Heredity And Genetics

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 130

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Heredity Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Heredity is best described as the -  
    • A. 

      Storage of waste materials produced by cells

    • B. 

      Passage of genetic material from generation to generation

    • C. 

      Communication of information between an organism's cells

    • D. 

      Production of energy for use in an organism's cells

  • 2. 
    Genes are located in which part of the cell?
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Chromosome

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Lysosome

  • 3. 
    The primary function of the chromosome is to -
    • A. 

      Store the genetic instructions needed to specify traits.

    • B. 

      Release energy by breaking down food molecules.

    • C. 

      Transport waste materials rapidly out of the cell.

    • D. 

      Relay messages between different cells in animals.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following cell organelles contains chromosomes?
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 5. 
    An organism inherits its genetic instructions from its -
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Offspring

    • C. 

      Parent(s)

    • D. 

      Food source

  • 6. 
    What is the proper order from largest to smallest?
    • A. 

      DNA --> Nucleus --> Chromosomes --> Cell --> Genes

    • B. 

      Genes --> DNA --> Chromosomes --> Nucleus --> Cell

    • C. 

      Cell --> Nucleus --> Chromosomes --> DNA --> Genes

    • D. 

      Genes --> Cell --> Nucleus --> Chromosomes --> DNA

  • 7. 
    Recessive traits are expressed (are seen in an organism) -
    • A. 

      In 1/4 of the offspring produced.

    • B. 

      Always in all members in the population.

    • C. 

      Only when the dominant allele is not present.

    • D. 

      If the trait is carried by the male.

  • 8. 
    A scientist studying pea plants discovered that when he crossed tall male pea plants with tall female plants most of the offspring pea plants were tall.  Only a few offspring pea plants were short.  What does this tell you about the height of pea plants?
    • A. 

      Pea plants grow taller in the sun

    • B. 

      Pea plant height is controlled by heredity

    • C. 

      Pea plant height is not controlled by heredity.

    • D. 

      Pea plants are never short.

  • 9. 
    The table lists traits and whether they are recessive or not for two parents.  Based on the data table, if the parents reproduce and create offspring, the offspring will -
    • A. 

      Most likely have brown hair and definitely not have blue eyes.

    • B. 

      Definitely have brown hair and definitely have blue eyes.

    • C. 

      Definitely have red hair and most likely have brown eyes.

    • D. 

      Most likely have red hair and maybe have blue eyes.

  • 10. 
    In humans, the gene for brown eyes is dominant over the gene for blue eyes, which is recessive. If two blue-eyed parents have six children, how many of their children will have blue eyes?
    • A. 

      Zero

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Four

    • D. 

      Six