Grammar Mastery Test, Chapter 16, The Phrase

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Grammar Quizzes & Trivia

Indicate whether each italicized word or phrase is a participle, gerund, or infinitive.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Attending Dr. Becker's English class was the highlight of my day.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Gerund
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Attending Dr. Becker's English class was the highlight of my day" includes the word "attending" which functions as a noun in the sentence, indicating an action or activity. This makes it a gerund, as gerunds are verb forms that function as nouns. In this case, "attending" is the subject of the sentence, expressing the action of attending Dr. Becker's English class. Therefore, the correct answer is gerund.

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  • 2. 

    The workers have closed the street to repair the damaged concrete.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "infinitive" because the phrase "to repair" functions as an infinitive verb phrase. In this sentence, the workers have closed the street in order to perform the action of repairing the damaged concrete. The infinitive form "to repair" is used to express purpose or intention.

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  • 3. 

    I am planning to complete all my homework on time.

    • A.

      Partciple

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "infinitive" because the phrase "to complete" functions as the infinitive form of the verb "complete." In this sentence, the speaker is expressing their intention or plan to complete all their homework on time. The infinitive form is commonly used to express purpose, intention, or future actions.

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  • 4. 

    Parking in the driveway in front of school is prohibited.

    • A.

      Partciple

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Gerund
    Explanation
    The correct answer is gerund because "parking" is a noun form derived from the verb "to park" and is functioning as the subject of the sentence. In this sentence, "parking" refers to the action or activity of parking in the driveway, rather than a specific instance of parking.

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  • 5. 

    The photograph mounted in the silver frame was my mother's favorite present.

    • A.

      Partciple

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Partciple
    Explanation
    The correct answer is participle. In the given sentence, "mounted" is a past participle that is used to modify the noun "photograph." Participles are verb forms that can function as adjectives, and in this case, "mounted" describes the state or condition of the photograph. It indicates that the photograph has been placed or attached in the silver frame.

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  • 6. 

    The woman acting concerned is my aunt.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Participle
    Explanation
    The given sentence "The woman acting concerned is my aunt" contains a present participle phrase "acting concerned" which modifies the noun "woman". This phrase functions as an adjective, describing the woman and indicating that she is currently in the process of acting concerned. Therefore, the correct answer is participle.

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  • 7. 

    My favorite pastime is cross-country skiing.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Gerund
    Explanation
    The given sentence "My favorite pastime is cross-country skiing" contains the phrase "cross-country skiing" which functions as a noun. A gerund is a verb form that functions as a noun, and in this case, "cross-country skiing" is acting as the subject of the sentence. Therefore, the correct answer is gerund.

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  • 8. 

    Mt brother was asked to leave the room.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "infinitive" because in the sentence "My brother was asked to leave the room," the word "to leave" functions as the infinitive form of the verb "leave." Infinitives are verb forms that are typically preceded by the word "to" and can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence. In this case, the infinitive "to leave" acts as the object of the verb "asked."

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  • 9. 

    Recycling our newspapers is the least we can do to help.

    • A.

      Participle

    • B.

      Gerund

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Gerund
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "gerund" because "recycling" is functioning as a noun in the sentence. It is the subject of the sentence and is referring to the action of recycling newspapers. Gerunds are formed by adding -ing to a verb and can act as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence. In this case, "recycling" is acting as the subject, indicating that it is the least thing we can do to help.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Tbecker
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