Test Your HIPAA Compliance Knowledge Quiz

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| By Libbytenison
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Libbytenison
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 867
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 516

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HIPAA Quizzes & Trivia

Annual HIPAA compliance validation


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What kind of personally identifiable health information is protected by HIPAA privacy rule?

    • A.

      Paper

    • B.

      Electronic

    • C.

      The spoken word

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The HIPAA privacy rule protects all kinds of personally identifiable health information, including information in paper format, electronic format, and even information that is spoken. This means that any health information that can be used to identify an individual is covered under the privacy rule.

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  • 2. 

     If you suspect someone is violating the facility’s privacy policy, you should:

    • A.

      Say nothing. It's none of your business.

    • B.

      Watch the individual until you have gathered solid evidence against them.

    • C.

      Report your suspicions to your clinical supervisor for further follow-up.

    Correct Answer
    C. Report your suspicions to your clinical supervisor for further follow-up.
    Explanation
    If you suspect someone is violating the facility's privacy policy, it is important to report your suspicions to your clinical supervisor for further follow-up. This is the correct answer because it is crucial to address any potential privacy breaches in a healthcare setting. By reporting your suspicions, you are taking the responsible and ethical course of action to protect patient confidentiality and uphold the facility's privacy policy. It is not appropriate to say nothing and ignore the situation, as privacy violations can have serious consequences. Watching the individual until you have solid evidence may not be feasible or ethical, and it is best to involve the appropriate authority for further investigation and resolution.

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  • 3. 

    HIPAA security and privacy regulations apply to:

    • A.

      Attending physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

    • B.

      Health information managers, information systems staff, and other ancillary personnel only.

    • C.

      Anyone working in the facility.

    • D.

      Only staff that have direct patient contact.

    Correct Answer
    C. Anyone working in the facility.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is anyone working in the facility. HIPAA security and privacy regulations apply to all individuals who work in a healthcare facility, regardless of their specific role or level of patient contact. This includes attending physicians, nurses, healthcare professionals, health information managers, information systems staff, ancillary personnel, and any other staff members. The regulations are designed to protect the privacy and security of patient health information and ensure compliance with legal requirements.

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  • 4. 

     It would be appropriate to release patient information to:

    • A.

      The patient's (non-attending) physician brother.

    • B.

      Personnel from the hospital that the patient transferred from 2 days ago, who is calling to check on the patient.

    • C.

      The respiratory therapy personnel doing an ordered procedure.

    • D.

      A retired physician who is a friend of the family.

    Correct Answer
    C. The respiratory therapy personnel doing an ordered procedure.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the respiratory therapy personnel doing an ordered procedure. This is because releasing patient information to healthcare personnel who are directly involved in the patient's care or treatment is considered appropriate and necessary. The respiratory therapy personnel would need the patient's information in order to perform the ordered procedure effectively and ensure the patient's well-being.

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  • 5. 

     If a person has the ability to access facility of company systems or applications, they have a right to view any information contained in that system or application.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because having access to company systems or applications does not automatically grant the right to view any information contained in those systems or applications. Access rights and permissions are usually granted based on job roles and responsibilities, and individuals may only have access to specific information that is necessary for their job functions.

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  • 6. 

    A visitor who asks for a patient by name may receive the following information EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Patient name

    • B.

      Patient condition in general terms (e.g., stable, critical, etc.)

    • C.

      Patient room number

    • D.

      Patient diagnosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Patient diagnosis
    Explanation
    A visitor who asks for a patient by name may receive information about the patient's name, their condition in general terms, and their room number. However, the visitor would not be provided with the patient's diagnosis. The diagnosis is a specific medical term that identifies the patient's illness or condition, and it is usually not disclosed to visitors who are not directly involved in the patient's care.

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  • 7. 

     Copies of patient information may be disposed of in any garbage can in the facility.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Patient information should never be disposed of in a regular garbage can in a healthcare facility. It contains sensitive and confidential information that needs to be protected to maintain patient privacy and comply with legal regulations. Patient information should be disposed of in a secure manner, such as shredding or using a designated disposal system, to prevent unauthorized access or potential breaches.

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  • 8. 

     The criminal penalties for improperly disclosing patient health information can be as high as fines of $250,000 and prison sentences of up to 10 years.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true. Improperly disclosing patient health information is a violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the United States. HIPAA imposes strict penalties for unauthorized disclosure, with criminal penalties ranging from fines of up to $250,000 to prison sentences of up to 10 years. This is to ensure the protection of patient privacy and maintain the confidentiality of their health information.

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  • 9. 

     Protected health information is anything that connects a patient to his or her health information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Protected health information (PHI) refers to any information that can be linked to an individual and is related to their health, healthcare services received, or payment for healthcare services. This can include personal identifiers such as name, address, and social security number, as well as medical records, test results, and treatment history. Therefore, the statement that protected health information is anything that connects a patient to his or her health information is true.

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  • 10. 

    Confidentiality protections cover not just a patient’s health-related information, such as his or her diagnosis, but also other identifying information such as social security number and telephone numbers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Confidentiality protections extend beyond a patient's health-related information and include other identifying details like social security number and telephone numbers. This means that not only is a patient's diagnosis kept confidential, but also their personal contact information and other sensitive data.

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  • 11. 

     You are working elsewhere in the hospital when you hear that a neighbor has just arrived in the ER for treatment after a car crash.  You should

    • A.

      Contact the neighbor's spouse to alert him or her about the accident.

    • B.

      Do nothing and pretend you don't know about it.

    • C.

      Tell the charge nurse in the ER that you know how to reach the patient's spouse and offer the information if it's needed.

    Correct Answer
    C. Tell the charge nurse in the ER that you know how to reach the patient's spouse and offer the information if it's needed.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct answer is to tell the charge nurse in the ER that you know how to reach the patient's spouse and offer the information if it's needed. This is the appropriate action because it allows the medical professionals in the ER to handle the situation and decide whether or not to inform the spouse. It respects the privacy and confidentiality of the patient while also providing the necessary information in case it is required.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are some common features designed to protect confidentiality of health information contained in patient medical records?

    • A.

      Locks on medical records rooms

    • B.

      Passwords to access computerized records

    • C.

      Rules that prohibit employees from looking at records unless they have a need to know

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The common features designed to protect the confidentiality of health information contained in patient medical records include locks on medical records rooms, passwords to access computerized records, and rules that prohibit employees from looking at records unless they have a need to know. These measures ensure that only authorized personnel can access the information, reducing the risk of unauthorized disclosure and maintaining the privacy and confidentiality of patients' health information.

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  • 13. 

    Confidential information must not be shared with another unless the recipient has:

    • A.

      An OK from a doctor

    • B.

      The need to know

    • C.

      Permission from appropriate authority in the facility

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Confidential information must not be shared with another unless the recipient has an OK from a doctor, the need to know, or permission from appropriate authority in the facility. This means that all three conditions must be met in order for the sharing of confidential information to be allowed.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is the appropriate person with whom to share patient information even if the patient has NOT specifically authorized the release of information to the individual?

    • A.

      A former physician of the patient who is concerned about the patient.

    • B.

      A colleague who needs information about the patient to provide proper care.

    • C.

      A friend of the patient.

    • D.

      A pharmaceutical salesman who is offering a fee for a list of patients to whom he could send a free sample of his product.

    Correct Answer
    B. A colleague who needs information about the patient to provide proper care.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the appropriate person with whom to share patient information is a colleague who needs the information to provide proper care. This is because healthcare professionals have a duty to collaborate and share necessary patient information in order to ensure the best possible care for the patient. Sharing information with a former physician who is concerned about the patient or a friend of the patient would require the patient's specific authorization. Sharing information with a pharmaceutical salesman for personal gain is unethical and violates patient privacy rights.

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  • 15. 

    What is the standard for accessing patient information?

    • A.

      A need to know for the performance of your job.

    • B.

      If a physician asks you the diagnosis of a patient.

    • C.

      Just because you are curious.

    • D.

      You are a relative of the patient.

    Correct Answer
    A. A need to know for the performance of your job.
    Explanation
    Accessing patient information should only be done when there is a legitimate need to know for the performance of your job. This means that healthcare professionals should only access patient information if it is directly relevant to their role in providing care or treatment to the patient. Accessing patient information out of curiosity or because of personal relationships, such as being a relative of the patient, is not appropriate and violates patient privacy and confidentiality. Similarly, sharing patient information with a physician should only be done if it is necessary for the patient's care and treatment.

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  • 16. 

    Can you access your own medical record via the computer system?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Yes, you can access your own medical record via the computer system. This is because many healthcare providers now have electronic health record (EHR) systems that allow patients to access their medical records online. Through secure patient portals, individuals can view their test results, medications, treatment plans, and other important health information. This not only empowers patients to take an active role in managing their healthcare but also improves communication and coordination between patients and healthcare providers.

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  • 17. 

     Patients have a right to access their health information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Patients have a right to access their health information because it is their personal data and they should have the ability to view and manage it. This right is protected by various laws and regulations, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the United States. Access to health information allows patients to make informed decisions about their healthcare, monitor their own medical history, and share relevant information with other healthcare providers. It empowers patients to take control of their own health and promotes transparency and accountability in the healthcare system.

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  • 18. 

    Confidentiality and privacy are important concepts in healthcare because:

    • A.

      They help protect healthcare facilities from lawsuits.

    • B.

      They allow patients to feel comfortable sharing information with their doctors.

    • C.

      They avoid the confusion of having people other than a physician distributing information about a patient.

    • D.

      Both A & B.

    Correct Answer
    B. They allow patients to feel comfortable sharing information with their doctors.
    Explanation
    Confidentiality and privacy are important concepts in healthcare because they allow patients to feel comfortable sharing information with their doctors. When patients trust that their personal information will be kept confidential, they are more likely to openly discuss their health concerns, symptoms, and medical history. This enables doctors to make accurate diagnoses and provide appropriate treatment. Without confidentiality and privacy, patients may hesitate to share sensitive information, leading to potential misdiagnosis or inadequate care.

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  • 19. 

    You are approached by an individual who tells you that he is here to work on the computers and wants you to open a door for him or point the way to a workstation.  How do you respond to this request?

    • A.

      Provide him with the information or access he needs.

    • B.

      Ask him who at the facility has hired him and refer him to that person for assistance.

    • C.

      Call the police.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ask him who at the facility has hired him and refer him to that person for assistance.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to ask him who at the facility has hired him and refer him to that person for assistance. This response ensures that the individual is authorized to access the computers and workstations. By redirecting him to the person who hired him, it allows for proper verification and confirmation of his purpose in the facility.

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  • 20. 

    When is the patient’s written authorization to release information required?

    • A.

      In most cases, when patient information is going to be shared with anyone for reasons other than treatment, payment or healthcare operations.

    • B.

      Upon admission to a facility.

    • C.

      When patient information is to be shared among two or more clinicians.

    • D.

      When patient information is used for billing to a private insurer.

    Correct Answer
    A. In most cases, when patient information is going to be shared with anyone for reasons other than treatment, payment or healthcare operations.
    Explanation
    The patient's written authorization to release information is required in most cases when patient information is going to be shared with anyone for reasons other than treatment, payment, or healthcare operations. This means that if the information is being shared for purposes such as research, marketing, or any other non-treatment related reason, the patient's written authorization is necessary. However, if the information is being shared for treatment, payment, or healthcare operations, the patient's authorization may not be required.

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