HIV/AIDS & Tumor Immunology

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| By Eddy Sidra
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Eddy Sidra
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 32,433
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 367

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Immune System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which HIV cell surface protein is responsible for binding a helper T cell?

    • A.

      Gp41

    • B.

      Reverse transcriptase

    • C.

      Gp120

    • D.

      Proviral DNA

    Correct Answer
    C. Gp120
    Explanation
    She probably wont ask too detailed a question..but this seemed like a gimme.

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  • 2. 

    Select the correct order of the HIV infection process of a Helper T cell.

    • A.

      Binding of gp41 --> Proviral DNA--> Genomic viral DNA --> Synthesis of new Viral proteins --> Integration of provirus DNA

    • B.

      Binding of gp120--> Genomic viral DNA --> reverse transcription into Proviral DNA -->Integration of Provirus DNA -->Synthesis of new viral proteins

    • C.

      Binding of gp120 --> Proviral DNA --> reverse transcription into Genomic DNA --> Integration into host DNA --> Synthesis of new HIV proteins

    • D.

      Binding of gp41 --> Genomic DNA --> Integration into host DNA --> Reverse transcription into proviral DNA --> Synthesis of new HIV proteins.

    Correct Answer
    B. Binding of gp120--> Genomic viral DNA --> reverse transcription into Proviral DNA -->Integration of Provirus DNA -->Synthesis of new viral proteins
    Explanation
    The correct order of the HIV infection process of a Helper T cell is as follows: binding of gp120 to the cell surface receptor, followed by the entry of genomic viral DNA into the cell. The viral RNA is then reverse transcribed into proviral DNA, which is integrated into the host cell's DNA. Finally, the host cell machinery synthesizes new viral proteins.

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  • 3. 

    In a person with AIDS, which type of cell is mainly being attacked/depleted? (Select 2)

    • A.

      CD4+ T

    • B.

      CD8+ T

    • C.

      Helper T Cell

    • D.

      Natural Killer Cells

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. CD4+ T
    C. Helper T Cell
    Explanation
    CD4+T cells are helper T Cells

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  • 4. 

    Someone infected with HIV may be asymptomatic for years

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Slide 24

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  • 5. 

    AIDS is diagnosed when

    • A.

      A person has become infected by the HIV virus

    • B.

      Antibodies to the proteins encoded by gag, pol, and env are found in the blood

    • C.

      Chronic fever, weight loss, and diarrhea are present with the virus

    • D.

      A person is infected with the HIV Virus and has been infected by opportunistic infections

    Correct Answer
    D. A person is infected with the HIV Virus and has been infected by opportunistic infections
    Explanation
    It is not classified as AIDS until the immunodeficiency reaches the point to where opportunistic infections are present. Also malignant neoplasms.

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  • 6. 

    The most common AIDS diagnostic test is one that isolates the virus from a blood sample.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Checking for presence of HIV antigen in the blood is the most common method. Slide 30

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following AIDS diagnostic tests use electrophoresis and detects up to 9 HIV viral proteins?

    • A.

      ELISA

    • B.

      Western Blot

    • C.

      PCR

    • D.

      IFA

    Correct Answer
    B. Western Blot
    Explanation
    The Western Blot test is used for AIDS diagnosis and it utilizes electrophoresis to separate and detect up to 9 different HIV viral proteins. This test is considered to be highly accurate and is often used as a confirmatory test after a positive result from an initial screening test like ELISA. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a molecular test used to detect the genetic material of the virus, while IFA (Immunofluorescence Assay) is a technique that uses fluorescent antibodies to detect viral proteins.

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  • 8. 

    Which test should be used as a starting point in the diagnosis of AIDS?

    • A.

      ELISA

    • B.

      Western Blot

    • C.

      IFA

    • D.

      PCR

    Correct Answer
    A. ELISA
    Explanation
    Western Blot, IFA, and PCR all serve to confirm a diagnosis. ELISA is the first test done and gives a positive/negative/indeterminate result.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is a reason to HIV's resistance to drugs?

    • A.

      HIV has a high mutation rate due to reverse transcriptase errors

    • B.

      It uses reverse transcriptase

    • C.

      It isn't very resistant to drugs

    • D.

      Most drugs are protease inhibitors, which treat symptoms and not the viral infection

    Correct Answer
    A. HIV has a high mutation rate due to reverse transcriptase errors
    Explanation
    HIV has a high mutation rate due to reverse transcriptase errors. Reverse transcriptase is an enzyme that allows HIV to convert its RNA into DNA, which can then be integrated into the host cell's genome. However, reverse transcriptase is prone to making errors during this process, leading to a high rate of mutations in the viral genome. These mutations can result in changes to the virus's proteins, making it more difficult for drugs to effectively target and treat the infection.

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  • 10. 

    An absolute CD4+T cell count of 150 in a cubic millimeter of blood would indicate

    • A.

      The person is an antibody-positive asymptomatic carrier

    • B.

      The patient is vulnerable to an opportunistic infection

    • C.

      The patient is in category 1 of the CD4+T categories.

    • D.

      The patient is not at risk for AIDS

    Correct Answer
    B. The patient is vulnerable to an opportunistic infection
    Explanation
    CBC (of Helper T cells) less than 200-300 indicates vulnerability to opportunistic infections. This is classified as category 3

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  • 11. 

    An opportunistic infection that occurs in the eye is the ________   

    • A.

      Human papilloma virus

    • B.

      Hepatitis C virus

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      Cytomegalovirus

    Correct Answer
    D. Cytomegalovirus
    Explanation
    Cytomegalovirus is a common opportunistic infection that can occur in the eye. It is a type of herpes virus that can cause inflammation and damage to the retina, leading to vision problems. It commonly affects individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing organ transplantation. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is the most common manifestation of this infection in the eye and can cause symptoms like blurry vision, floaters, and loss of peripheral vision. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent further complications and preserve vision.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is incorrect regarding CMV retinitis?

    • A.

      If untreated, the disease can cause blindness within 4 weeks

    • B.

      It is a member of the herpes virus family

    • C.

      Treatment is a one time regiment lasting 6 months

    • D.

      The CMV virus, if untreated, will cause blindness to both eyes

    Correct Answer
    C. Treatment is a one time regiment lasting 6 months
    Explanation
    Treatment is life long

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following are oncofetal genes? (Select 2)

    • A.

      CEA

    • B.

      AFP

    • C.

      RAS

    • D.

      P53

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. CEA
    B. AFP
    Explanation
    CEA - Carcino embryonic antigens
    AFP - Alpha fetoprotein.

    RAS and p53 may be tumor associated antigens but are not oncofetal genes.

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  • 14. 

    The membrane attack complex (MAC) is involved in the destruction of tumor cells. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lysis of tumor cells occurs after activation of the classical pathway. The classical pathway (and all the compliment pathways) end in lysis through the membrane attack complex.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following would aid in tumor escape?

    • A.

      Increased immune surveillance

    • B.

      Tumor decreasing production of immunosuppressive cytokines

    • C.

      Reduced levels of MHC-1 molecule on the tumor

    • D.

      Increased levels of Tumor associated and tumor specific antigens

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduced levels of MHC-1 molecule on the tumor
    Explanation
    Reduced levels of MHC-1 molecules on the tumor would aid in tumor escape. MHC-1 molecules are responsible for presenting antigens to immune cells, which triggers an immune response against the tumor. When the levels of MHC-1 molecules are reduced, the tumor becomes less recognizable to the immune system, allowing it to escape immune surveillance and avoid destruction by immune cells. This helps the tumor to evade the immune response and continue to grow and spread.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 23, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Eddy Sidra
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