Introduction To Nursing Informatics

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Introduction To Nursing Informatics - Quiz

This quiz is about the history of nursing informatics, computers in nursing and basic terminologies.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When was the abacus invented?

    • A.

      3rd Century BC

    • B.

      400 BC

    • C.

      4th Century BC

    • D.

      5thCentury BC

    Correct Answer
    C. 4th Century BC
    Explanation
    The abacus was invented in the 4th Century BC. This ancient calculating tool was used for performing arithmetic calculations. It consisted of a series of rods or wires with beads that could be moved back and forth. The invention of the abacus revolutionized mathematics and greatly aided in calculations before the invention of modern calculators and computers.

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  • 2. 

    When was Intel founded?

    • A.

      1968

    • B.

      1969

    • C.

      1970

    • D.

      1971

    • E.

      1972

    Correct Answer
    A. 1968
    Explanation
    Intel was founded in 1968.

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  • 3. 

    When was Microsoft born?

    • A.

      1971

    • B.

      1972

    • C.

      1973

    • D.

      1974

    • E.

      1975

    Correct Answer
    E. 1975
    Explanation
    Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975. This answer is correct because it accurately states the year in which Microsoft was born.

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  • 4. 

    When was Windows 1.0 first distributed?

    • A.

      1975

    • B.

      1980

    • C.

      1985

    • D.

      1990

    • E.

      1995

    Correct Answer
    C. 1985
    Explanation
    Windows 1.0 was first distributed in 1985. This was the initial version of the Microsoft Windows operating system, which introduced a graphical user interface (GUI) to the PC platform. It provided a more user-friendly experience compared to the command-line interface of MS-DOS. Windows 1.0 included features such as a control panel, windows for multitasking, and support for graphics and peripherals. Its release marked the beginning of the Windows series, which has since evolved into the widely used operating system we know today.

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  • 5. 

    What fastfood chain first offers ordering on its webpage?

    • A.

      Mc Donalds

    • B.

      Pizza Hut

    • C.

      Wendy's

    • D.

      KFC

    • E.

      Jollibee

    Correct Answer
    B. Pizza Hut
    Explanation
    Pizza Hut was the first fast food chain to offer ordering on its webpage. This means that customers could place their orders online through the Pizza Hut website, providing convenience and ease of access. This innovation allowed customers to skip the hassle of calling or visiting the restaurant in person to place their orders, making it a significant advancement in the fast food industry.

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  • 6. 

    Who is the "Father of Modern Computing"?

    • A.

      Bill Gates

    • B.

      Wilhelm Schickard

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      Gordon Moore

    Correct Answer
    C. Charles Babbage
    Explanation
    Charles Babbage is considered the "Father of Modern Computing" because he designed the first mechanical computer, known as the Analytical Engine, in the 19th century. Although his machine was never fully built during his lifetime, his concepts and designs laid the foundation for modern computers. Babbage's ideas included the use of punch cards for input and output, a central processing unit, and the concept of a stored program. His work paved the way for the development of computers as we know them today, making him a significant figure in the history of computing.

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  • 7. 

    What was consider as the first "personal" computer?

    • A.

      Altair 8800

    • B.

      Apple Macintosh

    • C.

      IBM PC

    • D.

      Alistair 8600

    Correct Answer
    A. Altair 8800
    Explanation
    The Altair 8800 is considered the first "personal" computer because it was the first computer that was affordable and accessible to individuals for personal use. It was introduced in 1975 and was sold as a build-it-yourself kit. This computer sparked the hobbyist and home computer revolution, leading to the development of other personal computers like the Apple Macintosh and IBM PC. The Alistair 8600 is not a recognized computer model, so it cannot be considered the first "personal" computer.

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  • 8. 

    Defines nursing informatics as "the use of computer technology to support nursing, including clinical practice, administration, education and research".

    • A.

      ANA

    • B.

      Graves and Corcoran

    • C.

      Saba and Mc Cormick

    • D.

      Hebda

    Correct Answer
    D. Hebda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hebda. Nursing informatics is defined as the use of computer technology to support nursing, including clinical practice, administration, education, and research. This definition aligns with the expertise and knowledge of Hebda in the field of nursing informatics.

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  • 9. 

    Which is not included on the four cornerstone of nursing process?

    • A.

      Assessment

    • B.

      Documentation

    • C.

      Planning

    • D.

      Implementation

    • E.

      Evaluation

    Correct Answer
    B. Documentation
    Explanation
    Documentation is not included as one of the four cornerstones of the nursing process. The four cornerstones are assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Documentation is an important aspect of nursing practice, but it is not considered a separate cornerstone. Documentation is the process of recording and documenting the nursing care provided to patients, including assessments, interventions, and outcomes. It is essential for communication, continuity of care, and legal purposes. However, it is not considered one of the foundational steps in the nursing process.

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  • 10. 

    This refers to information that has been synthesized so that interrelationships are identified and formalized.

    • A.

      Data

    • B.

      Information

    • C.

      Knowledge

    • D.

      Logic

    • E.

      Wisdom

    Correct Answer
    C. Knowledge
    Explanation
    Knowledge refers to information that has been synthesized so that interrelationships are identified and formalized. It goes beyond raw data and basic information by organizing and understanding the relationships between different pieces of information. Knowledge is the result of processing and analyzing data and information to gain a deeper understanding and insight. It involves the application of logic and critical thinking to make sense of the information and draw conclusions. Wisdom, on the other hand, goes a step further by incorporating values, experience, and judgment to apply knowledge in practical and ethical ways.

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  • 11. 

    Discrete entities that are described objectively without interpretation.

    Correct Answer
    data
    Explanation
    Data refers to discrete entities that are described objectively without interpretation. It can be in the form of numbers, text, images, or any other format that can be processed by a computer. Data is raw and unprocessed information that can be analyzed and used to derive insights and make informed decisions.

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  • 12. 

    A growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to the growing total number or size.

    Correct Answer
    exponential growth
    Explanation
    Exponential growth refers to a pattern where the rate of growth increases exponentially as the total number or size increases. In other words, the growth becomes more rapid as the quantity being measured gets larger. This type of growth is often seen in natural phenomena such as population growth or the spread of diseases. It is characterized by a steep upward curve on a graph, indicating that the growth rate is accelerating over time.

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  • 13. 

    Provide information to assist the manager and administration in the decision making process

    Correct Answer
    MIS
    Management Information System
  • 14. 

    Can be defined as a computer generation of a complete environment.

    Correct Answer
    VR
    Virtual Reality
    Explanation
    VR, or Virtual Reality, can be defined as a computer-generated environment that simulates a realistic experience. It involves the use of specialized equipment, such as headsets and controllers, to create an immersive and interactive virtual world. Users can explore and interact with this environment as if they were physically present in it. VR is often used in various fields, including gaming, education, healthcare, and training, to provide a more engaging and realistic experience for users.

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  • 15. 

    The art and science of turning data into information.

    Correct Answer
    Informatics
    Explanation
    Informatics is the field that combines both art and science to transform raw data into meaningful and useful information. It involves the use of various techniques, tools, and technologies to collect, analyze, interpret, and present data in a way that can be easily understood and utilized. By applying informatics, organizations can gain valuable insights, make informed decisions, and improve overall performance.

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  • 16. 

    CPU

    Correct Answer
    Central Processing Unit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Central Processing Unit" because CPU stands for Central Processing Unit. The CPU is the main component of a computer that performs most of the processing inside the computer. It carries out instructions of a computer program by performing basic arithmetic, logical, control, and input/output (I/O) operations.

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  • 17. 

    LAN

    Correct Answer
    Local Area Networking
    Explanation
    LAN stands for Local Area Networking, which refers to a network that connects computers and devices within a limited geographical area such as a home, office building, or campus. It allows for the sharing of resources, such as files and printers, and enables communication between devices. LANs are typically faster and more secure than wide area networks (WANs) as they cover a smaller area.

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  • 18. 

    EMR

    Correct Answer
    Electronic Medical Record
    Explanation
    EMR stands for Electronic Medical Record. It is a digital version of a patient's paper chart that contains their medical history, diagnoses, medications, and treatment plans. EMRs are used by healthcare providers to store and access patient information securely. They improve the efficiency and accuracy of healthcare delivery by enabling easy sharing of information between different healthcare providers and reducing the risk of errors caused by illegible handwriting or lost paper records. EMRs also support clinical decision-making by providing alerts and reminders for preventive screenings and potential drug interactions.

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  • 19. 

    VR

    Correct Answer
    Virtual Reality
  • 20. 

    PDA

    Correct Answer
    Personal Digital Assistant
    Personal Data Assistant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Personal Digital Assistant." A PDA, or Personal Digital Assistant, is a handheld device that functions as a personal organizer, allowing users to store and manage personal information such as contacts, calendars, and notes. It also typically includes features such as email, web browsing, and multimedia capabilities. While "Personal Data Assistant" may seem like a plausible answer, it is not the commonly used term for this type of device.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 20, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sir_ken
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