Ipv4 Vs. IPv6 Terms And Definitions Assessment

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 4,059
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Assessment Quizzes & Trivia

This first assessment quizzes you on terms and definitions that are presented in the learning module. You should go through the Learning Module website and chapter 19 in your textbook before working on this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the Classes of an IP Address?

    • A.

      A,B,C,D,E

    • B.

      A,B, and C

    • C.

      B,C,D,E,F

    • D.

      A,B,C,D,E,F

    Correct Answer
    A. A,B,C,D,E
    Explanation
    The classes of an IP address are A, B, C, D, and E. IP addresses are divided into different classes based on the range of the first octet. Class A addresses have a range from 1.0.0.0 to 126.0.0.0 and are used for large networks. Class B addresses have a range from 128.0.0.0 to 191.0.0.0 and are used for medium-sized networks. Class C addresses have a range from 192.0.0.0 to 223.0.0.0 and are used for small networks. Class D addresses have a range from 224.0.0.0 to 239.0.0.0 and are used for multicast addresses. Class E addresses have a range from 240.0.0.0 to 255.0.0.0 and are reserved for experimental purposes.

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  • 2. 

    The Portion of the IP Address that  identifies the host or router on the network is called the?

    • A.

      Subnet

    • B.

      Hostid

    • C.

      Networkid

    • D.

      MAC address

    Correct Answer
    B. Hostid
    Explanation
    The hostid is the portion of the IP address that identifies the host or router on the network. It distinguishes one device from another within the same network. The hostid is an essential component of the IP address and is used for routing and communication purposes. Unlike the networkid, which identifies the network itself, the hostid is unique to each device within that network. The MAC address, on the other hand, is a physical address assigned to each network interface card and is used for identifying devices on a local network, rather than on the internet.

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  • 3. 

    What is a Subnet Mask?

    • A.

      A method of dividing a large network into several smaller ones

    • B.

      An IP address that is written in binary form and not in decimal dotted notaiton

    • C.

      A 32-bit number that, when combined with a device's IP address, informs the rest of the network about the segment or network to which the device is attached.

    • D.

      A method that hides the IP address on a workstation.

    Correct Answer
    C. A 32-bit number that, when combined with a device's IP address, informs the rest of the network about the segment or network to which the device is attached.
    Explanation
    A subnet mask is a 32-bit number that, when combined with a device's IP address, informs the rest of the network about the segment or network to which the device is attached. It is used to divide a large network into smaller ones by identifying the network portion and the host portion of an IP address. The subnet mask helps in determining whether a destination IP address is on the same network or a different one, allowing for proper routing of network traffic.

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  • 4. 

    What is unicast communication?

    • A.

      One source sending a packet to one destination.

    • B.

      The first byte in an IP address.

    • C.

      16 bytes or 32 hexadecimal digits.

    • D.

      One source sending a packet to multiple destinations.

    Correct Answer
    A. One source sending a packet to one destination.
    Explanation
    Unicast communication refers to the transmission of data from a single source to a single destination. In this type of communication, the source sends a packet to a specific recipient, and the data is not replicated or broadcasted to multiple destinations. Unicast communication is commonly used in point-to-point connections, where a single sender and receiver are involved in the data exchange. This ensures that the intended recipient receives the information accurately and eliminates the need for unnecessary duplication or broadcasting of data.

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  • 5. 

    What is the number of bits in an IPv6 address?

    Correct Answer
    128
    Explanation
    An IPv6 address consists of 128 bits. This is double the number of bits in an IPv4 address, which is 32 bits. The increase in the number of bits allows for a significantly larger number of unique addresses in IPv6 compared to IPv4. IPv6 was developed to address the growing need for more IP addresses as the number of devices connected to the internet continues to increase.

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  • 6. 

    What is the number of bits in an IPv4 address?

    Correct Answer
    32
    Explanation
    An IPv4 address is composed of 32 bits. Each bit can have a value of either 0 or 1, resulting in a total of 2^32 possible combinations. This allows for approximately 4.3 billion unique addresses in the IPv4 addressing system.

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  • 7. 

    The portion of the IP address that identifies the network is called the?

    • A.

      Hostid

    • B.

      Netid

    • C.

      IP

    • D.

      Network number

    Correct Answer
    B. Netid
    Explanation
    The portion of the IP address that identifies the network is called the "netid". This is the part of the IP address that specifies the network to which the device belongs. It helps in routing the data packets across different networks. The netid is essential in distinguishing different networks and ensuring that the data is sent to the correct destination.

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  • 8. 

    What is dotted decimal notation in IPv4 addressing?

    • A.

      A form in which IPv4 addresses are written in decimal form with a decimal point (dot) Separating the bytes.

    • B.

      A form in which Ipv4 addresses are are written in binary form.

    • C.

      Writing an IP address without any decimals.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. A form in which IPv4 addresses are written in decimal form with a decimal point (dot) Separating the bytes.
    Explanation
    Dotted decimal notation is a method of representing IPv4 addresses in decimal form, with each byte separated by a dot. This notation makes it easier for humans to read and understand IP addresses. Each byte in the address is represented by a decimal number ranging from 0 to 255. For example, an IP address written in dotted decimal notation would look like 192.168.0.1. This form of notation is widely used and is the standard way of representing IPv4 addresses.

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  • 9. 

    What is the hexadecimal notaton in IPv6 addressing.

    • A.

      One source sending a packet to multiple destinations.

    • B.

      IPv6 addresses which are written in hexadecimal form with a colon separating the bytes.

    • C.

      A form of subnetting

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. IPv6 addresses which are written in hexadecimal form with a colon separating the bytes.
    Explanation
    IPv6 addresses are written in hexadecimal form with a colon separating the bytes. This notation is used to represent the 128-bit addresses in a more concise and readable format. Each byte is represented by two hexadecimal digits, and the bytes are separated by colons. This notation allows for a larger address space in IPv6 compared to IPv4, which uses decimal notation.

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  • 10. 

    What is subnetting?

    • A.

      One source sending a packet to one destiniation

    • B.

      Dividing one large network into several smaller networks.

    • C.

      Dividing several small networks into a larger network.

    • D.

      Eliminating the need to have a computer network.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dividing one large network into several smaller networks.
    Explanation
    Subnetting refers to the process of dividing a large network into smaller networks. This allows for more efficient management and organization of network resources. By dividing the network into subnets, it becomes easier to control and manage network traffic, improve security, and optimize network performance. Subnetting also helps in conserving IP address space by allowing the allocation of smaller address ranges to each subnet.

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  • 11. 

    The class of a network can easily be determinded by what?

    • A.

      The first byte

    • B.

      The second byte

    • C.

      The third byte

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The first byte
    Explanation
    The class of a network can easily be determined by the first byte of the IP address. The first byte, also known as the network address, indicates the range of IP addresses that belong to a specific class. The first byte can be used to identify whether the network belongs to Class A, Class B, Class C, or any other class. Therefore, by examining the first byte, one can determine the class of the network.

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  • 12. 

    What is multicast communication?

    • A.

      One source sending a packet to one destination.

    • B.

      One source sending a packet to no destinations.

    • C.

      A communication method that is no longer used.

    • D.

      One source sending a packet to multiple destinations.

    Correct Answer
    D. One source sending a packet to multiple destinations.
    Explanation
    Multicast communication refers to the process of transmitting data from one source to multiple destinations simultaneously. It allows efficient distribution of information to a group of recipients, reducing network traffic and conserving bandwidth. Unlike unicast communication, where a packet is sent to a single destination, multicast enables one source to reach multiple recipients at the same time. This method is commonly used for streaming live events, video conferencing, and content delivery networks.

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  • 13. 

    The __________Protocol is a conectionless protocol. Every packet is independent and has no relationship to any packet.

    • A.

      TCP

    • B.

      IP

    • C.

      ISO

    • D.

      Security

    Correct Answer
    B. IP
    Explanation
    IP (Internet Protocol) is a connectionless protocol where each packet is independent and has no relationship to any other packet. It is responsible for addressing and routing packets across the internet. Unlike TCP (Transmission Control Protocol), which is a connection-oriented protocol that ensures reliable and ordered delivery of data, IP does not establish a direct connection between the sender and receiver. Instead, it breaks the data into packets, assigns them an IP address, and sends them across the network independently. This allows for faster and more efficient transmission of data, but it also means that packets can arrive out of order or get lost.

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  • 14. 

    What is the range of Network Class A?

    • A.

      128-191

    • B.

      192-223

    • C.

      1-126

    Correct Answer
    C. 1-126
    Explanation
    The range of Network Class A is 1-126. This is because Class A IP addresses have a first octet range of 1-126, which allows for a large number of networks to be created. The remaining three octets can be used for host addresses within each network.

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  • 15. 

    What is the range of Network Class B?

    • A.

      1-126

    • B.

      192-223

    • C.

      128-191

    Correct Answer
    C. 128-191
    Explanation
    The range of Network Class B is 128-191. This range is used for medium-sized networks, allowing for a larger number of hosts compared to Class A. The first octet in the IP address is reserved for the network address, while the remaining three octets are used for host addresses. This range provides a total of 16,384 possible networks, each capable of accommodating up to 65,534 hosts.

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  • 16. 

    What is the range of Network Class C?

    • A.

      192-223

    • B.

      128-191

    • C.

      1-126

    Correct Answer
    A. 192-223
    Explanation
    The range of Network Class C is 192-223. This range is determined by the first octet of the IP address, which is in the range of 192-223. Class C addresses are typically used for smaller networks as they provide a larger number of available hosts compared to Class A and Class B addresses.

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  • 17. 

    This refers to a technique in which IP addresses on a private network are assigned a public IP address by a gateway when accessing a public network.

    • A.

      CIDR

    • B.

      NAT

    • C.

      DHCP

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. NAT
    C. DHCP
    Explanation
    NAT (Network Address Translation) is the correct answer because it is a technique used to translate private IP addresses on a local network to a public IP address when accessing the internet. This allows multiple devices on a private network to share a single public IP address. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is not the correct answer because it is a protocol used to automatically assign IP addresses to devices on a network, but it does not involve assigning public IP addresses. CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing) is also not the correct answer as it is a method used to allocate and route IP addresses in a more efficient way, but it does not involve assigning public IP addresses to private network devices.

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  • 18. 

    This is an application protocol in the TCP/IP suite. It manages the dynamic distribution of IP addresses on a network.

    • A.

      DHCP

    • B.

      CIDR

    • C.

      NAT

    Correct Answer
    A. DHCP
    Explanation
    DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. It is an application protocol in the TCP/IP suite that is responsible for managing the dynamic distribution of IP addresses on a network. DHCP allows devices to automatically obtain an IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and other network configuration parameters from a DHCP server. This eliminates the need for manual configuration of IP addresses, making it easier to manage and scale networks.

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  • 19. 

    This is an IP addressing and subnetting method in which network and host information is manipulated without adhering to the limitations imposed by traditional network class distinctions.

    • A.

      DHCP

    • B.

      CIDR

    • C.

      NAT

    Correct Answer
    B. CIDR
    Explanation
    CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing) is an IP addressing and subnetting method that allows for more flexibility and efficient allocation of IP addresses. It allows network and host information to be manipulated without adhering to the limitations imposed by traditional network class distinctions. With CIDR, IP addresses can be allocated in variable length subnet masks, allowing for more efficient use of available IP address space. This method is widely used in modern networking to conserve IP addresses and improve network scalability.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following devices can have an IP address

    • A.

      Mobile Phone

    • B.

      Laptop

    • C.

      Servers

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the mentioned devices can have an IP address. An IP address is a unique identifier assigned to each device connected to a network. Mobile phones, laptops, and servers are all capable of connecting to a network, whether it be a cellular network or a local area network, and therefore can be assigned an IP address to enable communication and data transfer between devices.

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  • 21. 

    Which one of these headers in the IPv4 datagram give information about the maximum time that a datagram can remain on a network before it is discarded?

    • A.

      Version

    • B.

      TTL

    • C.

      Destination Address

    Correct Answer
    C. Destination Address
    Explanation
    The TTL (Time to Live) header in the IPv4 datagram gives information about the maximum time that a datagram can remain on a network before it is discarded. The TTL value is decremented by each router that forwards the datagram, and when it reaches zero, the datagram is discarded. The destination address header, on the other hand, specifies the final destination of the datagram.

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  • 22. 

    Which field in the IPv4 datagram indicates the type of Transport Layer protocol (Such as TCP or UDP)?

    • A.

      Header Checksum

    • B.

      Fragment Identifier

    • C.

      Protocol

    Correct Answer
    C. Protocol
    Explanation
    The field in the IPv4 datagram that indicates the type of Transport Layer protocol is the "Protocol" field. This field is 8 bits long and specifies the protocol used in the data portion of the IP packet, such as TCP or UDP. The value in this field helps the receiving device to correctly process the data and deliver it to the appropriate Transport Layer protocol for further processing.

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  • 23. 

    This IPv4 security Issue occurs when a user is no longer able to use a resource on their station that was previously accessible.

    • A.

      Resource Attack

    • B.

      Denial of Service Attack

    • C.

      Worm and Virus Attack

    Correct Answer
    B. Denial of Service Attack
    Explanation
    This IPv4 security issue is known as a Denial of Service (DoS) attack. In this type of attack, a user is unable to access a resource on their station that was previously accessible. This can happen when an attacker overwhelms the network or server with a flood of requests, causing it to become unresponsive and denying access to legitimate users. The goal of a DoS attack is to disrupt or disable the targeted system, making it unavailable to its intended users.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following are benefits of IPv6?

    • A.

      Larger Address Space

    • B.

      A more efficient header

    • C.

      Higher reachability and scalability

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    IPv6 offers several benefits compared to its predecessor, IPv4. One benefit is a larger address space, which allows for a significantly higher number of unique IP addresses. This is crucial as the demand for IP addresses continues to grow with the increasing number of devices connected to the internet. Additionally, IPv6 has a more efficient header, which improves network performance and reduces overhead. Lastly, IPv6 provides higher reachability and scalability, enabling better connectivity and accommodating the expansion of the internet. Therefore, all of the given options are correct benefits of IPv6.

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  • 25. 

    FDEC:0074:0000:0000:0000:B0FF:0000:FFFF What version does the IP address above represent?

    • A.

      IPv6

    • B.

      IPv4

    • C.

      Both IPv4 and IPv6

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. IPv6
    Explanation
    The given IP address FDEC:0074:0000:0000:0000:B0FF:0000:FFFF represents IPv6. This is because IPv6 addresses are 128 bits long and are written in hexadecimal format, separated by colons. The address provided follows this format, indicating that it is an IPv6 address. IPv4 addresses, on the other hand, are 32 bits long and are written in decimal format, separated by periods. Therefore, the correct answer is IPv6.

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  • 26. 

    FEC0 and FE80 Would represent what type of IPv6 address(es)?

    • A.

      Unicast and Anycast

    • B.

      Broadbast and unicast

    • C.

      Multicast and unicast

    Correct Answer
    A. Unicast and Anycast
    Explanation
    FEC0 and FE80 are both types of IPv6 addresses. FEC0 represents a unique local unicast address, which is used for communication within a specific organization or site. FE80 represents a link-local unicast address, which is used for communication within a specific network link. Anycast addresses are not represented by FEC0 or FE80.

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  • 27. 

    The Payload length is a field in....

    • A.

      The IPv4 datagram

    • B.

      The IPv6 datagram

    • C.

      The IPv5 datagram

    • D.

      Both the IPv4 and IPv6 datagram

    Correct Answer
    B. The IPv6 datagram
    Explanation
    The payload length is a field in the IPv6 datagram. This field specifies the length of the payload (data) in the datagram. The payload length field is necessary for the receiving node to know how much data is included in the datagram and to properly process it. Therefore, the correct answer is the IPv6 datagram.

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  • 28. 

    This IP datagram field refers to the maximum amount of routers a packet can travel

    • A.

      Distance limit

    • B.

      Hop Limit

    • C.

      Count limit

    Correct Answer
    B. Hop Limit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hop Limit". In IP networking, the Hop Limit field, also known as Time to Live (TTL), indicates the maximum number of routers or hops a packet can traverse before being discarded. Each router decrements the hop limit by one as it forwards the packet. If the hop limit reaches zero, the packet is dropped, preventing it from endlessly circulating in the network. The hop limit ensures efficient and timely delivery of packets and helps prevent network congestion.

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  • 29. 

    IPv4 and IPv6 are both used today.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    IPv4 and IPv6 are both used today because they are two different versions of the Internet Protocol that are currently in use. IPv4 is the older version and is still widely used, but it has limitations in terms of available addresses. IPv6 was developed to address this issue and provides a much larger address space. Both versions are used simultaneously to ensure compatibility and to gradually transition to IPv6 as IPv4 addresses become scarce.

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  • 30. 

    IPv6 was deployed in 1981

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Cis307
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