Introduction To Parasitology Trivia Quiz

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Introduction To Parasitology Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Do you know the basics of parasitology? This is an "Introduction to parasitology trivia quiz" for you. What's parasitology? Parasitology can be defined as the study of parasites, their hosts, and their relationship. The quiz may seem simple, but here, you will have to type the answer where we can ask the names of the parasite, what it causes, and even more things. Please read the question carefully and then type the answer. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A smaller organism that lives on or in another organism at whose expense (the host) it takes advantage.

    Explanation
    A parasite is a smaller organism that lives on or in another organism, known as the host, and benefits from it at the host's expense. The parasite takes advantage of the host by obtaining nutrients, shelter, and other resources necessary for its survival. This relationship is often harmful to the host, as it can cause damage or even death. Parasites have evolved various strategies to exploit their hosts, such as feeding on their blood, tissues, or internal organs. They can be found in various forms, including worms, fleas, ticks, and bacteria.

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  • 2. 

    The parasite is capable of causing damage, but the animals show no sign of the disease.

    Explanation
    Parasitiasis refers to a condition in which an organism is infected by a parasite but does not display any symptoms or signs of the disease caused by the parasite. In this scenario, although the parasite is capable of causing damage to the animals, they do not exhibit any visible indications of being infected. This could be due to various factors such as the animals having developed immunity to the parasite or the parasite being in a dormant or non-pathogenic state.

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  • 3. 

    The parasite is present and causes obvious damage.

    Explanation
    Parasitosis refers to the condition of being infested with parasites, which can cause obvious damage to the host organism. The presence of parasites can lead to various symptoms and health issues, depending on the type of parasite involved. This answer suggests that the parasite is indeed present and causing noticeable harm to the affected individual.

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  • 4. 

    Lives outside of the host (on the body surface).

    Explanation
    An ectoparasite is an organism that lives on the surface of its host's body. It does not invade or live inside the host's body, but rather feeds off it or uses it for other purposes while remaining on the exterior. Ectoparasites can include various organisms such as ticks, fleas, lice, and mites. They rely on the host for survival and reproduction but do not reside within the host's internal organs or tissues.

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  • 5. 

    Lives within the host.

    Explanation
    An endoparasite is a type of parasite that lives within the body of its host. It derives its nutrients and completes its life cycle by feeding on the host's tissues or bodily fluids. Unlike ectoparasites, which live on the surface of the host's body, endoparasites are adapted to survive and reproduce within the internal organs or tissues of the host. They can cause various diseases and health problems in the host organism. Therefore, the statement "Lives within the host" accurately describes the behavior of an endoparasite.

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  • 6. 

    Maybe parasitic on an organism but can live on its own in a nonparasitic form.

    Explanation
    The term "facultative" refers to an organism's ability to adapt and live in different conditions. In this context, the organism is described as potentially being parasitic on another organism, but it can also survive independently in a nonparasitic form. This means that the organism has the flexibility to switch between parasitic and nonparasitic lifestyles depending on the circumstances.

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  • 7. 

    The parasite is completely dependent on the host for survival but not capable of living on its' own.

    Explanation
    The term "obligate" refers to a relationship between two organisms where one organism is completely dependent on the other for survival. In this context, the parasite mentioned in the question is reliant on the host for its survival and cannot live independently. Therefore, the correct answer is "obligate".

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  • 8. 

    Only stays with the host for short times. i.e., mosquitoes, ticks.

    Explanation
    The given answer "Periodic" is appropriate because it accurately describes the behavior mentioned in the question. Mosquitoes and ticks are known to only stay with their hosts for short periods of time, typically to feed on blood. They do not remain attached or stay for extended durations. Therefore, the term "Periodic" adequately captures this transient nature of their interaction with the host.

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  • 9. 

    Has a broad host range.

    Explanation
    Euryxenous refers to an organism or pathogen that has a broad host range, meaning it is capable of infecting or parasitizing a wide variety of hosts. This term is commonly used in the field of microbiology to describe viruses, bacteria, or parasites that can infect multiple species or even different kingdoms. Having a broad host range can be advantageous for the organism, as it increases its chances of survival and transmission.

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  • 10. 

    The host is necessary for development but not for reproduction.

    Explanation
    The host is necessary for development but not for reproduction. This suggests that the host plays a crucial role in the early stages of development, possibly providing the necessary environment or resources for the organism to grow and mature. However, once the organism has reached the reproductive stage, it may no longer rely on the host for reproduction and can reproduce independently. This distinction highlights the different roles that the host plays in the life cycle of the organism.

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  • 11. 

    A kind of intermediate host used for transportation only and is not necessary for development.

    Explanation
    A paratenic host is a type of intermediate host that is not necessary for the development of the parasite, but serves as a means of transportation. The parasite can infect the paratenic host, but does not undergo any further development or reproduction within it. The paratenic host simply carries the parasite and allows it to be transmitted to its definitive host, where the parasite can complete its life cycle.

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  • 12. 

    A vertebrate host that caries the parasite in nature and is a source of infection/disease for humans and or animals.

    Explanation
    A reservoir refers to a vertebrate host that carries a parasite in nature and serves as a source of infection or disease for humans and/or animals. Reservoirs play a crucial role in the transmission of infectious diseases as they can harbor and transmit the pathogen without showing any symptoms themselves. By understanding the reservoirs of a particular disease, public health measures can be implemented to control the spread of the infection and prevent outbreaks.

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  • 13. 

    A parasite that carries a pathogen

    Explanation
    A vector is a living organism that carries and transmits a pathogen, such as a parasite, from one host to another. This can include insects like mosquitoes that carry diseases such as malaria or ticks that transmit Lyme disease. Vectors play a crucial role in the spread of infectious diseases and can be responsible for causing widespread outbreaks.

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  • 14. 

    A poison that, in general, is more toxic to the parasite than the host.

    Explanation
    A parasiticide is a substance that is used to kill or eliminate parasites. It is designed to be more toxic to the parasite than to the host organism. This means that it specifically targets and kills the parasites while minimizing harm to the host. The purpose of a parasiticide is to effectively treat and control parasitic infections without causing excessive damage or toxicity to the host.

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  • 15. 

    Kill insects.

    Explanation
    Insecticides are substances that are used to kill insects. They are specifically designed to target and eliminate pests that can cause damage to crops, plants, or pose a threat to human health. Insecticides can be in the form of sprays, powders, or granules, and they work by disrupting the nervous system or other vital functions of the insects, leading to their death. Insecticides play a crucial role in pest control and are commonly used in agriculture, gardening, and public health programs to protect crops, control disease-carrying insects, and maintain a safe and healthy environment.

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  • 16. 

    Work against protozoans.

    Explanation
    Antiprotozoals are medications or substances that work against protozoans, which are single-celled organisms that can cause diseases in humans and animals. These drugs are specifically designed to target and kill protozoans, helping to treat and prevent infections caused by these organisms. Antiprotozoals can be used to treat a variety of protozoan infections, such as malaria, giardiasis, and trichomoniasis. They may work by interfering with the protozoan's ability to reproduce, damaging their cell membranes, or inhibiting their metabolic processes. Overall, antiprotozoals play a crucial role in combating protozoan infections and improving patient outcomes.

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  • 17. 

    An unsegmented body.

    Explanation
    An unsegmented body refers to a body that does not have distinct segments or divisions. In the context of the given answer, "idiosoma" is the correct term that describes an unsegmented body. The word "idiosoma" is commonly used in biology to refer to the main body region of certain arthropods, such as ticks and mites, which lack clear segmentation.

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  • 18. 

    These include superficial fungi and ringworm.

    Explanation
    Dermatophytes are a group of superficial fungi that cause infections on the skin, hair, and nails. They are responsible for conditions such as ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch. These fungi thrive in warm and moist environments and can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces. Treatment usually involves antifungal medications applied topically or taken orally.

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  • 19. 

    Fluke-type worms with unsegmented bodies that are leaflike in appearance.

    Explanation
    Trematodes are fluke-type worms that have unsegmented bodies and leaflike appearance. Flukes are a type of parasitic flatworms that infect various animals, including humans. They have a leaf-shaped body structure with a sucker at their anterior end, which helps them attach to their host's tissues. Trematodes are known for their complex life cycles, involving multiple hosts, and they can cause diseases such as schistosomiasis and liver fluke infections.

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  • 20. 

    Tapeworms, segmented bodies that are flat, ova contained within the segments.

    Explanation
    Cestodes are a type of parasitic worm commonly known as tapeworms. They have segmented bodies that are flat, and each segment contains ova (eggs). The characteristics mentioned in the question perfectly describe cestodes, making them the correct answer.

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  • 21. 

    Uncommon, unrelated to nematodes, aka thorny-headed worms.

    Explanation
    The given information states that the term is uncommon and unrelated to nematodes, but is also known as thorny-headed worms. The correct answer, Acanthocephalans, fits this description as it is a group of parasitic worms that have a unique proboscis with spines, hence the term "thorny-headed worms". The term may be uncommon because it is a specialized term used in the field of parasitology.

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  • 22. 

    Roundworms- round, unsegmented bodies can be found in any body tissue and cause cutaneous larval migraine.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Nematodes," is correct because roundworms are commonly referred to as nematodes. Nematodes have round, unsegmented bodies and can be found in various body tissues. They are known to cause cutaneous larval migrans, a skin condition caused by the larvae of certain nematodes. Therefore, nematodes accurately describe the characteristics and behavior mentioned in the question.

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  • 23. 

    Immune response to something the host was exposed to.

  • 24. 

    An overreaction

    Explanation
    Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. It is characterized by a rapid onset and can affect multiple systems in the body, including the skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and gastrointestinal tract. Anaphylaxis is typically triggered by an allergen, such as certain foods, medications, or insect stings, and can cause symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swelling, hives, low blood pressure, and loss of consciousness. It is considered an overreaction of the immune system to the allergen, leading to the release of chemicals that cause the symptoms.

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  • 25. 

    What's FAD?

    Explanation
    FAD stands for Flea Allergy Dermatitis. Flea allergy dermatitis is a common skin condition in dogs and cats that occurs as a result of an allergic reaction to flea saliva. When fleas bite an animal, their saliva can trigger an immune response in sensitive individuals, leading to intense itching, redness, and inflammation of the skin. This condition can cause discomfort and distress for the affected animal, and prompt treatment is necessary to alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications.

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  • 26. 

    Immune response to parasites that are present helps to prevent further infection.

    Explanation
    Premunition refers to the immune response developed by an individual after being exposed to a parasite. This response helps prevent further infection by the same parasite. It involves the activation of specific immune cells and the production of antibodies that recognize and neutralize the parasite. Premunition can provide long-lasting protection against reinfection and is an important defense mechanism against parasites.

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  • 27. 

    Phylum that includes maggots and bots.

    Explanation
    Arthropoda is the correct answer because it is the phylum that includes maggots and bots. Arthropods are characterized by having jointed appendages, segmented bodies, and an exoskeleton. Maggots and bots are specific types of arthropods, with maggots being the larval stage of flies and bots being the larval stage of botflies. Therefore, Arthropoda is the appropriate phylum classification for these organisms.

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  • 28. 

    Phylum that includes flukes and tapes.

    Explanation
    Platyhelminthes is the correct answer because it is the phylum that includes flukes and tapeworms. Platyhelminthes is a group of flatworms that are characterized by their flattened bodies. Flukes and tapeworms are both examples of parasitic flatworms that belong to this phylum. Flukes are leaf-shaped worms that typically infect the internal organs of their hosts, while tapeworms are long, segmented worms that live in the intestines of vertebrates. Therefore, Platyhelminthes is the appropriate phylum for organisms like flukes and tapeworms.

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  • 29. 

    Phylum that includes thorny-headed worms.

    Explanation
    Acanthocephala is the correct answer because it is the phylum that includes thorny-headed worms. These worms are characterized by their spiny proboscis, which they use to attach themselves to the intestines of their host. Acanthocephala is a diverse group of parasites that can be found in a variety of hosts, including fish, birds, and mammals. They have a unique body structure and reproductive system, making them distinct from other phyla.

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  • 30. 

    Phylum that includes roundworms.

    Explanation
    Nematoda is the correct answer because it is the phylum that includes roundworms. Nematodes, commonly known as roundworms, are a diverse group of worms that are characterized by their long, cylindrical bodies. They can be found in a wide range of habitats, including soil, freshwater, and marine environments. Nematodes play important roles in ecosystems as decomposers, predators, and parasites. They are also known for their ability to survive in extreme conditions and their high reproductive capacity. Overall, Nematoda is the phylum that encompasses these unique and fascinating organisms.

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