History Chapter 13 - The Rise Of The Middle Ages Quiz

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History Chapter 13 - The Rise Of The Middle Ages Quiz - Quiz

Voc. And Notes Quiz for Chapter 13 in History


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Political System if local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military duties, and other services.

    Explanation
    Feudalism is a political system where local government is established through the exchange of land for loyalty, military obligations, and other services. In this system, a lord grants land, known as a fief, to a vassal in exchange for their allegiance and support. The vassal, in turn, provides military service and other duties to the lord. Feudalism was prevalent in medieval Europe and Japan, where it created a hierarchical society with a strong emphasis on personal relationships and obligations.

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  • 2. 

    Grant of land given to a vassal from a lord.

    Explanation
    A fief is a grant of land given by a lord to a vassal. This land is typically given in exchange for the vassal's loyalty, military service, and other obligations. The vassal would then become the lord's subordinate and would have certain rights and responsibilities over the land. The concept of the fief was a fundamental aspect of feudalism, a medieval social and economic system.

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  • 3. 

    Person granted land from a lord in return for services.

    Explanation
    A vassal is a person who is granted land by a lord in exchange for providing services. This feudal relationship was common during medieval times, where the lord would grant the vassal a fief (land) and the vassal would pledge loyalty and military support to the lord. The vassal would also provide various services such as paying taxes or providing counsel to the lord. This system allowed the lord to maintain control over their land and ensured the vassal's protection and resources in return.

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  • 4. 

    System of inheretence form father to eldest son for ownership or possession of land.

    Explanation
    Primogeniture refers to the system of inheritance where the eldest son receives all the ownership or possession of land from his father. This practice was common in many societies and was seen as a way to maintain the family's wealth and power. It ensured that the family's property remained intact and passed down through generations without being divided among multiple heirs. Primogeniture played a significant role in shaping social and economic structures, as well as maintaining the lineage and status of noble families.

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  • 5. 

    Economic system during the middle ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where the lords and peasants shared the land.

    Explanation
    Manorialism was an economic system during the middle ages that was based on self-sufficient farming estates. In this system, the lords owned the land and the peasants worked on it, sharing the produce and resources. The peasants provided labor and services to the lord in exchange for protection and the right to use the land. This system was characterized by a lack of mobility and a hierarchical structure, with the lord at the top and the peasants at the bottom. Manorialism played a crucial role in shaping the social and economic structure of medieval Europe.

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  • 6. 

    Peasants who were bound to the land where they worked for a lord.

    Explanation
    Serfs were peasants who were legally bound to the land they worked on and were under the control of a lord. They were not free to leave the land or seek employment elsewhere without the lord's permission. Serfs were obligated to provide labor, pay taxes, and give a portion of their crops to the lord. They were considered part of the lord's property and their status was hereditary, meaning their children would also be serfs. This system was prevalent in feudal societies, where serfs formed the lowest social class and had limited rights and freedoms.

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  • 7. 

    Code of conduct that dictated knight's behavior towards others

    Explanation
    Chivalry refers to the code of conduct that governed the behavior of knights towards others. It encompassed virtues such as honor, bravery, loyalty, and respect towards women. Knights were expected to protect the weak, uphold justice, and demonstrate courteous behavior. Chivalry emphasized the ideals of gallantry, selflessness, and adherence to a set of moral principles. This code of conduct played a significant role in shaping the behavior and values of knights during the medieval period.

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  • 8. 

    Ceremonies at which participants receive God's direct favor or grace, to ward of the consequences of sin.

    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer, sacraments, is that they are ceremonies where participants receive God's direct favor or grace to ward off the consequences of sin. Sacraments are considered sacred rituals in various religious traditions, such as baptism, communion, and confession, through which believers believe they receive spiritual blessings, forgiveness, and divine grace. These sacraments are seen as channels of God's grace, helping individuals to strengthen their relationship with God and obtain spiritual purification and salvation.

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  • 9. 

    Group of advisors to the Pope from the highest ranks of the clergy. 

    Explanation
    The term "curia" refers to a group of advisors to the Pope who are chosen from the highest ranks of the clergy. These advisors provide guidance and support to the Pope in matters related to the administration and governance of the Catholic Church. The curia plays a crucial role in assisting the Pope in making important decisions and implementing policies. They are responsible for overseeing various departments and offices within the Vatican and ensuring the smooth functioning of the Church.

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  • 10. 

    Catholic officials ranking next to the Pope.

    Explanation
    Cardinals are Catholic officials who rank next to the Pope. They are appointed by the Pope and serve as advisors and administrators in the Vatican. Cardinals are responsible for electing a new Pope when the position becomes vacant. They also play a crucial role in the governance of the Catholic Church, participating in important decision-making processes and serving as leaders within the Church. Therefore, cardinals are the correct answer to the question.

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  • 11. 

    Way of life in the convents and monasteries where nuns and monks withdraw from the world an its temptations

    Explanation
    Monasticism refers to a way of life followed by nuns and monks in convents and monasteries, where they choose to withdraw from the world and its temptations. This lifestyle involves practices such as celibacy, poverty, and obedience to religious rules. Monasticism provides a structured environment for individuals seeking spiritual growth and dedicating their lives to prayer, meditation, and contemplation. By isolating themselves from worldly distractions, nuns and monks aim to deepen their connection with God and live a life of devotion and self-discipline.

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  • 12. 

    Head of a monastery who controlled and distributed all property

    Explanation
    The head of a monastery is known as an abbot. This person is responsible for controlling and distributing all the property within the monastery. They have authority over the monks and nuns, and are in charge of making important decisions regarding the operation of the monastery. The abbot plays a crucial role in maintaining order and ensuring the smooth functioning of the monastery.

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  • 13. 

    Head of a convent who served a rile similar to an abbot

    Explanation
    An abbess is the female equivalent of an abbot. Both hold leadership positions in religious communities, with an abbot leading a male community and an abbess leading a female community. In this context, the head of a convent, who served a role similar to an abbot, would be referred to as an abbess.

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  • 14. 

    The code of law in the Catholic Church

    Explanation
    Canon law refers to the set of rules and regulations that govern the Catholic Church. It is a comprehensive system of laws that covers various aspects of church life, including the organization and governance of the church, the sacraments, the rights and duties of the clergy and laity, and the handling of legal issues within the church. Canon law is derived from the teachings of the Bible, the traditions of the church, and the decisions and decrees of church authorities. It serves as a guide for the faithful and ensures order and unity within the Catholic Church.

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  • 15. 

    The Catholic Church's punishment of a region, involving closing churches and withdrawing sacraments

    Explanation
    An interdict is a punishment imposed by the Catholic Church on a region. It involves the closing of churches and the withdrawal of sacraments. This measure is taken when the Church wants to exert its authority and discipline over a particular area or community. By denying access to religious services and sacraments, the Church aims to make the population feel the consequences of their actions or beliefs, and to bring them back into compliance with Church doctrine. The interdict serves as a form of collective punishment, affecting the entire region rather than targeting specific individuals.

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  • 16. 

    People who denied the truth of the official's church's principles or who preached belief not approved by the church.

    Explanation
    The term "heretics" refers to individuals who disagree with or reject the official principles of a particular church or preach beliefs that are not approved by the church. These people are considered to be deviating from the accepted doctrines and teachings of the church, making them heretics.

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  • 17. 

    Church tax collected

    Explanation
    The term "tithe" refers to a form of tax or offering that is collected by the church. This tax is typically a percentage of a person's income and is considered a religious obligation for members of the church. The money collected through tithes is used to support the church and its various activities, such as maintaining the church building, paying the salaries of clergy members, and funding charitable initiatives. Therefore, the correct answer for the given question is "tithe."

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  • 18. 

    Who the first Frankish king who won the support of the Church and converted to Christianity?

    Explanation
    Clovis was the first Frankish king who won the support of the Church and converted to Christianity. He played a crucial role in establishing a strong alliance between the Frankish kingdom and the Church, which greatly contributed to the spread of Christianity in Western Europe. Clovis' conversion to Christianity not only helped him gain the support of the Church but also provided him with a powerful religious and political tool to unite his kingdom and expand his influence. His decision to embrace Christianity had a lasting impact on the history of the Franks and the development of medieval Europe.

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  • 19. 

    When did the battle of Tours occur?

    Explanation
    The battle of Tours occurred in 732.

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  • 20. 

    Who became the Mayor of the Palace and defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours?

    Explanation
    Charles Martel became the Mayor of the Palace and defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours. He was a Frankish statesman and military leader who ruled as the de facto ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. During the Battle of Tours, which took place in 732, Martel successfully halted the Muslim advance into Europe, ensuring the preservation of Christian Europe. This victory is considered significant as it stopped the spread of Islam into Western Europe and solidified Martel's position as a powerful leader.

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  • 21. 

    Who was crowned as a king as a reward for defending Rome agains the Lombards?

    Explanation
    Pepin the 3rd was crowned as a king as a reward for defending Rome against the Lombards. He successfully defended Rome and his efforts were recognized and rewarded with the title of king.

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  • 22. 

    The land donated by Pepin to the Church became known as?

    Explanation
    Pepin's donation of land to the Church resulted in the establishment of the Papal States. This territory, also known as the Pontifical States, was a region in central Italy that was under the direct rule of the Pope. The Papal States played a significant role in the political and religious affairs of Europe for many centuries, until they were eventually absorbed into the unified Kingdom of Italy in the late 19th century.

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  • 23. 

    The reign of Pein began the ___________ dynasty

    Explanation
    The reign of Pein marked the beginning of the Carolingian dynasty. This suggests that Pein was the first ruler or monarch of the Carolingian dynasty. The term "reign" implies a period of rule or leadership, and in this case, it signifies the start of the Carolingian dynasty's rule. Therefore, the correct answer is Carolingian.

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  • 24. 

    Who was the son of Pepin continued the alliance with the Pope and was crowned " Emporer of the Romans"

    Explanation
    Charlemagne, the son of Pepin, continued the alliance with the Pope and was crowned "Emperor of the Romans." As a ruler, Charlemagne played a significant role in the Carolingian Renaissance, promoting education, arts, and architecture. He expanded the Frankish kingdom, establishing a vast empire that encompassed much of Western Europe. Charlemagne's close relationship with the Pope helped solidify his authority and legitimacy as a Christian ruler. His coronation as Emperor of the Romans in 800 CE marked a significant moment in European history, as it revived the idea of a unified Roman Empire and set the stage for future political and religious developments.

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  • 25. 

    The _______________ divided Charlemagne's empire into three states

    Explanation
    The Treaty of Verdum divided Charlemagne's empire into three states.

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  • 26. 

    The _______ & ________ settled in Brittian

    Explanation
    The Anglos Saxons settled in Britain.

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