Infectious Bacteria Part 2

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| By Turnforever23
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Turnforever23
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 266
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 76

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Infectious Bacteria Part 2 - Quiz

This quiz is about infectious bacteria


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What causes psittacosis?

    • A.

      Clostridium psittaci, gram negative, rod

    • B.

      Chlamydia psittaci, gram positive, rod

    • C.

      Clostridium psittaci, OIP

    • D.

      Chlamydia psittaci, OIP

    Correct Answer
    D. Chlamydia psittaci, OIP
    Explanation
    Psittacosis is caused by Chlamydia psittaci, an organism that is gram negative and rod-shaped. OIP refers to ornithosis-infectious pneumonia, which is another name for psittacosis.

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  • 2. 

    What causes chlamydia?

    Correct Answer
    Chlamydia trachomatis
    chlamydia trachomatis
    Explanation
    Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of chlamydia. It is a bacterial infection that is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. Chlamydia trachomatis infects the genital tract, causing symptoms such as discharge, pain during urination, and pelvic pain. It can also affect other parts of the body, including the eyes and throat. Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection and can be easily treated with antibiotics.

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  • 3. 

    What is not a characteristic of the bacterium that causes Botulism?

    • A.

      Clostridium botulinum causes it

    • B.

      Chlamydia botulinum causes it

    • C.

      It is gram positive

    • D.

      It is rod shaped

    Correct Answer
    B. Chlamydia botulinum causes it
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Chlamydia botulinum causes Botulism. However, this is incorrect. The correct answer is that Chlamydia botulinum does not cause Botulism. The bacterium that causes Botulism is Clostridium botulinum. Therefore, the given answer is incorrect because it provides incorrect information about the causative agent of Botulism.

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  • 4. 

    What is true of Campylobacter jejuni? you may choose more than one

    • A.

      Causes gastroenteritis

    • B.

      Is gram positive

    • C.

      Causes jejunosis

    • D.

      Has a vibrio structure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Causes gastroenteritis
    D. Has a vibrio structure
    Explanation
    Campylobacter jejuni is a bacterium that causes gastroenteritis, an infection of the digestive system characterized by symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. It is not gram positive, as it is a gram-negative bacterium. It does not cause jejunosis, which is the inflammation of the jejunum, a part of the small intestine. However, it does have a vibrio structure, referring to its curved or spiral shape resembling the letter "S".

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  • 5. 

    What causes syphilis?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Treponema pallidum
    treponema pallidum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Treponema pallidum. This bacterium is the main cause of syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection. Treponema pallidum enters the body through direct contact with syphilis sores during sexual activity. It can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her unborn baby. The bacterium spreads through the bloodstream and can affect various organs, leading to a wide range of symptoms if left untreated. Treponema pallidum can be treated with antibiotics, but early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent complications.

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  • 6. 

    What describes the bacterium that causes diphtheria. you may choose more than one.

    • A.

      Rod shaped

    • B.

      Caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae

    • C.

      Caused by Clostridium diphtheriae

    • D.

      Gram positive

    • E.

      Gram negative

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rod shaped
    B. Caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae
    D. Gram positive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a combination of three statements: rod-shaped, caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and gram-positive. Diphtheria is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which is rod-shaped and stains purple in the Gram stain, indicating that it is gram-positive. Gram-negative bacteria would not be the cause of diphtheria.

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  • 7. 

    Which is false of Francisella tularensis? you may choose more than one.

    • A.

      Causes tularemia

    • B.

      It is gram negative

    • C.

      It is rod shaped

    • D.

      Causes "rabbit fever"

    • E.

      It is gram positive

    Correct Answer
    E. It is gram positive
    Explanation
    Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative bacterium, not gram-positive. Gram-negative bacteria have a thinner peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which does not retain the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining technique. This bacterium is also known for causing tularemia, a highly infectious disease commonly referred to as "rabbit fever." Additionally, it is rod-shaped, which is a characteristic shape of many bacteria.

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  • 8. 

    Haemophilus ducreyi causes

    Correct Answer
    chancroid
    Chancroid
    Explanation
    Haemophilus ducreyi is a bacterial pathogen that causes chancroid, a sexually transmitted infection. Chancroid is characterized by the development of painful genital ulcers, which can be accompanied by swollen lymph nodes in the groin area. It is primarily transmitted through sexual contact and is more common in regions with poor hygiene and limited access to healthcare. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics are essential to prevent complications and further transmission of the infection.

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  • 9. 

    Haemophilus influenzae causes?

    • A.

      Influenza

    • B.

      Gastroenteritis

    • C.

      Meningitis

    • D.

      Haemophilia

    Correct Answer
    C. Meningitis
    Explanation
    Haemophilus influenzae is a bacterium that can cause various infections, including meningitis. Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It can cause symptoms such as severe headache, fever, stiff neck, and sensitivity to light. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children under the age of 5. Vaccination against Hib has significantly reduced the incidence of this infection. Therefore, the correct answer is meningitis.

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  • 10. 

    Legionnaires disease is caused by

    Correct Answer
    Legionella pneumophilia
    legionella pneumophilia
    Explanation
    Legionnaires disease is caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila. This bacterium is commonly found in freshwater environments such as lakes and streams. It can also be present in man-made water systems like hot tubs, cooling towers, and plumbing systems. Legionnaires disease is a severe form of pneumonia that can be contracted by inhaling small droplets of water contaminated with the bacteria. Symptoms include high fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle aches, and headaches. Prompt treatment with antibiotics is necessary to prevent complications and potentially fatal outcomes.

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  • 11. 

    What is true of Listeria monocytogenes? you may choose more than one.

    • A.

      Rod shaped

    • B.

      Is gram positive

    • C.

      Causes listeriosis

    • D.

      Causes monocytogenosis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rod shaped
    B. Is gram positive
    C. Causes listeriosis
    Explanation
    Listeria monocytogenes is a rod-shaped bacterium that is gram-positive. It is known to cause listeriosis, a serious infection that can lead to severe illness or even death, especially in high-risk individuals such as pregnant women, newborns, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems. However, there is no evidence to suggest that Listeria monocytogenes causes monocytogenosis.

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  • 12. 

    What causes gonorrhea?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    neisseria gonorrhoeae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a type of bacteria that causes gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection. It is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. The bacteria can infect the genitals, rectum, and throat, leading to symptoms such as discharge, pain, and itching. If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious complications, including infertility and increased risk of HIV transmission. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention and get tested if you suspect you have been exposed to Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

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  • 13. 

    Name one disease that Neisseria meningitidis causes

    Correct Answer(s)
    meningococcemia
    Meningococcemia
    meningitis
    Meningitis
    Explanation
    Neisseria meningitidis is a bacterium that can cause two main diseases: meningococcemia and meningitis. Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by the bacteria, while meningitis is an infection that affects the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Both diseases can be severe and potentially life-threatening if not treated promptly.

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  • 14. 

    What is true of vibrio parahaemolyticus? you may choose more than one

    • A.

      Causes parahaemolytica

    • B.

      Is vibrio shaped

    • C.

      Gram negative

    • D.

      Causes gastroenteritis

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Is vibrio shaped
    C. Gram negative
    D. Causes gastroenteritis
    Explanation
    Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a bacterium that is vibrio-shaped, meaning it has a curved or comma-like shape. It is also gram-negative, which refers to its cell wall structure. Additionally, Vibrio parahaemolyticus is known to cause gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the stomach and intestines that leads to symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

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  • 15. 

    What causes urethritis in males and a UTI in females?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Ureaplasma urealyticum
    ureaplasma urealyticum
    Explanation
    Ureaplasma urealyticum is a type of bacteria that can cause urethritis in males and urinary tract infections (UTIs) in females. Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body, while UTIs are infections that occur in the urinary tract, which includes the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys. Ureaplasma urealyticum can infect the urinary tract, leading to these conditions.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Turnforever23
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