Those buildings in Egypt
The lowest income earners of the global society
The foundations of innovation
The lowest tier of management in an organisation
Less than $2.50 USD
More than $2.50 USD
Exactly $12.50 AUD
They don't need money to live.
The assumptions of Multi-National Companies
The buying habits of poor people
The scale of investment required for success in the BoP market
All of the above
Microfinance and microloans to BoP entrepreneurs.
Small goods stores and products for BoP retailers .
Crafts and produce export and sales, in cooperatives or through partnerships.
Affordable products such as water filters, educational materials, fertilizer, and lights.
Research into nanotechnology by BoP members.
For banks and lenders only.
For poor people only.
For people at the bottom of the pyramid that want to start a business or improve living conditions and for financial institutions. For people at the bottom of the pyramid that want to start a business or improve living conditions and for financial institutions. For people at the bottom of the pyramid that want to start a business or improve living conditions and for financial institutions.
For people with skills, vision, creativity and persistence.
Yes, it was a financial success.
No, it was a failure in all terms.
Yes, it succeeded, but only as a philanthropic activity.
No, they accidentally made poison instead.
More problems can be solved by people who have first-hand knowledge and experience of these problems. It's what all the cool kids are doing.
There are many problems to be solved at the BoP level and many needs to satisfy, and sometimes it can be a profitable endeavor.
It will lower our carbon footprint.
The best inventors are those who have gone without food, water, shelter and clothing for days.
Multinational companies can hire human labor for cheap and not worry about rights or benefits.
A lot of needs of the less-fortunate demographic can be met by companies striving to be socially responsible.
Companies have a chance to profit from selling to consumers in the BoP market.
A and B
B and C
All of the above.
The rate at which innovations are adopted and used by customers
The rate at which innovations are diffused (fizzed out) in the market
The mixture of two different innovations into a single and more combative and successful innovation
None of the above
S curve (Technology)
S curve (Adoption)
Depends on the innovation and its type in question