What Do You Know About Instrumentation? Trivia Quiz

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Questions: 16 | Attempts: 2,546

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What Do You Know About Instrumentation? Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Expand PLC

    • A.

      Programming Logic Centre

    • B.

      Programming Logic Control

    • C.

      Programmable Logic Controller

    • D.

      Proper Logic Center

    Correct Answer
    C. Programmable Logic Controller
    Explanation
    PLC stands for Programmable Logic Controller. A Programmable Logic Controller is a digital computer used in industries to automate processes and control machinery. It is designed to perform specific tasks and can be easily programmed and reprogrammed to adapt to different applications. PLCs are commonly used in manufacturing plants, power stations, and other industrial settings to monitor inputs, make decisions based on logic, and control outputs. They play a crucial role in improving efficiency, reducing human error, and ensuring safe and reliable operation of industrial processes.

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  • 2. 

    What is the PIT?

    • A.

      Pressure Indicating Transmitter

    • B.

      Proper Indication Transformer

    • C.

      Pressure Indicating Transformer

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Pressure Indicating Transmitter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pressure Indicating Transmitter. A Pressure Indicating Transmitter is a device that measures and transmits the pressure of a fluid or gas. It is commonly used in industrial applications to monitor and control pressure levels. The transmitter converts the pressure into an electrical signal, which can then be displayed or recorded for analysis. This device is important in ensuring the safe and efficient operation of various systems, such as pipelines, tanks, and machinery.

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  • 3. 

    Diagramatic representation of instruments called

    • A.

      P & C

    • B.

      P & D

    • C.

      P & IC

    • D.

      P & ID

    Correct Answer
    D. P & ID
    Explanation
    The correct answer is P & ID. P & ID stands for Piping and Instrumentation Diagram. It is a diagrammatic representation of the process flow and instrumentation in a plant or industrial facility. It shows the interconnections between various equipment, instruments, valves, and pipes, along with their respective symbols and tags. P & ID is commonly used in engineering and design to understand and communicate the functioning of a process or system.

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  • 4. 

    Instruments controlling liquid quantity 

    • A.

      FCV

    • B.

      LCV

    • C.

      BTV

    • D.

      PTV

    Correct Answer
    A. FCV
    Explanation
    FCV stands for Flow Control Valve. In the context of instruments controlling liquid quantity, a flow control valve is used to regulate the flow rate of a liquid. It can be adjusted to increase or decrease the flow of liquid depending on the desired quantity. Therefore, FCV is a suitable instrument for controlling liquid quantity.

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  • 5. 

    BV is

    • A.

      Ball Valve

    • B.

      Butterfly valve

    • C.

      Basket valve

    • D.

      Bolt valve

    Correct Answer
    A. Ball Valve
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ball Valve because it is a type of valve that uses a ball-shaped disc to control the flow of fluid through it. The ball has a hole or port in the middle, which allows the fluid to pass through when the valve is open. When the valve is closed, the ball is rotated to block the flow, providing a tight seal. Ball valves are commonly used in various industries due to their durability, reliability, and ability to handle high-pressure and high-temperature applications.

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  • 6. 

    PV stands for

    • A.

      Pressure valve

    • B.

      Plug valve

    • C.

      Plain Valve

    • D.

      Post valve

    Correct Answer
    B. Plug valve
    Explanation
    PV stands for Plug valve. A plug valve is a type of valve that has a cylindrical or conical plug inside the valve body. This plug can be rotated to control the flow of fluid through the valve. Plug valves are commonly used in various industries to control the flow of liquids or gases.

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  • 7. 

    PLC has ____ in built SCADA.

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      0

    Correct Answer
    D. 0
    Explanation
    PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) does not have an in-built SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system. SCADA is a separate system that is used to monitor and control industrial processes. Therefore, the correct answer is 0, indicating that there is no in-built SCADA in a PLC.

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  • 8. 

    Flange to flange distance in a piping lay out is

    • A.

      12mm

    • B.

      10mm

    • C.

      25mm

    • D.

      15mm

    Correct Answer
    C. 25mm
    Explanation
    The flange to flange distance in a piping layout refers to the measurement between the two flanges that are used to connect two sections of pipe. In this case, the correct answer is 25mm, indicating that the distance between the flanges is 25mm.

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  • 9. 

    In-built SCADA in 

    • A.

      PLC

    • B.

      DCS

    • C.

      LDR

    • D.

      FSC

    Correct Answer
    B. DCS
  • 10. 

    SS means

    • A.

      Stair stack

    • B.

      Simple Stack

    • C.

      Stainless Steel

    • D.

      Simple Steel

    Correct Answer
    C. Stainless Steel
    Explanation
    The abbreviation "SS" commonly stands for "Stainless Steel." Stainless steel is a type of steel alloy that contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium, which provides it with excellent corrosion resistance. It is widely used in various industries, including construction, automotive, and kitchenware, due to its durability, strength, and aesthetic appeal. Therefore, in the given options, "SS" most likely refers to stainless steel.

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  • 11. 

    Basic instruments are measuring in the range:

    • A.

      0-20mA

    • B.

      0-10mA

    • C.

      4-20mA

    • D.

      3-15mA

    Correct Answer
    C. 4-20mA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4-20mA because this range is commonly used in industrial applications for measuring and controlling analog signals. The lower limit of 4mA ensures that there is a minimum current flowing through the circuit, even in the presence of noise or other disturbances. The upper limit of 20mA allows for a wide range of values to be measured accurately. This range also provides a clear distinction between normal operation (4-20mA) and fault conditions (below 4mA or above 20mA), making it easier to detect and troubleshoot any issues.

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  • 12. 

    What is redundancy?

    • A.

      It is a phenomenon

    • B.

      Back up

    • C.

      Reduce size

    • D.

      Reduce accuracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Back up
    Explanation
    Redundancy refers to the act of creating backups or duplicates of data or systems. It is a precautionary measure taken to ensure that data is not lost in case of system failures, accidents, or any other unforeseen circumstances. By creating backups, organizations can restore the data and continue their operations without significant disruptions. Therefore, the answer "Back up" accurately describes redundancy as it highlights the purpose of creating duplicates to ensure data availability and continuity.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following have redundancy?

    • A.

      PLC

    • B.

      DCS

    • C.

      None of these

    • D.

      Both of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Both of these
    Explanation
    Both PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) and DCS (Distributed Control System) have redundancy. Redundancy refers to the duplication of critical components or systems to ensure continuous operation and minimize the risk of failure. In the case of PLC and DCS, redundancy is implemented to enhance reliability and availability. Redundant components or systems are used to provide backup in case of a failure, allowing the automation system to continue functioning without interruption. This redundancy feature is crucial in industries where downtime can result in significant financial losses or safety hazards.

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  • 14. 

    RTD is used to measure

    • A.

      Pressure

    • B.

      Flow

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Density

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature
    Explanation
    RTD stands for Resistance Temperature Detector, which is a type of sensor used to measure temperature. It operates based on the principle that the electrical resistance of certain metals changes with temperature. By measuring the resistance, the RTD can accurately determine the temperature. Therefore, RTD is commonly used in various industries and applications where temperature measurement is crucial, such as in industrial processes, HVAC systems, and scientific research.

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  • 15. 

    Temperature can be measured upto______ degree Celcius.

    • A.

      1000

    • B.

      2000

    • C.

      100

    • D.

      Any value

    Correct Answer
    D. Any value
    Explanation
    Temperature can be measured up to any value in degrees Celsius because the Celsius scale is a continuous scale that extends infinitely in both the positive and negative directions. This means that there is no upper or lower limit to the temperature that can be measured using the Celsius scale. Therefore, any temperature, whether extremely high or extremely low, can be measured in degrees Celsius.

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  • 16. 

    Gears are used in instrumentation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Sometimes

    • D.

      Never

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Gears are not typically used in instrumentation. Instrumentation refers to the use of instruments or devices to measure or control various parameters such as temperature, pressure, flow, etc. Gears are mechanical devices that transmit power or motion from one part of a machine to another. While gears may be used in certain mechanical systems or machines, they are not directly related to instrumentation in most cases. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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