I. Medical Office Management A. Law & Ethics

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I. Medical Office Management A. Law & Ethics - Quiz

I. Medical Office Management A. Law & Ethics
NCCT MA Review Questionsfff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Right and wrong conduct is known as                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Ethics

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics refers to the principles and values that guide individuals and groups in determining what is right and wrong. It involves making moral judgments and decisions based on fairness, honesty, respect, and responsibility. It encompasses various aspects of conduct, including personal behavior, professional standards, and social interactions. Ethics is concerned with promoting moral behavior and preventing harm, and it provides a framework for evaluating and resolving ethical dilemmas. Therefore, ethics is the correct answer as it best describes the concept of right and wrong conduct.

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  • 2. 

    The most common type of medical tort liability is                 . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of contract

    • C.

      Breach of confidence

    • D.

      Fraud and deceit

    Correct Answer
    A. Negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence is the most common type of medical tort liability because it refers to the failure of a healthcare professional to provide the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have provided in similar circumstances. This can include actions such as misdiagnosis, surgical errors, medication errors, or failure to obtain informed consent. Negligence is a key concept in medical malpractice cases and is often the basis for claims against healthcare providers.

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  • 3. 

    A person being sued is called the                  . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Plaintiff

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Criminal law

    Correct Answer
    C. Defendant
    Explanation
    A person being sued is called the defendant. In a legal case, the defendant is the person who is being accused or sued by the plaintiff. The defendant is the party that must defend themselves against the claims or accusations made by the plaintiff. This term is commonly used in civil cases where one party is seeking damages or compensation from another party.

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  • 4. 

    The withdrawal of a physician from the care of a patient without reasonable notice of such discharge from the case by the patient is                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Negligence

    • D.

      Abandonment

    Correct Answer
    D. Abandonment
    Explanation
    Abandonment refers to the act of a physician withdrawing from the care of a patient without providing reasonable notice or justification for such discharge. This is considered unethical and can have negative consequences for the patient's health and well-being. It is important for physicians to ensure continuity of care and to communicate effectively with their patients when making decisions about their treatment or discharge from their care.

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  • 5. 

    An unlawful threat or attempt to do bodily injury to another is                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Assault

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      Libel

    Correct Answer
    B. Assault
    Explanation
    Assault is the correct answer because it refers to an unlawful threat or attempt to do bodily injury to another person. It involves intentionally causing someone to fear imminent physical harm. Assault can be both a criminal offense and a civil tort, depending on the jurisdiction.

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  • 6. 

    The health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted reasonable as compared with fellow workers. This is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Respondeat superior

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Duty of care

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasonable care
    Explanation
    The health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted reasonable as compared with fellow workers. This is called "reasonable care."

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  • 7. 

    Negligence by a professional person is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Invasion of privacy

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      Malpractice

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    C. Malpractice
    Explanation
    Negligence by a professional person is referred to as malpractice. This term is commonly used in the context of professional fields such as medicine, law, and accounting, where professionals are expected to adhere to a certain standard of care in their practice. When a professional fails to meet this standard and causes harm or injury to a client or patient, it is considered malpractice. This term is specifically used to describe negligence by professionals and is different from other legal terms such as invasion of privacy, slander, and tort.

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  • 8. 

    An act that violates criminal law is called                      . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Libel

    • D.

      Slander

    Correct Answer
    B. Crime
    Explanation
    An act that violates criminal law is called a crime.

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  • 9. 

    The breaking of a law, promise, or duty is called                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Staute

    • B.

      Breach

    • C.

      Consent

    • D.

      Incompetent

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach
    Explanation
    A breach refers to the breaking of a law, promise, or duty. It implies a violation or failure to fulfill an obligation or commitment.

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  • 10. 

    The ability to see things from another person's point of view is                        . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Empathy

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Empathy
    Explanation
    Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. It involves putting oneself in someone else's shoes and seeing things from their perspective. This is different from consent, which is the agreement or permission given by someone, or respondeat superior, which is a legal doctrine holding employers responsible for the actions of their employees. Empathy is also distinct from ethics, which are moral principles that govern behavior. In this context, the ability to see things from another person's point of view is best represented by empathy.

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  • 11. 

    The time established for filing law suits is                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Civil law

    • B.

      Statute of limitations

    • C.

      Contract

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Statute of limitations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "statute of limitations". This refers to the time period established by law during which a lawsuit can be filed. After the statute of limitations expires, the plaintiff can no longer bring a legal action against the defendant. This concept is commonly found in civil law cases, where there are specific time limits for filing claims based on the type of case or the jurisdiction in which it is being filed.

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  • 12. 

    A writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony is a(n)                        . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Habeas corpus

    • B.

      Tort of appearance

    • C.

      Subpoena

    • D.

      Tort et a travers

    Correct Answer
    C. Subpoena
    Explanation
    A writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony is called a subpoena. A subpoena is a legal document issued by a court that requires a person to testify as a witness or provide evidence in a case. It is a way to compel someone to attend court and testify under oath.

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  • 13. 

    A wrong committed against another person or the person's property is a                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Libel

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Plaintiff

    Correct Answer
    C. Tort
    Explanation
    A wrong committed against another person or the person's property is known as a tort. A tort is a civil wrong that causes harm to someone, either physically, emotionally, or financially. It can include actions such as negligence, assault, battery, defamation, or intentional infliction of emotional distress. In this case, the correct answer is "tort" because it encompasses a wide range of wrongful acts that can harm individuals or their property.

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  • 14. 

    Holding or detaining a person against his will is                        . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Incompetent

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. False imprisonment
    Explanation
    False imprisonment is the correct answer. False imprisonment refers to the act of unlawfully restraining or confining a person against their will, without any legal justification or authority. It is considered a crime and a violation of a person's rights. This can occur in various situations, such as when someone is wrongfully detained, locked in a room, or prevented from leaving a certain area without their consent. False imprisonment can result in legal consequences for the person responsible for the act.

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  • 15. 

    A violation of a person's right not to have his or her name, photograph, or private affairs exposed of made public without giving consent is                      . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "invasion of privacy". This is because the violation described in the question is specifically related to the right to privacy, which includes not having one's name, photograph, or private affairs exposed or made public without consent. Invasion of privacy refers to the unauthorized intrusion into a person's private life or personal information, which is a violation of their privacy rights.

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  • 16. 

    A major crime for which greater punishment is imposed other than a misdemeanor is                     . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Licensure

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    D. Felony
    Explanation
    Felony is a major crime for which greater punishment is imposed compared to a misdemeanor. It is a category of crime that includes offenses such as murder, robbery, and rape. Felonies are typically more serious crimes that can result in imprisonment for more than one year, significant fines, or even the death penalty in some cases. This distinguishes them from misdemeanors, which are less serious offenses with lesser penalties.

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  • 17. 

    One who institutes a lawsuit is                           . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Defendant

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Litigation

    • D.

      Respondeat superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Plaintiff
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "plaintiff". In a lawsuit, the plaintiff is the person who initiates the legal action by filing a complaint against the defendant. The plaintiff is the party who claims to have been harmed or wronged and seeks a legal remedy or compensation for their damages.

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  • 18. 

    A legal statement of how an individual's property is to be distributed after death is                         . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Judgment

    Correct Answer
    C. Will
    Explanation
    A legal statement of how an individual's property is to be distributed after death is referred to as a "will".

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  • 19. 

    Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be disclosed without consent of the person who gave it is                               . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Duty of care

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    D. Privileged communication
    Explanation
    Privileged communication refers to the confidential information shared between a patient and medical personnel, which cannot be disclosed without the patient's consent. This concept is based on the principle of maintaining patient confidentiality and upholding their right to privacy. Medical professionals have a duty of care to protect this privileged information and not disclose it to others without proper authorization. Respondeat superior refers to the legal doctrine that holds employers responsible for the actions of their employees, judgment refers to the decision made by a court, and duty of care refers to the legal obligation to provide a certain standard of care.

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  • 20. 

    A rule of conduct made by a government body is                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Law

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Contract

    Correct Answer
    B. Law
    Explanation
    A rule of conduct made by a government body is called law. Laws are established by the government to regulate and govern the behavior of individuals and ensure social order. They are enforceable through the legal system and violation of laws can result in penalties or legal consequences. Laws cover various aspects of society, including criminal behavior, civil disputes, contracts, property rights, and more. They provide a framework for maintaining order and resolving conflicts in a fair and just manner.

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  • 21. 

    Failure to do something that a reasonable person would do under ordinary circumstances that ends up causing harm to another person or a person's property is                          . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Malpractice

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Defamation

    Correct Answer
    B. Negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence refers to the failure to perform an action that a reasonable person would do in ordinary circumstances, resulting in harm to another person or their property. It involves a lack of care or attention, which leads to the negative consequences. In this case, the failure to do something that a reasonable person would do under ordinary circumstances, causing harm to another person or their property, aligns with the concept of negligence.

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  • 22. 

    Permission granted by a person voluntarily and in his right mind is                             . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Breach

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. Consent
    Explanation
    When a person voluntarily and in their right mind gives permission, it is referred to as "consent". This means that the person has willingly agreed to something without any external pressure or coercion. Consent plays a crucial role in various legal and ethical contexts, such as medical procedures, contracts, and personal relationships. It ensures that individuals have the freedom to make decisions about their own bodies, actions, and choices.

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  • 23. 

    Injuring the name and reputation of another person by making false statements to a third person is                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Defamation
    Explanation
    Defamation refers to the act of injuring someone's name and reputation by making false statements to a third person. It involves spreading false information about someone that can harm their reputation and cause damage to their personal or professional life. This can include both spoken statements (slander) and written statements (libel). Defamation is a legal term and can lead to legal consequences for the person making false statements.

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  • 24. 

    An agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of some definite thing is                   . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Statute

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract
    Explanation
    An agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of some definite thing is referred to as a contract. A contract is a legally binding agreement that outlines the rights and obligations of the involved parties. It establishes the terms and conditions under which the parties agree to perform certain actions or refrain from doing certain things. Contracts can be written or oral, but it is generally recommended to have written contracts to ensure clarity and enforceability.

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  • 25. 

    Lack of physical or mental fitness is known as                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Abandonment

    • C.

      Competence

    • D.

      Incompetence

    Correct Answer
    D. Incompetence
    Explanation
    Incompetence refers to the lack of physical or mental fitness. It means that a person is not capable or skilled enough to perform a particular task or fulfill their responsibilities. This term is commonly used to describe someone who is unable to meet the required standards or expectations in a specific domain or profession.

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  • 26. 

    The final decision of a court in an action or suit is                     . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Contract

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Judgment
    Explanation
    In a legal context, the final decision of a court in an action or suit is referred to as a judgment. This is the ruling or decision made by the court after considering all the evidence and arguments presented by the parties involved in the case. A judgment can determine the rights and obligations of the parties, and it may include orders for damages, injunctions, or other remedies. Therefore, judgment is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 27. 

    Responsibility of an employer for the acts of an employee is                      . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Libel

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Respondeat superior

    • D.

      Civil law

    Correct Answer
    C. Respondeat superior
    Explanation
    Respondeat superior is a legal doctrine that holds employers responsible for the actions of their employees when those actions occur within the scope of their employment. This means that if an employee causes harm or commits a wrongful act while performing their job duties, the employer can be held liable for any resulting damages. This doctrine is based on the idea that employers have control and authority over their employees and should therefore bear the responsibility for their actions.

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  • 28. 

    A latin term signifying that a person is not sound mind is                      . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      res gestae

    • B.

      Non compos mentis

    • C.

      Res judicata

    • D.

      Tecum

    Correct Answer
    B. Non compos mentis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "non compos mentis." This Latin term is used to describe a person who is not of sound mind or mentally incompetent. It is often used in legal contexts to refer to someone who is unable to understand the nature of their actions or make rational decisions.

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  • 29. 

    A person who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent is called a(n)                     . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Emancipated minor

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    A. Emancipated minor
    Explanation
    An emancipated minor refers to a person who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent. This typically occurs when a minor is legally granted independence from their parents or guardians, allowing them to make decisions and take responsibility for themselves. This status is often granted when a minor reaches a certain age, gets married, joins the military, or demonstrates the ability to support themselves financially. As an emancipated minor, the individual is considered legally responsible for their own actions and is no longer under the direct authority of their parents.

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  • 30. 

    An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patient's complaints about medical care or excessive fees is called a _______ committee. fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Medical ethics

    • B.

      Medical grievance

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Medical grievance
    Explanation
    An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patient's complaints about medical care or excessive fees is called a medical grievance committee. This committee is responsible for addressing and resolving issues related to medical care and fees that patients may have. They provide a platform for patients to voice their concerns and ensure that their complaints are thoroughly investigated and addressed in a fair and unbiased manner.

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  • 31. 

    Latin for "things done; deeds"; the facts and circumstances attendant to the act in question would be called                   . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Locum tenems

    • C.

      Tecum

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. Res gestae
    Explanation
    The Latin term "res gestae" refers to "things done" or "deeds." In this context, it is used to describe the facts and circumstances surrounding the act in question. It is a legal term often used in court proceedings to refer to the events and actions that are relevant to a case.

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  • 32. 

    Testimony of a witness under oath and written down before trial for possible use when the case comes to trial is                          . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Deposition

    • B.

      Citation

    • C.

      Warrant

    • D.

      Expert testimony

    Correct Answer
    A. Deposition
    Explanation
    A deposition is a sworn testimony given by a witness before a trial, where their statements are recorded in writing. This testimony is taken under oath and can be used as evidence during the trial. It is a pre-trial procedure that allows both parties to gather information and gather evidence for their case. Therefore, the correct answer is deposition.

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  • 33. 

    A statute that enforces private right and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law is called a                  . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Statute of limitations

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil law
    Explanation
    A statute that enforces private rights and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law, is called civil law. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or organizations, focusing on providing remedies and compensation rather than punishment. It governs various aspects such as contracts, property, torts, and family law. This type of law aims to resolve conflicts and protect the rights and interests of individuals involved in legal disputes.

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  • 34. 

    Violation or omission of a legal or moral duty is called                   . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of duty

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Malpractice

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach of duty
    Explanation
    Violation or omission of a legal or moral duty is referred to as a breach of duty. This term is commonly used in legal contexts to describe a failure to fulfill an obligation or responsibility that one is expected to uphold. It can apply to various situations, such as failing to comply with a contract, disregarding safety regulations, or neglecting one's duty of care towards others. Breach of duty can have legal consequences and may result in liability or legal action against the responsible party.

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  • 35. 

    A deliberate physical attack upon a person is called                      . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Battery

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    B. Battery
    Explanation
    Battery is the correct answer. Battery refers to a deliberate physical attack or harmful contact made by one person onto another without their consent. It involves the intentional use of force or violence against someone, resulting in physical harm or injury. Assault, on the other hand, refers to the threat or attempt to commit battery. Slander is a false spoken statement that damages a person's reputation, while contributory negligence is a legal concept related to shared responsibility for an accident or injury.

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  • 36. 

    Latin for "he who acts through another acts for himself" is called                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Qui facit per alium facit per se

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Qui facit per alium facit per se
    Explanation
    The Latin phrase "qui facit per alium facit per se" translates to "he who acts through another acts for himself." This phrase emphasizes that when someone delegates or acts through another person, they are still responsible for the actions and consequences of those actions. It implies that the person who delegates authority cannot escape accountability by simply assigning tasks to someone else.

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  • 37. 

    The branch of study of moral issues, questions, and problems arising in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Bioethics

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Philosophy

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    A. Bioethics
    Explanation
    Bioethics is the branch of study that deals with moral issues, questions, and problems that arise in the field of medicine and biomedical research. It involves examining the ethical implications of medical practices, research, and policies, and making informed decisions based on moral principles and values. Bioethics aims to ensure the protection of patient rights, promote ethical conduct in medical research, and address ethical dilemmas faced by healthcare professionals.

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  • 38. 

    A statement given concerning some scientific, technical, or professional matter by an expert, such as a physician is called                        . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Expert testimony

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      Burden of proof

    Correct Answer
    B. Expert testimony
    Explanation
    An expert testimony refers to a statement provided by a professional or expert in a specific field, such as a physician, regarding scientific, technical, or professional matters. It is often used in legal proceedings or court cases to provide specialized knowledge or opinions that can help the judge or jury make informed decisions. Expert testimony is considered valuable as it provides credible and reliable information based on the expert's qualifications and expertise in the relevant field.

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  • 39. 

    A patient's failure to act prudently and reasonably, or doing that which a reasonable person would not do under similar circumstances is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Assumption of risk

    • C.

      Contributory negligence

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    C. Contributory negligence
    Explanation
    Contributory negligence refers to a situation where a patient fails to act prudently and reasonably, or does something that a reasonable person would not do under similar circumstances. This means that the patient's own actions or behavior contribute to their own injury or harm. In legal terms, it is a defense that can be raised by the defendant in a negligence lawsuit, as it suggests that the patient's own negligence played a role in causing their injury or harm.

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  • 40. 

    Consent to treatment based on a full understanding of all possible risks of unpreventable results of that treatment is called                        . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Contributory negligence

    • B.

      Fraud

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Proximate cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Assumption of risk
    Explanation
    Assumption of risk refers to the consent given by a patient to undergo a medical treatment, fully aware of all the potential risks and unpreventable outcomes associated with it. This means that the patient acknowledges and accepts the possibility of negative consequences that may arise from the treatment, but still chooses to proceed. It is important for healthcare providers to inform patients about all the risks involved in order to obtain informed consent.

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  • 41. 

    Conduct, courtesy, and manners that are customarily used in a medical office by medical professionals are known as                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Ethics

    • B.

      Moral therapy

    • C.

      Precocity

    • D.

      Medical etiquette

    Correct Answer
    D. Medical etiquette
    Explanation
    Medical etiquette refers to the conduct, courtesy, and manners that are customarily used by medical professionals in a medical office. It encompasses the ethical principles and guidelines that govern the behavior and interactions of healthcare professionals with patients, colleagues, and the healthcare system as a whole. It includes aspects such as respect for patient autonomy, confidentiality, professional boundaries, and effective communication.

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  • 42. 

    An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of including another in reliance upon it to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right is called                    . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Fraud

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    A. Fraud
    Explanation
    Fraud is the intentional perversion of truth in order to deceive someone and make them rely on it, leading them to give up something valuable or surrender a legal right. This can involve false statements, misrepresentation of facts, or concealment of important information. It is a deliberate act of deception with the intention of gaining an unfair advantage or causing harm to another person.

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  • 43. 

    To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention or resumption at a later date, or to ask for a continuance is called a                     . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Suspension

    • B.

      Judgment

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspension
    Explanation
    To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention of resuming it at a later date, or to ask for a continuance, is called a suspension.

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  • 44. 

    Latin for "things decided" that is, a matter already decided by judicial authority is called             . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. Res judicata
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "res judicata". Res judicata is a Latin term that refers to a matter that has already been decided by a judicial authority. It is a legal principle that prevents the same case from being relitigated once a final judgment has been reached.

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  • 45. 

    That which is natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any new independent cause, produces an event, and without which the injury would not have occurred is called                  . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Proximate cause

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Assault

    Correct Answer
    B. Proximate cause
    Explanation
    A proximate cause refers to the natural and continuous sequence of events that directly leads to an injury or event. It is the primary cause without which the injury would not have occurred. In other words, it is the immediate cause that can be attributed to the outcome. In this context, the correct answer is proximate cause because it aligns with the definition provided.

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  • 46. 

    The presumption or inference of negligence when an accident is otherwise unable to be explained in terms of ordinary and known experience is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Res ipsa loquitur

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      Res gestae

    Correct Answer
    B. Res ipsa loquitur
    Explanation
    Res ipsa loquitur is the correct answer because it refers to the legal doctrine that allows a jury to infer negligence based on the circumstances surrounding an accident. It means "the thing speaks for itself" in Latin, indicating that the accident itself provides enough evidence of negligence without the need for further explanation. This doctrine is applied when the accident is not easily explainable based on ordinary and known experience, suggesting that someone must have been negligent.

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  • 47. 

    Failure to achieve an agreed upon result, even when the highest degree of skill has been used, is called                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Breach of contract

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      C. proximate cause

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    A. Breach of contract
    Explanation
    Failure to achieve an agreed upon result, even when the highest degree of skill has been used, is called a breach of contract. This refers to a situation where one party fails to fulfill their obligations as outlined in a legally binding agreement. It can occur when one party fails to deliver goods or services as promised, or when they fail to meet the agreed upon quality standards. Breach of contract can result in legal consequences, such as the non-breaching party seeking damages or specific performance.

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  • 48. 

    What license must a physician have to dispense, prescribe or administer controlled substances? fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Lawyers

    • B.

      Narcotic

    • C.

      Business

    • D.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer
    B. Narcotic
    Explanation
    A physician must have a narcotic license to dispense, prescribe, or administer controlled substances. This license allows them to handle and distribute drugs that are classified as narcotics, which are substances that have a high potential for abuse and are regulated by the government. This license ensures that physicians are knowledgeable about the proper use and handling of these substances to prevent misuse or diversion.

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  • 49. 

    Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Civil law liability

    • B.

      Medical liability

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Defamation of character

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in invasion of privacy. This is because invasion of privacy refers to the violation of an individual's right to keep their personal information private. By disclosing patient information without their consent, the healthcare provider is infringing upon their privacy rights. This can lead to legal consequences and potential liability for the unauthorized disclosure.

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  • 50. 

    Medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as                       . fff825f6-6bac-4102-92e5-b10fd8b4cbb01.03.01

    • A.

      Professional review

    • B.

      Hospital review

    • C.

      Peer review

    • D.

      Promethium review

    Correct Answer
    C. Peer review
    Explanation
    Medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as peer review. This means that experts in the field review the research before it is published, ensuring that it meets certain standards of quality, accuracy, and relevance. Peer review is an important step in the scientific process as it helps to maintain the integrity and credibility of the research being published.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Momofthree045
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