Holt Ancient Civilizations Chapter 3

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 346

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Civilization Quizzes & Trivia

You need to know the information found in chapter 3 of the text, Holt Ancient Civilizations, to take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Crops grew well in Mesopotamia because ...
    • A. 

      The land was in mountainous areas.

    • B. 

      Farmland was fertile and water was nearby.

    • C. 

      The area was near the ocean water supply.

    • D. 

      The area received adequate rainfall.

  • 2. 
    Which two land features gave Mesopotamia its name?
    • A. 

      The Fertile Crescent and the Mediterranean Sea

    • B. 

      The Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea

    • C. 

      The northern plateau and the southern plateau

    • D. 

      The Tigris River and the Euphrates River

  • 3. 
    Which is the BEST explanation for why Mesopotamians built canals?
    • A. 

      They needed a way to control the surplus.

    • B. 

      They needed a way to control the low water levels.

    • C. 

      They needed a way to control the flooding.

    • D. 

      They needed a way to control the river’s flow.

  • 4. 
    Which statement BEST represents the development of a civilization?
    • A. 

      If they have a steady food supply, people can develop a complex society.

    • B. 

      People prefer government jobs over life as a farmer.

    • C. 

      The development of cities led to inventions like irrigation.

    • D. 

      People rely on hunting and gathering because it is the only way to survive.

  • 5. 
    Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?
    • A. 

      Each city-state owned crops that had been destroyed by natural causes.

    • B. 

      Each city-state had only one skill: farming.

    • C. 

      Each city-state wanted to build walls around its farms.

    • D. 

      Each city-state wanted to have enough farmland to grow food.

  • 6. 
    Which of these city-states became the most powerful?
    • A. 

      Ur

    • B. 

      Akkad

    • C. 

      Kish

    • D. 

      Uruk

  • 7. 
    What purpose did the wall around a city serve?
    • A. 

      To protect inhabitants of the city-state from attack

    • B. 

      To collect water that could be used to irrigate farmland

    • C. 

      To protect inhabitants of the city-state from floods

    • D. 

      To keep people from moving to another city-state

  • 8. 
    Sumerian social hierarchy was shaped like a triangle in that ...
    • A. 

      A triangle has three sides and there were three social classes.

    • B. 

      Most of the people were priests and laborers who made up the bottom of a triangle.

    • C. 

      A very small number of people were rulers, like the top of a triangle.

    • D. 

      Power grew as it flowed from the top levels of society down to the bottom.

  • 9. 
    "After you have finished your assignment and reported to your monitor [teacher], come to me, and do not wander about in the street."  From this text, what can you infer?
    • A. 

      Sumerians valued education for their children.

    • B. 

      Sumerians wanted their children to become scribes.

    • C. 

      Sumerians needed more students to complete their assignments.

    • D. 

      Sumerians needed help from their children to read and write.

  • 10. 
    Which idea did Sumerians contribute to mathematics?
    • A. 

      Rectangles and triangles

    • B. 

      The idea that there are 360 minutes in an hour

    • C. 

      The idea that clock faces should be round

    • D. 

      The number 60 as a measure for time

  • 11. 
    What was MOST likely the reason that ziggurats were tall?
    • A. 

      To honor the gods

    • B. 

      So they could easily be found

    • C. 

      So architects could display their work

    • D. 

      To mark the center of the city

  • 12. 
    The resource for which Phoenicia was well-known was ...
    • A. 

      Iron ore.

    • B. 

      Cedar wood.

    • C. 

      Fertile soil.

    • D. 

      Gold and silver.

  • 13. 
    Which people grew more powerful due to trade rather than from winning battles?
    • A. 

      The Chaldeans

    • B. 

      The Hittites

    • C. 

      The Phoenicians

    • D. 

      The Kassites

  • 14. 
    What kind of political unit was Carthage?
    • A. 

      A colony

    • B. 

      An empire

    • C. 

      A city-state

    • D. 

      A monarchy

  • 15. 
    What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?
    • A. 

      Phoenicians would only trade with people who could write in Phoenician.

    • B. 

      The Phoenician alphabet spread along their trade routes.

    • C. 

      Trade increased in places where the Phoenician alphabet was not used.

    • D. 

      Phoenicians traded knowledge of their alphabet for goods and services they needed.

  • 16. 
    Hammurabi’s Code was a set of many ...  that were written down for all people to see.
    • A. 

      Pictographs

    • B. 

      Laws

    • C. 

      Surplusses

    • D. 

      Canals

  • 17. 
    The Sumerians developed the world’s first writing system, which is called  ...
    • A. 

      Alphabet

    • B. 

      Cuneiform

    • C. 

      Law

    • D. 

      Silt

  • 18. 
    Sargon built the world’s first  ... ,a land with different territories and peoples under a single rule.
    • A. 

      Canal

    • B. 

      Legal

    • C. 

      Irrigation

    • D. 

      Empire

  • 19. 
    ... , the people who performed religious ceremonies, occupied a high level in Sumer’s social hierarchy.
    • A. 

      Scribes

    • B. 

      Priests

    • C. 

      Peasants

    • D. 

      Slaves

  • 20. 
    The Sumerians hired professional writers called  ... to keep records.
    • A. 

      Scribes

    • B. 

      Laws

    • C. 

      Chariots

    • D. 

      Alphabets

  • 21. 
    A legendary figure in Sumerian literature and the hero of a famous poem
    • A. 

      Gilgamesh

    • B. 

      Polytheism

    • C. 

      Monarch

    • D. 

      Epic

  • 22. 
    Floods on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers brought ...  ,a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks, to the land, which made it fertile.
    • A. 

      Silt

    • B. 

      Surplus

    • C. 

      Canals

    • D. 

      Laws

  • 23. 
    The worship of many gods
    • A. 

      Monotheism

    • B. 

      Social hierarchy

    • C. 

      Ziggurat

    • D. 

      Polytheism

  • 24. 
    An arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
    • A. 

      Polytheism

    • B. 

      Division of labor

    • C. 

      Monotheism

    • D. 

      Epic

  • 25. 
    A long poem about one or more heroes
    • A. 

      Architecture

    • B. 

      Social hierarchy

    • C. 

      Polytheism

    • D. 

      Epic

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