Invertebrate Zoology Bio 230 Dr. O'neal Final Exam Sg

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 133

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Invertebrate Zoology Bio 230 Dr. O

Test will encompass all of semester information including: Evolution, Protists, Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelmintes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthoropda Lophophorata, Echinodermata, Chordata.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Define Natural Selection.
  • 2. 
    What is the relationship between phylogenetic trees and the fossil record?  What is this hypothesis called?
  • 3. 
    Describe the Endosymbiont Theory. When is it first seen and evidence in support of this theory. 
  • 4. 
    Decribe reproduction in sponges.
  • 5. 
    Explain Synchornized Coral Spawning.
  • 6. 
    Describe the life cycle of Trematoda. What adaptations occur within host?
  • 7. 
    Describe the Water Vascular System and what is its purpose or uses?
  • 8. 
    List the Characteristics of Phylum Arthropoda.
  • 9. 
    Which of the following are evidence of Evolution?
    • A. 

      Homology

    • B. 

      Direct Observation

    • C. 

      Biogeography

    • D. 

      Indirect Observation

    • E. 

      Fossil Record

  • 10. 
    Order the following from MOST ADAPTED to LEAST ADAPTED?
    • A. 

      Hinged Jaw > Vertebral Column > Four Legs > Amnion > Hair

    • B. 

      Hair > Amnion > Four Legs > Hinged Jaw > Vertebral Column

    • C. 

      Vertebral Column > Hinged Jaw > Four Legs > Amnion > Hair

    • D. 

      Amnion > Hair > Four Legs > Hinged Jaw > Vertebral Column

  • 11. 
    Morphology are ______ traits shared by separate species. 
  • 12. 
    Using this table as a reference, Which of the following are more closely related?
    • A. 

      Frog & Turtle

    • B. 

      Bass & Turtle

  • 13. 
    Convergent evolution is the process in which organisms resemble each other and are directly related. Both evolved similiar due to same or close environments. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Evidence of first Photosynthetic Organism. Check all that Apply.
    • A. 

      Rusted rocks with Iron Oxide

    • B. 

      Microscopic traces of oil with sterols

    • C. 

      Oxygen biological origin during "Oxygen Revolution"

    • D. 

      Grypania spiralis

  • 15. 
    Characteristics of FIRST eukaryotes.
    • A. 

      Grypania spiralis nature

    • B. 

      Rocks containing oil with sterols

    • C. 

      Amoeba-like creatures

    • D. 

      2.7 Bya

  • 16. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of Protists?
    • A. 

      Mostly Multicellular

    • B. 

      Eukaryotes

    • C. 

      Not Plants, Fungi, nor Animals

    • D. 

      Most Morphological Simple Eukaryotes

    • E. 

      Most Simple at Cellular Level

    • F. 

      Autotrophs, Heterotrophs, Mixotrophs

  • 17. 
    In Ophisthokonts, nucleariids gave rise to animals and choanoflagellates gave rise to fungi.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Porifera Characteristics. Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Unicellular

    • B. 

      Eukaryotes

    • C. 

      Heterotrophic

    • D. 

      Prokaryotes

    • E. 

      Multicellular

    • F. 

      True Tissues

    • G. 

      Tissues Developed from embryo

    • H. 

      First True Animals

  • 19. 
    Phylum Porifera Morphology and Characteristics. Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      No Fixed Shape

    • B. 

      Symmetrical

    • C. 

      Pore Bearing

    • D. 

      Spicules-Composed Skeleton

    • E. 

      Nerves and Muscles are found

    • F. 

      Sessile and Immobile

    • G. 

      Most are Marine

  • 20. 
    Reversible cell differentiation, found on phylum Porifera, is the ability of cells to change type after maturity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    _________ is the top opening for sponges where water is expulsed. 
  • 22. 
    Which of the following are the classes of phylum Porifera?
    • A. 

      Calcarea

    • B. 

      Grypania

    • C. 

      Hexactinellida

    • D. 

      Archaeplastida

    • E. 

      Demospongiae

  • 23. 
    (Porifera) Sponges can alter the rate of movement the flagella beat, larvae flagella stiffens when swims towards sunlight, and they are able to close their oscula when air is sensed. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following are Evolutionary Adaptations of Porifera?
    • A. 

      Can grow into any shape

    • B. 

      Biotoxins

    • C. 

      Camouflage

    • D. 

      Apisomatic/Bright Colors

    • E. 

      Growth Inhibiting Chemicals

    • F. 

      Hermaphroditic

  • 25. 
    Phylum Cnidaria has maintained a simple body plan with radial symmetry and triploblastic tissue layers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False