Health Psychology Test #4

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| By Rmoj203
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Rmoj203
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 500
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 500

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Health Psychology Test #4 - Quiz

Test on HIV/AIDS, Cancer, and Health Disparities


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following cells are attacked during the asymptomatic stage of HIV infection.

    • A.

      B Cells

    • B.

      T Helper Cells

    • C.

      Natural Killer Cells

    • D.

      Memory B Cells

    • E.

      Leukocytes

    Correct Answer
    B. T Helper Cells
    Explanation
    While T Helper cells have no cell killing properties of their own, they activate immune system cells that do.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following are symptoms of HIV except __________________.

    • A.

      Skin rashes

    • B.

      Short-term memory loss

    • C.

      Loss of fingernails

    • D.

      Fatigue

    • E.

      They are all symptoms of HIV

    Correct Answer
    C. Loss of fingernails
    Explanation
    Don't be stu-PED!

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  • 3. 

    Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) is a primary prevention method in the treatment of HIV/AIDS.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HAART is a secondary prevention method, meaning it is treatment for a patient who already has the HIV virus as it helps against the progression of the disease and the emergence of its symptoms.

    Primary prevention is geared toward actually preventing diseases.

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  • 4. 

    _______________ leads to abnormal cell growth.

    • A.

      Cancer

    • B.

      Carinogenesis

    • C.

      Carcinoma

    • D.

      A & C

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Carinogenesis
    Explanation
    Carcinogenesis is the process of cancer development that begins with damage to genes that leads to abnormal cell growth and a detectable tumor.

    Cancer (also known as carcinoma) is the condition of abnormal cell growth and the accumulation of those abnormal cells.

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  • 5. 

    What type of tumor invades surrounding tissue?

    • A.

      Benign

    • B.

      Malignant

    • C.

      Automotive

    • D.

      SHAAD

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Malignant
    Explanation
    An invading tumor is bad.

    Mal = bad.

    Malignant = invasive tumor.

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  • 6. 

    In the TNM staging system for cancer, the letter T in the acronym TNM stands for tumor size.  Which of the following are the correct descriptions for "N" and "M" (select 2 answers)?

    • A.

      N: number of tumors in the body, whether malignant or benign.

    • B.

      N: (lymph) nodes have been affected.

    • C.

      M: malignant or benign tumor classification

    • D.

      M: metastatic (has already mobilized) tumor

    • E.

      One of the above choices is incorrect.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. N: (lymph) nodes have been affected.
    D. M: metastatic (has already mobilized) tumor
    Explanation
    The letter N in the TNM staging system stands for whether the (lymph) nodes have been affected. This means that it assesses whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. The letter M in the TNM staging system stands for a metastatic tumor, which means that the cancer has already spread to distant parts of the body. These two descriptions are correct in the context of the TNM staging system for cancer.

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  • 7. 

    The term "chemo brain" refers to a byproduct of chemotherapy in that the patient

    • A.

      May experience swelling of the hypothalamus and suffer some internal bleeding

    • B.

      May be affected cognitively or emotionally

    • C.

      May become addicted to chemotherapy treatments

    • D.

      May lose motor control

    • E.

      C and D

    Correct Answer
    B. May be affected cognitively or emotionally
    Explanation
    "Chemo brain" refers to cognitive and emotional changes that can occur as a result of chemotherapy treatment. It is not directly related to physical symptoms such as swelling of the hypothalamus, internal bleeding, or loss of motor control. Instead, patients may experience difficulties with memory, concentration, and emotional well-being. These cognitive and emotional effects can be temporary or long-lasting, and can vary in severity from person to person.

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  • 8. 

    List examples of what is involved in Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT).

  • 9. 

    Ischemia is a condition in which cells are robbed of oxygen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ischemia is a symptom of Coronary Heart Disease.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following terms is most closely associated with the term "heart attack" in which there is a death of heart tissue?

    • A.

      Coronary heart disease

    • B.

      CVR

    • C.

      Myocardial Infarction

    • D.

    Correct Answer
    C. Myocardial Infarction
    Explanation
    Myocardial Infarction is the most closely associated term with "heart attack" in which there is a death of heart tissue. Myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked, leading to the death of heart muscle cells. This condition is often caused by a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart. Coronary heart disease is a broader term that refers to the narrowing or blockage of these arteries, while CVR is not directly related to heart attacks or the death of heart tissue.

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  • 11. 

    According to the video we watched in class, why is it that women tend to die from heart attacks more than women?

  • 12. 

    List several atypical symptoms women suffer from before having a heart attack.

  • 13. 

    Explain what "cardiac rehabilitation" and "cardiac invalidism" are.

  • 14. 

    90% of hypertension is unknown in origin (the remaining five percent occurs due to failures of the kidney to regulate blood pressure).Hypertension unknown in origin is also known as _____________ hypertension.

    Correct Answer
    essential
    Explanation
    Essential hypertension refers to high blood pressure that has no identifiable cause. It is estimated that approximately 90% of cases of hypertension fall into this category, meaning that the exact reason for the elevated blood pressure is unknown. The remaining 10% of cases can be attributed to specific factors such as kidney problems. Therefore, essential hypertension is the correct term for hypertension of unknown origin.

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  • 15. 

    What are five lifestyle modifications a person can make to decrease their risk of cardiovascular disease and what specific effects to their arteries does each change make?(HINT:  three are related to one's diet).

  • 16. 

    Type I diabetes ____________________

    • A.

      Is insulin dependent; body feeds off its own fats and proteins due to the immune system destroying cells that produce insulin (beta cells of the pancreas)

    • B.

      Is not insulin dependent; body feeds off its own fats and proteins due to the immune system destroying cells that produce insulin (beta cells of the pancreas)

    • C.

      Is insulin resistant

    • D.

      A and C

    • E.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    A. Is insulin dependent; body feeds off its own fats and proteins due to the immune system destroying cells that produce insulin (beta cells of the pancreas)
    Explanation
    Type II diabetes is NOT insulin dependent; those who suffer from it are insulin resistant causing an imbalance between insulin production and action and is regulated by controlling blood sugar levels and through exercise.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not a major factor in mortality trends?

    • A.

      Race

    • B.

      Gender

    • C.

      Income

    • D.

      Education

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The question asks for a factor that is not a major contributor to mortality trends. The options provided include race, gender, income, education, and "none of the above." The correct answer, "none of the above," implies that all of the factors listed (race, gender, income, and education) are major factors in mortality trends. Therefore, the correct answer suggests that all of these factors play a significant role in determining mortality rates.

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  • 18. 

    Briefly describe the "Hispanic Paradox".

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