Industrial Revolution Final Quiz 2

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Industrial Revolution Final Quiz 2 - Quiz


What do you know about the Industrial Revolution?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The switch from handmade goods to machine made goods could be best described as...

    • A.

      Urbanization

    • B.

      Immigration

    • C.

      Industrial Revolution

    • D.

      Economic Revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The switch from handmade goods to machine made goods refers to a significant period in history known as the Industrial Revolution. During this time, there was a rapid transformation in manufacturing processes, with the introduction of machinery and the shift from manual labor to mass production. This revolution had a profound impact on society, leading to urbanization, increased immigration, and major economic changes.

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  • 2. 

    Urbanization: _____________Immigration: movement to new country 

    • A.

      Movement to cities

    • B.

      Movement to farms

    • C.

      Movement of peoples across Europe

    • D.

      Movement to USA

    Correct Answer
    A. Movement to cities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "movement to cities". Urbanization refers to the process of people moving from rural areas to urban areas, specifically cities. Immigration, on the other hand, refers to the movement of people from one country to another. Therefore, the correct answer is "movement to cities" as it accurately describes the concept of urbanization.

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  • 3. 

    Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    D. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, England experienced a significant shift from traditional hand production methods to new manufacturing processes. This period saw advancements in technology, such as the invention of the steam engine and the mechanization of textile production. England's abundant natural resources, including coal and iron ore, and its established trade networks contributed to its role as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. This transformative period had a profound impact on society, economy, and ultimately shaped the modern world.

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  • 4. 

    Select the main problem that working people faced during the Industrial Revolution.

    • A.

      Poor working conditions, long hours, dangerous & loud machinery

    • B.

      Use of child labor

    • C.

      Dirty neighborhoods- pollution, disease, trash in streets

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, working people faced multiple challenges. Poor working conditions, including long hours and dangerous machinery, were prevalent. Additionally, the use of child labor was common, further exploiting the workforce. Furthermore, the rapid industrialization led to dirty neighborhoods with pollution, disease, and trash in the streets. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the Above" as it encompasses all the main problems faced by working people during the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 5. 

    Which statement would best describe the working conditions that people encountered during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week

    • B.

      The work was repetitive and boring, people would fall asleep on the job

    • C.

      Work was dangerous so they set up sick leave for those who were injured

    • D.

      Children under the age of 15 were not allowed to work because the machines were dangerous and loud

    Correct Answer
    A. Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, workers faced grueling working conditions characterized by long hours in factories, typically working fourteen hours a day, six days a week. This statement accurately describes the exhausting and demanding nature of their work.

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  • 6. 

    Select the invention that does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England.

    • A.

      Steam engine

    • B.

      Spinning jenny

    • C.

      Cotton gin

    • D.

      Elevator

    Correct Answer
    D. Elevator
    Explanation
    The elevator does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England because it was not invented during that time period. The First Industrial Revolution, which occurred from the late 18th to early 19th century, was focused on advancements in manufacturing and the development of new machinery. The steam engine, spinning jenny, and cotton gin were all significant inventions during this period that revolutionized industries such as textile production and transportation. However, elevators were not introduced until much later, with the first practical hydraulic elevator being patented in the mid-19th century.

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  • 7. 

    Adam Smith: The Wealth of NationsKarl Marx: _____________________

    • A.

      Magna Carta

    • B.

      Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      Declaration of Rights of Man

    • D.

      Common Sense

    Correct Answer
    B. Communist Manifesto
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is associated with the Communist Manifesto. This political pamphlet, co-authored by Marx and Friedrich Engels, was published in 1848 and is considered one of the foundational texts of communism. It outlines the principles of communism, criticizes capitalism, and advocates for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie by the working class. The Communist Manifesto had a significant impact on political and social movements around the world, shaping the development of socialist and communist ideologies.

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  • 8. 

    Communism is ___________?

    • A.

      A theory

    • B.

      Economic system

    • C.

      Type of government system

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Communism is a political ideology and economic system that advocates for the abolition of private property and the establishment of a classless society. It is also considered a type of government system as it aims to create a society where the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole. Therefore, all the options provided in the question - theory, economic system, and type of government system - are correct descriptions of communism.

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  • 9. 

    Under the communist economic system, people are ____________?

    • A.

      Able to start a business they wish

    • B.

      Unable to own a business if they wish

    • C.

      Do not have to work

    • D.

      Can own a farm but no other types of business

    Correct Answer
    B. Unable to own a business if they wish
    Explanation
    Under the communist economic system, people are unable to own a business if they wish. This is because communism advocates for the collective ownership of resources and means of production, aiming to eliminate private ownership and promote equality. In such a system, the government or the state usually controls all businesses and industries, making it impossible for individuals to have private ownership or start their own businesses freely.

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  • 10. 

    Select the statement which is true concerning communists economies.

    • A.

      Wealth is redistributed to all of the people--- all people should make the same amount of money

    • B.

      Government controls most of the farms, banks, factories

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      Supply and demand drives the economy

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    The statement "Both A and B" is true concerning communist economies. In communist economies, wealth is redistributed to all of the people, meaning that all individuals should make the same amount of money. Additionally, the government controls most of the farms, banks, and factories. Therefore, both statements A and B accurately describe the characteristics of communist economies.

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  • 11. 

    Market Economy:______________: ___________Command Economy: less freedom in economic choices : North Korea

    • A.

      Limited choices with trade: China

    • B.

      Freedom in economic choices: USA

    • C.

      Norway: USA

    • D.

      People are told what to purchase by government: Cuba

    Correct Answer
    B. Freedom in economic choices: USA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "freedom in economic choices: USA". This is because the United States operates under a market economy, where individuals and businesses have the freedom to make their own economic decisions, such as what to produce, how much to produce, and what to consume. In a market economy, the government's role is limited, and individuals have the freedom to engage in voluntary transactions and pursue their own self-interest.

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  • 12. 

    Determine which of the following would not be a statement or phrase associated with capitalism.

    • A.

      Competition of corporations

    • B.

      Supply and demand drives the cycle of the economy

    • C.

      Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories

    • D.

      Privately owned business

    Correct Answer
    C. Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories
    Explanation
    The phrase "government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories" would not be associated with capitalism because capitalism is an economic system based on private ownership and control of businesses and industries. In a capitalist system, the government typically does not own or control all of the banks and factories, but rather allows for private individuals and corporations to own and operate them.

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  • 13. 

    Karl Marx was unhappy with the Industrial Revolution capitalists society and decided to create a new theory that created equality for working class.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Karl Marx was indeed unhappy with the capitalist society that emerged during the Industrial Revolution. He believed that this system created inequality and exploitation, particularly for the working class. As a result, Marx developed a new theory called Marxism, which aimed to establish equality for the working class and ultimately overthrow the capitalist system. This theory became the foundation of communism and had a significant impact on social and political movements around the world. Therefore, the statement "Karl Marx was unhappy with the Industrial Revolution capitalists society and decided to create a new theory that created equality for the working class" is true.

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  • 14. 

    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution could be best described as? 

    • A.

      Pollution- water and air

    • B.

      Growth of the middle class

    • C.

      Child labor

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C
    Explanation
    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution can be best described as both pollution of water and air and child labor. The Industrial Revolution brought about advancements in technology and production, but it also led to widespread pollution of water and air due to the increased use of fossil fuels and the release of harmful chemicals. Additionally, the demand for labor resulted in the exploitation of children who were forced to work in hazardous conditions, depriving them of their childhood and education. Both pollution and child labor were significant negative consequences of the Industrial Revolution.

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  • Current Version
  • May 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 12, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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