Hm Book Ch 21: Emergency Procedures (In Progress)

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Hm Book Ch 21: Emergency Procedures (In Progress) - Quiz

This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 21, Emergency Procedures.
Only a random 20-30% of the questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order.
Thank you for using us to help you study and advance. Good luck!
(Note: This quiz was last updated on 14 Jan 2011)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This quiz has over a hundred questions, however, we've programmed it so that only 25 - 33% show up each time it loads.  We also add questions to all of our quizzes every few days. Keeping this in mind, which of the following is the best way to practice and use all of our questions to help you study this subject?

    • A.

      Bookmarking this page so that you can do this quiz again later

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      Emailing this page to yourself so that you can easily find it from home or work

    • C.

      Hitting the "refresh" button on your browser when the quiz is complete to load up a new set of questions (many of which you haven't yet seen) in a random order

    • D.

      Any of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Any of the above
    Explanation
    Any of the above options would be the best way to practice and use all of the questions to help study the subject. By bookmarking the page, emailing it to oneself, or refreshing the browser, one can access the quiz again later and load a new set of questions, ensuring exposure to a variety of questions and maximizing study effectiveness.

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  • 2. 

    You're enjoying this quiz and its probably doing a good job of helping you study and getting you advanced to the next rank.  Which of the following is a good way to support this project and keep the site running? (Select all that apply)

    • A.

      Using the links we have to Amazon.com to purchase your MP3 music and movies

    • B.

      Donating $1, $5, $10, or $25 using the PayPal link above (you can use a credit card)

    • C.

      Using the links we have to Amazon.com to purchase DVD movies, electronics, computer software and hardware, and more

    • D.

      Forwarding the site to your friends and coworkers

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Using the links we have to Amazon.com to purchase your MP3 music and movies
    B. Donating $1, $5, $10, or $25 using the PayPal link above (you can use a credit card)
    C. Using the links we have to Amazon.com to purchase DVD movies, electronics, computer software and hardware, and more
    D. Forwarding the site to your friends and coworkers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to use the links to Amazon.com to purchase MP3 music and movies, donate using the PayPal link, use the links to Amazon.com to purchase DVD movies, electronics, software, and hardware, and forward the site to friends and coworkers. These actions support the project by generating revenue through affiliate links and donations, as well as increasing the site's visibility and reach through word-of-mouth promotion.

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  • 3. 

    Donations of any amount, even as low as $1 can be made by clicking here to access our PayPal page.  All donations go towards paying the cost of maintaining the site or towards sending care packages to deployed Navy Corpsmen and Marines.

    • A.

      Sure, I'll donate! Maybe not this time, but if I come back to the site or stay here for a long time... Then it'll be obvious it's a good service and worth a few dollars from me in order to keep it running!

    • B.

      Screw the site! Regardless of how much I use it, I always put myself first! Gonna spend those $5 on beer and cigarettes!

    Correct Answer
    A. Sure, I'll donate! Maybe not this time, but if I come back to the site or stay here for a long time... Then it'll be obvious it's a good service and worth a few dollars from me in order to keep it running!
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the person is willing to donate to the site, but not at the moment. They believe that if they continue using the site or stay for a longer period, they will realize the value and importance of the service, and then it would be worth donating a few dollars to support its maintenance. This answer reflects a thoughtful and considerate approach towards supporting the site.

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  • 4. 

    Signs of increased intracranial pressure include:      - Headache      - Nausea and / or vomiting      - Possible unconsciousness      - Change in pupil size or symmetry      - Lateral loss of motor nerve function      - Change in respiratory rate or pattern      - Steady rise in the systolic blood pressure      - Rise in pulse pressure      - Elevated body temperature      - Restlessness

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-9

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  • 5. 

    What is the maximum amount of time allowed for continuous suctioning of an infant's airway?

    • A.

      5 seconds

    • B.

      5 - 10 seconds

    • C.

      10 - 15 seconds

    • D.

      15 - 20 seconds

    • E.

      20 - 30 seconds

    • F.

      30 seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 seconds
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-19

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  • 6. 

    Hypovolemic shock, also known as hemorrhagic shock, is a loss of intravascular volume which may occur from blood, plasma, or fluid loss.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-19

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  • 7. 

    Distributive shock occur when the vascular container (blood vessels) dilate without a proportional increase in fluid volume.  As a result, the heart's preload decreases (blood available for pumping out to the body), and thus cardiac output falls, leaving the tissues hypoxic and starved for energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-19

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following should NOT be done when treating a patient with an object impaled in one of her eyes?

    • A.

      Make all efforts to not put additional pressure on the globe

    • B.

      Apply dry sterile dressings to build around and support the object

    • C.

      In hazardous conditions, leave the good eye uncovered long enough to ensure the casualty's safety

    • D.

      Bandage both eyes if foreign bodies are not easily removed by simple measures or if there is pain or loss of vision in the eye

    • E.

      All of the above actions are appropriate

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above actions are appropriate
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-84

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  • 9. 

    Chilblain is a mild cold injury that happens from prolonged exposure to temperatures above freezing to as high as 60F.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-97

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  • 10. 

    An infant's airway should never be suctioned for more than 15 seconds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-9

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  • 11. 

    A casualty with a compromised airway or massive external hemorrhage will fall under non-tactical triage Priority I - Immediate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-2

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  • 12. 

    When performing a needle chest decompression, an 18 gauge needle is the preferred size required to adequately decompress the chest.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-16

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  • 13. 

    A casualty with a long bone fracture will fall under non-tactical triage Priority I - Immediate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-3

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is the simplest way to get a new set of questions for this quiz?

    • A.

      Click the refresh button on your browser

    • B.

      Emailing us at [email protected] and asking us to create new questions

    • C.

      Closing the browser, logging out, and returning tomorrow

    • D.

      Shaking your laptop like an Etch-A-Sketch

    Correct Answer
    A. Click the refresh button on your browser
    Explanation
    Clicking the refresh button on the browser is the simplest way to get a new set of questions for this quiz. This action will reload the webpage and generate a new set of questions for the user to answer.

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  • 15. 

    Combat Gauze is the current hemostatic agent of choice.  It should be applied with at least how many minutes of direct pressure?

    • A.

      None. It is immediately effective

    • B.

      1 - 2 minutes

    • C.

      At least 2 minutes

    • D.

      At least 3 minutes

    Correct Answer
    D. At least 3 minutes
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-56

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  • 16. 

    The general impression of a trauma patient is crucial to identifying which of the following?

    • A.

      Transportation decision

    • B.

      Patient's overall systemic condition

    • C.

      Obvious significant external problems

    • D.

      Probable significant internal problems

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-25

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  • 17. 

    When inserting the Combitube and after the device is sitting between the teeth and properly aligned between the printed black rings, the next step is to inflate the blue cuff.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-13

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  • 18. 

    Mediastinal shifts, whether on pneumothorax or hemothorax patients, are a late sign.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-45

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  • 19. 

    Normally, a loss of how many liters of blood is needed to create a life-threatening condition?

    • A.

      0.5 liters

    • B.

      1 liter

    • C.

      1.5 liters

    • D.

      2 liters

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 liter
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Normally, a loss of 1 liter of blood is all that's needed to create a life-threatening condition.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

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  • 21. 

    Casualties whose injuries are critical but who will require only minimal time or equipment to manage and who have a good prognosis for survival are sorted under triage Priority I - Immediate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-2

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is NOT a sign of increased intracranial pressure?

    • A.

      Headache, nausea, and / or vomiting

    • B.

      Change in the casualty's respiratory rate or pattern

    • C.

      Steady rise in the systolic blood pressure (in patients who haven't lost significant amounts of blood)

    • D.

      Elevated body temperature

    • E.

      All of the above are signs of increased intracranial pressure

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above are signs of increased intracranial pressure
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-43

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  • 23. 

    Synthetic materials used for suturing wounds closed such as nylon and dermalon frequently react with tissue and can be "spit" from the wound.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-68

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  • 24. 

    Cardiogenic shock occurs when the vascular container (blood vessels) dilate without a proportional increase in fluid volume.  As a result, the heart's preload decreases (blood available for pumping out to the body), and thus cardiac output falls, leaving the tissues hypoxic and starved for energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-19

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    A hypotensive patient is one who has a systolic blood pressure less than 90.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-34

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  • 26. 

    A hypotensive patient is one who has a systolic blood pressure less than 100.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-34

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  • 27. 

    The placenta will deliver itself how many minutes after the baby?

    • A.

      Immediately

    • B.

      5 to 10 minutes

    • C.

      10 to 20 minutes

    • D.

      20 to 30 minutes

    Correct Answer
    C. 10 to 20 minutes
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-51

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  • 28. 

    Patients with pelvic fractures should not be moved unless absolutely necessary.  The casualty should be treated for shock and kept warm but should not be moved into the recovery position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-80

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  • 29. 

    Because it increases intracranial pressure and causes constriction of the pupils, morphine should never be given to patients with head injuries.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-61

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  • 30. 

    Normally, a loss of approximately 1 liter of blood creates a life threatening condition.  1 liter of blood is usually what percent of a person's total blood volume?

    • A.

      10 - 20%

    • B.

      25 - 40%

    • C.

      40 - 60%

    • D.

      50 - 75%

    Correct Answer
    B. 25 - 40%
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

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  • 31. 

    Normally, a loss of approximately 25 - 40% of a person's total blood volume blood creates a life threatening condition.  25 - 40% of a person's total blood volume is how much blood?

    • A.

      500mL

    • B.

      1 liter

    • C.

      1.5 liters

    • D.

      2 liters

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 liter
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    1 - 2 teaspoons of vinegar in a pint of water is the best solution to use to flush the skin of what type of injury?

    • A.

      First-degree burn

    • B.

      Second-debree burn

    • C.

      Acid burn

    • D.

      Alkali burn

    Correct Answer
    D. Alkali burn
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-92

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    Casualties with a total upper airway obstruction, inhalation burns, or massive maxillofacial trauma who cannot be ventilated by any other means are candidates for a Combitube.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-14

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  • 34. 

    A patient experiencing respiratory distress can rapidly progress to full respiratory arrest.  A Corpsman should always be prepared to utilize advanced airway procedures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-32

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  • 35. 

    What does the acronym "AVPU" stand for?

    • A.

      Airway, Vital Signs, and Pulses are Uniform

    • B.

      Alert, Verbal, Painful, Unresponsive

    • C.

      Analyze, Verify, Process, Uniformity

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Alert, Verbal, Painful, Unresponsive
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-29

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  • 36. 

    Massive hemorrhage may be fatal within how many seconds?

    • A.

      60 - 120

    • B.

      120 - 180

    • C.

      120 - 240

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. 60 - 120
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

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  • 37. 

    When performing a needle chest decompression, what is the preferred size of the needle required to adequately decompress the chest?

    • A.

      14 gauge

    • B.

      16 gauge

    • C.

      18 gauge

    • D.

      20 gauge

    • E.

      22 gauge

    Correct Answer
    A. 14 gauge
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-16

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  • 38. 

    Non-absorbable materials used for suturing wounds closed such as silk frequently react with tissue and can be "spit" from the wound.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-68

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Any person who has an acute pain in the back or neck following an injury should be treated as though there is a fractured spine, even if there are no other symptoms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-78

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  • 40. 

    The index of suspicion is derived directly from the mechanism of injury and is defined as the injury patterns the casualty will display based on the mechanism of injury.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-25

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  • 41. 

    Which of the three statements regarding the three stages of shock is FALSE?

    • A.

      Stage 1: Compensated shock - At this stage, the blood pressure is maintained; however, there is a arrowing of the pulse pressure, which is the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures. Treatment at this stage will typically result in recovery.

    • B.

      Stage 2: Decompensated shock - At this stage, the blood pressure is falling because the blood volume has dropped 15 - 25%. The compensatory mechanisms are beginning to fail and signs and symptoms of shock are much more obvious. At this point, vasoconstriction can have a disastrous effect if allowed to continue. Treatment at this stage will sometimes result in recovery.

    • C.

      Stage 3: Irreversible shock - Shock has progressed to a terminal stage. Arterial blood pressure is abnormally low. There are life-threatening reductions in cardiac output, blood pressure, and tissue perfusion. Even aggressive treatment at this stage does not normally result in recovery.

    • D.

      All of the above statements are true

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above statements are true
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-20

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  • 42. 

    How many atmospheres of pressure are applied at a depth of 33 feet in sea water?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      14.7

    • D.

      21

    • E.

      33

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-100

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  • 43. 

    You're summoned to the scene of a motor vehicle accident.  Upon assessment, you discover that the patient has asymmetrical pupils, headache, nausea, and vomiting.  There is a spider-web type crack on the windshield.  Which of the following should you have a high degree of suspicion for?

    • A.

      Migraine

    • B.

      Increased intracranial pressure

    • C.

      Stroke

    • D.

      Mild concussion

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased intracranial pressure
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-43

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  • 44. 

    Corpsmen may administer nebulizer treatments only when authorized by the Medical Officer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-33

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  • 45. 

    Which of the following is NOT a contraindication of activated charcoal?

    • A.

      Altered mental status

    • B.

      Alcohol or other form of ingested intoxication such as pills

    • C.

      Suspected of swallowing acids or alkalis

    • D.

      Inability to swallow

    Correct Answer
    B. Alcohol or other form of ingested intoxication such as pills
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-39

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  • 46. 

    Combat gauze should be applied with at least 5 minutes of direct pressure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-56

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    A casualty with a compromised airway or massive external hemorrhage will fall under non-tactical triage Priority II - Delayed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-2

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    Most patients experiencing difficulty breathing will prefer to remain in a seated position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-32

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  • 49. 

    Most patients experiencing difficulty breathing will prefer to remain in a laying position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-32

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    A diluted solution of which of the following substances is best used to treat alkali burns to the skin?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Ammonia

    • C.

      Vinegar

    • D.

      Baking soda

    • E.

      Furniture polish

    Correct Answer
    C. Vinegar
    Explanation
    HM Manual page 21-92

    Rate this question:

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