FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9 Practice Test 2018

46 Questions

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FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9 Practice Test 2018

FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9 practice test 2018


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Middle school language arts teachers use semantic mapping and webbing to help develop students' cognitive abilities primarily because these methods
    • A. 

      Provide a framework for describing and analyzing language patterns.

    • B. 

      Focus on concepts that are unique to each content area and are best studied in discrete contexts.

    • C. 

      Facilitate the comprehension of unfamiliar words and phrases.

    • D. 

      Encourage the integration, interaction, and understanding of ideas from various content areas.

  • 2. 
    A 6th-grade language arts teacher is developing a unit on animal habitats in temperate rain forests. Which activity would be most appropriate for addressing the social needs of the students?
    • A. 

      Conducting individual library research

    • B. 

      Discussing a problem in a large-group setting

    • C. 

      Participating in a cooperative learning activity

    • D. 

      Interviewing an adult with a partner

  • 3. 
    Which of the following instructional goals for a 7th-grade language arts class is aligned with the emotional development of students at that grade level?
    • A. 

      Keeping students focused by stressing individual work rather than collaborative learning

    • B. 

      Guiding students through a semester-long independent research project culminating in an oral presentation

    • C. 

      Fostering disciplined teamwork by adapting the rules of formal debate for use during class discussions

    • D. 

      Encouraging students to express their perceptions, ideas, and feelings in personal narratives

  • 4. 
    A middle school dedicated to constructing and enacting cross-curricular units integrating language arts into all aspects of the curriculum would find which of the following most helpful in achieving its goal?
    • A. 

      Teaming

    • B. 

      Block scheduling

    • C. 

      Differentiated instruction

    • D. 

      Leveled grouping

  • 5. 
    According to the 2003 report The Neglected "R": The Need for a Writing Revolution, best practice writing instruction mainly includes
    • A. 

      Timed writing.

    • B. 

      Grammar instruction.

    • C. 

      Assigned topics.

    • D. 

      Writing workshop.

  • 6. 
    According to the report Reading Next, literacy achievement, regardless of instructional innovations, cannot be obtained without a foundation of
    • A. 

      Professional development.

    • B. 

      Administrative initiative.

    • C. 

      District funding.

    • D. 

      Faculty consensus.

  • 7. 
    A team of 7th-grade teachers would like to incorporate technology into a unit that includes science and language arts. Which of the following technology-based activities provides the most opportunities for interdisciplinary experiences?
    • A. 

      Conducting Internet searches for information about marine life on Florida's Atlantic coast

    • B. 

      Creating an interactive Web site about ecosystems found in the Florida Everglades

    • C. 

      Using computer software to produce statistical charts that track the increase in tourism in Florida

    • D. 

      Generating on computers different types of demographic charts of major Florida cities

  • 8. 
    A middle school language arts teacher who has been teaching for several years wants to learn about the latest research and practices in the field of teaching middle grades English. Which publication will best serve the teacher's needs?
    • A. 

      Inside Out

    • B. 

      In the Middle

    • C. 

      Voices from the Middle

    • D. 

      English Journal

  • 9. 
    Which of the following language arts activities is facilitated by a word processing program?
    • A. 

      Diagramming sentences

    • B. 

      Free writing

    • C. 

      Determining parts of speech

    • D. 

      Grammar exercises

  • 10. 
    A middle school integrated language arts teacher would best promote lifelong learning among students by assigning a(an)
    • A. 

      Character analysis.

    • B. 

      I-Search paper.

    • C. 

      Summary of a text chapter.

    • D. 

      Timed expository essay.

  • 11. 
    Which activity would show the best way to compare and contrast characters in literature?
    • A. 

      Two-column notes

    • B. 

      Venn diagram

    • C. 

      I-chart

    • D. 

      KWL chart

  • 12. 
    A middle school language arts teacher would like to help students understand how a narrative point of view affects the message conveyed in a literary text. Given this purpose, the teacher should have his students do which of the following activities?
    • A. 

      Select a character from the text for whom they prepare a detailed personal history

    • B. 

      Highlight all the words and phrases in a text that reflect a particular perspective

    • C. 

      Select a part of a text to rewrite from the perspective of a particular character

    • D. 

      Form small groups to dramatize for various audiences the key actions and events in a text

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of emergent literacy?
    • A. 

      Understanding that print in English is read from left to right

    • B. 

      Using context clues to determine the meaning of a word in a text

    • C. 

      Applying knowledge of common spelling patterns in English to decode words in a text

    • D. 

      Being able to read aloud from a text quickly and accurately

  • 14. 
    Which of the following English language learners will be most in need of individualized instruction for the development of English literacy?
    • A. 

      A student who reads and writes a language with a Roman alphabet

    • B. 

      A student who reads and writes a language with a non-alphabetic script

    • C. 

      A student who speaks a language for which there is no written form

    • D. 

      A student who reads and writes a language with a non-Roman alphabet

  • 15. 
    Which of the following would be a language arts teacher's best source of information about students' personal experiences for the purpose of promoting their literacy development?
    • A. 

      Portfolios of students' work in different content areas

    • B. 

      Student interest surveys

    • C. 

      Anecdotal records from students' previous teachers

    • D. 

      Students' educational records

  • 16. 
    Which statement describes the role of prior knowledge in students' literacy development?
    • A. 

      Students' level of prior knowledge determines their ability to participate in meaningful reading experiences.

    • B. 

      Prior knowledge facilitates the transfer of students' thinking processes to a conscious level.

    • C. 

      Students' ability to remember and recall new information is directly related to the extent of their prior knowledge.

    • D. 

      Prior knowledge acts as a lens through which students view and comprehend new information.

  • 17. 
    A job candidate is writing a cover letter to accompany her résumé. The letter is addressed to Michael Esparza, whom the candidate has not met or spoken to on the telephone. Which of the following salutations would be most appropriate for the candidate to use in her cover letter?
    • A. 

      Hello, Mr. Esparza

    • B. 

      Dear Mr. Esparza:

    • C. 

      Dear Mike Esparza,

    • D. 

      To: Michael Esparza

  • 18. 
    A 9th-grade English teacher asks each student in class to write a persuasive essay that argues that organic produce is better than nonorganic produce. During the drafting phase of the writing process, students work in pairs, asking and answering a series of questions about the topic. Which of the following questions will best help students support their arguments effectively in writing?
    • A. 

      How does organic produce differ from nonorganic produce?

    • B. 

      Why does some organic produce taste better raw than cooked?

    • C. 

      When did the local supermarket begin stocking organic produce?

    • D. 

      What types of organic produce are the most difficult to cultivate?

  • 19. 
    The works of which of the following authors would provide middle school students with the best introduction to the concept of allegory?
    • A. 

      Mildred D. Taylor

    • B. 

      C.S. Lewis

    • C. 

      Madeleine L'Engle

    • D. 

      Washington Irving

  • 20. 
    An 8th-grade language arts teacher is about to start a unit on ancient Greek drama. To introduce the unit, the teacher plans to have his students view a portion of a videotaped performance of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. Which of the following previewing strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use with his students to help them increase their understanding of what they will see in the video?
    • A. 

      Discussing any prior knowledge that they have of ancient Greek drama

    • B. 

      Reading encyclopedia articles about ancient Greek drama

    • C. 

      Predicting what will happen in this one particular ancient Greek drama

    • D. 

      Looking up words frequently used in discussions of ancient Greek drama

  • 21. 
    Which is the best source of information for a 5th-grade language arts teacher who is planning instruction for a student with an identified learning disability?
    • A. 

      Results from a teacher-designed interest inventory administered to the student

    • B. 

      The student's IEP

    • C. 

      Results from an informal reading inventory administered to the student

    • D. 

      The student's previous classroom teachers

  • 22. 
    An 8th-grade language arts teacher would like to help students improve their narrative writing by including more vivid details. Which of the following activities would best help the teacher achieve this goal?
    • A. 

      Giving a mini lesson on sentence structures and writing sample sentences on the board

    • B. 

      Conducting a group activity in which students revise sample paragraphs by adding descriptive content

    • C. 

      Showing students how to use reference materials, such as a thesaurus, dictionary, and atlas

    • D. 

      Assigning students reading that exposes them to various literary genres

  • 23. 
    Students in an 8th-grade science class are learning new vocabulary related to the human skeletal system. Which of the following instructional strategies would best help students understand and use the new vocabulary?
    • A. 

      Using a cloze exercise to teach the vocabulary in context

    • B. 

      Showing students what reference sources are useful for science research

    • C. 

      Providing a full human skeleton with all bones labeled

    • D. 

      Surveying students to determine any prior knowledge of anatomical terms and concepts

  • 24. 
    Middle school students are reading a coming-of-age novel that weaves in traditional stories from the protagonist's cultural background. What would be the most effective strategy to prepare the students to write a personal narrative that echoes a theme introduced in one of the traditional stories?
    • A. 

      Inviting a storyteller from that tradition to meet with the class

    • B. 

      Reading an anthropological essay about the role of storytelling in the culture

    • C. 

      Sharing artifacts that figure prominently in the traditional stories

    • D. 

      Reenacting scenes from the novel that are critical to the outcome of the story

  • 25. 
    Over the course of a school term, students have undertaken many writing projects. The most effective way to assess individual student growth in writing through the term would be
    • A. 

      Cumulative assessment.

    • B. 

      Peer assessment.

    • C. 

      Portfolio assessment.

    • D. 

      Self-assessment.

  • 26. 
    A 5th-grade language arts teacher notices that a particular student always points to each word on a page when reading silently to himself. The teacher uses this information as a basis for designing activities for the student that will help him develop word recognition skills and fluency. The technique that the teacher uses in this case to assess the student's reading needs and design instruction is called
    • A. 

      Running record.

    • B. 

      Observation.

    • C. 

      Learning log.

    • D. 

      Checklist.

  • 27. 
    A middle school language arts teacher writes informal notes to students that contain questions about subject matter covered in class. The students, in turn, write back to the teacher with answers and questions of their own. This is an example of which of the following methods of assessing student understanding in an integrated language arts class?
    • A. 

      Dialogue journal

    • B. 

      Portfolio

    • C. 

      Anecdotal record

    • D. 

      Teacher conference

  • 28. 
    Identify the best interdisciplinary project to incorporate history, mathematics, and language arts.
    • A. 

      Summarizing the story of the mathematician and the mathematical problem he solved in the movie, A Beautiful Mind

    • B. 

      Creating a timeline depicting various mathematicians and examples of the mathematical problems they solved

    • C. 

      Writing a story about a time-traveler who visits famous mathematicians and helps them solve mathematical problems

    • D. 

      Creating a poster about a famous mathematician and the steps she took to solve a famous mathematical problem

  • 29. 
    A teacher is listening to a child read a grade-level passage aloud for 1 minute. As the student reads, the teacher calculates the number of words read correctly per minute to help determine the student's reading ability. What is the name of this activity?
    • A. 

      Timed repeated reading

    • B. 

      Paired reading

    • C. 

      Shared reading

    • D. 

      Audio-assisted reading

  • 30. 
    A television advertisement for a remote-controlled toy car shows a 5-year-old boy playing with the car in a kitchen setting. The boy has set up ramps that he then drives the car over to make a series of jumps and crashes. Which of the following changes to the advertisement would make the toy car more appealing to boys ages 7 to 10?
    • A. 

      Showing a 12-year-old boy playing enthusiastically with the toy car

    • B. 

      Adding soothing orchestral music and a long close-up shot of the toy car

    • C. 

      Having a voice-over describe the battery requirements of the toy car

    • D. 

      Showing a 7-year-old boy smiling as he takes the toy car out of its box

  • 31. 
    For a unit on the novel Touching Spirit Bear, the teacher prepared an activity that required his 8th-grade students to work in pairs to generate and discuss pros and cons of the judge's decision regarding the main character. This was an effective activity because young adolescents are likely to be in the process of
    • A. 

      Becoming concrete thinkers.

    • B. 

      Emulating authority figures.

    • C. 

      Becoming egocentric in their thinking.

    • D. 

      Developing formal reasoning.

  • 32. 
    To improve students' writing and motivate them to continue striving for mastery, a teacher would employ which of the following strategies most often?
    • A. 

      Individual conferencing with specific feedback

    • B. 

      Whole group direct instruction in writing

    • C. 

      Small group direct instruction in writing

    • D. 

      Peer editing and revision sessions

  • 33. 
    Prior to taking her 6th-grade class on an excursion to an amusement park, which language arts activity should the teacher use to help the English language learners in her class communicate with the vendors at the park?
    • A. 

      Role-playing

    • B. 

      Peer tutoring

    • C. 

      Brainstorming

    • D. 

      Journal writing

  • 34. 
    The most appropriate technique for teaching students the concept of an author's purpose is to have the students
    • A. 

      Summarize the content of a long piece of writing.

    • B. 

      Circle all the imperative sentences in their compositions.

    • C. 

      Identify several pieces of work designed to inform, to persuade, or to entertain.

    • D. 

      Identify the speakers in various pieces of literature.

  • 35. 
    Which of the following critical approaches to literature focuses on everyday life in various cultures (e.g., traditions, rituals, celebrations)?
    • A. 

      Anthropological

    • B. 

      New historicism

    • C. 

      Psychological

    • D. 

      Formalism

  • 36. 
    Students are preparing to write a newspaper article about the life cycle of the alligator. Which of the following would be the most likely type of organization that they might use in the article?
    • A. 

      Spatial

    • B. 

      Chronological

    • C. 

      Cause and effect

    • D. 

      Compare and contrast

  • 37. 
    A 7th-grade teacher wants her students to actively engage in group discussion. However, when she places students in their respective groups, provides them a summary of her expectations, topics, roles and goals, only one group's outcomes are compatible with those she intended. She polls the class and discovers that the groups that erred did not understand their mission. Which of the following personal conduct components did she not adequately address?
    • A. 

      Respect

    • B. 

      Listening

    • C. 

      Mutual intent

    • D. 

      Self-discipline

  • 38. 
    A middle school language arts teacher is presenting a lesson on writing conventions. Which of the following is the best way for the teacher to effectively show students how to use correct proofreading symbols for peer editing?
    • A. 

      Use a projection device to share how to use proofreading symbols

    • B. 

      Provide a proofreading chart for implementation of symbols

    • C. 

      Identify sample papers and share with the whole group

    • D. 

      Form groups and have students correct their papers

  • 39. 
    Students who are working independently are analyzing a video on wildlife. Which of the following would be an effective instructional strategy to teach students for analyzing the video?
    • A. 

      Dramatic retelling

    • B. 

      How to make inferences

    • C. 

      Text structure and text features

    • D. 

      How to use plot analysis charts

  • 40. 
    Mrs. Bourdon wants her 8th-grade students to understand how studying poetry is relevant to their lives. What small-group activity below would best address this goal within an integrated approach to language arts?
    • A. 

      Choosing a song and a poem with similar themes and creating a presentation to facilitate students' understanding of the works

    • B. 

      Creating a poetry dictionary that contains examples of figurative language taken from the poems previously studied in class

    • C. 

      Creating a dance to the words of a poem previously studied in class

    • D. 

      Identifying figurative language in song lyrics and creating a collage to illustrate their understanding

  • 41. 
    According to current research, English language learners are most likely to benefit from language arts instruction that
    • A. 

      Immerses students in an English-only environment regardless of their level of proficiency in English.

    • B. 

      Emphasizes the development of academic skills in English over the development of interpersonal skills.

    • C. 

      Separates English-language instruction from content-area instruction.

    • D. 

      Recognizes that student's knowledge and skills in their primary language can be transferred to English.

  • 42. 
    A language arts teacher asks students to take out a piece of writing from their writing folder that they want to work on. The teacher tells the students to rewrite their piece of writing from a different perspective or point of view. This is a strategy for which stage of the writing process?
    • A. 

      Prewritting

    • B. 

      Drafting

    • C. 

      Revising

    • D. 

      Editing

  • 43. 
    The best method for utilizing the data collected from various classroom activities is to
    • A. 

      Make decisions about groups of students based on strengths and areas of need.

    • B. 

      Identify one area to focus in which to make decisions about groups of students.

    • C. 

      Encourage students to monitor themselves and their activities.

    • D. 

      Engage students in learning new subject matter.

  • 44. 
    Which of the following is a reader and task factor to consider when determining text complexity?
    • A. 

      Student's motivation

    • B. 

      Levels of meaning

    • C. 

      Archaic language

    • D. 

      Readability

  • 45. 
    A language arts class is studying word relationships. The teacher slects several sets of words to illustrate the concept. Which  of the following sets would be INAPPROPRIATE for this lesson?
    • A. 

      Abhor, abridge, acquainted, acquired

    • B. 

      Cognate, cognizant, incognito, recognize

    • C. 

      Immortal, mortal, mortuary, post mortem

    • D. 

      Centennial, centimeter, century, percentage

  • 46. 
    Which of the following are the best instructional practices to teach writing and speaking in response to informational texts?
    • A. 

      Quiz and debate

    • B. 

      Test and speech

    • C. 

      Cooperative learning groups and literary analysis

    • D. 

      Collaborative writing groups and multimedia presentation