Can You Pass This Experimental Psychology Test?

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Can You Pass This Experimental Psychology Test? - Quiz

The Experimental Psychology analyses relationships between human behaviour and the mind. It is centred on fact-based and scientific research. This quiz has been designed to test your initial understanding of the field of experimental psychology and will allow you to learn about your base knowledge for the preparation of the exams. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is the Father of Experimental Psychology?

    • A.

      Sigmund Freud

    • B.

      Abraham Maslow

    • C.

      Hermann Ebbinghaus

    • D.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    Correct Answer
    D. Wilhelm Wundt
    Explanation
    Wilhelm Wundt is considered the Father of Experimental Psychology because he is credited with establishing the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879. He believed that psychology should be a science and focused on studying human consciousness through experimental methods. Wundt's work laid the foundation for modern psychology and his emphasis on experimental methods greatly influenced the development of the field.

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  • 2. 

    Experimental psychology is about..

    • A.

      Testing correlational hypothesis

    • B.

      Validating hypothetical situations

    • C.

      Knowing the significant effect of a therapy

    • D.

      Identifying causal relationship

    Correct Answer
    D. Identifying causal relationship
    Explanation
    Experimental psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on conducting experiments to understand the causal relationship between variables. It involves manipulating independent variables to observe their effects on dependent variables, allowing researchers to determine cause and effect. By conducting controlled experiments, experimental psychologists aim to identify the causal relationship between variables and gain a deeper understanding of human behavior and cognition.

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  • 3. 

    It the most stage of a study that is prerequisite to an experimental study.

    • A.

      Correlation

    • B.

      Regression studies

    • C.

      Structure studies

    • D.

      Exploratory relationship

    Correct Answer
    B. Regression studies
    Explanation
    Regression studies are the most stage of a study that is prerequisite to an experimental study. This means that before conducting an experimental study, researchers often conduct regression studies to examine the relationship between variables and make predictions. Regression studies involve analyzing the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables, using statistical techniques to determine the strength and direction of the relationship. This helps researchers understand the variables involved and provides a foundation for designing and conducting an experimental study.

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  • 4. 

    A research hypothesis is considered experimental in nature when it assesses.

    • A.

      Difference

    • B.

      Relationship

    • C.

      Structure

    • D.

      Prediction

    Correct Answer
    A. Difference
    Explanation
    An experimental research hypothesis is focused on assessing the difference between two or more variables or conditions. It aims to determine if there is a significant distinction or variation between the groups being compared. This type of hypothesis is commonly used in experimental studies where researchers manipulate independent variables to observe their effect on dependent variables and compare the outcomes. By assessing the difference, researchers can draw conclusions about the effectiveness or impact of the variables being studied.

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  • 5. 

    In doing experimental studies, researchers should assure that respondents are provided with complete knowledge of the impact of the experiment on them. It is called.

    • A.

      Confidentiality

    • B.

      Debriefing

    • C.

      Informed consent

    • D.

      Double blind

    Correct Answer
    C. Informed consent
    Explanation
    Informed consent refers to the process of ensuring that participants in an experimental study are fully aware of the potential impact and risks associated with the study before they agree to participate. This includes providing them with all relevant information about the study, such as its purpose, procedures, and any potential benefits or harms. Informed consent is important to ensure that participants can make an informed decision about their participation and to protect their rights and well-being.

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  • 6. 

    In an experiment, the variable manipulated by the experimenter is the ________ variable, and the behaviour recorded by the experimenter is the ________ variable

    • A.

      Observed; control

    • B.

      Independent; dependent

    • C.

      Dependent; independent

    • D.

      Control; observed

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent; dependent
    Explanation
    In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is manipulated by the experimenter, meaning that the experimenter has control over it. On the other hand, the dependent variable is the behavior or outcome that is being measured or observed by the experimenter. The dependent variable is dependent on the independent variable, as any changes in the independent variable may cause changes in the dependent variable.

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  • 7. 

    Experiments are conducted in order to:

    • A.

      All of these

    • B.

      Replicate and extend previous findings

    • C.

      Just see what happens.

    • D.

      Test theories

    Correct Answer
    A. All of these
    Explanation
    Experiments are conducted for various reasons, including replicating and extending previous findings, testing theories, and simply observing what happens. Replication and extension of previous findings are important to validate and build upon existing knowledge. Testing theories allows researchers to examine the validity and applicability of proposed explanations. Additionally, experiments are conducted to observe and understand phenomena, even if there are no specific theories or hypotheses involved. Therefore, all of these reasons are valid explanations for conducting experiments.

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  • 8. 

    In a between-subjects experimental design, each participant is given ________ level of the independent variable, whereas, in a within-subjects design, each participant is given ________ level of the independent variable.

    • A.

      One; each

    • B.

      One; one

    • C.

      Each; one

    • D.

      Each; each

    Correct Answer
    A. One; each
    Explanation
    In a between-subjects experimental design, each participant is given one level of the independent variable. This means that each participant is assigned to only one condition or treatment group. On the other hand, in a within-subjects design, each participant is given each level of the independent variable. This means that each participant experiences all the conditions or treatment groups, allowing for a comparison within the same individual.

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  • 9. 

    Quasi-experiments differ from true experiments in that quasi-experiments involve:

    • A.

      Naturally occurring dependent variables.

    • B.

      Using only animal participants.

    • C.

      Naturally occurring independent variables

    • D.

      Greater demand characteristics.

    Correct Answer
    C. Naturally occurring independent variables
    Explanation
    Quasi-experiments differ from true experiments because they involve naturally occurring independent variables. In true experiments, researchers manipulate the independent variable to observe its effects on the dependent variable. However, in quasi-experiments, researchers do not have control over the independent variable as it occurs naturally in the environment. This makes it difficult to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the independent and dependent variables.

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  • 10. 

    Psychologists attempt to make different groups of participants as similar as possible via:

    • A.

      Randomization

    • B.

      Confounding

    • C.

      Correlation

    • D.

      Regression to the mean

    Correct Answer
    A. Randomization
    Explanation
    Psychologists attempt to make different groups of participants as similar as possible via randomization. Randomization involves randomly assigning participants to different groups, ensuring that each group is representative of the larger population. This helps to minimize the influence of any potential confounding variables that could affect the results. By randomly assigning participants, researchers can increase the likelihood that any differences observed between groups are due to the independent variable being studied, rather than other factors. Randomization is an important methodological technique in experimental research to enhance the internal validity of the study.

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