Jm Computer Literacy - Basic Concepts

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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 12,872
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Jm Computer Literacy - Basic Concepts - Quiz

This is an assessment of current knowledge of basic computer concepts. This is only an assessment. Your score is not actually recorded as a grade. You will receive points just for taking the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A _____________ contains a list of commands from which a user can make selections.

    • A.

      File

    • B.

      Icon

    • C.

      Window

    • D.

      Menu

    Correct Answer
    D. Menu
    Explanation
    A menu contains a list of commands from which a user can make selections. It provides options for the user to choose from and execute specific commands or actions. Menus are commonly found in software applications and operating systems, allowing users to navigate and interact with the system by selecting options from a menu.

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  • 2. 

    The parts of the information processing cycle are

    • A.

      Fetch, compare, interpret, and output

    • B.

      Fetch, decode, execute, and storage

    • C.

      Input, process, output and storage

    • D.

      Fetch, process, output and debug

    Correct Answer
    C. Input, process, output and storage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "input, process, output and storage". This answer accurately describes the different stages involved in the information processing cycle. First, data is inputted into the system. Then, the system processes the data by performing operations on it. The processed data is then outputted or presented to the user in a useful format. Finally, the data is stored for future use or reference. This sequence of input, process, output, and storage represents the basic steps in the information processing cycle.

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  • 3. 

    A type of hand held computer that has become widely used in recent years is a

    • A.

      Ipod

    • B.

      Personal digital assistant

    • C.

      Server

    • D.

      Notebook

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal digital assistant
    Explanation
    A personal digital assistant is a type of handheld computer that has become widely used in recent years. It is designed to provide functions such as managing contacts, appointments, and tasks, as well as accessing the internet, sending emails, and running applications. The term "personal" emphasizes its individual use, while "digital assistant" highlights its ability to assist users in various tasks. The popularity of personal digital assistants has increased due to their compact size, portability, and versatility in performing daily tasks efficiently.

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  • 4. 

    An Icon is

    • A.

      The unique address name for an Internet site.

    • B.

      A window you can open to adjust various aspects of your computer, such as the volume, fonts, desktop background, mouse speed, and clock.

    • C.

      Symbols or illustrations on the desktop or computer screen that indicate program files, documents, or other functions.

    • D.

      Connects your computer to your ISP or online service over a regular telephone line.

    Correct Answer
    C. Symbols or illustrations on the desktop or computer screen that indicate program files, documents, or other functions.
    Explanation
    An icon is a symbol or illustration on the desktop or computer screen that represents program files, documents, or other functions. Icons are visual representations that allow users to easily identify and access specific files or functions on their computer. They provide a quick and convenient way to navigate through various applications and files by simply clicking on the corresponding icon. Icons are commonly used in graphical user interfaces to enhance user experience and make the computer interface more intuitive and user-friendly.

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  • 5. 

    The growth of technology will have an effect all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Artwork evaluation

    • B.

      Health Care

    • C.

      Transportation

    • D.

      Weather forecasting

    Correct Answer
    A. Artwork evaluation
    Explanation
    The growth of technology will have an effect on health care, transportation, and weather forecasting, as advancements in technology can improve medical treatments, enhance transportation systems, and enhance weather prediction capabilities. However, artwork evaluation is not directly impacted by technological advancements as it primarily relies on human interpretation and subjective judgment.

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  • 6. 

    Macintosh’s tool to organize and store files and folders is called

    • A.

      Explorer

    • B.

      Desktop

    • C.

      Finder

    • D.

      Dock

    Correct Answer
    C. Finder
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Finder." The Finder is a tool on Macintosh computers that allows users to organize and store files and folders. It provides a graphical interface for users to navigate through their files and folders, search for specific items, and perform actions such as copying, moving, and deleting files. The Finder also displays icons for applications and devices connected to the computer, making it a central hub for managing files and accessing various resources on the Macintosh system.

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  • 7. 

    The Internet began with a project sponsored by the Defense Department called

    • A.

      Www

    • B.

      Url

    • C.

      Ican

    • D.

      Arpanet

    Correct Answer
    D. Arpanet
    Explanation
    Arpanet was a project sponsored by the Defense Department that played a significant role in the development of the internet. It was the first network to use packet switching, which allowed data to be transmitted in small packets across multiple nodes. Arpanet laid the foundation for the modern internet by establishing the concept of interconnected networks and developing protocols for data transmission. This project was crucial in shaping the internet as we know it today.

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  • 8. 

    All of the following are examples of an output device EXCEPT

    • A.

      Monitor

    • B.

      Printer

    • C.

      Hard drive

    • D.

      Speaker

    Correct Answer
    C. Hard drive
    Explanation
    An output device is a device that receives information from a computer and displays or presents it to the user. Examples of output devices include a monitor, printer, and speaker. However, a hard drive is not an output device. It is a storage device that is used to store and retrieve data.

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  • 9. 

    All of the following are examples of an input device EXCEPT

    • A.

      Recordable DVD

    • B.

      Microphone

    • C.

      Scanner

    • D.

      Web Cam

    Correct Answer
    A. Recordable DVD
    Explanation
    An input device is a device that allows us to input data or commands into a computer. Examples of input devices include a microphone, scanner, and web cam, as they allow us to input audio, images, and video respectively. However, a recordable DVD is not an input device as it is used to store data, not input it into a computer.

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  • 10. 

    All of the following are examples of a storage device EXCEPT

    • A.

      Hard Drive

    • B.

      Portable Jump Drive

    • C.

      Scanner

    • D.

      Recordable DVD

    Correct Answer
    C. Scanner
    Explanation
    A scanner is not a storage device as it is used to convert physical documents or images into digital format, but it does not store the data itself. On the other hand, a hard drive, portable jump drive, and recordable DVD are all examples of storage devices as they are used to store and retrieve data.

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  • 11. 

    What type of computer would most likely be used for forecasting the weather.

    • A.

      Mainframe

    • B.

      Super computer

    • C.

      Micro computer

    • D.

      Desktop

    Correct Answer
    B. Super computer
    Explanation
    A supercomputer would most likely be used for forecasting the weather because it has the capability to process large amounts of data and perform complex calculations quickly. Weather forecasting involves analyzing vast amounts of meteorological data and running sophisticated models to predict future weather patterns. Supercomputers have the high processing power and memory capacity required for these tasks, making them the ideal choice for weather forecasting applications.

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  • 12. 

    Instructions entered into a computer that enable the computer to perform desired tasks are called

    • A.

      Creations

    • B.

      Programs

    • C.

      Processers

    • D.

      Outputs

    Correct Answer
    B. Programs
    Explanation
    Programs are instructions that are entered into a computer to enable it to perform desired tasks. These instructions are written in a specific programming language and are executed by the computer's processor. Programs can be created for various purposes such as running applications, performing calculations, or controlling hardware devices. They are essential for the functioning of a computer and allow users to interact with the machine and accomplish specific tasks.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following terms represent the raw, unorganized and meaningless facts that are inputted to a computer.

    • A.

      Information

    • B.

      Instructions

    • C.

      Data

    • D.

      Work Orders

    Correct Answer
    C. Data
    Explanation
    Data refers to the raw, unorganized, and meaningless facts that are inputted into a computer. It is the basic building block of information and is processed and organized to generate meaningful insights and knowledge. Instructions are a set of commands or steps given to a computer to perform a specific task. Information is the processed and organized data that has meaning and relevance. Work orders are specific instructions or tasks given to workers in a workplace.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following terms represent the facts that are organized meaningful, and useful that are outputted from the computer.

    • A.

      Information

    • B.

      Instructions

    • C.

      Data

    • D.

      Word Orders

    Correct Answer
    A. Information
    Explanation
    The term "information" represents the facts that are organized in a meaningful and useful way, and are outputted from the computer. Information is the processed and interpreted data that provides knowledge and understanding. It is the result of organizing and analyzing data to make it useful for decision-making or communication purposes. Instructions refer to the set of commands given to the computer to perform a specific task. Data refers to raw facts and figures that are inputted into the computer. "Word Orders" is not a relevant term in the context of the question.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following terms refers to a the computer component used for the generation, calculation, or changing of facts within a computer.

    • A.

      Calculator

    • B.

      Formulator

    • C.

      Generator

    • D.

      Processor

    Correct Answer
    D. Processor
    Explanation
    The term "processor" refers to the computer component that is responsible for generating, calculating, or changing facts within a computer. It is the central unit of a computer that performs all the necessary operations and executes instructions. The processor is responsible for processing data, performing calculations, and controlling the overall functioning of the computer system.

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  • 16. 

    Computers connected together to share information, devices, and other resources is called

    • A.

      Servers

    • B.

      Hubs

    • C.

      Webs

    • D.

      Networks

    Correct Answer
    D. Networks
    Explanation
    Computers connected together to share information, devices, and other resources is referred to as networks. Networks allow for the sharing of data, files, printers, and other resources among connected computers. Servers, hubs, and webs are all components or elements that can be part of a network, but the overall system of interconnected computers is what is commonly referred to as a network.

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  • 17. 

    The smallest unit of measure a computer can process is called

    • A.

      Binary

    • B.

      Bit

    • C.

      Byte

    • D.

      Digit

    Correct Answer
    B. Bit
    Explanation
    A bit is the smallest unit of measure that a computer can process. It represents a single binary digit, which can be either a 0 or a 1. Computers use bits to store and process information, and all data is ultimately represented and manipulated as a series of bits. Therefore, the correct answer is bit.

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  • 18. 

    The system that is used by the computer to transform electricity into things humans can understand is called

    • A.

      Accounting

    • B.

      Hexadecimal

    • C.

      Binary

    • D.

      Base 10

    Correct Answer
    C. Binary
    Explanation
    Binary is the correct answer because it refers to the system used by computers to transform electricity into things humans can understand. In the binary system, information is represented using only two digits, 0 and 1, which correspond to the off and on states of electronic switches. This binary code is then processed by the computer's hardware and software to perform various tasks and present information in a format that humans can comprehend.

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  • 19. 

    What would use a spreadsheet application for?

    • A.

      Creating pictures

    • B.

      Building websites

    • C.

      Business and complex math calculations

    • D.

      Writing letters

    Correct Answer
    C. Business and complex math calculations
    Explanation
    A spreadsheet application is primarily used for business and complex math calculations. It allows users to organize and manipulate numerical data, perform calculations, create charts and graphs, and analyze data. This makes it a valuable tool for tasks such as budgeting, financial analysis, data analysis, and creating reports. While it can be used for other purposes such as writing letters, building websites, or creating pictures, these are not the primary functions of a spreadsheet application.

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  • 20. 

    A word processing application would be best used for?

    • A.

      Creating a movie

    • B.

      Creating a bibliography

    • C.

      Editing a photograph

    Correct Answer
    B. Creating a bibliography
    Explanation
    A word processing application would be best used for creating a bibliography because it allows users to easily organize and format citations and references. This type of application typically includes features such as automatic formatting, citation styles, and the ability to easily add and manage sources. It provides a convenient and efficient way to create and edit bibliographies, ensuring accuracy and consistency in referencing sources.

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  • 21. 

    A grouping of 8 bits used to represent a character or symbol in a computer is called

    • A.

      Bit

    • B.

      Byte

    • C.

      Binary

    • D.

      Word

    Correct Answer
    B. Byte
    Explanation
    A grouping of 8 bits used to represent a character or symbol in a computer is called a byte.

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  • 22. 

    What does G.U.I. stand for?

    • A.

      Graphical User Interface

    • B.

      Graphical User Information

    • C.

      Graphical User Integration

    • D.

      Graphical Use Interpolation

    Correct Answer
    A. Graphical User Interface
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Graphical User Interface." G.U.I. stands for Graphical User Interface, which refers to the visual interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical elements such as icons, buttons, and menus. It provides an intuitive and user-friendly way to navigate and control software applications.

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  • 23. 

    Command Line Interface refers to what?

    • A.

      A method for connecting a camcorder to a computer

    • B.

      A term used to describe the process a computer goes through when you first turn it on.

    • C.

      A method of connecting computers together for transferring information.

    • D.

      Text-driven commands typed in by a user to have the computer perform specific tasks.

    Correct Answer
    D. Text-driven commands typed in by a user to have the computer perform specific tasks.
    Explanation
    Command Line Interface (CLI) is a text-driven interface that allows users to interact with a computer by typing in specific commands to perform tasks. It is not related to connecting a camcorder to a computer or the process of turning on a computer. CLI is also not a method of connecting computers together for information transfer. Instead, it is a way for users to directly communicate with the computer's operating system and execute commands to control various functions and programs.

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  • 24. 

    The first coding-scheme standard that associates binary, hexadecimal, and decimal codes to represent characters and symbols is referred as what?

    • A.

      Unicode

    • B.

      Bicode

    • C.

      HTML

    • D.

      ASCII

    Correct Answer
    D. ASCII
    Explanation
    ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. It is the first coding-scheme standard that associates binary, hexadecimal, and decimal codes to represent characters and symbols. ASCII uses a 7-bit encoding scheme, which allows for 128 different characters to be represented. This coding scheme was widely used in early computer systems and is still used today in many applications. Unicode, Bicode, and HTML are not the correct answers as they do not specifically refer to the first coding-scheme standard for character representation.

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  • 25. 

    1000 bytes of information is a what

    • A.

      Kilobyte

    • B.

      Megabyte

    • C.

      Gigabyte

    • D.

      Terabyte

    Correct Answer
    A. Kilobyte
    Explanation
    A kilobyte is equal to 1000 bytes of information.

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  • 26. 

    1000KBor 1 Million bytes is what

    • A.

      Kilobyte

    • B.

      Megabyte

    • C.

      Gigabyte

    • D.

      Terabyte

    Correct Answer
    B. Megabyte
    Explanation
    A megabyte is equal to 1 million bytes. This is a unit of digital information storage commonly used to measure the size of files or the capacity of storage devices.

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  • 27. 

    1000MB or 1 billion bytes is what

    • A.

      Kilobyte

    • B.

      Megabyte

    • C.

      Gigabyte

    • D.

      Terabyte

    Correct Answer
    C. Gigabyte
    Explanation
    A gigabyte is equal to 1 billion bytes, which is the same as 1000 megabytes or 1 million kilobytes. Therefore, the correct answer is gigabyte.

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  • 28. 

    The physical components of a computer is called

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Motherboard

    • C.

      Mainboard

    • D.

      Tower

    Correct Answer
    A. Hardware
    Explanation
    The physical components of a computer, such as the motherboard, tower, and other peripherals, are collectively referred to as hardware. This includes all the tangible parts of a computer system that can be seen and touched.

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  • 29. 

    To promote professionalism and credibility, which tool should ALWAYS be used before sending an e-mail?

    • A.

      Language tool bar

    • B.

      Grammar and spell check

    • C.

      Word count

    • D.

      Macro

    Correct Answer
    B. Grammar and spell check
    Explanation
    Using a grammar and spell check tool before sending an email is important for promoting professionalism and credibility. This tool ensures that the email is free from spelling mistakes and grammatical errors, which can negatively impact the reader's perception of the sender. By using a grammar and spell check, the sender can demonstrate attention to detail and a commitment to clear and effective communication.

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  • 30. 

    Each email address is comprised of three parts. Which of the following groups contains the three parts of an email address?

    • A.

      User name, Plus sign, and Internet address

    • B.

      User name, @ symbol, and user's domain name

    • C.

      User name, @ symbol, and Web domain site

    • D.

      User name, status symbol, and @ symbol

    Correct Answer
    C. User name, @ symbol, and Web domain site
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "User name, @ symbol, and Web domain site". An email address consists of three parts: the user name, which identifies the user; the @ symbol, which separates the user name from the domain name; and the web domain site, which identifies the email service provider or organization hosting the email.

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  • 31. 

    What is the official acronym for a web address

    • A.

      Upl

    • B.

      Urs

    • C.

      Url

    • D.

      Utp

    Correct Answer
    C. Url
    Explanation
    The official acronym for a web address is "url" which stands for Uniform Resource Locator. A URL is the address used to access a specific webpage or resource on the internet. It typically consists of the protocol (such as HTTP or HTTPS), the domain name, and the specific path to the resource.

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  • 32. 

    What is the Internet

    • A.

      It is a global network connecting millions of computers.

    • B.

      It is a place where you have access to millions of pages of information.

    • C.

      It is a facility that uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is a global network connecting millions of computers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It is a global network connecting millions of computers." This answer accurately defines the Internet as a worldwide network that links numerous computers together. It implies that the Internet allows for communication and data exchange between these connected devices, enabling users to access information and resources from anywhere in the world.

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  • 33. 

    What is Multimedia?

    • A.

      Any use of software

    • B.

      The creation of a digital movie

    • C.

      The integration of text, graphics, sound, and video

    • D.

      A website

    Correct Answer
    C. The integration of text, graphics, sound, and video
    Explanation
    Multimedia refers to the integration of various forms of media such as text, graphics, sound, and video. It involves combining these elements to create interactive and engaging content. This can include anything from presentations, websites, digital movies, and other forms of digital media. The correct answer accurately captures the essence of multimedia by highlighting the integration of different media types.

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  • 34. 

    A file used as a pre-set pattern or blueprint for other documents is called a

    • A.

      Start-up file

    • B.

      Temp file

    • C.

      Wizard

    • D.

      Template

    Correct Answer
    D. Template
    Explanation
    A file used as a pre-set pattern or blueprint for other documents is called a template. It serves as a starting point for creating new documents with a consistent format or layout. Templates are often used in various software applications to save time and ensure consistency in document creation. They can include placeholders for text, images, and other elements that can be customized or filled in by the user.

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  • 35. 

    All the following are examples of search engines EXCEPT

    • A.

      Yahoo

    • B.

      Google

    • C.

      Dogpile

    • D.

      Zippi

    Correct Answer
    D. Zippi
    Explanation
    The question asks for examples of search engines, and all the options provided are indeed search engines except for "zippi". Yahoo, Google, and Dogpile are well-known search engines that allow users to search for information on the internet. However, "zippi" is not a recognized search engine, making it the correct answer.

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