Health Science: Bone Names (Scientific/Common)

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Take this quiz to see how well you know your terminology! You will have to name the bones; scientifically and commonly! This is for tenth grade science class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is MANDIBLE in its common name?

    • A.

      Forearm bone

    • B.

      Jaw bone

    • C.

      Shoulder bone

    Correct Answer
    B. Jaw bone
    Explanation
    The mandible is commonly known as the jaw bone. It is the largest and strongest bone in the face and forms the lower jaw. It plays a crucial role in chewing, speaking, and facial expression. The mandible is connected to the skull by the temporomandibular joint, allowing for movement and flexibility in opening and closing the mouth.

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  • 2. 

    What is the scientific name for COLLOR BONE?

    • A.

      Clavicale

    • B.

      Carpals

    • C.

      Collorus

    Correct Answer
    A. Clavicale
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the collar bone is clavicale. This term is derived from the Latin word "clavicula," which means "little key." The collar bone is a long, curved bone that connects the shoulder blade to the sternum, resembling a key in shape. Therefore, clavicale is the correct scientific name for the collar bone.

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  • 3. 

    What is the common name for HUMERUS?

    • A.

      Upper arm

    • B.

      Lower arm

    • C.

      Elbow

    Correct Answer
    A. Upper arm
    Explanation
    The common name for the HUMERUS is the upper arm. The humerus is the long bone located in the upper arm, connecting the shoulder to the elbow. It is the largest bone in the arm and plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the upper limb.

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  • 4. 

    What is the scientific name for LOWER BONE?

    • A.

      Femur

    • B.

      Humerus

    • C.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    C. Ulna
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the lower bone is ulna. The ulna is one of the two bones in the forearm, along with the radius. It is located on the inner side of the forearm and runs parallel to the radius. The ulna is responsible for the movement of the forearm and plays a crucial role in the rotation of the hand.

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  • 5. 

    What is the common name for RADIUS?

    • A.

      Forearm bone

    • B.

      Forehead bone

    • C.

      Forefinger bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Forearm bone
  • 6. 

    What is  the scientific name for WRIST BONE?

    • A.

      Coccxy

    • B.

      Wristinimus

    • C.

      Carpals

    Correct Answer
    C. Carpals
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the wrist bone is carpals.

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  • 7. 

    What is  the common name for PHALANGES?

    • A.

      Fingers and toes bones

    • B.

      Hands and feet bone

    • C.

      Phlagella

    Correct Answer
    A. Fingers and toes bones
    Explanation
    The common name for PHALANGES is fingers and toes bones. Phalanges refer to the bones that make up the fingers and toes in the human body. They are responsible for providing structure and support to these appendages, allowing for movement and dexterity.

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  • 8. 

    What is  the scientific name for TAIL BONE?

    • A.

      Coccxy

    • B.

      Talimonus

    • C.

      Subvertebrea

    Correct Answer
    A. Coccxy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "coccxy." This is the scientific name for the tailbone, which is the small, triangular bone at the base of the spine in humans. It is made up of fused vertebrae and serves as an attachment point for various muscles and ligaments.

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  • 9. 

    What is  the common name for PATELLA?

    • A.

      Foot bone

    • B.

      Kneecap

    • C.

      Forehead

    Correct Answer
    B. Kneecap
    Explanation
    The common name for PATELLA is kneecap. The patella is a small bone located in the front of the knee joint. It acts as a protective covering for the knee joint and helps in the smooth movement of the leg. The term "kneecap" is widely used to refer to this bone in everyday language.

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  • 10. 

    What is  the scientific name for CALF BONE?

    • A.

      Fibula

    • B.

      Tibula

    • C.

      Illium

    Correct Answer
    A. Fibula
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the calf bone is the fibula. The fibula is one of the two long bones in the lower leg, alongside the tibia. It is located on the outer side of the leg and runs parallel to the tibia. The fibula plays a role in providing support and stability to the leg, as well as serving as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments.

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  • 11. 

    What is  the common name for CRANIUM?

    • A.

      Skull bone

    • B.

      Nogin

    • C.

      Head bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Skull bone
    Explanation
    The common name for CRANIUM is skull bone. The cranium refers to the part of the skull that encloses and protects the brain. It is made up of several bones that come together to form the structure of the skull.

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  • 12. 

    What is the scientific name for BACK BONE or NECK BONE?

    • A.

      Vertebrea

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      Back

    Correct Answer
    A. Vertebrea
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the back bone or neck bone is vertebrae. The vertebrae are a series of small bones that make up the spine or backbone. They provide support and protection for the spinal cord and help to maintain the upright posture of the body.

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  • 13. 

    What is the common name for SCAPULA?

    • A.

      Scalp bone

    • B.

      Shoulder bone

    • C.

      Keecap

    Correct Answer
    B. Shoulder bone
    Explanation
    The common name for the scapula is the shoulder bone. The scapula is a large triangular bone located on the upper back that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collarbone). It plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the shoulder joint. The scalp bone refers to the bones of the skull, while the keecap is the common name for the patella, which is the bone located in the front of the knee.

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  • 14. 

    What is the scientific name for BREAST BONE?

    • A.

      Ribs

    • B.

      Sternum

    • C.

      Coccxy

    Correct Answer
    B. Sternum
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the breast bone is the sternum. The sternum is a flat bone located in the center of the chest, connecting the ribs and forming the front of the rib cage. It plays a crucial role in protecting the heart, lungs, and other vital organs.

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  • 15. 

    What is the common name for PELVIS?

    • A.

      Ribs

    • B.

      Illium

    • C.

      Hip bone

    Correct Answer
    C. Hip bone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hip bone" because the pelvis is a large, bony structure located at the base of the spine. It consists of several bones, including the ilium, ischium, and pubis, which together form the hip bone. The pelvis provides support and protection for the internal organs in the lower abdomen and also serves as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments involved in movement and stability of the lower body. Therefore, the common name for the pelvis is the hip bone.

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  • 16. 

    What is the scientific name for THIGH BONE?

    • A.

      Femur

    • B.

      Tibula

    • C.

      Fibula

    Correct Answer
    A. Femur
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the thigh bone is femur. This is the longest and strongest bone in the human body, located in the upper leg. It connects the hip bone to the knee joint, allowing for movement and support. The term "femur" is derived from Latin, meaning "thigh".

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  • 17. 

    What is the common name for TIBULA?

    • A.

      Smaller bone

    • B.

      Shin bone

    • C.

      Toe bones

    Correct Answer
    B. Shin bone
    Explanation
    The common name for TIBULA is shin bone.

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  • 18. 

    What is the scientific name for FOOT BONES?

    • A.

      Phalanges

    • B.

      Metatursals

    • C.

      Zygomatic bones

    Correct Answer
    B. Metatursals
    Explanation
    The scientific name for foot bones is metatarsals. The metatarsals are a group of long bones in the foot that connect the ankle to the toes. They are located between the tarsal bones of the hindfoot and the phalanges of the toes. The metatarsals provide support and stability to the foot, allowing for movement and balance.

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  • 19. 

    What is the common name for ZYGOMATIC BONES?

    • A.

      Phalanges

    • B.

      Foot bones

    • C.

      Cheek bones

    Correct Answer
    C. Cheek bones
    Explanation
    The common name for the ZYGOMATIC BONES is cheek bones. These bones are located in the face and form the prominence of the cheeks. They are responsible for giving the face its shape and structure, as well as providing support for the soft tissues of the face.

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  • 20. 

    How  many bones are there in our NECKS?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7. The neck consists of 7 cervical vertebrae, which are the bones that make up the upper part of the spine. These vertebrae are responsible for supporting the weight of the head and allowing movement of the neck.

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  • 21. 

    How  many bones are there in our BACKS?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 12
  • 22. 

    How  many bones are there in our TAIL BONES?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    The tail bone, also known as the coccyx, is a small bone located at the bottom of the spine. It is made up of 3 to 5 fused vertebrae. Therefore, the correct answer is 5.

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