OSHA: Infection Control Practices! Quiz

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OSHA: Infection Control Practices! Quiz - Quiz


Are you familiar with OSHA? Do you believe you can get past this quiz? OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration. It is responsible for creating and enforcing workplace safety and health regulations. It is an agency of the United States Federal Government. Prevention practices are imperative and apply to all patient care, according to OSHA. Take on this test and see how much you understand about OSHA infection control.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    OSHA standards address issues relating to:

    • A.

      Handling products.

    • B.

      Storing products.

    • C.

      Your right to know about potentially hazardous product ingredients.

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these answers are correct.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that OSHA standards address issues relating to handling products, storing products, and your right to know about potentially hazardous product ingredients. OSHA stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which is a government agency that sets and enforces workplace safety regulations. These standards are in place to ensure that workers are protected from hazards in the workplace, including those related to handling and storing products, as well as providing them with information about potentially hazardous ingredients. Therefore, all of the given answers are correct.

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  • 2. 

    What can OSHA or state board inspectors do if a salon does not have MSDSs available for review during regular business hours?

    • A.

      Immediately shut the salon down.

    • B.

      Issue a fine to the salon.

    • C.

      Immediately revoke the salon manager's license.

    • D.

      Arrest and imprison the salon manager.

    Correct Answer
    B. Issue a fine to the salon.
    Explanation
    If a salon does not have MSDSs (Material Safety Data Sheets) available for review during regular business hours, OSHA or state board inspectors can issue a fine to the salon. MSDSs provide important information about the hazards of chemicals used in the salon, and it is a violation of safety regulations to not have them readily accessible. While the violation may result in penalties such as fines, it does not typically lead to immediate shutdown, license revocation, or arrest and imprisonment of the salon manager.

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  • 3. 

    Disinfectants used in the salon must be:

    • A.

      Bactericidal.

    • B.

      Fungicidal.

    • C.

      Virucidal.

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these answers are correct.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that all of these answers are correct. Disinfectants used in the salon must be bactericidal, meaning they are able to kill bacteria. They must also be fungicidal, meaning they are able to kill fungi. Additionally, they must be virucidal, meaning they are able to kill viruses. All of these properties are necessary to effectively disinfect and prevent the spread of infectious agents in the salon.

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  • 4. 

    Bacteria:

    • A.

      Can exist only on nonporous surfaces.

    • B.

      Are also known as microbes.

    • C.

      Can be seen by the naked eye.

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are also known as microbes.
    Explanation
    The given answer "are also known as microbes" is correct because bacteria are indeed referred to as microbes. Microbes are microscopic organisms, including bacteria, that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can be found in various environments and can have both beneficial and harmful effects on living organisms.

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  • 5. 

    Pathogenic bacteria are considered:

    • A.

      Harmful.

    • B.

      Beneficial.

    • C.

      Neither harmful nor beneficial.

    • D.

      Both harmful and beneficial.

    Correct Answer
    A. Harmful.
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are considered harmful because they can cause diseases and infections in humans, animals, and plants. These bacteria have the ability to invade and multiply in the host's body, leading to various symptoms and health problems. They can produce toxins, damage tissues, and disrupt normal bodily functions. Therefore, pathogenic bacteria are generally seen as detrimental and pose a threat to the well-being of living organisms.

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  • 6. 

    Which type of cocci grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes?

    • A.

      Streptococci

    • B.

      Bacilli

    • C.

      Staphylococci

    • D.

      Diplococcicci

    Correct Answer
    C. Staphylococci
    Explanation
    Staphylococci are a type of cocci that grow in clusters, resembling a bunch of grapes. They are spherical bacteria that divide in multiple planes, forming irregular clusters. This growth pattern is characteristic of staphylococci and distinguishes them from other types of cocci, such as streptococci, which grow in chains, and diplococci, which grow in pairs. Bacilli, on the other hand, are rod-shaped bacteria and not cocci. Therefore, the correct answer is staphylococci.

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  • 7. 

    Lyme disease is caused by which type of bacteria?

    • A.

      Bacilli

    • B.

      Spirilla

    • C.

      CocciF

    • D.

      None of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. Spirilla
    Explanation
    Lyme disease is caused by a type of bacteria called spirilla. Spirilla are spiral-shaped bacteria that can cause various diseases in humans, including Lyme disease. These bacteria are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks. Lyme disease can lead to symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, and a characteristic skin rash. If left untreated, it can cause more severe complications, affecting the joints, heart, and nervous system. Therefore, it is important to identify the correct type of bacteria, spirilla, as the cause of Lyme disease.

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  • 8. 

    During the spore-forming stage, bacteria:

    • A.

      Grow

    • B.

      Coat themselves with wax outer shells.

    • C.

      Are vulnerable to disinfectants.

    • D.

      Perform mitosis.

    Correct Answer
    B. Coat themselves with wax outer shells.
    Explanation
    During the spore-forming stage, bacteria coat themselves with wax outer shells. This protective coating helps the bacteria to survive in harsh environmental conditions such as extreme temperatures, desiccation, and exposure to disinfectants. The wax outer shell provides a barrier against these threats and allows the bacteria to remain dormant until conditions become favorable for growth and reproduction. This mechanism of spore formation and wax coating is an important survival strategy employed by certain bacteria.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT a sign of inflammation?

    • A.

      A cold spot on the skin

    • B.

      Redness

    • C.

      Swelling

    • D.

      Pain

    Correct Answer
    A. A cold spot on the skin
    Explanation
    A cold spot on the skin is not a sign of inflammation because inflammation is characterized by increased blood flow to the affected area, leading to redness, swelling, and warmth. A cold spot on the skin may indicate a lack of blood flow or reduced circulation to that area, which is not associated with inflammation.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is an example of a local infection?

    • A.

      Influenza

    • B.

      AIDS

    • C.

      An abscess

    • D.

      Pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    C. An abscess
    Explanation
    An abscess is an example of a local infection because it is a collection of pus that forms within body tissues, often as a result of a bacterial infection. It typically causes localized symptoms such as pain, swelling, and redness in the affected area. In contrast, influenza, AIDS, and pneumonia are systemic infections that can affect the entire body.

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  • 11. 

    When you remove all visible dirt and debris from something, you ____ it.

    • A.

      Disinfect

    • B.

      Sterilize

    • C.

      Clean

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. Clean
    Explanation
    Cleaning involves the removal of visible dirt and debris from something, leaving it in a tidy and presentable state. Disinfecting and sterilizing, on the other hand, involve killing or eliminating microorganisms or pathogens to ensure a hygienic and germ-free environment. While disinfecting and sterilizing are more comprehensive processes, cleaning is the initial step required to remove visible dirt and debris before proceeding with further sanitization measures. Therefore, the correct answer is clean.

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  • 12. 

    Sterilization:

    • A.

      Destroys most, but not all, bacteria.

    • B.

      Destroys spores.

    • C.

      Is commonly performed in salons.

    • D.

      Is done through the use of a disinfectant.

    Correct Answer
    B. Destroys spores.
    Explanation
    Sterilization is a process that aims to eliminate all forms of microbial life, including bacteria and spores. While it is true that sterilization destroys most bacteria, the key differentiating factor is its ability to also destroy spores. Spores are highly resistant forms of bacteria that can survive harsh conditions and are more difficult to eliminate compared to regular bacteria. Therefore, the correct answer is that sterilization destroys spores.

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  • 13. 

    Unless the label states otherwise, implements being disinfected must remain immersedin the disinfectant for at least ___ minutes.

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    C. 10
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 10 minutes because it is the minimum amount of time required for implements to be effectively disinfected. This ensures that any bacteria or germs present on the implements are killed and prevents the spread of infections. Immersing the implements in the disinfectant for a shorter duration may not be sufficient to achieve proper disinfection.

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  • 14. 

    Quats:

    • A.

      Usually disinfect implements instantly.

    • B.

      Are not safe for use in the salon.

    • C.

      Cannot damage your implements no matter how long they are immersed.

    • D.

      May contain aitirust ingredients.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are not safe for use in the salon.
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that Quats are not safe for use in the salon. This implies that Quats may pose a risk or harm to individuals or the environment when used in a salon setting. It is important to find alternative disinfectants that are safe and effective for salon use.

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  • 15. 

    Phenolis disinfectants have a:

    • A.

      Very high pH.

    • B.

      Very low pH.

    • C.

      Neutral pH.

    • D.

      Mildly alkaline pH.

    Correct Answer
    A. Very high pH.
    Explanation
    Phenolis disinfectants have a very high pH because they are alkaline in nature. The term "alkaline" refers to substances that have a pH value greater than 7. Phenolis disinfectants, being alkaline, have a pH level that is significantly higher than neutral (pH 7) or mildly alkaline. This high pH helps in their disinfecting properties as it creates an unfavorable environment for the growth of microorganisms.

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  • 16. 

    When using disinfectants you must always:

    • A.

      Wear gloves.

    • B.

      Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing and disposal.

    • C.

      Use tongs or a draining basket to remove implements from immersion.

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing and disposal.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing and disposal. This is important because different disinfectants have different instructions for proper use and dilution ratios. Following the manufacturer's instructions ensures that the disinfectant is used effectively and safely. It also helps in preventing any potential harm to the user or the environment. Disposal instructions are also crucial to prevent any contamination or environmental damage. Therefore, it is essential to adhere to the manufacturer's instructions when using disinfectants.

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  • 17. 

    A person who is asymtomatic:

    • A.

      Is immune to most types of disease.

    • B.

      Is exceptionally prone to most types of disease.

    • C.

      Shows multiple signs of infection.

    • D.

      Shows no sign of infection.

    Correct Answer
    D. Shows no sign of infection.
    Explanation
    A person who is asymptomatic shows no signs of infection. This means that even though they may be infected with a disease, they do not experience any symptoms typically associated with that disease. Asymptomatic individuals can still transmit the disease to others, even though they do not show any signs themselves. It is important to identify and monitor asymptomatic individuals to prevent the spread of diseases.

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  • 18. 

    Who publishes the Universal Precautions?

    • A.

      The FDA

    • B.

      The FBI

    • C.

      OSHA

    • D.

      The EPA

    Correct Answer
    C. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) publishes the Universal Precautions. Universal Precautions are a set of guidelines followed in healthcare settings to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. OSHA is responsible for setting and enforcing workplace safety standards, including those related to healthcare settings. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) is responsible for ensuring the safety and efficacy of drugs and medical devices. The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) is a federal law enforcement agency. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) is responsible for protecting human health and the environment.

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  • 19. 

    If there is an exposure incident, you must stop the service, put on gloves, and then do what next?

    • A.

      Clean the injury with an antiseptic

    • B.

      Clean your workstation.

    • C.

      Bandage the cut

    • D.

      Discard contaminated objects.

    Correct Answer
    A. Clean the injury with an antiseptic
    Explanation
    In the event of an exposure incident, it is important to prioritize personal safety by stopping the service and putting on gloves. Once this is done, the next step is to clean the injury with an antiseptic. This helps to prevent any potential infection or further complications. It is crucial to address the injury promptly and ensure proper hygiene to minimize any risks associated with the exposure incident.

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  • 20. 

    How often should waste receptacles in the salon be emptied?

    • A.

      Regularly throughout the day

    • B.

      At the end of the day

    • C.

      Several times a week

    • D.

      Only when they are full

    Correct Answer
    D. Only when they are full
    Explanation
    Waste receptacles in the salon should be emptied only when they are full. This ensures efficient use of resources and minimizes unnecessary waste disposal. Emptying the receptacles regularly throughout the day or at the end of the day may lead to unnecessary waste of time and resources if the receptacles are not yet full. Similarly, emptying them several times a week may also result in wastage. Therefore, it is best to wait until the receptacles are full before emptying them to optimize waste management.

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  • 21. 

    When washing your hands, it is recommended that you brush your nails:

    • A.

      Horizontally

    • B.

      Vertically

    • C.

      Diagonally

    • D.

      Horizontally and vertically

    Correct Answer
    D. Horizontally and vertically
    Explanation
    When washing your hands, it is recommended to brush your nails horizontally and vertically. This is because brushing your nails in both directions helps to thoroughly clean the entire surface of the nails and remove any dirt or bacteria that may be present. Brushing horizontally helps to clean the sides of the nails, while brushing vertically helps to clean the top and bottom surfaces. By brushing in both directions, you can ensure that your nails are properly cleaned and maintain good hand hygiene.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 11, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Khoapham0311
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