obtained

    • D. 

      The owner must post a completion bond

  • 8. 
    To remove a nuisance, a property owner would bring an action for:
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Abatement

    • C. 

      Encroachment

    • D. 

      Injunction

  • 9. 
    The zoning in a subdivision allows duplexes, but the restrictive covenants restrict the use to single family dwellings.  An owner in the subdivision;
    • A. 

      Can build either a duplex or a single family home

    • B. 

      Can convert a single family home to a duplex

    • C. 

      Is restricted to single family use

    • D. 

      Can bring an action to abate the restrictive covenants

  • 10. 
    The term lis pendens refers to
    • A. 

      A valid property listing

    • B. 

      An executory contract

    • C. 

      Construction work in progress

    • D. 

      A recorded notice of a pending lawsuit

  • 11. 
    The property tax amount would be determined by
    • A. 

      Dividing the assessment roll by the budget needs

    • B. 

      Multiplying the assessed value by the tax rate

    • C. 

      Dividing the assessed value by the tax rate

    • D. 

      Dividing the tax rate by the assessed value

  • 12. 
    The correct chronological order of events involving a judgment would be:
    • A. 

      Judgment, lis pendens, attachment

    • B. 

      Attachment, judgment, execution

    • C. 

      Attachment, judgment, lis pendens

    • D. 

      Lis pendens, judgment, attachment

  • 13. 
    Tacking on refers to
    • A. 

      An addition to a structure

    • B. 

      An additional party to a document

    • C. 

      Obtaining an easement by prescription

    • D. 

      A codocil to a will

  • 14. 
    T had an easment over the land of U.  T purchased U's land and resold it to V without mentioning the easment.  What would be the result?
    • A. 

      T's easement remains intact because the easement remains once it is a matter of record.

    • B. 

      T has lost the easement rights

    • C. 

      U now has easement rights over the land of V

    • D. 

      V now has an easement right over the land of U

  • 15. 
    Restrictive covenants can be enforced by
    • A. 

      The local building inspector

    • B. 

      Anyone who knows of them

    • C. 

      Anyone who is subject to the restrictions

    • D. 

      The local zoning commission

  • 16. 
    Priority of judgement liens would be based on the:
    • A. 

      Date of the debt

    • B. 

      Date of the lien recording

    • C. 

      Amount of the debt

    • D. 

      Reason for the debt

  • 17. 
    Land being added to other land by the gradual action of water is known as
    • A. 

      Evulsion

    • B. 

      Accretion

    • C. 

      Littoral rights

    • D. 

      Prior appropriation

  • 18. 
    L knew that M was giong to build a new structure that would be an encroachment over L's land.  L waited until the structure was completed before bringing an action to remove the encroachment.  A court ruling against L would be based on:
    • A. 

      Prior appropriation

    • B. 

      Laches

    • C. 

      A lis pendens

    • D. 

      M's littoral rights

  • 19. 
    K sold land to L with a restrictive covenant that the property cannot be conveyed to non-Caucasians.  L wishes to sell to a buyer who is not a Caucasian.  Which of the following statements describes L's rights?
    • A. 

      L can go to court to have the restriction declared void

    • B. 

      If L sells to a non Caucasian person then L would be liable to K for damages

    • C. 

      If L sells to a non Caucasian person, title would revert to K

    • D. 

      L can ignore the restriction and sell to any qualified buyer

  • 20. 
    J's nonconforming use predated the present zoning.  J's right to the use:
    • A. 

      Can be abated if the use is a nuisance

    • B. 

      Must immediately cease

    • C. 

      Can be expanded

    • D. 

      Can be reinstated even if abandoned

  • 21. 
    J uses K's land under an easement right.  K's land is considered a(n):
    • A. 

      Dominant tenement

    • B. 

      Servient tenement

    • C. 

      Prescriptive right

    • D. 

      Affirmative right

  • 22. 
    J built a service station in compliance with existing zoning.  A subsequent change in the zoning excluded service station use on the site.  What are J's rights?
    • A. 

      J is entitled to have the zoning changed

    • B. 

      J's use is a nonconforming use

    • C. 

      J has an automatic variance

    • D. 

      The city is required to give J a conditional use permit

  • 23. 
    J bought K's property but waws not aware that L had filed a lis pendens action concerning the property prior to the purchase.  The result would be that:
    • A. 

      L would take title to the property

    • B. 

      J's title woudl be subject to L's claim

    • C. 

      The lis pendens would be terminated by the transfer

    • D. 

      The title would be held in trust for the benefit of L

  • 24. 
    F had an easement allowing F to place communication equipment on top of an adjacent 3.0 story building owned by G.  The building was destroyed by fire.  What are F's rights?
    • A. 

      F can force G to rebuild

    • B. 

      F's rights terminated with the destruction of the building

    • C. 

      If another building is built on the site, F's rights would be renewed

    • D. 

      F's rights were lost by merger

  • 25. 
    An owner who goes to court to obtain access for landlocked property would request a(n):
    • A. 

      Negative easement

    • B. 

      Dedication

    • C. 

      Easement by necessity

    • D. 

      Adverse possession

  • 26. 
    An offensive nonphysical invasion fof the land of another would be a(n):
    • A. 

      Encroachment

    • B. 

      License

    • C. 

      Nuisance

    • D. 

      Abatement

  • 27. 
    An exception to the zoning granted by a planning or zoning commission would be known as:
    • A. 

      A variance

    • B. 

      A nonconforming use

    • C. 

      Rezoning

    • D. 

      Downsizing

  • 28. 
    An example of downzoning would be:
    • A. 

      Placing height limitations on property

    • B. 

      Zoning from single family to multiple family use

    • C. 

      Zoning from multiple family to single family use

    • D. 

      Zoning requiring a percentage of low income housing

  • 29. 
    An example of a public nuisance would be a:
    • A. 

      Neighbor building a driveway over the property of another

    • B. 

      Factory that emits hazardous chemical smoke

    • C. 

      Neighbor who conducts a business from the home

    • D. 

      Neighbor who plays loud rock music constantly

  • 30. 
    An enforceable restrictive covenant could prohibit:
    • A. 

      Transfer outside bloodlines

    • B. 

      A property from being used as a church

    • C. 

      An owner from transferring or encumbering a property

    • D. 

      Ownership by a female

  • 31. 
    An easement without a dominant tenement would be an:
    • A. 

      Implied easement

    • B. 

      Easement by necessity

    • C. 

      Appurtenant easement

    • D. 

      Easement in gross

  • 32. 
    An easement that prohibits development of the servient tenement would be a(n):
    • A. 

      Easement by necessity

    • B. 

      Affirmative easement

    • C. 

      Conservation easement

    • D. 

      Implied easement

  • 33. 
    An easement in gross differs from other easements in that it:
    • A. 

      Is attached to a person not a property

    • B. 

      Is a revocable easement

    • C. 

      Has a definite termination date

    • D. 

      Is an appurtenant easement

  • 34. 
    An easement created by adverse use would be an easement by:
    • A. 

      Necessity

    • B. 

      Prescription

    • C. 

      Reservation

    • D. 

      Grant

  • 35. 
    A zoning change from single family use to multifamily use would be:
    • A. 

      Downzoning

    • B. 

      Bulk zoning

    • C. 

      Conservation zoning

    • D. 

      Upzoning

  • 36. 
    A writ of execution would be used to enforce a(n):
    • A. 

      Lis pendens

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Judgement

    • D. 

      Zoning

  • 37. 
    A utility company has the recorded right to erect poles on an owner's property and run electrical lines over it. The utility company has a(n)
    • A. 

      Negative Easement

    • B. 

      Prescriptive easement

    • C. 

      Easement in gross

    • D. 

      License

  • 38. 
    A recorded instrument that places private restrictions on land use would be a(n):
    • A. 

      Zoning restriction

    • B. 

      Restrictive covenant

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Nuisance

  • 39. 
    A property was appraised for tax purposes at 80 percent of it's $140,000  purchase price.   The millage rate is 25.8.  What will the annual taxes be on the property?
    • A. 

      $2,064

    • B. 

      $2,890

    • C. 

      $2,900

    • D. 

      $3,612

  • 40. 
    A property has littoral rights.  This means that the property:
    • A. 

      Is subject to restrictive zoning

    • B. 

      Borders a sea or an ocean

    • C. 

      Has ownership restrictions spelled out in the deed

    • D. 

      Has oil and mineral rights

  • 41. 
    A property has an assessed value of $137,500.  With an equalization factor of 117 percent and a tax rate of .037 per dollar of value, what are the taxes?
    • A. 

      $1,608.75

    • B. 

      $5,952.37

    • C. 

      $16,087.50

    • D. 

      $16,875.00

  • 42. 
    A permissive use that gives no future rights to the user would be a(n):
    • A. 

      Restrictive covenant

    • B. 

      Nonconforming use

    • C. 

      License

    • D. 

      Encroachment

  • 43. 
    A lien that covers all real and personal property of the debtor within the county where recorded would be a(n):
    • A. 

      Mechanic's lien

    • B. 

      Judgement lien

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Lis pendens

  • 44. 
    A lien on real property can be created by:
    • A. 

      A contractor who makes improvements

    • B. 

      Restrictive covenants

    • C. 

      An encroachment

    • D. 

      Unauthorized use

  • 45. 
    A lien differs from other encumbrances in that a lien:
    • A. 

      Is a monetary claim

    • B. 

      Can be enforced by an injunction

    • C. 

      Is a permissive right

    • D. 

      Restricts use

  • 46. 
    A landowner who properly takes water from a river flowing through the property is exercising a(n):
    • A. 

      Littoral right

    • B. 

      Prescriptive right

    • C. 

      Riparian right

    • D. 

      Avulsion

  • 47. 
    A judgment lienholder foreclosed and purchased property at the sale.  Which of the following describes the foreclosing lienholders rights?
    • A. 

      Title is free of all but tax liens

    • B. 

      Title is clear of all liens

    • C. 

      Title is subject to property tax liens and prior liens

    • D. 

      Title is subject to all liens

  • 48. 
    A homeowner converted the basement into a rental unit.  This violated a restrictive covenant.  Another homeowner wishing to enforce the covenant would commence an action for
    • A. 

      Liquidated damages

    • B. 

      Specific performance

    • C. 

      Forfeiture

    • D. 

      Injunction

  • 49. 
    A condition differs from a covenant on the point of:
    • A. 

      Writing

    • B. 

      Acknowledgment

    • C. 

      Forfeiture

    • D. 

      Time limitations

  • 50. 
    A city can enact ordinances intended to provide for health safety morals and general welfare under it's
    • A. 

      Injunction power

    • B. 

      Police power

    • C. 

      Power of eminent domain

    • D. 

      Riparian right