Inside The Personal Computer

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 261
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 261

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Personal Computer Quizzes & Trivia

Tests basic knowledge of the personal computer. Introduction to hardware.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This is a special type of memory chip that uses a small battery to retain information about your PC's hardware configuration even while the computer is turned off.

    • A.

      Video Card

    • B.

      CMOS

    • C.

      Hardware Chip

    • D.

      BIOS

    • E.

      Expansion Slot

    Correct Answer
    B. CMOS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CMOS. CMOS stands for Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor, which is a type of memory chip that uses a small battery to retain information about the computer's hardware configuration even when the computer is turned off. This information includes settings such as the date and time, as well as other important system configuration data. CMOS is commonly used in computers to store the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) settings, which are essential for the computer to boot up properly.

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  • 2. 

    This component of the pc has magnetic recordings of your programs and documents on hard, thin platters.

    • A.

      Power Supply

    • B.

      Floppy Drive

    • C.

      Thin Drive

    • D.

      Keyboard Port

    • E.

      Hard Drive

    Correct Answer
    E. Hard Drive
    Explanation
    The hard drive is the correct answer because it is the component of the PC that has magnetic recordings of programs and documents on hard, thin platters. The power supply provides power to the computer, the floppy drive is a storage device that uses floppy disks, the keyboard port is the connection point for the keyboard, and thin drive is not a recognized component of a PC.

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  • 3. 

    This port allows keyboards, input devices, flash memory, printers, and other devices to connect to the PC without encountering resource conflicts.

    • A.

      USB Port

    • B.

      Parallel Port

    • C.

      Modem

    • D.

      Expansion Slot

    • E.

      BIOS

    Correct Answer
    A. USB Port
    Explanation
    The USB port allows various devices such as keyboards, input devices, flash memory, printers, and others to connect to the PC without encountering resource conflicts. It provides a universal connection method, allowing multiple devices to be connected and used simultaneously. This makes it convenient and efficient for users to connect and use different peripherals with their computer.

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  • 4. 

    This component translates image information into the varying electrical currents needed to display an image on the monitor.

    • A.

      Sound Card

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      CD-ROM

    • D.

      Video Card

    • E.

      Microprocessor

    Correct Answer
    D. Video Card
    Explanation
    The video card is responsible for translating image information into electrical currents that are necessary to display an image on the monitor. It processes the data from the computer and converts it into a format that the monitor can understand, allowing the user to see the images and videos on the screen. Without a video card, the monitor would not be able to display any visual information.

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  • 5. 

    This component is often called the brains of a computer, is a tight, complex collection of transistors arranged so that they can be used to manipulate data

    • A.

      Data Processor

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      Microprocessor

    • D.

      Heat Sink

    • E.

      Real-Time Clock

    Correct Answer
    C. Microprocessor
    Explanation
    The microprocessor is often referred to as the brains of a computer because it is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is a complex collection of transistors that are arranged in such a way that they can manipulate data. The microprocessor is the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer and is responsible for carrying out all the necessary computations and operations. It is the main component that enables a computer to process and manipulate data efficiently.

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  • 6. 

    All electricity enters your PC through this shielded metal box.

    • A.

      Fan

    • B.

      Electricity Box

    • C.

      Disk Controller

    • D.

      Power Supply

    • E.

      CMOS Battery

    Correct Answer
    D. Power Supply
    Explanation
    The power supply is responsible for supplying electricity to the PC. It acts as a shielded metal box that receives all the electricity and distributes it to the various components of the PC. This ensures that the electricity is properly regulated and protected from any external interference. Without a power supply, the PC would not receive the necessary electricity to function properly.

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  • 7. 

    This component is used to dissipate heat so that internal components of the microprocessor don't melt.

    • A.

      Processor Cooler

    • B.

      Keyboard Port

    • C.

      Sound Card

    • D.

      Heat Sink

    • E.

      USB Port

    Correct Answer
    D. Heat Sink
    Explanation
    A heat sink is a component used to dissipate heat generated by the microprocessor. It is designed to absorb and transfer heat away from the processor, preventing it from reaching high temperatures that could potentially cause damage or melting of internal components. Heat sinks are typically made of metal, such as aluminum or copper, which have high thermal conductivity to efficiently transfer heat. They are essential in maintaining the optimal operating temperature of the microprocessor and ensuring its longevity and performance.

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  • 8. 

    This component uses a laser beam to read data from a spiral of indentation and flat areas on a layer of metallic film.

    • A.

      Hard Drive

    • B.

      Video Card

    • C.

      Floppy Drive

    • D.

      Laser Drive

    • E.

      CD-ROM/DVD-ROM

    Correct Answer
    E. CD-ROM/DVD-ROM
    Explanation
    CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drives use a laser beam to read data from a spiral of indentation and flat areas on a layer of metallic film. The laser beam scans the surface of the disc and detects changes in the reflection of the light caused by the indentations and flat areas. This allows the drive to read the data stored on the disc and retrieve it for playback or copying. CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drives are commonly used for playing audio CDs, watching movies, and installing software from discs.

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  • 9. 

    This component has a vibrating crystal that sets the pace and synchronizes the work of all other components.

    • A.

      CMOS

    • B.

      BIOS

    • C.

      Real-Time Clock

    • D.

      Crystal Clock

    • E.

      Serial Port

    Correct Answer
    C. Real-Time Clock
    Explanation
    The Real-Time Clock is the correct answer because it is a component that contains a vibrating crystal which sets the pace and synchronizes the work of all other components. This clock is responsible for keeping track of the current time and date, and it ensures that all other components in a system are working in sync with each other. The vibrating crystal in the Real-Time Clock generates a precise frequency that acts as a reference for timing operations in the system.

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  • 10. 

    This component connects your PC to a telephone line so that you can get to information services and the Internet.

    • A.

      Telephone Port

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      Parallel Port

    • D.

      Modem

    • E.

      CMOS

    Correct Answer
    D. Modem
    Explanation
    A modem is a component that connects a PC to a telephone line, allowing access to information services and the internet. It converts digital signals from the computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over telephone lines, and vice versa. This enables the computer to communicate with other computers or servers through the telephone network.

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  • 11. 

    How much data can a CD hold?

    • A.

      65 bytes

    • B.

      650 gigabytes

    • C.

      600 megabytes

    • D.

      650 megabytes

    • E.

      4.7 gigabytes

    Correct Answer
    D. 650 megabytes
    Explanation
    A CD can hold up to 650 megabytes of data. This is a standard capacity for a CD, allowing it to store a significant amount of information, such as audio tracks, documents, or software.

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  • 12. 

    This component serves as an intermediary between the operating software running your computer and the various hardware components.

    • A.

      BIOS

    • B.

      RAM

    • C.

      Intermediate Chip

    • D.

      Mouse Port

    • E.

      Disk Controller

    Correct Answer
    A. BIOS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is BIOS. BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System, and it is a firmware that is responsible for initializing and testing hardware components during the booting process. It acts as an intermediary between the operating system and the hardware, providing essential functions and services for the computer to function properly. Without the BIOS, the operating system would not be able to communicate with the hardware components effectively.

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  • 13. 

    This component contains circuitry for recording and reproducing multimedia sound.

    • A.

      Sound Port

    • B.

      Serial Port

    • C.

      CMOS

    • D.

      Fan

    • E.

      Sound Card

    Correct Answer
    E. Sound Card
    Explanation
    A sound card is a component that is responsible for recording and reproducing multimedia sound. It contains circuitry that enables the computer to process and output audio signals. The sound card is essential for providing high-quality sound output and input for multimedia applications such as music, movies, and games. It acts as an interface between the computer's audio software and the speakers or headphones, allowing users to enjoy a rich and immersive audio experience.

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  • 14. 

    RAM is where the computer stores programs and data while it uses them. What do the letters stand for?

    • A.

      Random Applied Memory

    • B.

      Random Access Memory

    • C.

      Round Access Memory

    • D.

      Real Access Memory

    • E.

      Random Access Module

    Correct Answer
    B. Random Access Memory
    Explanation
    RAM stands for Random Access Memory. It is a type of computer memory that allows data to be read from and written to in any order, regardless of the physical location of the data within the memory. This makes it a fast and efficient form of memory for computers to use while they are running programs and processing data.

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  • 15. 

    True or False. An expansion slot contains system files that operate your computer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An expansion slot is a socket on a computer motherboard that allows for the installation of additional hardware components, such as graphics cards, sound cards, or network cards. It does not contain system files that operate the computer. System files are typically stored on the computer's hard drive or solid-state drive and are responsible for the basic operation of the operating system and software applications. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 16. 

    True or False. When the computer is turned off, the contents of RAM are saved.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When the computer is turned off, the contents of RAM are not saved. RAM (Random Access Memory) is a type of volatile memory, which means that it requires a constant flow of electricity to retain data. When the power is cut off, the data stored in RAM is lost. This is why it is important to save any important data to a non-volatile storage device, such as a hard drive, before turning off the computer.

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  • 17. 

    True or False. Because a hard drive produces so much heat, a heat sink is used to dissipate the heat so that the internal components don't melt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A hard drive does not produce a significant amount of heat that would require a heat sink to dissipate it. While hard drives do generate some heat during operation, it is not enough to cause the internal components to melt. Heat sinks are commonly used in devices like CPUs and GPUs that generate a higher amount of heat. Therefore, the statement that a heat sink is used for a hard drive to prevent internal components from melting is false.

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  • 18. 

    True or False. A hard drive uses a small battery to retain information about your PC's hardware configuration.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A hard drive does not use a small battery to retain information about a PC's hardware configuration. Instead, it stores data magnetically on spinning disks or solid-state memory chips. The data remains intact even when the power supply is disconnected. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 19. 

    True or False. The BIOS draws cool air over heat critical components inside the PC case.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) is a firmware that is responsible for initializing and controlling hardware components during the boot process. It is not directly involved in drawing cool air over heat critical components inside the PC case. The task of cooling components is typically performed by fans and cooling systems, which are separate from the BIOS. Therefore, the statement that the BIOS draws cool air over heat critical components is false.

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