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Constitution Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This was the agreement that ended the American Revolution: a)      Treaty of Paris (1783) b)      Proclamation of 1763 c)      Treaty of Paris (1763) d)      Olive Branch Petition  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris (1783) ended the American Revolution. This agreement was signed between the United States and Great Britain, formally recognizing the United States as an independent nation. It established the boundaries of the United States, granted fishing rights to American fishermen, and called for the return of property confiscated during the war. The Treaty of Paris (1763) was a different agreement that ended the French and Indian War. The Proclamation of 1763 and the Olive Branch Petition were significant events during the American Revolution, but they did not end the war.

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  • 2. 

    The Americans won the Revolutionary War mainly because:   a)      Their armies were better trained and disciplined than the British. b)      British arms were inferior to American arms. c)      They had the determination to outlast the British. d)      The American navy was superior to the British navy.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Americans won the Revolutionary War mainly because they had the determination to outlast the British. This suggests that while the British may have had better trained armies or superior arms, the Americans were able to persevere and continue fighting until the British eventually gave up. It highlights the resilience and determination of the American forces, which ultimately led to their victory in the war.

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  • 3. 

    American victory in the Revolutionary War led to:   a)      Expanded political and legal power for women. b)      The abolition of slavery in the southern colonies. c)      The strengthening of the Iroquois League. d)      The spread of the idea of liberty at home and abroad.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The American victory in the Revolutionary War led to the spread of the idea of liberty at home and abroad. This is because the American Revolution was seen as a successful rebellion against a powerful empire, inspiring other countries and colonies to fight for their own independence and freedom. The American Revolution also led to the creation of the United States, a nation founded on the principles of liberty and democracy, which served as a model for other nations seeking to establish their own governments based on these ideals.

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  • 4. 

    Directly after the Revolutionary War, most American wanted the power of the government to be held by:   a)      State governments b)      The Continental Congress c)      George Washington d)      The courts

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    After the Revolutionary War, most Americans wanted the power of the government to be held by state governments. This desire was influenced by the experience of being ruled by a distant and oppressive British government, which led to a strong belief in local self-governance. The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, reflected this sentiment by granting significant powers to the individual states. It was only later, with the realization that a stronger central government was necessary for effective governance, that the Constitution was drafted and ratified, shifting some power to the federal government while still maintaining a balance with the states.

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  • 5. 

    Before adopting the Articles of Confederation, the Continental Congress wrestled with all of the following questions except: a)      Should representation be by population or by state? b)      Can supreme power be divided among the states? c)      Should the United States become a republic? d)      Who should get western lands?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Continental Congress considered questions about representation, the division of supreme power, and the allocation of western lands before adopting the Articles of Confederation. However, there is no mention of whether the United States should become a republic.

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  • 6. 

    Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government was:   a)      Strong and unified. b)      An oligarchy. c)      A loose alliance of sovereign states. d)      Divided into three branches.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government was a loose alliance of sovereign states. This means that each state retained its own sovereignty and independence, while also agreeing to cooperate and work together on certain issues. The national government had limited powers and was not able to enforce its laws or regulations effectively. This decentralized structure led to many challenges and ultimately led to the creation of the stronger federal government under the Constitution.

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  • 7. 

    The Articles of Confederation   a)      gave the central government complete and compulsive power over the states and the citizens. b)      included an independent executive branch. c)      never went into effect because it was never ratified. d)      created a strong court system. e)      created a central government that was weaker than the individual states.  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e) created a central government that was weaker than the individual states. The Articles of Confederation established a decentralized government where the states retained most of the power and the central government had limited authority. This led to problems such as the inability to levy taxes or regulate commerce effectively, highlighting the weakness of the central government compared to the states.

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  • 8. 

    Under the Articles of Confederation, each state's power in Congress was based on  a)      one vote per state. b)      the state's size. c)      the state's total population. d)      the state's voting population.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Under the Articles of Confederation, each state's power in Congress was based on one vote per state. This means that regardless of the size or population of a state, they would have an equal say and representation in Congress. This was done to ensure that smaller states would not be overshadowed or dominated by larger states in decision-making processes.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?   a)      Only Congress had the power to tax. b)      There was no legislative branch of government. c)      State governments had no real authority. d)      There was no national court system.  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that there was no national court system. This meant that there was no central authority to interpret laws, settle disputes, or enforce laws at the national level. This lack of a national court system made it difficult to maintain order and resolve conflicts between states.

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  • 10. 

    The central government under the Articles of Confederation raised money by   a)      enacting a national sales tax. b)      passing import/export tariffs. c)      attacking British merchant ships. d)      imposing an income tax. e)      requisitioning funds.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The central government under the Articles of Confederation raised money by requisitioning funds. This means that they requested or demanded funds from the individual states. The government did not have the power to levy taxes directly, so they relied on the cooperation of the states to contribute funds. However, this system proved to be ineffective as the states often did not provide the requested funds, leading to financial difficulties for the central government.

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  • 11. 

    A major intention of the framers of the Articles of Confederation was to: a)      weaken the American people's primary loyalty to their individual states. b)      give Congress control of interstate and foreign commerce. c)      model the new government after Great Britain. d)      limit the central government's opportunities to infringe upon the people's liberties.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The framers of the Articles of Confederation wanted to limit the central government's opportunities to infringe upon the people's liberties. This suggests that they wanted to create a government that would not have excessive power and would prioritize protecting the individual rights and freedoms of the people. By limiting the central government's authority, they aimed to prevent any potential abuses of power and ensure that the people's liberties were safeguarded.

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  • 12. 

    The most serious weakness of the Articles of Confederation was brought about by the authors': a)      fear of concentration of power in national government. b)      distrust of representative government. c)      disregard of the principles of States rights. d)      inability to provide for regional differences.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The most serious weakness of the Articles of Confederation was brought about by the authors' fear of concentration of power in national government. This fear led to the creation of a weak central government that lacked the authority and resources to effectively govern the states. As a result, the national government was unable to enforce laws, regulate commerce, or levy taxes, leading to economic and political instability. This weakness ultimately led to the adoption of the Constitution and the creation of a stronger federal government.

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  • 13. 

    The Nationalists believed that the central government should:   a)      Only coordinate defense and foreign relations. b)      Have no authority over the states. c)      Be strong and make nationally uniform laws. d)      Keep governments close to the people.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Nationalists believed that the central government should be strong and make nationally uniform laws. This suggests that they believed in a strong central government that had authority over the states and could create laws that applied to the entire nation.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following was not an accomplishment of the Articles government?   a)      the Northwest Ordinance b)      successful conclusion of the American Revolution c)      the Louisiana Purchase d)      the Ordinance of 1785

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
  • 15. 

    One of the accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was to: a)      set up a plan for surveying western lands. b)      challenge Spain's claim to the Mississippi River. c)      transfer ownership of western lands from states to the national government. d)      establish requirements for admitting new states to the Union.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established requirements for admitting new states to the Union. This means that it provided guidelines and criteria that territories had to meet in order to become states in the United States. This was an important accomplishment because it created a process for the expansion of the country and the incorporation of new territories into the Union.

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  • 16. 

    The standards for admitting new states to the Union were set down in the  a)      Constitution. b)      Land Ordinance of 1785. c)      Articles of Confederation. d)      Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) Northwest Ordinance of 1787. This ordinance established the process for admitting new states to the Union. It outlined the requirements for territorial governments, the process for achieving statehood, and the protections and rights that would be granted to new states. The Northwest Ordinance played a significant role in expanding the United States and establishing a system for admitting new states.

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  • 17. 

    The Northwest Ordinance included all of the following except:   a) a prohibition on slavery. b)a division of the territory into three to five future states. c) the prohibition of African Americans moving into the territory. d)provisions for the territories to enter the confederation on equal footing with those already in existence. e) protection for civil liberties.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Northwest Ordinance, enacted in 1787, established a framework for governing the territory northwest of the Ohio River. It included provisions for dividing the territory into three to five future states, ensuring equal footing for these territories when they entered the confederation, and protecting civil liberties. However, it did not include a prohibition on slavery. This omission would later lead to conflicts and debates over the expansion of slavery into new territories.

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  • 18. 

    The United States experienced hard economic times and social discontent during the period of the Articles of Confederation:   a)      True b)      False

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    During the period of the Articles of Confederation, the United States did indeed experience hard economic times and social discontent. The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government that lacked the power to regulate trade, levy taxes, or enforce laws effectively. This led to economic instability, with states implementing their own trade policies and printing their own currencies. Additionally, the lack of a strong central authority led to social unrest, such as Shays' Rebellion, where farmers protested against high taxes and debt. These challenges highlighted the need for a stronger federal government, eventually leading to the drafting of the Constitution.

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  • 19. 

    Confusion in the new nation's trade arose from all the following conditions EXCEPT the ____________   A)    worthlessness of Continental dollars. B)     printing of money by individual states. C)    absence of banks. D)    state taxes on goods shipped between states.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    Confusion in the new nation's trade arose from the worthlessness of Continental dollars, the printing of money by individual states, and the absence of banks. However, state taxes on goods shipped between states did not contribute to the confusion in the new nation's trade.

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  • 20. 

    Shay’s Rebellion grew out of:   a)      Protest against strong government under the Articles of Confederation. b)      Unrest among Massachusetts farmers over taxes. c)      Dissatisfaction with the outcome of the Annapolis Convention. d)      The widespread desire for more power for the state governments.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Shay's Rebellion grew out of unrest among Massachusetts farmers over taxes. This rebellion was a response to the economic hardships faced by farmers who were burdened with heavy taxes and debt. The rebellion highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation in addressing the economic issues faced by the states. It ultimately led to calls for a stronger central government and played a significant role in the push for the Constitutional Convention.

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  • 21. 

    Shays’s rebellion was significant because it:   a.  convinced many conservatives that a stronger central government was necessary. b.  led to state laws exempting farmland from foreclosure. c.  was the only debtors' rebellion in U.S. history. d.  destroyed the power of the “cosmopolitan” group in Massachusetts politics. e.  marked the beginning of the labor movement in American history.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Shays's rebellion was significant because it convinced many conservatives that a stronger central government was necessary. This rebellion, led by farmers in Massachusetts who were struggling with debt and high taxes, highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and the inability of the central government to effectively respond to domestic unrest. Many conservatives saw this as evidence that a stronger central government with more power to maintain order and protect property rights was needed. This ultimately led to the Constitutional Convention and the creation of the United States Constitution.

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  • 22. 

    The delegates to the Constitutional Convention were a good cross section of American society at the time.   a)      True b)      False

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The statement is false. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention were not a good cross section of American society at the time. They were predominantly wealthy, educated, and white men who were part of the elite class. Women, Native Americans, African Americans, and people without property were not represented at the convention. Therefore, the delegates did not accurately reflect the diversity and demographics of the American population at that time.

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  • 23. 

    Delegates to the Constitutional Convention were initially supposed to:   a)      Scrap the Articles of Confederation and start over. b)      Write new constitutions for the states they represented. c)      Amend the Articles of Confederation. d)      Determine whether slavery would be allowed to continue.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Delegates to the Constitutional Convention were initially supposed to amend the Articles of Confederation. This means that they were tasked with making changes and improvements to the existing system of government rather than completely scrapping it and starting over. The purpose of the convention was to address the weaknesses and limitations of the Articles of Confederation, such as the lack of a strong central government, and propose amendments to create a more effective and balanced system of governance.

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  • 24. 

    The central government created by the Constitution of 1787 had the power to:   a.  tax. b.  control foreign trade. c.  pass and enforce laws. d.  regulate interstate trade e.  all of the above

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The central government created by the Constitution of 1787 had the power to tax, control foreign trade, pass and enforce laws, and regulate interstate trade. This means that all of the options (a, b, c, and d) are correct. The central government had the authority to levy taxes, manage international trade relations, create and enforce laws, and regulate trade between states.

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  • 25. 

    James Madison is called the “Father of the Constitution” because he:   a)      Wrote almost the entire Constitution himself. b)      Strongly influenced the shape of the Constitution. c)      Freed his slaves to show his commitment to liberty. d)      Proposed the Great Compromise.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    James Madison is called the "Father of the Constitution" because he strongly influenced the shape of the Constitution. This means that while he did not write the entire Constitution himself, his ideas and contributions had a significant impact on its formation. Madison played a key role in the drafting and ratification of the Constitution, and his ideas on government structure, separation of powers, and individual rights were instrumental in shaping the final document. His contributions and influence earned him the title of the "Father of the Constitution."

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  • 26. 

    The Great Compromise was suggested by Roger Sherman of __________.   a)      New Jersey b)      Connecticut c)      Virginia d)      Pennsylvania

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The Great Compromise was suggested by Roger Sherman of Connecticut.

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  • 27. 

    What issue did the Great Compromise resolve?   a)      Representation in the legislature. b)      Abolition of slavery. c)      The veto power of the executive branch. d)      Whether taxes would be paid in specie or paper money.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Great Compromise resolved the issue of representation in the legislature.

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  • 28. 

    According to the Great Compromise, the number of representatives in the Senate would be:   a)      The same number for every state. b)      Based on the states population. c)      Two for large states, and one for small states. d)      Affected by the size of a state’s enslaved population.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    According to the Great Compromise, the number of representatives in the Senate would be the same number for every state. This compromise was reached during the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and was a solution to the disagreement between large and small states over representation in the legislative branch. The compromise created a bicameral legislature, with the House of Representatives based on state population and the Senate with an equal number of representatives for each state. This ensured that smaller states would have an equal voice in the legislative process, while still allowing for representation based on population in the House of Representatives.

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  • 29. 

    To solve differences between Northerners and Southerners, Constitutional Convention delegates agreed not to ____________   A)    outlaw the slave trade for another 20 years. B)     return escaped slaves to their slaveholders. C)    use free workers in Northern manufacturing. D)    count enslaved persons in state representation to Congress.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    To solve differences between Northerners and Southerners, Constitutional Convention delegates agreed not to outlaw the slave trade for another 20 years.

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  • 30. 

    The Three-Fifths Compromise resolved the issue of:   a)      How enslaved people were to be counted in the population. b)      Whether large states could have more representative sin Congress. c)      Whether Congress would have one or two houses. d)      How many representatives each state would have in the Senate.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Three-Fifths Compromise resolved the issue of how enslaved people were to be counted in the population. This compromise determined that enslaved individuals would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of determining a state's population and representation in the House of Representatives. This compromise was a result of the disagreement between Northern and Southern states over the inclusion of enslaved individuals in the population count. By counting them as three-fifths, it gave Southern states more representation in Congress, as they had a larger enslaved population.

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  • 31. 

    One basic difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate is that:   a)      The House is controlled by small states. b)      The House has closer ties to the executive branch. c)      The House is designed to be more responsive to popular opinion. d)      The House shares power with state governments.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The House of Representatives is designed to be more responsive to popular opinion. This is because the House is based on the population of each state, with each state being represented by a number of representatives based on its population. This means that larger states have more representatives, giving them more influence in the House. The Senate, on the other hand, is designed to give equal representation to each state, with each state having two senators regardless of its population. This allows smaller states to have a greater say in the Senate. Therefore, the House is more directly influenced by popular opinion due to its representation based on population.

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  • 32. 

    The Electoral College was created to:   a)      Limit the people’s power to directly elect a president. b)      Provide training for newly elected officials. c)      Explain presidential candidates’ positions on the issues. d)      Produce a clear majority for one candidate.  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Electoral College was created to limit the people's power to directly elect a president. This system was put in place by the framers of the Constitution to serve as a safeguard against the potential dangers of direct democracy. Instead of allowing the popular vote to determine the outcome of the presidential election, the Electoral College gives each state a certain number of electors who cast the final votes. This ensures that smaller states have a voice in the election and prevents a few heavily populated states from dominating the outcome.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following was designed to ensure that the president would not gain dictatorial power over the government?   a)      The system of checks and balances. b)      The Elastic Clause. c)      The Electoral College. d)      The Cabinet.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The system of checks and balances was designed to ensure that the president would not gain dictatorial power over the government. This system divides power among the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) and allows each branch to check and balance the powers of the others. This prevents any one branch, including the president, from becoming too powerful and abusing their authority.

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  • 34. 

    Federalism is best described as the: a)      authority to make and enforce decisions based on a written constitution. b)      difference in the function of the public and private sectors of the economy. c)      division of power between a national government and state governments. d)      use of checks and balances between the three branches of government.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Federalism is best described as the division of power between a national government and state governments. This means that certain powers are delegated to the national government, while others are reserved for the state governments. This system allows for a balance of power and prevents any one level of government from becoming too powerful.

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  • 35. 

    The concurrent powers in the federal system of government are those:   a)      Delegated to the national government. b)      Delegated to the state governments. c)      Denied to national and state governments. d)      Held and exercised by both the national and state governments.  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) Held and exercised by both the national and state governments. This means that concurrent powers are powers that are shared by both the national government and the state governments in a federal system. These powers are not exclusively delegated to one level of government or denied to both levels of government. Instead, they are powers that can be exercised by both levels of government simultaneously.

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  • 36. 

    The quotation: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution… are reserved to the states…" describes the principle of a)      due process of law. b)      federalism. c)      implied powers. d)      centralized authority.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The quotation "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution… are reserved to the states…" describes the principle of federalism. This principle refers to the division of power between the national government and the state governments. It emphasizes that certain powers are specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution, while all other powers are reserved for the states. This division of power helps maintain a balance between a strong central authority and the autonomy of individual states.

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  • 37. 

    The Federalist Papers were written:   a)      To promote George Washington’s candidacy. b)      To make a case for limited national government. c)      To warn against the dangers of tyranny. d)      To persuade New York to support the Constitution.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) To persuade New York to support the Constitution. The Federalist Papers were a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to convince the people of New York to ratify the newly proposed Constitution. These essays outlined the benefits of a strong central government and addressed concerns and objections raised by the Anti-Federalists. By persuading New York, a key state, to support the Constitution, the authors hoped to ensure its successful adoption and implementation.

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  • 38. 

    All of the following men wrote letters contained in The Federalist: a)      John Jay. b)      Patrick Henry. c)      James Madison. d)      Alexander Hamilton  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
  • 39. 

    The most serious criticism of the Constitution during ratification was the:   a.  establishment of a standing army. b.  lack of a specific list of citizens’ rights. c.  absence of references to God. d.  failure to designate a national capital. e.  undemocratic nature of the electoral college.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The most serious criticism of the Constitution during ratification was the lack of a specific list of citizens' rights. This criticism led to the inclusion of the Bill of Rights, which guarantees individual freedoms and protections. Without a clear enumeration of rights, many feared that the government would have too much power and could potentially infringe upon individual liberties. The addition of the Bill of Rights addressed these concerns and helped secure support for the ratification of the Constitution.

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  • 40. 

    Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they believed that it would:   a)      Alienate France as an ally. b)      Lead to a civil war. c)      Destroy individual liberty. d)      Soon be outmoded.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they believed that it would destroy individual liberty. They were concerned that the Constitution did not provide enough protections for individual rights and that a strong central government would infringe upon the freedoms of the people. They feared that without explicit guarantees of individual liberties, the government would become too powerful and oppressive.

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  • 41. 

    The main argument against of Bill of Rights was the:   a)      The Framers were more concerned with other important issues. b)      The amendments were too radical an addition to the Constitution. c)      The addition of the amendments would result in civil unrest. d)      The Constitution was so well written, there was no need for them.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The argument against the Bill of Rights was that the Constitution was already well-written and comprehensive enough, so additional amendments were unnecessary.

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  • 42. 

    To secure ratification of the Constitution, the federalists promised to:   a)      Add amendments to the Constitution. b)      Write the Federalists essays on government. c)      Redact certain portions of the Constitution. d)      Weaken the executive branch of government.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The federalists promised to add amendments to the Constitution in order to secure its ratification. This suggests that there were concerns or objections to certain aspects of the Constitution, and the federalists agreed to make changes or additions to address these concerns and gain support for its adoption.

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  • 43. 

    Who made the inital proposal to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution?

    • A.

      John Dickinson

    • B.

      Edmund Randolph

    • C.

      William Paterson

    • D.

      John Hanson

    • E.

      George Mason

    Correct Answer
    E. George Mason
    Explanation
    George Mason is the correct answer because he made the initial proposal to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution. As a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, Mason argued that a bill of rights was necessary to protect individual liberties and limit the power of the government. His proposal influenced the eventual inclusion of the Bill of Rights in the United States Constitution.

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  • 44. 

    Protection against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishments 

    • A.

      Amendment I

    • B.

      Amendment III

    • C.

      Amendment VIII

    • D.

      Amendment X

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment VIII
    Explanation
    Amendment VIII provides protection against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishments. This means that individuals cannot be subjected to bail amounts that are unreasonably high or punishments that are excessively harsh or inhumane. This amendment ensures that the criminal justice system treats individuals fairly and prevents the government from imposing cruel or unusual penalties.

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  • 45. 

    A person accused of a crime has a right to a defense lawyer, speedy and public trial, the right to hear charges, call witnesses, and be present when witnesses speak in court 

    • A.

      Amendment II

    • B.

      Amendment V

    • C.

      Amendment VI

    • D.

      Amendment VIII

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment VI
    Explanation
    Amendment VI of the United States Constitution guarantees the rights of a person accused of a crime. It includes the right to a defense lawyer, a speedy and public trial, the right to hear the charges against them, the ability to call witnesses, and the right to be present when witnesses testify in court. This amendment ensures that individuals accused of a crime are afforded a fair and just legal process, protecting their rights throughout the proceedings.

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  • 46. 

    Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures 

    • A.

      Amendment IV

    • B.

      Amendment II

    • C.

      Amendment X

    • D.

      Amendment IX

    Correct Answer
    A. Amendment IV
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment IV because it specifically addresses protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. This amendment ensures that individuals have the right to privacy and prohibits law enforcement from conducting searches or seizures without a warrant or probable cause. It is an essential safeguard for citizens' civil liberties and helps maintain a balance between the power of the government and the rights of the people.

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  • 47. 

    The right to keep and bear arms

    • A.

      Amendment II

    • B.

      Amendment V

    • C.

      Amendment VII

    • D.

      Amendment X

    Correct Answer
    A. Amendment II
    Explanation
    Amendment II refers to the right to keep and bear arms. It is a constitutional provision that grants individuals the right to own and possess firearms. This amendment is an important part of the United States Constitution and is often a topic of debate and controversy. It is seen as a fundamental right by many who argue that it allows for self-defense and protection of individual liberties. Others argue for stricter gun control measures in order to prevent gun violence.

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  • 48. 

    The rights enumerated in the Constitution are not a person's only rights

    • A.

      Amendment I

    • B.

      Amendment IX

    • C.

      Amendment X

    • D.

      Amendment IV

    Correct Answer
    B. Amendment IX
    Explanation
    Amendment IX states that the enumeration of certain rights in the Constitution shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. This means that the rights listed in the Constitution are not the only rights that individuals possess. The Ninth Amendment acknowledges that there are other fundamental rights that are not explicitly mentioned, and that these rights are still protected and reserved for the people. Therefore, the correct answer, Amendment IX, aligns with the statement that the rights enumerated in the Constitution are not a person's only rights.

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  • 49. 

    The right to trial by jury 

    • A.

      Amendment VII

    • B.

      Amendment II

    • C.

      Amendment VI

    • D.

      Amendment I

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment VI
    Explanation
    Amendment VI guarantees the right to a fair and speedy trial by an impartial jury. This amendment ensures that individuals accused of a crime have the opportunity to present their case before a jury of their peers, rather than being solely judged by a judge or government official. It also guarantees that the accused has the right to legal representation and to confront witnesses against them. The inclusion of this right in the Constitution reflects the importance of protecting individual rights and ensuring a fair judicial process.

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  • 50. 

    Rules against taking of life, liberty, or property without due process of law Protection against self-incrimination 

    • A.

      Amendment X

    • B.

      Amendment I

    • C.

      Amendment V

    • D.

      Amendment II

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment V
    Explanation
    Amendment V of the United States Constitution provides protection against the government taking a person's life, liberty, or property without following the proper legal procedures. It also guarantees the right to due process of law, ensuring that individuals are treated fairly and have the opportunity to defend themselves in court. Additionally, the Fifth Amendment protects against self-incrimination, meaning that individuals cannot be forced to testify against themselves in criminal cases.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Marybetho
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