Provide a framework for describing and analyzing language patterns.
Focus on concepts that are unique to each content area and are best studied in discrete contexts.
Facilitate the comprehension of unfamiliar words and phrases.
Encourage the integration, interaction, and understanding of ideas from various content areas.
Conducting individual library research
Discussing a problem in a large-group setting
Participating in a cooperative learning activity
Interviewing an adult with a partner
Keeping students focused by stressing individual work rather than collaborative learning
Guiding students through a semester-long independent research project culminating in an oral presentation
Fostering disciplined teamwork by adapting the rules of formal debate for use during class discussions
Encouraging students to express their perceptions, ideas, and feelings in personal narratives
Conducting Internet searches for information about marine life on Florida's Atlantic coast
Creating an interactive Web site about ecosystems found in the Florida Everglades
Using computer software to produce statistical charts that track the increase in tourism in Florida
Generating on computers different types of demographic charts of major Florida cities
In the Middle
Voices from the Middle
Determining parts of speech
Summary of a text chapter.
Timed expository essay.
Select a character from the text for whom they prepare a detailed personal history
Highlight all the words and phrases in a text that reflect a particular perspective
Select a part of a text to rewrite from the perspective of a particular character
Form small groups to dramatize for various audiences the key actions and events in a text
Understanding that print in English is read from left to right
Using context clues to determine the meaning of a word in a text
Applying knowledge of common spelling patterns in English to decode words in a text
Being able to read aloud from a text quickly and accurately
A student who reads and writes a language with a Roman alphabet
A student who reads and writes a language with a non-alphabetic script
A student who speaks a language for which there is no written form
A student who reads and writes a language with a non-Roman alphabet
Portfolios of students' work in different content areas
Student interest surveys
Anecdotal records from students' previous teachers
Students' educational records
Students' level of prior knowledge determines their ability to participate in meaningful reading experiences.
Prior knowledge facilitates the transfer of students' thinking processes to a conscious level.
Students' ability to remember and recall new information is directly related to the extent of their prior knowledge.
Prior knowledge acts as a lens through which students view and comprehend new information.
Hello, Mr. Esparza
Dear Mr. Esparza:
Dear Mike Esparza,
To: Michael Esparza
How does organic produce differ from nonorganic produce?
Why does some organic produce taste better raw than cooked?
When did the local supermarket begin stocking organic produce?
What types of organic produce are the most difficult to cultivate?
Mildred D. Taylor
Discussing any prior knowledge that they have of ancient Greek drama
Reading encyclopedia articles about ancient Greek drama
Predicting what will happen in this one particular ancient Greek drama
Looking up words frequently used in discussions of ancient Greek drama
Results from a teacher-designed interest inventory administered to the student
The student's IEP
Results from an informal reading inventory administered to the student
The student's previous classroom teachers
Giving a mini lesson on sentence structures and writing sample sentences on the board
Conducting a group activity in which students revise sample paragraphs by adding descriptive content
Showing students how to use reference materials, such as a thesaurus, dictionary, and atlas
Assigning students reading that exposes them to various literary genres
Using a cloze exercise to teach the vocabulary in context
Showing students what reference sources are useful for science research
Providing a full human skeleton with all bones labeled
Surveying students to determine any prior knowledge of anatomical terms and concepts
Inviting a storyteller from that tradition to meet with the class
Reading an anthropological essay about the role of storytelling in the culture
Sharing artifacts that figure prominently in the traditional stories
Reenacting scenes from the novel that are critical to the outcome of the story