History Alive! The United States | Chapter 21 - The Civil War

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History Alive! The United States | Chapter 21 - The Civil War - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Civil War was

    • A.

      A war fought by the U.S. and Europe.

    • B.

      A war fought by the Union and Confederacy.

    • C.

      A war that lasted a short period.

    • D.

      A war that was won by the Confederacy.

    Correct Answer
    B. A war fought by the Union and Confederacy.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a war fought by the Union and Confederacy. This is because the Civil War was a conflict that took place between the northern states (Union) and the southern states (Confederacy) of the United States. It was fought from 1861 to 1865 and was primarily fought over issues of slavery and states' rights. The Union ultimately emerged victorious, leading to the abolition of slavery and the preservation of the United States as a single, unified nation.

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  • 2. 

    Check the following that apply to the Union.

    • A.

      22,000,000 people

    • B.

      10% of manufacturing

    • C.

      90% of manufacturing

    • D.

      More farms

    • E.

      9,000,000 people

    • F.

      Less farms

    • G.

      21,000 miles of railroads

    • H.

      9,000 miles of railroads

    • I.

      Good military leadership

    • J.

      Poor military leadership

    • K.

      Knew the land well

    • L.

      Did not know the land well

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 22,000,000 people
    C. 90% of manufacturing
    D. More farms
    G. 21,000 miles of railroads
    J. Poor military leadership
    L. Did not know the land well
    Explanation
    The Union had a population of 22,000,000 people, which indicates a large population base. They also had 90% of the manufacturing, suggesting that they had a strong industrial base. The presence of more farms further indicates their agricultural strength. The Union had 21,000 miles of railroads, which allowed for efficient transportation and logistics. The mention of poor military leadership suggests that the Union may have faced challenges in their command structure. Additionally, the statement that they did not know the land well implies that they may have faced difficulties in navigating and strategizing in unfamiliar territories.

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  • 3. 

    Check the following that apply to the Confederacy.

    • A.

      22,000,000 people

    • B.

      10% of manufacturing

    • C.

      90% of manufacturing

    • D.

      More farms

    • E.

      9,000,000 people

    • F.

      Less farms

    • G.

      21,000 miles of railroads

    • H.

      9,000 miles of railroads

    • I.

      Good military leadership

    • J.

      Poor military leadership

    • K.

      Knew the land well

    • L.

      Did not know the land well

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. 10% of manufacturing
    E. 9,000,000 people
    F. Less farms
    H. 9,000 miles of railroads
    I. Good military leadership
    K. Knew the land well
    Explanation
    The Confederacy had 10% of manufacturing, indicating that they had a smaller industrial base compared to the Union. They had 9,000,000 people, which suggests a smaller population compared to the Union's 22,000,000 people. They had less farms, indicating a lower agricultural output compared to the Union. The Confederacy had 9,000 miles of railroads, which was a significant transportation infrastructure. They had good military leadership, which implies that their leaders were skilled and experienced in military strategy. Lastly, they knew the land well, suggesting that they had a better understanding of the terrain and could use it to their advantage in battles.

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  • 4. 

    The greatest advantage to the Confederacy was

    • A.

      Their military leadership.

    • B.

      Their weapons.

    • C.

      Their advanced medical techniques.

    • D.

      Their economy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Their military leadership.
    Explanation
    The greatest advantage to the Confederacy was their military leadership. This is because the Confederacy had several skilled and experienced military leaders, such as Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, who were able to effectively strategize and lead their troops in battle. Their leadership played a crucial role in the Confederacy's ability to hold their own against the Union forces for a significant period of time during the American Civil War.

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  • 5. 

    What was not a part of the Union's "Anaconda Plan"?

    • A.

      To blockade the south and east coasts

    • B.

      To take control of the Mississippi River

    • C.

      To take the slaves out of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital

    • D.

      To attack from all sides at once to Richmond

    Correct Answer
    C. To take the slaves out of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To take the slaves out of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital." The Union's "Anaconda Plan" was a military strategy during the American Civil War that aimed to defeat the Confederacy. It included blockading the south and east coasts to cut off Confederate supply lines, taking control of the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy in two, and attacking Richmond, the Confederate capital, from all sides. However, there was no specific plan to take the slaves out of Richmond.

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  • 6. 

    What did the Union realize after the Battle of Bull Run?

    • A.

      The Confederacy was weak and the war would be won easily.

    • B.

      The war would last longer and be harder than they previously thought.

    • C.

      They needed to make a compromise with the South.

    • D.

      They needed to free the slaves in order to gain help.

    Correct Answer
    B. The war would last longer and be harder than they previously thought.
    Explanation
    After the Battle of Bull Run, the Union realized that the war would last longer and be harder than they previously thought. This battle, which was the first major conflict of the American Civil War, resulted in a Confederate victory and showed the Union that the Confederacy was not as weak as they had believed. It demonstrated that the war would be a long and difficult struggle, requiring more resources and strategic planning than initially anticipated.

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  • 7. 

    What was a way in which women did not support the Civil War?

    • A.

      Running businesses to support the troops and families.

    • B.

      Tending to wounded soldiers.

    • C.

      Aiding in government spying.

    • D.

      Writing novels to entertain the soldiers during times they did not battle.

    Correct Answer
    D. Writing novels to entertain the soldiers during times they did not battle.
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, women played a significant role in supporting the troops and their families. They ran businesses to provide financial aid, tended to wounded soldiers, and even aided in government spying. However, writing novels to entertain soldiers during non-battle times was not a way in which women supported the war effort. This suggests that while women contributed in various ways, writing novels specifically for soldier entertainment was not one of them.

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  • 8. 

    What were ways in which death was caused in the Civil War?
    • I. Shooting by improved long-distance shooting weapons
    • II. Poor medical care
    • III. Disease

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      I, III

    • C.

      II, III

    • D.

      I, II, III

    Correct Answer
    D. I, II, III
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, death was caused in multiple ways. Firstly, improved long-distance shooting weapons led to many deaths as soldiers were able to shoot from greater distances with more accuracy. Secondly, poor medical care also contributed to the high death toll as wounded soldiers often did not receive the necessary treatment in time. Lastly, disease was another major cause of death during the war, as unsanitary conditions and lack of proper medical resources led to the spread of various illnesses among the soldiers. Therefore, all three options - I, II, and III - are correct.

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  • 9. 

    What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation?

    • A.

      To free slaves and cut off the Confederate workforce.

    • B.

      To destroy "King Cotton".

    • C.

      To gain publicity so Lincoln could be re-elected.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. To free slaves and cut off the Confederate workforce.
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation was to free slaves and cut off the Confederate workforce. This executive order issued by President Lincoln during the American Civil War declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free. The proclamation aimed to weaken the Confederacy by depriving them of their labor force and to demonstrate the Union's commitment to ending slavery. It was a significant step towards the eventual abolition of slavery in the United States.

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  • 10. 

    Why did the Emancipation Proclamation not become a law (amendment)?

    • A.

      Lincoln couldn't convince the House to pass it.

    • B.

      There were few supporters of it in the North.

    • C.

      It had to ratified by 75% of the states.

    • D.

      No state wanted free slaves.

    Correct Answer
    C. It had to ratified by 75% of the states.
    Explanation
    The Emancipation Proclamation did not become a law (amendment) because it had to be ratified by 75% of the states.

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  • 11. 

    Why was the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War?

    • A.

      It utilized the advanced cannons and ships that the North was building.

    • B.

      The large death toll led Ulysses S. Grant to take control of his army.

    • C.

      The lower death toll (as compared to Antietam) showed that the war was settling down.

    • D.

      It led General Robert E. Lee to conduct a defensive war only, and not attack on Union land.

    Correct Answer
    D. It led General Robert E. Lee to conduct a defensive war only, and not attack on Union land.
    Explanation
    The Battle of Gettysburg is considered a turning point in the Civil War because it led General Robert E. Lee to conduct a defensive war only, and not attack on Union land. This change in strategy by Lee demonstrated a shift in momentum and marked a significant setback for the Confederacy. It also allowed the Union to gain a strategic advantage and ultimately led to their victory in the war.

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  • 12. 

    Who were the "special" targets of draft riots?

    • A.

      African-Americans

    • B.

      Whites

    • C.

      Women's suffrage supporters

    • D.

      Abolitionists

    Correct Answer
    A. African-Americans
    Explanation
    During the draft riots, African-Americans were specifically targeted. These riots occurred during the American Civil War when the government implemented a draft to enlist soldiers. Many white working-class individuals opposed the draft and blamed African-Americans for their economic struggles and the war itself. As a result, mobs attacked and targeted African-Americans, leading to widespread violence, destruction, and loss of life. This targeted violence against African-Americans during the draft riots highlights the deep-seated racism and discrimination prevalent during that time.

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  • 13. 

    What was significant of the Union victory in the Battle of Vicksburg?

    • A.

      It had the first Black army.

    • B.

      It destroyed the Confederate capital.

    • C.

      It had no significance.

    • D.

      It gave the Union control of the Mississippi.

    Correct Answer
    D. It gave the Union control of the Mississippi.
    Explanation
    The Union victory in the Battle of Vicksburg was significant because it gave the Union control of the Mississippi River. This control effectively split the Confederacy in half and cut off vital supply lines for the Confederate army. It also allowed the Union to transport troops and supplies more easily throughout the region, ultimately contributing to the Union's overall success in the Civil War.

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  • 14. 

    What was the significance of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment?

    • A.

      It was the first Black regiment.

    • B.

      It was the first Indian regiment.

    • C.

      It was the first White regiment.

    • D.

      It was the first integrated regiment.

    Correct Answer
    A. It was the first Black regiment.
    Explanation
    The significance of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was that it was the first Black regiment. This regiment was formed during the American Civil War and played a crucial role in fighting for the Union Army. Its formation and participation challenged the prevailing racial prejudices of the time and paved the way for the inclusion of African Americans in the military. The 54th Massachusetts Regiment became a symbol of Black bravery and resilience, inspiring future generations in the fight for equality and civil rights.

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  • 15. 

    What did the 54th Massachusetts Regiment win at the Battle of Fort Wagner?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      Respect from Union soldiers

    • C.

      Control of the Mississippi River

    • D.

      Money

    Correct Answer
    B. Respect from Union soldiers
    Explanation
    The 54th Massachusetts Regiment won respect from Union soldiers at the Battle of Fort Wagner. This was significant because the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was one of the first African American regiments in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Their bravery and valor in the face of adversity earned them the respect and admiration of their fellow Union soldiers, challenging racial prejudices and stereotypes of the time.

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  • 16. 

    What was General Sherman's idea of total war?

    • A.

      To use cannons and warships to invade the North.

    • B.

      To sell slaves to gain war resources.

    • C.

      To inflict all damage on war resources.

    • D.

      To kill Abraham Lincoln and destroy the Union capital.

    Correct Answer
    C. To inflict all damage on war resources.
    Explanation
    General Sherman's idea of total war was to inflict maximum damage on war resources. This involved targeting not only the enemy's military forces but also their infrastructure, supplies, and civilian population. Sherman believed that by destroying the South's ability to wage war, he could bring a swift end to the conflict. His infamous "March to the Sea" during the American Civil War is a prime example of this strategy, as his troops systematically destroyed crops, railroads, and factories along their path. This approach aimed to demoralize the enemy and undermine their ability to continue fighting.

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  • 17. 

    Who surrendered to General Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse?

    • A.

      General Robert E. Lee

    • B.

      Confederate President Jefferson Davis

    • C.

      Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    A. General Robert E. Lee
    Explanation
    General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse. This marked the end of the American Civil War and signaled the defeat of the Confederate Army. Lee's surrender was a significant moment as it symbolized the collapse of the Confederacy and the beginning of the reunification of the United States.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 02, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Ben49424

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