July PNLE Pre-board Preparation Exam 2011(Practice Mode)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 4661

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PNLE Quizzes & Trivia

Mark the letter of the letter of choice then click on the next button. No time Limit. Correct answer will be revealed after each question. Good luck future RN!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nurse Betty is assigned to the following clients. The client that the nurse would see first after endorsement?  
    • A. 

      A 34 year-old post operative appendectomy client of five hours who is complaining of pain.

    • B. 

      A 44 year-old myocardial infarction (MI) client who is complaining of nausea.

    • C. 

      A 26 year-old client admitted for dehydration whose intravenous (IV) has infiltrated.

    • D. 

      A 63 year-old post operative’s abdominal hysterectomy client of three days whose incisional dressing is saturated with serosanguinous fluid.

  • 2. 
    Nurse Gail places a client in a four-point restraint following orders from the physician. The client care plan should include:  
    • A. 

      Assess temperature frequently.

    • B. 

      Provide diversional activities.

    • C. 

      Check circulation every 15-30 minutes.

    • D. 

      Socialize with other patients once a shift.

  • 3. 
    A male client who has severe burns is receiving H2 receptor antagonist therapy. The nurse In-charge knows the purpose of this therapy is to:  
    • A. 

      Prevent stress ulcer

    • B. 

      Block prostaglandin synthesis

    • C. 

      Facilitate protein synthesis.

    • D. 

      Enhance gas exchange

  • 4. 
    The doctor orders hourly urine output measurement for a postoperative male client. The nurse Trish records the following amounts of output for 2 consecutive hours: 8 a.m.: 50 ml; 9 a.m.: 60 ml. Based on these amounts, which action should the nurse take?  
    • A. 

      Increase the I.V. fluid infusion rate

    • B. 

      Irrigate the indwelling urinary catheter

    • C. 

      Notify the physician

    • D. 

      Continue to monitor and record hourly urine output

  • 5. 
    Tony, a basketball player twist his right ankle while playing on the court and seeks care for ankle pain and swelling. After the nurse applies ice to the ankle for 30 minutes, which statement by Tony suggests that ice application has been effective?  
    • A. 

      “My ankle looks less swollen now”.

    • B. 

      “My ankle feels warm”.

    • C. 

      “My ankle appears redder now”.

    • D. 

      “I need something stronger for pain relief”

  • 6. 
    The physician prescribes a loop diuretic for a client. When administering this drug, the nurse anticipates that the client may develop which electrolyte imbalance?  
    • A. 

      Hypernatremia

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • C. 

      Hypokalemia

    • D. 

      Hypervolemia

  • 7. 
    She finds out that some managers have benevolent-authoritative style of management. Which of the following behaviors will she exhibit most likely?  
    • A. 

      Have condescending trust and confidence in their subordinates.

    • B. 

      Gives economic and ego awards.

    • C. 

      Communicates downward to staffs.

    • D. 

      Allows decision making among subordinates.

  • 8. 
    Nurse Amy is aware that the following is true about functional nursing  
    • A. 

      Provides continuous, coordinated and comprehensive nursing services.

    • B. 

      One-to-one nurse patient ratio.

    • C. 

      Emphasize the use of group collaboration.

    • D. 

      Concentrates on tasks and activities.

  • 9. 
    Which type of medication order might read "Vitamin K 10 mg I.M. daily × 3 days?"  
    • A. 

      Single order

    • B. 

      Standard written order

    • C. 

      Standing order

    • D. 

      Stat order

  • 10. 
    A female client with a fecal impaction frequently exhibits which clinical manifestation?  
    • A. 

      Increased appetite

    • B. 

      Loss of urge to defecate

    • C. 

      Hard, brown, formed stools

    • D. 

      Liquid or semi-liquid stools

  • 11. 
    Nurse Linda prepares to perform an otoscopic examination on a female client. For proper visualization, the nurse should position the client's ear by:  
    • A. 

      Pulling the lobule down and back

    • B. 

      Pulling the helix up and forward

    • C. 

      Pulling the helix up and back

    • D. 

      Pulling the lobule down and forward

  • 12. 
    Nurse Michelle is assessing a 24 year old client with a diagnosis of hydatidiform mole. She is aware that one of the following is unassociated with this condition?  
    • A. 

      Excessive fetal activity.

    • B. 

      Larger than normal uterus for gestational age.

    • C. 

      Vaginal bleeding

    • D. 

      Elevated levels of human chorionic gonadotropin.

  • 13. 
    A pregnant client is receiving magnesium sulfate for severe pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). The clinical findings that would warrant use of the antidote , calcium gluconate is:  
    • A. 

      Urinary output 90 cc in 2 hours.

    • B. 

      Absent patellar reflexes.

    • C. 

      Rapid respiratory rate above 40/min.

    • D. 

      Rapid rise in blood pressure.

  • 14. 
    During vaginal examination of Janah who is in labor, the presenting part is at station plus two. Nurse, correctly interprets it as:    
    • A. 

      Presenting part is 2 cm above the plane of the ischial spines.

    • B. 

      Biparietal diameter is at the level of the ischial spines.

    • C. 

      Presenting part in 2 cm below the plane of the ischial spines.

    • D. 

      Biparietal diameter is 2 cm above the ischial spines.

  • 15. 
    A pregnant client is receiving oxytocin (Pitocin) for induction of labor. A condition that warrant the nurse in-charge to discontinue I.V. infusion of Pitocin is:    
    • A. 

      Contractions every 1 ½ minutes lasting 70-80 seconds.

    • B. 

      Maternal temperature 101.2

    • C. 

      Early decelerations in the fetal heart rate.

    • D. 

      Fetal heart rate baseline 140-160 bpm.

  • 16. 
    Calcium gluconate is being administered to a client with pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). A nursing action that must be initiated as the plan of care throughout injection of the drug is:    
    • A. 

      Ventilator assistance

    • B. 

      CVP readings

    • C. 

      EKG tracings

    • D. 

      Continuous CPR

  • 17. 
    A trial for vaginal delivery after an earlier caesareans, would likely to be given to a gravida, who had:  
    • A. 

      First low transverse cesarean was for active herpes type 2 infections; vaginal culture at 39 weeks pregnancy was positive.

    • B. 

      First and second caesareans were for cephalopelvic disproportion.

    • C. 

      First caesarean through a classic incision as a result of severe fetal distress.

    • D. 

      First low transverse caesarean was for breech position. Fetus in this pregnancy is in a vertex presentation.

  • 18. 
    Nurse Ryan is aware that the best initial approach when trying to take a crying toddler’s temperature is:    
    • A. 

      Talk to the mother first and then to the toddler.

    • B. 

      Bring extra help so it can be done quickly.

    • C. 

      Encourage the mother to hold the child.

    • D. 

      Ignore the crying and screaming.

  • 19. 
    Baby Tina a 3 month old infant just had a cleft lip and palate repair. What should the nurse do to prevent trauma to operative site?    
    • A. 

      Avoid touching the suture line, even when cleaning.

    • B. 

      Place the baby in prone position.

    • C. 

      Give the baby a pacifier.

    • D. 

      Place the infant’s arms in soft elbow restraints.

  • 20. 
    Which action should nurse Marian include in the care plan for a 2 month old with heart failure?    
    • A. 

      Feed the infant when he cries.

    • B. 

      Allow the infant to rest before feeding.

    • C. 

      Bathe the infant and administer medications before feeding.

    • D. 

      Weigh and bathe the infant before feeding.

  • 21. 
    Nurse Hazel is teaching a mother who plans to discontinue breast feeding after 5 months. The nurse should advise her to include which foods in her infant’s diet?  
    • A. 

      Skim milk and baby food.

    • B. 

      Whole milk and baby food.

    • C. 

      Iron-rich formula only.

    • D. 

      Iron-rich formula and baby food.

  • 22. 
    Nurse Patricia finds a female client who is post-myocardial infarction (MI) slumped on the side rails of the bed and unresponsive to shaking or shouting. Which is the nurse next action?  
    • A. 

      Call for help and note the time.

    • B. 

      Clear the airway

    • C. 

      Give two sharp thumps to the precordium, and check the pulse.

    • D. 

      Administer two quick blows.

  • 23. 
    Nurse Monett is caring for a client recovering from gastro-intestinal bleeding. The nurse should:  
    • A. 

      Plan care so the client can receive 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night.

    • B. 

      Monitor vital signs every 2 hours.

    • C. 

      Make sure that the client takes food and medications at prescribed intervals.

    • D. 

      Provide milk every 2 to 3 hours.

  • 24. 
    A male client was on warfarin (Coumadin) before admission, and has been receiving heparin I.V. for 2 days. The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is 68 seconds. What should Nurse Carla do?  
    • A. 

      Stop the I.V. infusion of heparin and notify the physician.

    • B. 

      Continue treatment as ordered.

    • C. 

      Expect the warfarin to increase the PTT.

    • D. 

      Increase the dosage, because the level is lower than normal.

  • 25. 
    A client undergone ileostomy, when should the drainage appliance be applied to the stoma?  
    • A. 

      24 hours later, when edema has subsided.

    • B. 

      In the operating room.

    • C. 

      After the ileostomy begin to function.

    • D. 

      When the client is able to begin self-care procedures.

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