Emergence Of Civilizations Quiz

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Emergence Of Civilizations Quiz - Quiz

It is believed that civilization started in the Americas and Europe before slowly diffusing into Asia and Africa. What is the actual history of civilization, and who are its pioneers? Take up the challenge below and find out. Embark on a captivating journey through time with our "Emergence of Civilizations Quiz," exploring the rise and evolution of ancient cultures that laid the foundations for human civilization. This quiz will transport you to pivotal moments in history, from the earliest settlements to the flourishing of mighty empires.

Test your knowledge of the factors that contributed to the emergence of civilizations, Read moreincluding agriculture, urbanization, and technological advancements. Delve into questions that unravel the stories of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and more. Whether you're a history enthusiast or a student of the past, this quiz offers an engaging opportunity to deepen your understanding of the complex processes that shaped the course of human history. Challenge yourself with queries that span geography, culture, and the remarkable achievements of civilizations that paved the way for the modern world.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Hunters and gatherers are also called by this name because they roam place to place following their food.

    • A.

      Gatherers

    • B.

      Villagers

    • C.

      Nomads

    • D.

      Domestics

    Correct Answer
    C. Nomads
    Explanation
    Hunters and gatherers are referred to as nomads because they constantly move from one place to another in search of food. This lifestyle of constantly roaming and following their food sources is characteristic of nomadic cultures. Nomads do not have a permanent settlement and rely on hunting, gathering, and foraging for their sustenance. Therefore, the term "nomads" is an appropriate description for hunters and gatherers.

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  • 2. 

    An advantage that farming has over hunting and gathering is that a farmer can store his/her food, so that when a famine or drought hits they have a supply of food to eat from.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Farming has an advantage over hunting and gathering because farmers can store their food. This means that in times of famine or drought, farmers have a supply of food to eat from. This advantage allows farmers to be more resilient and better prepared for food shortages compared to hunters and gatherers who rely on immediate availability of resources.

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  • 3. 

    The major activity that changes the lives of people from nomads to life in permanent settlements is 

    • A.

      Gathering

    • B.

      Hunting

    • C.

      Migrating

    • D.

      Farming

    Correct Answer
    D. Farming
    Explanation
    Farming is the correct answer because it is the major activity that allows people to transition from a nomadic lifestyle to settling down in permanent settlements. Nomads rely on hunting and gathering for their food, which requires constant movement in search of resources. However, farming involves cultivating crops and domesticating animals, providing a stable and consistent source of food. This allows people to establish permanent settlements, as they no longer need to constantly move in search of sustenance.

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  • 4. 

    Nomads live in permanent settlements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Nomads live in permanent settlements" is false. Nomads are known for their lifestyle of constantly moving from one place to another, rather than living in permanent settlements. They typically follow a seasonal or migratory pattern, often in search of resources such as water and grazing land for their livestock. This lifestyle allows them to adapt to different environments and survive in various regions.

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  • 5. 

    This term is another word for farming.

    • A.

      Domestication

    • B.

      Agriculture

    • C.

      Surplus

    • D.

      Hunting and gathering

    Correct Answer
    B. Agriculture
    Explanation
    Agriculture is the correct answer because it refers to the practice of cultivating crops and raising livestock for food, fiber, and other products. It involves the systematic and controlled use of land, water, and other resources to produce food and raw materials. Agriculture is a broad term that encompasses various farming practices, including crop cultivation, animal husbandry, and agroforestry. It is an essential activity for human survival and has been a fundamental part of human civilization for thousands of years.

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  • 6. 

    Hunters and gatherers store their food.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hunters and gatherers do not typically store their food. They rely on hunting, fishing, and foraging for their daily sustenance and do not have the means or need to store large quantities of food. They live in small, nomadic groups and move from place to place in search of food sources, rather than storing it for future use. Therefore, the statement that hunters and gatherers store their food is false.

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  • 7. 

    Having more food than you need is called agriculture.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. Having more food than you need is not called agriculture. Agriculture refers to the practice of cultivating crops and raising livestock for food production. Having more food than necessary may be referred to as food surplus or food abundance, but it is not synonymous with agriculture.

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  • 8. 

    People engaging in different types of work is called a surplus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because people engaging in different types of work is not called a surplus. A surplus refers to an excess or abundance of something, typically in relation to goods or resources. People engaging in different types of work may be referred to as having diverse occupations or engaging in various professions, but it does not necessarily imply a surplus.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is a result of agriculture and would lead to the division of labor?

    • A.

      Staying in one place

    • B.

      Continue need to hunt

    • C.

      A surplus of food

    • D.

      Building storage facilities

    Correct Answer
    C. A surplus of food
    Explanation
    A surplus of food resulting from agriculture would lead to the division of labor because when there is enough food to sustain a population, not everyone needs to be involved in food production. This allows for specialization in other areas such as building storage facilities or engaging in other non-agricultural activities.

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  • 10. 

    A book written by a historian who didn't fight in a war, but draws on other sources.

    • A.

      Primary

    • B.

      Secondary

    Correct Answer
    B. Secondary
    Explanation
    This is a secondary source. It is a secondhand source--the author is drawing on others for information rather than sharing their own experiences.

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  • 11. 

    A book about a war where the author says things like "I was drafted at age 18..."; "I flew to Vietnam a few months later..."; "We fought in five battles..."

    • A.

      Primary

    • B.

      Secondary

    Correct Answer
    A. Primary
    Explanation
    This sounds primary because the author is recounting personal experience. They use a lot of "I"'s and "we"'s.

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  • 12. 

    Which answer correctly places the following dates in chronological order?12 A.D., 14 B.C.E., 1066 C.E., 323 B.C., 1776 B.C.E., 2012 A.D.

    • A.

      12 A.D., 14 B.C.E, 1066 C.E., 323 B.C., 1776 B.C.E., 2012 A.D.

    • B.

      14 B.C.E, 323 B.C., 1776 B.C.E, 12 A.D., 1066 C.E., 2012 A.D.

    • C.

      1776 B.C.E., 14 B.C.E., 323 B.C., 12 A.D., 2012 A.D., 1066 C.E.

    • D.

      1776 B.C.E, 323 B.C., 14 B.C.E., 12 A.D., 1066 C.E., 2012 A.D.

    Correct Answer
    D. 1776 B.C.E, 323 B.C., 14 B.C.E., 12 A.D., 1066 C.E., 2012 A.D.
    Explanation
    The correct answer places the dates in chronological order from oldest to newest. It starts with 1776 B.C.E., followed by 323 B.C., 14 B.C.E., 12 A.D., 1066 C.E., and finally 2012 A.D.

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  • 13. 

    Mesopotamian's established a very complex system of farming. This system includes using a series of levees to block the flow of water, canals to control where the flow travels to and an artificial lake to act as a reservoir  to store the water. This process is known as :

    • A.

      Canalism

    • B.

      Irrigation

    • C.

      Water flow process

    • D.

      Water system

    Correct Answer
    B. Irrigation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is irrigation. The explanation is that the system described in the question, which involves using levees, canals, and an artificial lake to control and store water for farming purposes, is known as irrigation. Irrigation is the practice of supplying water to crops or agricultural lands to assist in their growth and productivity. In Mesopotamia, the establishment of such a complex irrigation system was crucial for the success of agriculture in the region.

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  • 14. 

    The current country that lies where Mesopotamia once thrived is

    • A.

      Pakistan

    • B.

      Uganda

    • C.

      Iraq

    • D.

      India

    Correct Answer
    C. Iraq
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean, encompassing parts of modern-day Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Iran. Iraq is the correct answer because it is the country that lies in the region where Mesopotamia once thrived. It is home to historical sites such as Babylon and Ur, which were major cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following physical features influenced the migration patterns of early peoples and led to the development of civilizations?

    • A.

      Lakes

    • B.

      Coastlines

    • C.

      River valleys

    • D.

      Plateus

    Correct Answer
    C. River valleys
    Explanation
    River valleys influenced the migration patterns of early peoples and led to the development of civilizations. River valleys provided fertile land for agriculture, which allowed communities to settle and develop into civilizations. The rivers also provided a source of water for irrigation and transportation, facilitating trade and communication between different settlements. Additionally, the rivers served as natural barriers, offering protection against invasions. These factors made river valleys attractive for settlement and played a crucial role in the development of early civilizations.

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  • 16. 

    A key geographic advantage of developing on rivers is

    • A.

      Barriers against invasion

    • B.

      Monsoon winds

    • C.

      Sunny climate

    • D.

      Fertile land

    Correct Answer
    D. Fertile land
    Explanation
    Developing on rivers provides a key geographic advantage of fertile land. Rivers often deposit nutrient-rich sediment along their banks, creating fertile soil that is ideal for agriculture. This allows for the cultivation of crops and the establishment of thriving communities. Fertile land provides a reliable food source, promotes economic growth through agriculture, and supports a sustainable and prosperous society.

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  • 17. 

    Based on the diagram, Aryans were divided into classes based on

    • A.

      Gender and race

    • B.

      Occupations (jobs)

    • C.

      Age and place of birth

    • D.

      Religious beliefs

    Correct Answer
    B. Occupations (jobs)
    Explanation
    The diagram suggests that Aryans were divided into classes based on their occupations or jobs. This means that individuals were categorized and assigned a social status based on the type of work they did. This classification system was likely used to determine one's societal role, privileges, and responsibilities within the Aryan society.

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  • 18. 

    Which characteristic belongs in the empty circle

    • A.

      Hunters and gatherers

    • B.

      Domestication of Animals

    • C.

      Very small population

    • D.

      Cave paintings

    Correct Answer
    B. Domestication of Animals
    Explanation
    The characteristic that belongs in the empty circle is "Agriculture". Hunters and gatherers were nomadic and relied on hunting and gathering for food, while the domestication of animals marked the transition to agriculture and the domestication of plants. Very small population refers to the early stages of human civilization, and cave paintings are a form of early human artistic expression. Therefore, the missing characteristic is the shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture.

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  • 19. 

    One reason for the development of an ancient river valley civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys was that

    • A.

      These rivers provided a direct trade route between Europe and Asia

    • B.

      Periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming

    • C.

      These rivers flowed into the Mediterranean Sea

    • D.

      The location provided a natural barrier from land invasion

    Correct Answer
    B. Periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming
    Explanation
    The reason for the development of an ancient river valley civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys was that periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming. The flooding of these rivers deposited nutrient-rich sediment onto the surrounding land, creating fertile soil that was highly suitable for agriculture. This allowed the early civilizations in this region to cultivate crops and sustain a stable food supply, which in turn supported the growth of complex societies and the development of advanced civilizations.

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  • 20. 

    Based on the map and your knowledge of social studies, the Fertile Crescent is located in the region referred to as

    • A.

      Ancient Egypt

    • B.

      Ancient China

    • C.

      Mesopotamia

    • D.

      The Indus Valley

    Correct Answer
    C. Mesopotamia
    Explanation
    The Fertile Crescent is located in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia is an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Fertile Crescent refers to the crescent-shaped area of fertile land that extends from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. This region is known as the cradle of civilization and is where some of the earliest human civilizations, such as the Sumerians and Babylonians, emerged. The map and knowledge of social studies confirm that the Fertile Crescent is indeed located in Mesopotamia.

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  • 21. 

    Which term means believing in more than one god?

    • A.

      Polytheism

    • B.

      Cuneiform

    • C.

      Monotheism

    • D.

      Multi-godism

    Correct Answer
    A. Polytheism
    Explanation
    Polytheism refers to the belief in multiple gods. It is derived from the Greek words "poly" meaning "many" and "theos" meaning "god". In polytheistic religions, such as ancient Greek or Roman mythology, each god has a specific role or domain. This is in contrast to monotheism, which is the belief in a single god, and cuneiform, which is a system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia. "Multi-godism" is not a commonly used term and does not accurately describe the belief in multiple gods.

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  • 22. 

    Based on your understanding of social studies, the picture above shows an example of 

    • A.

      Domestication

    • B.

      The Hammurabi code

    • C.

      Hieroglyphics

    • D.

      Social structure

    Correct Answer
    D. Social structure
    Explanation
    The picture above shows an example of social structure. Social structure refers to the way a society is organized, including the relationships, roles, and positions of individuals within the community. The image may depict different individuals or groups interacting with each other in a specific way, indicating the existence of a social hierarchy or division of labor. This suggests that the picture is illustrating the concept of social structure.

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  • 23. 

    “If a [nobleman] has knocked out the tooth of a [nobleman] of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth. But if he has knocked out a commoner’s (of lesser rank) tooth, he shall pay one-third mina of silver.” -Code of HammurabiWhich idea of Babylonian society does this portion of the Hammurabi code of law reflect?

    • A.

      All men are created equal under the law

    • B.

      Unequal treatment existed between social classes

    • C.

      Violence was always punished with violence

    • D.

      People paid fines rather than cruel punishment

    Correct Answer
    B. Unequal treatment existed between social classes
    Explanation
    This portion of the Hammurabi code of law reflects the idea that unequal treatment existed between social classes. It states that if a nobleman knocks out the tooth of another nobleman, his punishment is to have his tooth knocked out as well. However, if a nobleman knocks out the tooth of a commoner, he only has to pay a fine of one-third mina of silver. This demonstrates that different social classes were treated differently under the law, indicating the existence of inequality in Babylonian society.

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  • 24. 

    What was one of the strongest similarities between the Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Harappan, and Chinese civilizations?

    • A.

      Irrigation of great rivers

    • B.

      Lack of written language

    • C.

      Development along deserts

    • D.

      Lack of government

    Correct Answer
    A. Irrigation of great rivers
    Explanation
    One of the strongest similarities between the Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Harappan, and Chinese civilizations was their use of irrigation systems along the great rivers. These civilizations relied on the water from rivers such as the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow River to support their agricultural practices. They developed sophisticated irrigation methods to control and distribute water for farming, which allowed for the growth of large-scale agricultural economies and the development of complex societies. This similarity in utilizing river systems for irrigation highlights the importance of water management in the development and sustainability of these ancient civilizations.

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  • 25. 

    Three of the four ancient river valley civilizations developed on which continent?

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      Africa

    • D.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    B. Asia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Asia because three of the four ancient river valley civilizations, namely Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, and Huang He (Yellow River) civilizations, developed on the continent of Asia. These civilizations flourished around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in present-day Iraq, the Indus River in present-day Pakistan, and the Yellow River in present-day China, respectively. Africa and North America did not have ancient river valley civilizations of the same scale and significance as those in Asia.

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  • 26. 

    What is the name for the ancient area known as the "land between the rivers"?

    • A.

      Mesopotamia

    • B.

      Euphrates

    • C.

      Tigris

    • D.

      Persia

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesopotamia
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia is the correct answer because it refers to the ancient area known as the "land between the rivers." Mesopotamia was located in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which is present-day Iraq. It was one of the earliest cradles of civilization and is known for its advancements in agriculture, writing systems, and complex societies. The term "Mesopotamia" literally means "between the rivers" in Greek, highlighting its geographical location.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following groups of people developed cuneiform writing named after the wedge-shaped letters they used?

    • A.

      Babylonians

    • B.

      Chaldeans

    • C.

      Sumerians

    • D.

      Egyptians

    Correct Answer
    C. Sumerians
    Explanation
    Cuneiform writing was developed by the Sumerians. They used wedge-shaped letters to create this form of writing. The Babylonians, Chaldeans, and Egyptians did not develop cuneiform writing.

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  • 28. 

    "An eye for an eye" is a law found in

    • A.

      The Bible

    • B.

      The Code of Hammurabi

    • C.

      The Torah

    • D.

      The Vedas

    Correct Answer
    B. The Code of Hammurabi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Code of Hammurabi. The phrase "an eye for an eye" is commonly associated with this ancient Babylonian code of laws, which was created by King Hammurabi around 1754 BC. The code was based on the principle of retributive justice, where punishments were meant to be proportional to the crime committed. This concept of seeking revenge or justice by inflicting the same harm that was done is reflected in the famous phrase "an eye for an eye."

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