I Hate Ebm Week 3 Quiz

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 624

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Medical Quizzes & Trivia

What an exciting way to learn EBM!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not the required current knowledge of medical practice?
    • A. 

      Understanding prognosis with and without treatment

    • B. 

      Disease processes and identification

    • C. 

      Controlling and altering the disease course

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • E. 

      Prophylaxis

  • 2. 
    A research study question should begin and end with the following questions:
    • A. 

      How much?; What is this?

    • B. 

      What if?; So what?

    • C. 

      Who?; Where?

    • D. 

      When?; How?

  • 3. 
    What are declarative statements that can be refuted? 
    • A. 

      Research questions

    • B. 

      Theories

    • C. 

      Hypotheses

    • D. 

      Prophylaxis

  • 4. 
    What is termed a sub-group of the population to study:
    • A. 

      Small population

    • B. 

      Sample

    • C. 

      Group

    • D. 

      Species

    • E. 

      Genus

  • 5. 
    The null hypothesis is:
    • A. 

      A declarative statement in which an intervention will make a difference

    • B. 

      A declarative statement in which an intervention does not make a difference

    • C. 

      A declarative statement that can be tested based on the origins of a research question

    • D. 

      A declarative statement that can be tested based on a population that is large enough.

  • 6. 
    The _________________ variables are those which respond to the manipulation of, or variations in, the _______________  variable. 
    • A. 

      Independent, dependent,

    • B. 

      Independent, independent,

    • C. 

      Dependent, independent

    • D. 

      Dependent, dependent

  • 7. 
    Which of the following terms is the basis for stating that a change in the dependent variable is ONLY the result of the manipulation in the independent variable?
    • A. 

      Internal validity

    • B. 

      External validity

    • C. 

      Inside validity

    • D. 

      Null validity

  • 8. 
    Which of the following terms is the generalizability of a study to the real world population. In simpler terms, "can the results of this study be used in life life with real people?"
    • A. 

      Internal validity

    • B. 

      External validity

    • C. 

      Efficacy

    • D. 

      Independent and dependent variables

  • 9. 
    True or False? Greater internal validity means greater external validity. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Choosing a random selection of subjects ensures that: 
    • A. 

      There will be greater internal validity for the study

    • B. 

      The results of the study can be maximally generalized

    • C. 

      That the independent variable will be manipulated much less than the dependent variable

    • D. 

      The results of the study will not have a high applicability to real life.

  • 11. 
    True of False? Study participants are truly randomly selected from the population they are meant to represent. *More of less, are they really randomly selected or do they typically comprised by convenience? 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Case Series/Studies/Reports are generally reports on:
    • A. 

      An entire population

    • B. 

      An entire hospital facility/doctor's office

    • C. 

      A single patient

    • D. 

      An entire sample

  • 13. 
    Case series and case reports do not have statistical validity because: 
    • A. 

      They are not randomly selected

    • B. 

      They are voluntary

    • C. 

      They are involuntary

    • D. 

      They use no control groups against which to compare outcomes

  • 14. 
    What is the gold standard for common study designs?
    • A. 

      Cohort studies

    • B. 

      Case studies

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional studies

    • D. 

      Case-control studies

    • E. 

      Randomized control studies

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is considered a "snap-shot" study in which all data is collected at one point.
    • A. 

      Cohort study

    • B. 

      Case report/studies

    • C. 

      Case-control study

    • D. 

      Cross-sectional study

  • 16. 
    Which of the following study methods collects data from patients who already have a certain condition in which the design of the study is retrospective? 
    • A. 

      Cohort study

    • B. 

      Cross-sectional study

    • C. 

      Case-control study

    • D. 

      Case report/series

    • E. 

      Randomized controlled trails

  • 17. 
    True or false? For a case-control study, the endpoint occurs after the study begins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    True or false? For a cohort study the endpoint occurs after the study begins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Cohort studies are typically:
    • A. 

      Retrospective

    • B. 

      Prospective

    • C. 

      Snapshot studies

    • D. 

      Considered to be a gold standard

  • 20. 
    Which of the following study methods uses subjects who have already been exposed and will be followed over time to observe the differences in outcome between the exposed and non-exposed. (longitudinal study)
    • A. 

      Case studies/reviews

    • B. 

      Cohort study

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional study

    • D. 

      Case-control study

    • E. 

      Randomized controlled trails

  • 21. 
    Which of the following study methods uses one or more active test treatments and at least one concurrent control Basically, subjects are divided into two groups, one treatment group and one control group, they are both followed through time and then the outcomes are compared. 
    • A. 

      Cohort studies

    • B. 

      Case studies/reviews

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional study

    • D. 

      Case-control study

    • E. 

      Randomized controlled trials

  • 22. 
    What is step 1 of the key steps for the practice of EBM?
    • A. 

      Critically appraising the evidence for it's validity and applicability

    • B. 

      Converting clinical scenarios into a structured answerable question

    • C. 

      Searching the literature to identify the best available evidence to answer the question

    • D. 

      Applying the results of the appraisal to clinical practice

    • E. 

      Evaluation/assessment of the EBM process

  • 23. 
    What is step 3 of the key steps for the practice of EBM?
    • A. 

      Applying the results of the appraisal to clinical practice

    • B. 

      Critically appraising the evidence for it's validity and applicability

    • C. 

      Evaluation/assessment of the EBM process

    • D. 

      Converting clinical scenarios into a structured answerable question

    • E. 

      Searching the literature to identify the best available evidence to answer the question

  • 24. 
    What is step 2 of the key steps for the practice of EBM?
    • A. 

      Searching the literature to identify the best available evidence to answer the question

    • B. 

      Converting clinical scenarios into a structured answerable question

    • C. 

      Evaluation/assessment of the EBM process

    • D. 

      Critically appraising the evidence for it's validity and applicability

    • E. 

      Applying the results of the appraisal to clinical practice

  • 25. 
    What is step 4 of the key steps for the practice of EBM?
    • A. 

      Converting clinical scenarios into a structured answerable question

    • B. 

      Evaluation/assessment of the EBM process

    • C. 

      Critically appraising the evidence for it's validity and applicability

    • D. 

      Applying the results of the appraisal to clinical practice

    • E. 

      Searching the literature to identify the best available evidence to answer the question

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