Goal 5: Hydrosphere Review #1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 894

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Goal 5: Hydrosphere Review #1 - Quiz

Reviews key concepts from Goal 5 The Hydrosphere


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the large area of land that drains all of its water to a river when the surface is saturated?
    • A. 

      River basin

    • B. 

      Watershed

    • C. 

      Estuary

    • D. 

      Aquifer

  • 2. 
    A water strider is a type of insect that "walks" on the surface of water without getting its feet wet.  What property of water is in this insect using to stay on the water's surface?
    • A. 

      Specific heat

    • B. 

      Adhesion

    • C. 

      Cohesion

    • D. 

      Adhesion and cohesion

  • 3. 
    Which body of water does not directly contribute water vapor into the atmosphere
    • A. 

      Aquifers

    • B. 

      Rivers

    • C. 

      Oceans

    • D. 

      Lakes

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a source of fresh water?
    • A. 

      An estuary

    • B. 

      An aquifer

    • C. 

      A lake

    • D. 

      An ice cap

  • 5. 
    Groundwater supplies are stored in
    • A. 

      Watersheds

    • B. 

      Lakes and rivers

    • C. 

      River basins

    • D. 

      Aquifers

  • 6. 
    What type of marine ecosystem can include rivers, marshes, and swamps?
    • A. 

      Ocean

    • B. 

      Estuary

    • C. 

      Marine

    • D. 

      Intertidal

  • 7. 
    What is sonar technology used for?
    • A. 

      Mapping the sea floor

    • B. 

      Mapping the circulation in deep water

    • C. 

      Measuring the speed of sound through water

    • D. 

      Measuring the salinity of water

  • 8. 
    The process of upwelling occurs as a result of
    • A. 

      Warm, less-dense water that floats to the surface

    • B. 

      Cool, dense surface water that sinks and pushes deep water up

    • C. 

      Surface waves that mix surface and deep water

    • D. 

      Sunlight that warms deep water that rises to the surface

  • 9. 
    Which of the following does not contribute to the salinity of the ocean?
    • A. 

      Volcanic eruptions

    • B. 

      Photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Weathering

  • 10. 
    What area of the ocean extends from the intertidal zone to the pelagic zone?
    • A. 

      Abyssal zone

    • B. 

      Neritic zone

    • C. 

      Shallow benthic zone

    • D. 

      Deep benthic zone

  • 11. 
    Anoxic conditions in water occur when
    • A. 

      Oxygen levels are high, about 14 ppm

    • B. 

      Oxygen levels are between 5-14 ppm

    • C. 

      Oxygen levels are low, between 2-4 ppm

    • D. 

      Oxygen levels are less than 1 ppm

  • 12. 
    What happens when there is an excess of nutrients in water?
    • A. 

      Anoxia occurs

    • B. 

      Eutrophication occurs

    • C. 

      Plant growth is reduced

    • D. 

      Algae growth is reduced

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about water quality is true?
    • A. 

      Fast-flowing streams have low levels of dissolved oxygen

    • B. 

      Water with high turbidity lowers the temp of the water

    • C. 

      Cooler water contains more dissolved oxygen than warmer water

    • D. 

      Water with a pH level of 10 or greater is optimal for all aquatic life

  • 14. 
    Macroinvertebrates that thrive in polluted water are
    • A. 

      Tolerant

    • B. 

      Intolerant

    • C. 

      Facultative

    • D. 

      Infacultative

  • 15. 
    Which of the following types of water would contain the highest level of dissolved oxygen?
    • A. 

      Warm water

    • B. 

      Slow-moving, calm water

    • C. 

      Fast moving ,choopy water

    • D. 

      Water with a high amount of nitrates

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an example of point source pollution?
    • A. 

      Stormwater runoff in a city

    • B. 

      Waste water released from sewage plant

    • C. 

      Air pollution released from industry

    • D. 

      Acid rain

  • 17. 
    What water treatment method uses the process of condensation to purify water?
    • A. 

      Distillation

    • B. 

      Reverse osmosis

    • C. 

      Boiling

    • D. 

      Filtering

  • 18. 
    Which of the following practices is not a good way to conserve water?
    • A. 

      Take showers that last 5-10 minutes

    • B. 

      Wash only full loads of laundry

    • C. 

      Keep the water running while washing dishes

    • D. 

      Turn the water off when brushing teeth

  • 19. 
    What is a geographic info system?
    • A. 

      A tool that uses satellite data to take pics of the Earth's surface

    • B. 

      A tool that uses ground truthing data to develop models

    • C. 

      A tool that uses mathematical models to explain systems

    • D. 

      a tool that uses different types of data linked to the earth's surface

  • 20. 
    Which of the following practices does not increase pollutants in the water?
    • A. 

      Construction

    • B. 

      Logging

    • C. 

      Planting

    • D. 

      Farming

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