The Great Depression New Deal Review Quiz

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| By Mralexander
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Mralexander
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 4,171
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 4,171

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The Great Depression New Deal Review Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Hoover's response to the economic troubles of the 1930s was to __________.

    • A.

      Encourage businesses and private citizens to work toward meeting the nations' needs

    • B.

      Administer fiscal policy to ease the nation's financial crisis

    • C.

      Call for sweeping legislation designed to improve the lives of suffering Americans

    • D.

      Increase government spending

    Correct Answer
    A. Encourage businesses and private citizens to work toward meeting the nations' needs
    Explanation
    Hoover's response to the economic troubles of the 1930s was to encourage businesses and private citizens to work toward meeting the nation's needs. This suggests that Hoover believed in a more hands-off approach to the economy, relying on the private sector to stimulate growth and address the crisis. He likely believed that by promoting business activity and individual initiative, the economy would recover on its own. This approach is reflective of Hoover's belief in limited government intervention and his emphasis on individual responsibility.

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  • 2. 

    During the dust storms, many Great Plains farmers abandoned their farms and headed to California, lured by __________.

    • A.

      Large industries looking for workers

    • B.

      Good employment benefits

    • C.

      Inexpensive housing

    • D.

      Jobs in agriculture

    Correct Answer
    D. Jobs in agriculture
    Explanation
    During the dust storms, many Great Plains farmers abandoned their farms and headed to California, lured by the availability of jobs in agriculture. The dust storms caused severe damage to their crops and made farming difficult, leading them to seek opportunities in California where they could continue their livelihood in the agricultural sector.

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  • 3. 

    When voters compared Hoover and Roosevelt, Roosevelt's __________ convinced voters to elect him to the presidency.

    • A.

      Warmth and promise of a New Deal

    • B.

      Youth and strength

    • C.

      Republican ideas

    • D.

      Radical approach

    Correct Answer
    A. Warmth and promise of a New Deal
    Explanation
    Roosevelt's warmth and promise of a New Deal convinced voters to elect him to the presidency. This suggests that voters were drawn to Roosevelt's personality and his proposed plans for economic recovery and social reform. They likely saw him as someone who could bring about positive change and provide solutions to the challenges of the Great Depression. Additionally, his warmth may have made him more relatable and approachable to voters, further boosting his appeal.

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  • 4. 

    What did the Agricultural Adjustment Administration propose it would do to raise farm prices?

    • A.

      Pay farmers subsidies so that they were able to meet production standards

    • B.

      Encourage European trade so that the market for farm products would increase

    • C.

      Pay farmers subsidies to reduce crop production and livestock

    • D.

      Purchase surplus farm products for a period of five years

    Correct Answer
    C. Pay farmers subsidies to reduce crop production and livestock
    Explanation
    The Agricultural Adjustment Administration proposed to pay farmers subsidies to reduce crop production and livestock. This would help to decrease the supply of agricultural products in the market, which in turn would increase the demand and raise farm prices. By providing financial incentives to farmers to decrease production, the government aimed to stabilize and support the agricultural industry during the Great Depression.

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  • 5. 

    How did Roosevelt's fireside chats impact his public image?

    • A.

      The informal radio broadcasts made FDR seem compassionate and responsive.

    • B.

      The broadcasts helped people understand the New Deal policies but made FDR seem aloof.

    • C.

      His public image improved when people saw his concern on television.

    • D.

      The broadcasts made him seem too casual about the economic troubles of the 1930s.

    Correct Answer
    A. The informal radio broadcasts made FDR seem compassionate and responsive.
    Explanation
    The informal radio broadcasts, known as Roosevelt's fireside chats, allowed FDR to directly communicate with the American public. By speaking to them in a conversational and relatable manner, he appeared compassionate and responsive to their concerns. This personal interaction helped to humanize FDR and create a sense of trust and connection between him and the American people. As a result, his public image improved and he was seen as a leader who genuinely cared about the welfare of the nation.

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  • 6. 

    What was the purpose of the Social Security Act?

    • A.

      To tax workers and employers

    • B.

      To provide economic relief to the elderly, the orphaned, and individuals injured in industrial accidents

    • C.

      To provide benefits to employees who lost their jobs

    • D.

      To promote personal responsibility for one's own welfare

    Correct Answer
    B. To provide economic relief to the elderly, the orphaned, and individuals injured in industrial accidents
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Social Security Act was to provide economic relief to the elderly, the orphaned, and individuals injured in industrial accidents. This act aimed to establish a system of social insurance that would provide financial support to those who were unable to work or support themselves due to age, orphanhood, or workplace injuries. It was designed to address the economic hardships faced by these vulnerable groups and ensure their well-being and security.

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  • 7. 

    Why did Roosevelt challenge the balance of the judicial system?

    • A.

      To create judicial support for his New Deal

    • B.

      To relieve the judges' workload

    • C.

      To obtain Congress' support for his New Deal

    • D.

      To rid the Supreme Court of the justices who objected to the New Deal

    Correct Answer
    D. To rid the Supreme Court of the justices who objected to the New Deal
    Explanation
    Roosevelt challenged the balance of the judicial system in order to rid the Supreme Court of the justices who objected to the New Deal. By removing these justices, he aimed to create a more favorable environment for his New Deal policies to be implemented without opposition from the court. This would allow him to have greater control and support for his economic and social reforms.

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  • 8. 

    The African Americans appointees who represented Roosevelt's "black cabinet" __________.

    • A.

      Served as the first African Americans in U.S. history appointed to key cabinet posts

    • B.

      Advised Roosevelt on African American matters and usually held secondary posts

    • C.

      Helped to influence important civil rights legislation

    • D.

      Were successful in convincing Roosevelt to pass anti-lynching legislation

    Correct Answer
    B. Advised Roosevelt on African American matters and usually held secondary posts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "advised Roosevelt on African American matters and usually held secondary posts." The "black cabinet" refers to a group of African American appointees who served as advisors to President Roosevelt on matters related to African Americans. While they did hold secondary posts, their primary role was to provide guidance and advice to the President on issues affecting the African American community. They played a significant role in influencing important civil rights legislation, but there is no evidence to suggest that they were successful in convincing Roosevelt to pass anti-lynching legislation.

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  • 9. 

    Why was the New Deal a turning point in the nation's history?

    • A.

      It provided sweeping progressive reforms.

    • B.

      It used government programs to improve the lives of citizens.

    • C.

      It acknowledged government responsibility for individuals and the nation.

    • D.

      It provided civil rights legislation to correct social inequities.

    Correct Answer
    B. It used government programs to improve the lives of citizens.
    Explanation
    The New Deal was a turning point in the nation's history because it used government programs to improve the lives of citizens. This marked a significant shift in the role of the government, as it acknowledged its responsibility for individuals and the nation as a whole. The New Deal implemented various reforms and social programs aimed at providing relief, recovery, and reform during the Great Depression. These programs created jobs, provided financial assistance, and implemented regulations to stabilize the economy and improve the overall well-being of the American people.

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  • 10. 

    An anti-Semitic, anti-Roosevelt preacher, ________________, was a demagogue who wanted to nationalize banks

    • A.

      Senator Huey Long

    • B.

      John Collier

    • C.

      Father Coughlin

    • D.

      Reverend Wright

    Correct Answer
    C. Father Coughlin
    Explanation
    Father Coughlin, an anti-Semitic and anti-Roosevelt preacher, was a demagogue who advocated for the nationalization of banks. He used his platform to spread hate and promote his extremist views, targeting both Jewish people and President Roosevelt. Coughlin's rhetoric and influence made him a controversial figure during his time, as he gained a significant following and used his popularity to push for radical economic and political changes.

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  • Current Version
  • Oct 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mralexander
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