Latihan Soal Termokimia

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Latihan Soal Termokimia - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jika reaksi antara logam Barium dengan Asam Klorida encer di campurkan kedalam tabung reaksi yang tersumbat dengan rapat, gas Hidrogen di dalam sistem tidak dapat meninggalkan sistem. Akan tetapi perambatan kalor meninggalkan sistem tetap terjadi melalui dinding pada tabung reaksi. Pada percobaan ini termasuk ke dalam…

    • A.

      Sistem tertutup

    • B.

      Sistem terbuka

    • C.

      Lingkungan

    • D.

      Termokimia

    Correct Answer
    A. Sistem tertutup
    Explanation
    The given information states that the reaction between barium metal and dilute hydrochloric acid is carried out in a tightly sealed reaction tube, preventing the escape of hydrogen gas from the system. However, heat transfer can still occur through the walls of the reaction tube. This indicates that the system is closed, as the reactants and products are confined within the reaction tube, but energy can still be exchanged with the surroundings. Therefore, the correct answer is "sistem tertutup" (closed system).

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  • 2. 

    Pernyataan di bawah ini yang termasuk ke dalam reaksi Endoterm adalah…..

    • A.

      Pembuatan es batu

    • B.

      Besi berkarat

    • C.

      Pembakaran kayu

    • D.

      Ledakan bom

    Correct Answer
    A. Pembuatan es batu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pembuatan es batu". This is because the process of making ice requires energy to be absorbed from the surroundings in order to freeze the water into ice. This means that the reaction is endothermic, as it requires heat to be taken in from the surroundings.

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  • 3. 

    Proses reaksi di alam yang berlangsung spontan seperti pertunjukan kembang api merupakan salah satu contoh dari reaksi……

    • A.

      Reaksi eksoterm

    • B.

      Reaksi endoterm

    • C.

      Reaksi kimia

    • D.

      Reaksi entalpi

    Correct Answer
    A. Reaksi eksoterm
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "reaksi eksoterm". This is because the question mentions that the reaction is spontaneous, which implies that it releases energy. Exothermic reactions are those that release energy in the form of heat or light, such as fireworks.

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  • 4. 

    Perhatikan rekasi yang terjadi dalam kehidupan sehari hari berikut ini: 1. Pelarutan urea 2. Es mencair 3. Fotosintesis 4. Perkaratan 5. Pembakaran LPG Reaksi endoterm ditunjukkan oleh nomor. . . .

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      2,3,4

    • C.

      1,3,5

    • D.

      2,4,5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1,2,3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1,2,3. The given reactions of urea dissolution, ice melting, and photosynthesis are all examples of endothermic reactions. In an endothermic reaction, energy is absorbed from the surroundings, resulting in a decrease in temperature. These reactions require an input of energy to proceed.

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  • 5. 

    Reaksi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari berikut ini yang merupakan reaksi endoterm adalah … .

    • A.

      Fotosintesis

    • B.

      Respirasi

    • C.

      Perkaratan besi

    • D.

      Pembakaran kertas

    Correct Answer
    A. Fotosintesis
    Explanation
    Fotosintesis adalah reaksi endoterm karena reaksi ini membutuhkan energi dalam bentuk cahaya matahari untuk mengubah air dan karbon dioksida menjadi glukosa dan oksigen. Proses ini memerlukan energi tambahan yang diserap dari lingkungan sekitarnya, sehingga termasuk dalam reaksi endoterm.

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  • 6. 

    Suatu reaksi kimia selalu diikuti perubahan energi. Besarnya energi yang menyertai reaksi dapat dipelajari pada

    • A.

      Termokimia

    • B.

      Stoikiometri

    • C.

      Termoseting

    • D.

      Elektrokimia

    Correct Answer
    A. Termokimia
    Explanation
    Termokimia adalah cabang ilmu kimia yang mempelajari perubahan energi yang terjadi selama reaksi kimia. Dalam termokimia, kita dapat mengetahui besarnya energi yang menyertai reaksi kimia, baik itu dalam bentuk panas (kalor) maupun energi lainnya. Oleh karena itu, termokimia adalah jawaban yang tepat untuk pertanyaan ini.

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  • 7. 

    Ciri-ciri reaksi eksoterm adalah … .

    • A.

      Lingkungan menyerap kalor dari sistem

    • B.

      Sistem menyerap kalor dari lingkungan

    • C.

      Sistem dan lingkungan memiliki kalor sama

    • D.

      Kalor sistem dan lingkungan jika dijumlahkan sama dengan nol

    Correct Answer
    A. Lingkungan menyerap kalor dari sistem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lingkungan menyerap kalor dari sistem". This is because in an exothermic reaction, heat is released from the system into the surroundings. Therefore, the surroundings absorb heat from the system, resulting in an increase in the temperature of the surroundings.

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  • 8. 

    Sebanyak 2 mol gas hidrogen jika direaksikan dengan 1 mol gas oksigen akan terbentuk uap air yang membutuhkan kalor sebesar 484 kJ. Persamaan termokimianya adalah … .

    • A.

      2 H2(g) + O2(g)                  2 H2O(g) ΔH = 484 kJ

    • B.

      H2(g) + ½ O2(g)                H2O(g) ΔH = 484 kJ

    • C.

      H2O(g)                    H2(g) + ½ O2(g) ΔH = 484 kJ

    • D.

      2 H2O(g)                 2 H2(g) + O2(g) ΔH = –484 kJ

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 H2(g) + O2(g)                  2 H2O(g) ΔH = 484 kJ
    Explanation
    The given equation is the correct representation of the thermochemical reaction between 2 moles of hydrogen gas (H2) and 1 mole of oxygen gas (O2) to form 2 moles of water vapor (H2O). The reaction is exothermic, as indicated by the positive value of 484 kJ for the heat of reaction (ΔH). This means that the reaction releases 484 kJ of heat energy per mole of water vapor formed.

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  • 9. 

    Diketahui persamaan termokimia: C(s) + O2(g)             CO2(g)      ΔH = –393,5 kJ Pernyataan yang benar dari reaksi di atas adalah … .

    • A.

      Pembakaran 1 mol karbon menghasilkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ

    • B.

      Pembakaran 1 mol karbon dioksida menghasilkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ

    • C.

      Pembentukan 1 mol karbon dioksida membutuhkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ

    • D.

      Pembakaran 1 mol karbon membutuhkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ

    Correct Answer
    A. Pembakaran 1 mol karbon menghasilkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pembakaran 1 mol karbon menghasilkan kalor sebesar 393,5 kJ". This is because the given thermodynamic equation shows the combustion of 1 mole of carbon to produce 393.5 kJ of heat.

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  • 10. 

    Persamaan termokimia berikut ini merupakan perubahan entalpi pembentukan standar (ΔHfo), kecuali … .

    • A.

      Fe2(s) + 3/2 O2(g) Fe2O3(s) ΔHf° = –822,2 kJ

    • B.

      Ca(s) + Cl2(g) CaCl2(s) ΔHf° = –795,8 kJ

    • C.

      C(s) + 2 Cl2(g) CCl4(l) ΔHf° = –134 kJ 3

    • D.

      Na(s) + ½ H2(g) + C(s) + 3/2 O2(g) NaHCO3(s) ΔHf° = –947,7 kJ

    Correct Answer
    A. Fe2(s) + 3/2 O2(g) Fe2O3(s) ΔHf° = –822,2 kJ
    Explanation
    The given equation Fe2(s) + 3/2 O2(g) Fe2O3(s) has a standard enthalpy of formation (ΔHf°) value of -822.2 kJ. The other equations provided also have ΔHf° values, but the question asks for the equation that does not represent a standard enthalpy of formation. Therefore, the correct answer is Fe2(s) + 3/2 O2(g) Fe2O3(s) ΔHf° = -822.2 kJ.

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  • 11. 

    Kalor pembentukan adalah kalor yang dilepas atau dibutuhkan apabila 1 mol senyawa terbentuk dari … .

    • A.

      Unsur-unsurnya

    • B.

      Ion positif dan negatif

    • C.

      Molekul-molekul diatomik

    • D.

      Senyawa yang lebih sederhana

    Correct Answer
    A. Unsur-unsurnya
    Explanation
    Kalor pembentukan adalah kalor yang dilepas atau dibutuhkan apabila 1 mol senyawa terbentuk dari unsur-unsurnya. Ini berarti ketika senyawa terbentuk, unsur-unsur yang ada dalam senyawa tersebut melepaskan atau membutuhkan energi dalam jumlah tertentu. Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah unsur-unsurnya.

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  • 12. 

    Diketahui reaksi sebagai berikut : C(s) + O2 (g) ---> CO2 (g)∆H = -393,5 kJ Gambar diagram tingkat energi yang paling tepat adalah....

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Tidak ada jawaban yang benar

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Option 1 because the reaction C(s) + O2 (g) ---> CO2 (g) is an exothermic reaction, as indicated by the negative value of ∆H (-393.5 kJ). In an exothermic reaction, the products have lower energy than the reactants. Therefore, the diagram for this reaction should show the reactants at a higher energy level and the products at a lower energy level, which is depicted in Option 1.

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  • 13. 

    Jumlah energi dari suatu sistem termodinamika disebut...

    • A.

      Entalpi

    • B.

      Entropi

    • C.

      Sistem

    • D.

      Lingkungan

    Correct Answer
    A. Entalpi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is entalpi. Entalpi refers to the total energy of a thermodynamic system, including both its internal energy and the work done by or on the system. It is a measure of the heat content of the system and is often used to analyze energy transfers in chemical reactions.

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  • 14. 

    Logam Natrium (Na) dimasukkan ke dalam Air.Reaksi : 2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) ---> 2NaOH(aq) + H2(g). Reaksi tersebut berlangsung dengan cepat dan menimbulkan ledakan. Setelah reaksi berlangsung, suhu larutan lebih tinggi dari suhu lingkungan sehingga otomatis kalor mengalir dari system (larutan) ke lingkungan. ini disebut

    • A.

      Reaksi eksoterm

    • B.

      Reaksi endoterm

    • C.

      Lingkungan

    • D.

      Sistem

    Correct Answer
    A. Reaksi eksoterm
    Explanation
    The given reaction involves the formation of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and hydrogen gas (H2) from the reaction of sodium (Na) with water (H2O). This reaction is exothermic because it releases heat energy to the surroundings. The fact that the temperature of the solution is higher than the surrounding temperature indicates that heat is flowing from the system (solution) to the surroundings. Therefore, the correct answer is "reaksi eksoterm" which means exothermic reaction.

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  • 15. 

    Diagram ini termasuk....

    • A.

      Eksoterm

    • B.

      Endoterm

    • C.

      Lingkungan

    • D.

      Sistem

    Correct Answer
    A. Eksoterm
    Explanation
    The diagram is classified as "eksoterm" because it shows a process or reaction that releases energy to its surroundings. This can be inferred from the term "eksoterm" which means that the reaction or process is exothermic, meaning it releases heat or energy.

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  • 16. 

    Hukum dalam termokimia adalah....

    • A.

      Hess

    • B.

      Termodinamika

    • C.

      Kesetimbangan

    • D.

      Stoikiometri

    Correct Answer
    A. Hess
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hess." Hess's law states that the enthalpy change of a reaction is independent of the pathway between the initial and final states. This means that the total enthalpy change of a reaction can be calculated by summing the enthalpy changes of a series of intermediate reactions. Hess's law is widely used in thermodynamics to calculate the enthalpy change of reactions that are difficult to measure directly.

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  • 17. 

    Rumus untuk mencari entalpi data energi ikatan adalah....

    • A.

      Kiri-kanan

    • B.

      Kanan-kiri

    • C.

      Biarkan saja

    • D.

      Hukum Hess

    Correct Answer
    A. Kiri-kanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kiri-kanan." This suggests that the formula for calculating enthalpy of bond energy is based on the direction of the reaction, specifically from left to right. This implies that the enthalpy change can be determined by comparing the energy of the reactants to the energy of the products.

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  • 18. 

    Enatlpi yang melibatkan uap air dan karbondioksida adalah....

    • A.

      Pembakaran

    • B.

      Pembentukan

    • C.

      Penguraian

    • D.

      Penguapan

    Correct Answer
    A. Pembakaran
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pembakaran". Pembakaran involves the reaction between oxygen and a fuel source, resulting in the release of heat, light, and various combustion products, including water vapor (uap air) and carbon dioxide (karbondioksida). This process is commonly associated with the burning of substances such as wood, gasoline, or natural gas.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 27, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Ritta
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