G12 Diagnosis: Spinal Muscular Atrophy! Trivia Quiz

12 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

SMA is a disease that is affecting a lot of people in the world today, and it is identified by a patient having no control when it comes to moving their muscle movements. We got to discuss how to care for someone suffering from it this past week. Take up this G12 Diagnosis: Spinal Muscular Atrophy! Trivia Quiz and see what more you know about this disorder.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      A. Heparin

    • B. 

      B. Premarin

    • C. 

      C. Calcitonin

    • D. 

      D. Tums

  • 2. 
    When answering an older client’s questions about diet, exercise, and bone integrity, which exercise would the nurse identify as ineffective at meeting the need for moderately intense aerobic activity?
    • A. 

      A. Biking 2 miles daily

    • B. 

      B. Jumping rope for 15 minutes daily

    • C. 

      C. Swimming laps for 30 minutes twice a week

    • D. 

      D. Yoga for 45 minutes twice a week

  • 3. 
     In planning discharge teaching for a client with diabetes, which precaution related to fall prevention is particularly important for the nurse to include?
    • A. 

      A. Practicing stress management techniques

    • B. 

      B. Rising slowly from the table after meals

    • C. 

      C. Removing newspapers and other clutter from the floor

    • D. 

      D. Consuming recommended daily amounts of vitamin D

  • 4. 
    Which nursing assessment will best identify the older adult individual who is at greatest risk for a muscle weakness related fall?
    • A. 

      A. Assessing hand grip strength

    • B. 

      B. Asking the client to stand on one foot

    • C. 

      C. Determining if the client taking thyroid medication

    • D. 

      D. Assessing for a history of falls within the last month

  • 5. 
    Which client statement indicates an understanding of a primary benefit to be derived from moderately intense aerobic exercise?
    • A. 

      A. “I will certainly sleep better.”

    • B. 

      Exercise will help keep my heart strong.”

    • C. 

      I can already see a difference in my alertness.”

    • D. 

      D. “When I go to Yoga class I feel more focused.”

  • 6. 
    When discussing sarcopenia with an older adult, the nurse shares that it:
    • A. 

      A. is diagnosed by a positive pannus blood test

    • B. 

      B. results from a deficiency of vitamin D

    • C. 

      C. includes systemic manifestations as well as bilateral joint deformities

    • D. 

      D. is responsible for fragility in women more often than in males

  • 7. 
    Which attempt by the family to prevent an older, frail adult from falling causes the home health nurse concern?  
    • A. 

      A. keeping several low wattage night lights on in the evening

    • B. 

      B. installing wooden railings on the stairway to the bathroom

    • C. 

      C. keeping the side rails up on the client’s bed at night

    • D. 

      D. encouraging the client to use a cane when ambulating

  • 8. 
    When preparing an educational program on the minimizing the effects of aging to a “seniors group,” the nurse’s discussion on exercise is based upon the fact that:
    • A. 

      A. Aging results in some degree of loss in strength and flexibility

    • B. 

      B. Losses experienced with age related mobility are associated with physical inactivity

    • C. 

      C. A positive attitude about aging is a factor in the minimizing of age related changes

    • D. 

      D. Mobility is affected by aging but the effects can be lessened with lifestyle changes

  • 9. 
    A nurse in the geriatric outpatient clinic frequently receives questions from clients about exercise. The nurse answers their questions based on the knowledge that regular exercise:
    • A. 

      A. performed in excess as a young adult will lead to osteoporosis

    • B. 

      B. prevents muscle atrophy and improves mobility, thus reducing the risk of falls

    • C. 

      C. must be avoided by older adults with rheumatoid arthritis because it strains the joints

    • D. 

      D. is likely to lead to increased falls and possibly fractures

  • 10. 
    Which principle is the basis for the nurse’s plan of care regarding exercise for an older adult who is non-ambulatory?
    • A. 

      A. Caregivers are usually unaware of the benefits of exercise for these individuals

    • B. 

      B. Passive range of motion exercise is best suited for the needs of such a client

    • C. 

      C. Non-ambulatory clients are usually resistant to engaging in any form of exercise

    • D. 

      D. Appropriate exercise will positively affect the individual’s quality of life

  • 11. 
    An 88-year-old woman is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of pneumonia. She has a history of hypertension and congestive heart failure and is on a total of five different medications for these chronic conditions. The nurse caring for the woman develops a care plan that includes the diagnosis Risk for falls. A priority nursing intervention for this client is to:
    • A. 

      A. perform a fall assessment

    • B. 

      B. keep all of the side rails up on the client’s bed at nighttime

    • C. 

      C. place the client on bedrest so that she does not fall

    • D. 

      D. assess the client’s dietary intake for calcium adequacy

  • 12. 
    Which assessment finding is a contributor to an older client’s risk for falls? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      A. client is awaiting cataract surgery on right eye

    • B. 

      B. client’s type 2 diabetes is poorly controlled with diet and exercise alone

    • C. 

      C. client reports a fall in the last year

    • D. 

      D. client has a history of contact dermatitis and psoriasis

    • E. 

      E. client was adopted at age 5 when parents were killed in a fire