Health Science I-standard Precautions

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Health Science I-standard Precautions - Quiz

Terminology related to standard precautions, infection control, and hand washing.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A most important practice in the prevention of the spread of disease.

    • A.

      Gloving

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Hand washing

    Correct Answer
    C. Hand washing
    Explanation
    Hand washing is considered the most important practice in preventing the spread of disease because it helps to remove germs and bacteria from our hands. Our hands come into contact with various surfaces and objects throughout the day, making them a potential carrier of harmful pathogens. By washing our hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, we can effectively remove these pathogens and reduce the risk of transmitting them to ourselves or others. Hand washing is particularly crucial before and after handling food, using the bathroom, or caring for someone who is sick.

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  • 2. 

    What is the abbreviation for Personal Protective Equipment?

    • A.

      PPE

    • B.

      EPP

    • C.

      PEP

    Correct Answer
    A. PPE
    Explanation
    PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment. It refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection. PPE is commonly used in various industries and healthcare settings to ensure the safety and well-being of individuals working in potentially hazardous environments.

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  • 3. 

    The process used to kill microbes and their spores.

    • A.

      Antiseptics

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Asepsis

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization refers to the process of killing microbes and their spores. It is a method used to completely eliminate all forms of life, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This process is commonly used in medical and laboratory settings to ensure the complete elimination of harmful microorganisms. Antiseptics, on the other hand, are substances used to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissues, while asepsis refers to the absence of harmful microorganisms. Therefore, sterilization is the most appropriate term to describe the process of killing microbes and their spores.

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  • 4. 

    Uses strong chemicals such as bleach to kill many pathogens.

    • A.

      Disinfection

    • B.

      Asepsis

    • C.

      Sterilization

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfection
    Explanation
    Disinfection is the correct answer because it involves the use of strong chemicals like bleach to kill a wide range of pathogens. Disinfection is the process of reducing the number of microorganisms to a level that is considered safe for public health. It is commonly used on surfaces, objects, and even in water treatment to eliminate harmful bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. Unlike sterilization, which aims to completely eliminate all forms of life, disinfection focuses on killing or inactivating most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms. Asepsis refers to the absence of pathogenic microorganisms, while sterilization is the complete destruction or removal of all microorganisms.

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  • 5. 

    Smallest of all the microorganisms; CANNOT be treated with antibiotics.

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Microorganisms

    • C.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    C. Virus
    Explanation
    Viruses are the smallest of all microorganisms and cannot be treated with antibiotics because they are not living organisms. Antibiotics work by targeting the cellular processes of bacteria, which are living organisms. Viruses, on the other hand, are parasitic particles that require a host cell to replicate and survive. Due to their unique structure and replication process, antibiotics are ineffective against viruses.

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  • 6. 

    Most familiar of the microbes that infect humans; CAN be treated with antibiotics.

    • A.

      Microorganisms

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    B. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are the most familiar microbes that infect humans and can be treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics are medications that specifically target and kill bacteria, helping to eliminate the infection. While other microbes such as viruses do not respond to antibiotics, bacteria can be effectively treated with these medications.

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  • 7. 

    What does the abbreviation CDC mean?

    • A.

      Control Diastolic Center

    • B.

      Concern for Digital Connections

    • C.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Correct Answer
    C. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Explanation
    The abbreviation CDC stands for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This organization is responsible for protecting public health and safety by preventing and controlling the spread of diseases, as well as promoting health and wellness. They conduct research, provide health information and education, and respond to public health emergencies.

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  • 8. 

    Prevent or slow the growth of pathogens; solution can be applied directly to skin.

    • A.

      Disinfection

    • B.

      Antiseptics

    • C.

      Asepsis

    Correct Answer
    B. Antiseptics
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are substances that can prevent or slow down the growth of pathogens. They are specifically designed to be applied directly to the skin to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Unlike disinfectants, which are used on non-living objects, antiseptics are safe to use on living tissues. Therefore, antiseptics are the correct answer because they effectively prevent the growth of pathogens and can be applied directly to the skin.

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  • 9. 

    Germs that are found on skin, in the air, on surfaces, and even inside bodies.

    • A.

      Asepsis

    • B.

      Microorganisms

    • C.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Microorganisms
    Explanation
    Microorganisms are tiny living organisms that can be found in various environments, including on skin, in the air, on surfaces, and even inside bodies. They can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other types of germs. These microorganisms can be harmless or harmful, and they play a crucial role in various biological processes. Understanding and controlling microorganisms is essential for maintaining asepsis, which refers to the absence of harmful microorganisms and preventing infections. Therefore, the given answer, microorganisms, accurately describes the germs that can be found in different places.

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  • 10. 

    Practices that are used to keep an area free of disease-producing microorganisms.

    • A.

      Asepsis

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Disinfection

    Correct Answer
    A. Asepsis
    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the practices that are used to keep an area free of disease-producing microorganisms. This includes techniques such as proper hand hygiene, wearing gloves, using sterile equipment, and maintaining a clean environment. Asepsis is important in healthcare settings to prevent the spread of infections and ensure patient safety. It is different from sterilization, which is the complete elimination of all microorganisms, and disinfection, which involves killing or reducing the number of microorganisms on surfaces or objects.

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  • 11. 

    To put on/apply personal protective equipment is called _____________.

    Correct Answer
    donning
    Explanation
    The act of putting on or applying personal protective equipment is commonly referred to as "donning". This term is used in various industries and contexts, such as healthcare, construction, and hazardous material handling, to describe the process of wearing protective gear to ensure safety and prevent exposure to potential hazards or contaminants.

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  • 12. 

    _____________ are latex or vinyl protective coverings for the hands.

    Correct Answer
    gloves
    Explanation
    Gloves are latex or vinyl protective coverings for the hands. They are commonly used in various industries and professions to provide protection against harmful substances, chemicals, or infections. Gloves are essential in maintaining hygiene and safety standards in medical, food service, and laboratory environments, among others. They act as a barrier between the skin and potentially hazardous materials, preventing direct contact and reducing the risk of contamination or injury.

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  • 13. 

    A _________________ is an instrument used to look at microscopic organisms found in bodies and the environment.

    Correct Answer
    microscope
    Explanation
    A microscope is an instrument that enables the observation and examination of microscopic organisms present in living organisms and the surrounding environment. It uses lenses and light to magnify the image of these organisms, allowing scientists and researchers to study their structure, behavior, and interactions. Microscopes have been instrumental in various scientific fields, including biology, medicine, and environmental science, providing valuable insights into the microscopic world and advancing our understanding of the natural world.

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  • 14. 

    A ________________ ________________ is an infection acquired by a patient in a health care facility.

    Correct Answer
    nosocomial infection
    Explanation
    A nosocomial infection refers to an infection that is acquired by a patient while they are in a healthcare facility. This type of infection is often caused by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens that are present within the healthcare environment. Nosocomial infections can be particularly dangerous as they can spread easily among patients who may already have compromised immune systems. It is important for healthcare facilities to have strict protocols in place to prevent and control the spread of nosocomial infections.

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  • 15. 

    Infections that can be spread to other people are called ___________________.

    Correct Answer
    contagious
    Explanation
    Infections that can be spread to other people are called contagious. This means that the infection can be easily transmitted from one person to another through various means such as direct contact, airborne particles, or contaminated surfaces. Contagious infections pose a higher risk of spreading and can result in outbreaks or epidemics if not properly controlled or treated. It is important to take necessary precautions and practice good hygiene to prevent the spread of contagious infections.

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